About Treaty Documents

Treaties are agreements made with other countries by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.  Treaties are referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, where they may be considered and reported. The Senate can consider a treaty on the floor under similar procedures used for legislation. However, the Constitution requires that two-thirds of voting Senators agree for a treaty to be ratified.

Treaty documents are available on Congress.gov for all treaties submitted to the Senate since the 94th Congress (1975-1976).  Treaties submitted prior to the 94th Congress are included if they were pending in 1975.

Congress.gov tracks treaties through the Senate.  Unlike bills, which die at the end of a congress if they have not received final disposition, treaties remain in or are re-referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations at the end of each congress until the Senate has completed action by agreeing to the resolution of advice and consent to ratification or by returning the treaty document to the President.

Treaty Numbering

Since the 97th Congress, treaty numbers use the Congress and a sequential number, such as 106-13. Prior to the 97th Congress, treaty numbers used a letter, the Congress and session numbers: Ex. X, 96th Congress, 2nd Session. Use the treaty number conversion table to identify the new number equivalent for old treaty numbers.

Searching Treaty Documents

You can search treaty documents from the search available on most pages (main search) by selecting Treaty Documents as the source and entering your search terms in the search box. Treaty documents also are included when you search All Sources.

From the Treaty Documents home page, you can search for a treaty by number. You also can search treaty documents using quick or advanced search, which includes a query builder form and a command line search for using SOLR query syntax. See Search Tools Overview for details on using operators and fields in your search query. Treaty documents fields can be used in the main search box, the words/phrases box on quick search or the advanced search command line.

You can narrow your search results by selecting additional criteria from the filters, also known as facets, on the left side of the results page. Filters available for treaty documents include Congress, Status of Treaty Document, and Treaty Topic. See Refining with Filters for more information.

Viewing Treaty Documents

The treaty document search results summary includes:

  • "Treaty Document" visual indicator
  • Treaty short title linked to detail page
  • Treaty document number
  • Text of treaty document - links to text and PDF versions
  • Date received from President
  • Treaty topic assigned by the Executive Clerk of the Senate
  • Latest Senate action, including date of action and Congress

The treaty document detail page displays a collapsible overview and five tabs of information.

The overview includes:

  • Treaty short title
  • Treaty document number
  • "Treaty Document" visual indicator
  • Treaty formal title
  • Date Received from President
  • Originating Organization (when available)
  • Countries/Parties (when available)
  • Committee Reports - links to executive reports (when available)
  • Latest Senate action, including date of action and Congress
  • Treaty topic assigned by the Executive Clerk of the Senate

The treaty document detail page tabs include:

  • Actions - all Senate actions sorted in reverse chronological order with the option to reverse the sort. Includes links to executive reports and recorded votes when available.
  • Text - Resolution of Ratification - displays the full text of the resolution of ratification when available.
  • Text - Treaty Document - displays plain text version of treaty document, which includes the text of the treaty, letter of transmittal from the President and letter of submittal from the Secretary of State, and accompanying background documentation. Also includes a link to the PDF version of the treaty document. Available for treaties submitted since the 104th Congress.
  • Amendments - lists all amendments to a treaty with filters available for status of amendment, chamber, sponsor, cosponsor and party.
  • More Info - displays treaty short title, popular title (when available), related documents (such as executive reports when available), old treaty number (for treaties prior to 97th Congress), and treaty index terms (assigned by the Executive Clerk of the Senate).

Related Resources

The Legislative Process: Executive Business in the Senate (video)

Executive Calendar: Latest Issue (PDF, 320KB) | Archive (1995-present)

Treaty Resources on Senate.gov

Committee print (PDF, 1.45MB) - Treaties and Other International Agreements: the Role of the Senate – [S. Prt. 106-71]

Treaty resources from U.S. Department of State:

Treaty Numbers Conversion Table

Prior to the 97th Congress, treaties were identified by a letter, the Congress and session numbers. Since the 97th Congress, treaties are identified with the Congress and a one-up number.

The purpose of this table is to convert the old system of identifying (numbering) treaties to the new one.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. A, 89TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 89-1
EX. A, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-1
EX. A, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-17
EX. A, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-1
EX. A, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-11
EX. A, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-1
EX. A, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-13
EX. A, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-1
EX. A, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-25
EX. A, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-1
EX. A, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-12
EX. A, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-1
EX. A, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-16
EX. A, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-1
EX. A, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-36
EX. AA, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-27

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B

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. B, 89TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 89-2
EX. B, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-2
EX. B, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-18
EX. B, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-2
EX. B, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-12
EX. B, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-2
EX. B, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-14
EX. B, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-2
EX. B, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-26
EX. B, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-2
EX. B, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-13
EX. B, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-2 A&B
EX. B, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-17
EX. B, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-2
EX. B, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-37
EX. BB, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-28

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C

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. C, 87TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 87-17
EX. C, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-3
EX. C, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-19
EX. C, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-3
EX. C, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-13
EX. C, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-3
EX. C, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-15
EX. C, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-3
EX. C, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-27
EX. C, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-3
EX. C, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-14
EX. C, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-3
EX. C, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-18
EX. C, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-3
EX. C, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-38
EX. CC, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-29

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D

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. D, 89TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 89-4
EX. D, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-4
EX. D, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-20
EX. D, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-4
EX. D, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-14
EX. D, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-4
EX. D, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-16
EX. D, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-4
EX. D, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-28
EX. D, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-4
EX. D, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-15
EX. D, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-4
EX. D, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-19
EX. D, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-4
EX. D, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-39
EX. DD, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-30

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E

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. E, 89TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 89-5
EX. E, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-5
EX. E, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-21
EX. E, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-5
EX. E, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-15
EX. E, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-5
EX. E, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-17
EX. E, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-5
EX. E, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-29
EX. E, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-5
EX. E, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-16
EX. E, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-5
EX. E, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-20
EX. E, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-5
EX. E, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-40
EX. EE, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-31

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F

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. F, 89TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 89-6
EX. F, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-6
EX. F, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-22
EX. F, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-6
EX. F, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-16
EX. F, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-6
EX. F, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-18
EX. F, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-6
EX. F, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-30
EX. F, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-6
EX. F, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-17
EX. F, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-6
EX. F, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-21
EX. F, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-6
EX. F, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-41
EX. FF, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-32

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G

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. G, 89TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 89-7
EX. G, 89TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 89-16
EX. G, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-7
EX. G, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-23
EX. G, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-7
EX. G, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-17A&B&C
EX. G, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-7
EX. G, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-19
EX. G, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-7
EX. G, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-31
EX. G, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-7
EX. G, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-18
EX. G, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-7
EX. G, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-22
EX. G, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-7
EX. G, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-42
EX. GG, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-33

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H

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. H, 89TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 89-8
EX. H, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-8
EX. H, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-24
EX. H, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-8
EX. H, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-18
EX. H, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-8
EX. H, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-20
EX. H, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-8
EX. H, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-32
EX. H, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-8
EX. H, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-19
EX. H, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-8
EX. H, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-23
EX. H, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-8
EX. H, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-43
EX. HH, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-34

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I

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. I, 89TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 89-9
EX. I, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-9
EX. I, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-25
EX. I, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-9
EX. I, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-19
EX. I, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-9
EX. I, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-21
EX. I, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-9
EX. I, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-33
EX. I, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-9
EX. I, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-20
EX. I, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-9
EX. I, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-24
EX. I, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-9
EX. I, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-44
EX. II, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-35

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J

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. J, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-10
EX. J, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-26
EX. J, 91ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 91-10
EX. J, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-20
EX. J, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-10
EX. J, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-22
EX. J, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-10
EX. J, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-34
EX. J, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-10
EX. J, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-21
EX. J, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-10
EX. J, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-25
EX. J, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-10
EX. J, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-45

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K

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. K, 88TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 88-11
EX. K, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-11
EX. K, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-27
EX. K, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-21
EX. K, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-11
EX. K, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-23 A
EX. K, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-11
EX. K, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-35
EX. K, 94TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 94-11
EX. K, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-22
EX. K, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-11
EX. K, 95TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 95-26
EX. K, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-11
EX. K, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-46

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L

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. L, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-12
EX. L, 90TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 90-28
EX. L, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-22
EX. L, 92ND CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 92-12
EX. L, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-24
EX. L, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-12
EX. L, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-36
EX. L, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-23
EX. L, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-12
EX. L, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-12
EX. L, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-47

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M

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. M, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-13
EX. M, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-23
EX. M, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-25
EX. M, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-13
EX. M, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 93-37
EX. M, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-24
EX. M, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-13
EX. M, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-13
EX. M, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-48

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N

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. N, 86TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 86-14
EX. N, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-14
EX. N, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-24
EX. N, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-26
EX. N, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-14
EX. N, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-25 A&B
EX. N, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-14 A&B
EX. N, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-14
EX. N, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-49

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O

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. O, 81ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 81-15
EX. O, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-15
EX. O, 91ST CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 91-25
EX. O, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-27
EX. O, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-15
EX. O, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-26
EX. O, 95TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 95-15
EX. O, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-15
EX. O, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-50

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P

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. P, 90TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 90-16
EX. P, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-28
EX. P, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-16
EX. P, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-27
EX. P, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-16
EX. P, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-51

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Q

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. Q, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-29
EX. Q, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-17
EX. Q, 94TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 94-28
EX. Q, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-17
EX. Q, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-52

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R

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. R, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-30
EX. R, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-18
EX. R, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-18
EX. R, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-53

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S

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. S, 81ST CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 81-19
EX. S, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-31
EX. S, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-19
EX. S, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-19
EX. S, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-54

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T

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. T, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-32
EX. T, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-20
EX. T, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-20
EX. T, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-55

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U

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. U, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-33
EX. U, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-21
EX. U, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-21
EX. U, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-56

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V

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. V, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-34
EX. V, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-22
EX. V, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-22
EX. V, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-57

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W

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. W, 92ND CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 92-35
EX. W, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-23
EX. W, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-23
EX. W, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-58

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X

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. X, 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 93-24
EX. X, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-24
EX. X, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-59

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Y

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. Y, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-25
EX. Y, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-60

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Z

Old Treaty Number Converted Number
EX. Z, 96TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION 96-26
EX. Z, 96TH CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION 96-61

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