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An A to Z directory of help pages, research guides, lists, popular saved searches, and more. Legislative Process Glossary terms are in italics.

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accounts - create a account to manage alerts and saved searches

Action on Legislation - Browse by Date

Active Legislation [ finding aid]


adjournment sine die

advanced search

agencies of the U.S. government -

alerts on - sign up for email alerts on members, individual bills, nominations, and the Congressional Record

Amending Appropriations Bills: A Basic Guide presented by the Committee on Rules - House Committee on Rules


amendment exchange

amendment in the nature of a substitute


amendments to the Constitution - Constitution Annotated

browse House and Senate amendments (97th - )

anomalies - legislative data anomalies

AOC - Architect of the Capitol

Plan a Visit

Explore Capitol Hill

appropriations – See Appropriations and Budget Research Guide

archived government websites

Congressional Web Harvest - National Archives

United States Congressional Web Archive - Library of Congress

 Audio and Visual Coverage Research Guide




bill [glossary term]

see also: legislation

Bill and Law Texts Received Today - browse list

Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights – National Archives

Bill of Rights Library of Congress

bill summary

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (1774- )

books - Library of Congress online catalog

browse lists - view items filtered by selected criteria and Congresses

budget - see Appropriations and Budget Research Guide

Budget of the United States Government - GPO

budget resolution

bulk data in XML [ bill status data]

by request


C-SPAN - live TV and radio coverage of proceedings of the U.S. Congress


calendars - see Calendars and Schedules Research Guide

Capitol Police

Capitol Visitor Center (CVC) website

Caucuses - House | Senate

CBO - Congressional Budget Office

Congressional Budget Office website

CBO publications

Cost estimates for bills

Census Bureau website

Congressional Apportionment

Fast Facts for Congress

Center for Legislative Archives - National Archives repository of Congressional records

Century of Lawmaking - Library of Congress repository of Congressional documents and debates (1774-1875)

CIA World Factbook


CNN Politics  - political news, analysis, and opinion website

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

Annual edition - GPO


command line search

committee / subcommittee

committee-related activity

committee chair

Committee of the Whole

committee report

About Committee Reports of the U.S. Congress 

Search for committee reports

Browse House reports | Senate reports | Executive reports

committee websites - may include transcripts of hearings, markups, and reports

House committees

Senate committees 


Committees of the U.S. Congress

About Congressional Committee Profiles

About Committee Hearings of the U.S. Congress

Legislation with Actions Related to Committees - House | Senate

House Committee Hearings and Meetings Video


companion measure

concurrent resolution


conference committee

conference report

congress (i.e. 2-year time frame) - learn about

Congresses - corresponding years (1927- )

congressional agencies

CBO - Congressional Budget Office

CRS - Congressional Research Service

GAO - Government Accountability Office

GPO - Government Publishing Office

LOC - Library of Congress

congressional apportionment

Congressional Apportionment Census

Congressional Apportionment Census 2010

Congressional Apportionment Census 2000

Congressional Apportionment - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Congressional Budget Office (CBO)

Cost Estimates


Congressional Directory - official printed directory from GPO

Congressional District Maps - from the National Atlas of the United States

congressional districts: Fast Facts for Congress - Census Bureau data on US, states, counties, congressional districts

Congressional Documents - selected House documents and Senate documents from GPO

Congressional Gold Medal Recipients - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Congressional Quarterly (subscription required for full access)

Congressional Record

Most recent issue | Browse by date | Search

About the Congressional Record

Get the app in iTunes

Congressional Record Index - topical access to remarks and activities by Members, individuals, organizations, and legislative business mentioned in the Congressional Record

congressional report - see committee report

Congressional Research Service - see CRS

Constitution Annotated - Constitution of the United States: Analysis and Interpretation. Legal analysis and interpretation of the United States Constitution, based on Supreme Court case law

Featured Topics and Cases

Constitution Day - resources for teachers

continuing resolution (continuing appropriation)

Copyright Office


County Governments

CRS - Congressional Research Service

About CRS

C-SPAN (Cable Satellite Public Affairs Network)


Daily Digest

Most recent issue

Browse by date

See also: Congressional Record - machine readable data sets of the Executive branch; launched May 2009 by Federal CIO Council

Days in Session calendars for House and Senate. See also  Calendars and Schedules Research Guide

Declaration of Independence - Primary Documents in American History; Library of Congress web guide


embed a search box - For instructions and code, go to How to Embed the Search Box on Your Website.


Enactment of a Law - by the Senate Parliamentarian

en bloc

engrossed measure

enrolled measure


House Ethics Manual (PDF) and other documents from the Committee on Ethics

Senate Ethics Manual (PDF) and other documents from the Select Committee on Ethics

executive business

Executive Calendar

Archive of Senate Executive calendars

executive communication

executive orders

Codification of Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders - National Archives, 1945-1989

Executive Orders Disposition Tables Index - National Archives, 1953-present

Presidential Actions  - White House

Presidential Documents Guide - National Archives

executive report

executive session

Judicial vacancies


FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions about

Fast Facts for Congress - Census Bureau data on US, states, counties, Congressional districts

Federal Budget

federal depository library

Federal Judiciary



Federal Register - About - GPO

Most recent issue - GPO

Browse the Federal Register - GPO - OMB/GSA status of agency documents undergoing review and its Frequently Asked Questions - find and comment on Federal Register documents

Federalist Papers

About the Federalist Papers

FedNet (Federal Network, Inc.)

feedback - submit a survey to


FindLaw - case law, forms, find a lawyer


GAO - Government Accountability Office

Federal Vacancies Act reports

Today's reports (and previous reports)


Global Legal Monitor - Law Library of Congress

glossary of legislative process terms

Government Research Guide - links to Legislative, Executive, Judicial, State and Local, and International government resources

GPO - Government Publishing Office

FDsys: GPO's Federal Digital System

Government Manual



hearings - committee/subcommittee hearings

Browse selected Congressional hearings on GPO (105th Congress – Present)

House Committee Hearings – current hearings in the House

House Committee Hearings and Meetings Video on

Law Librarians Society of Washington DC: Quick links to committee hearings , transcripts, etc.

Law Library of Congress - selected Congressional hearings, 1908-2006

Live Audio and Video of Floor and Committee proceedings - see Audio and Visual Coverage Research Guide 

Text of House transcripts , listed by committee (selected)

help pages

Frequently Asked Questions


Search Tips Overview

What’s new on

The Hill

History of Bills and Resolutions on GPO

Browse lists by bill type on GPO ; updated day after Congressional Record published

Search page on GPO; 1983-

hold [glossary term]

hopper [glossary term]

House manual

Latest PDF [via GPO] | Archive [1995-present] [GPO]

House manual in XML [United States Legislative Markup (USLM) Project] [GitHub]

XML bulk data [GPO]

House of Representatives. See the House of Representatives Research Guide

House precedents

House Practice | Archive [GPO]

Cannon | Deschler | Hind

House Rules Committee

House Rules committee [glossary term]

Website | Jump to: Resources tab [Archived House Rules, House Manuals, Rules of the Committees, surveys of activities of the Rules Committee]

House standing rules

Current Congress PDF [via Rules Committee] | Archive [112th-present] [Rules Committee]

How Our Laws Are Made


identical bill


CIA World Factbook

International Law - United Nations

International Organizations - Library of Congress guide

Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) - Northwestern University Library

National government websites - list from Northwestern University Library

international agreement


Jefferson's Manual and Rules of the House and Search the manual and rules - GPO

Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) publications - official estimates for all tax legislation considered by the Congress

joint explanatory statement

joint resolution

Joint Sessions of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website


Judicial vacancies - US Courts



Law Library of Congress

About the Law Library

Guide to Law Online

Legal Topics


public laws | private laws


House Leadership - Speaker, majority and minority leaders, whips, etc.

House leadership and officers - 1789 to present

Senate leadership - President of the Senate, President Pro Tempore, majority and minority leaders, whips,etc.

Senate party leadership - Democratic Conference, Republican Conference, party policy committees, historical lists


Actions on Legislation [ resource]

Bills Introduced as Private Legislation [ browse report] [see also private bill glossary term]

Bills Introduced by Request [ browse report]

Bills Vetoed [ browse report] [see also veto glossary term]

Legislation with Actions Related to Committees: House | Senate [ resource]

Sponsors and Cosponsors: House | Senate [ resource]

legislative histories

Center for Legislative Archives - National Archives repository of Congressional records

Legislative histories - guide to producing legislative histories; from the Law Librarians' Society

Legislative histories of selected US laws on the Internet - Law Librarians' Society

Legislative Process - nine videos explain common legislative phases

legislative action steps

legislative interest

legislative subject term

Library of Congress (LOC)

line item veto notices - GPO

Linking to

LIV - Legislative Indexing Vocabulary

lobbying disclosure: House | Senate


maps - Congressional district maps from the National Atlas of the United States


House committee websites [some provide the text of selected markups]

Senate committee websites [some provide the text of selected markups]


media galleries: House and Senate

Members of Congress [find members and see sponsored and cosponsored legislation on]

About Congressional Member Profiles []

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (1774-Present)

Congressional Directory  [GPO]

Find Your Representative by Zip Code [ finding aid]

Guide to House and Senate Members  [GPO]


Most-Viewed Bills on

motion to proceed to consider

motion to recommit

motion to table


NARA (National Archives and Records Administration)

Center for Legislative Archives

Presidential Documents Guide

Public laws: Current session of Congress

Stay Updated about Public Laws  

Web Harvest of 109th Congress [2006] and 110th Congress [2008]

National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)

news services

C-SPAN (Cable Satellite Public Affairs Network)

CNN Politics

The Congressional Quarterly (subscription required for full access)

FedNet (Federal Network, Inc.)

The Hill

Represent, ProPublica



About Nominations

Search Nominations

Supreme Court Nominations - records dating from 1981

Supreme Court Nominations - Law Library of Congress resources

Cabinet and Supreme Court nominees - U.S. Senate

Federal Judicial Vacancies

nongovernmental organizations (NGO)

United Nations NGO Relations

World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO)



Office of the Clerk - U.S. House of Representatives

official title

ordered reported

original bill



party caucus / conference

Party divisions of the House of Representatives - 1789-present; House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

phrase searching - See Search Overview


point of order

policy area term

Policy area terms - field value list

Browse bills by policy area term

popular title


The American Presidency Project – Papers of the President

Codification of Presidential proclamations and executive orders - National Archives (NARA) [1945-1989]

Compilation of Presidential Documents (GPO) - includes statements, messages, remarks (1993- ; daily and weekly updates)

Presidential Documents Guide - National Archives (NARA)

Presidential libraries - National Archives (NARA) list of all Presidential libraries

Presidential nominations. See About Nominations

Presidents, Vice Presidents and coinciding Sessions of Congress (Clerk of the House list, 1789-)

Web site archives

Website archive of Bush administration  (2001-2008 )

White House Executive Clerk's Office recording: (202) 456-2226

presidential message

previous question

private bill

Browse private legislation

privileged nomination

pro forma session

procedurally-related measure

Project Vote Smart - voting data for members of Congress

proposed/offered Senate amendment

public laws

Public Laws list on

Public laws: Current session of Congress - National Archives list of current Public Law numbers

Public Laws Update Service recording: (202) 741-6043


quick search


quorum call


ranking member

recess appointment


refine a search using facets

regulations - Code of Federal Regulations | Federal Register

related bill


reserved bill number

resolution of ratification

Résumé of Congressional Activity (1947- )

Riddick's Senate Procedure - GPO

Roll Call Votes by the U.S. Congress browse list (1989 - )

Rules, Precedents, and Procedures

Committee websites: House, Resources tab [Rules Committee] and Senate [Rules and Administration Committee]

House manual and search [GPO]

House precedents: House Practice, Deschler's Precedents, Cannon's Precedents and Hinds' Precedents [GPO]

House procedures: general parliamentary, 115th legislative protocols, and committee [Rules Committee]

House special rules reported [Rules Committee]

House standing rules [latest PDF] [via Rules Committee]

Senate procedures: Riddick's Senate Procedure , Senate legislative process

Senate standing rules


schedules for Congress - see Calendars and Schedules Research Guide

search examples

search tips by category

search tips overview - Help page on search basics

Senate Floor Webcast

Senate Research Guide

Senate standing rules

Sergeant at Arms - House | Senate

Sessions of Congress

Days in Session Calendars

Joint Sessions of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Presidents, Vice Presidents and coinciding sessions of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Saturday and Sunday legislative days of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Sessions of Congress [1789-]: House Clerk's list and Secretary of the Senate's list (PDF)

Table of Congressional Publication Volumes and Presidential Issuances - Law Librarians' Society, 1789- (PDF)

short title

simple resolution

slip law

Speaker of the House - see leadership

special rule


sponsors and cosponsors

Search legislation by sponsor/cosponsor

Browse legislation by sponsor/cosponsor - House | Senate

State and Local Governments

State Legislature Websites


Congressional Apportionment Census

congressional districts: Fast Facts for Congress - Census Bureau data on US, states, counties, Congressional districts

Résumé of Congressional Activity  (1947- )

Statutes at Large

Volumes 1-64 (1789-1950 – Law Library of Congress)

Volumes 65-125 (1951-2011 – GPO)

Statutes at Large and the U.S. Code  (research guide from the Law Librarians' Society)

subcommittees - see Committees


submitted Senate amendment


Supreme Court

suspension of the rules


teacher resources - lesson plans about government, law, and politics

text similarities

think tanks and advocacy groups

Public Disclosure - Senate Office of Public Records

Lobbying Disclosure - Clerk of the House

Think tanks and public interest organizations - list of political science resources from University of Michigan Documents Center

tips - see Search Tips Overview


trade agreements - text of trade agreements from the Department of Commerce Trade Compliance Center


treaty document

About Treaty Documents

Browse Treaty Documents by Topic

Search Treaty Documents

treaty-related resources

U.S. Treaties: A Beginner’s Guide - Law Library of Congress

Treaty Affairs Office - State Department

Treaties and Other International Acts Series (TIAS) - State Department

Treaties Pending in the Senate - State Department

Committee Print: Treaties and Other International Agreements: the Role of the Senate (PDF)

Senate Rule XXX: Executive Sessions - Proceedings on Treaties

Twitter - The Law Library of Congress tweets about legislation and enhancements via @Congressdotgov.


unanimous consent agreement

unanimous consent request

Unauthorized Appropriations and Expiring Authorizations - CBO

Uniform Law Commission

United Nations - International Law

United States Government Manual  - official handbook of the Federal Government

U.S. Capitol

U.S. Capitol Police

U.S. Code and the Classification Tables - House of Representatives: Office of the Law Revision Counsel

U.S. Founding Documents

Creating the United States exhibit



Federal judicial vacancies [United States Courts]

Federal Vacancies Reform Act [GAO search tool]

Versions of bill texts [see Definitions of Common Versions of Bills table] [GPO] 

veto [glossary term]


Browse vetoed legislation

Historical lists of regular and pocket vetoes - Secretary of the Senate indexes, 1789-

Number of vetoes per President - House History, Art & Archives

Vice Presidents

Presidents, Vice Presidents, and coinciding sessions of Congress - House of Representatives History, Art & Archives website

Vice Presidential tie-breaking votes in the Senate complete list (1789-) from Senate Library

Video. See: Audio and Visual Coverage Research Guide

Virtual Tour of the U.S. Capitol

Visitor Center at the U.S. Capitol

Votes. See: Votes in the House and Senate Research Guide


White House


Website archives [Clinton, Bush, and Obama administration websites] [1994-2017] [National Archives]


XML bulk data [ bill status data]


Zip code. Find Your Representative by Zip Code  [House of Representatives finding aid]

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