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116th Congress   }                                              {  Report
                          HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                              {  116-91

======================================================================



 
                SECURE COMMUNITIES AND SAFE SCHOOLS ACT

                                _______
                                

  May 30, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Thompson of Mississippi, from the Committee on Homeland Security, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 2383]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Homeland Security, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 2383) to amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
to prohibit the expenditure of certain grant funds to purchase 
firearms, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that 
the bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose and Summary..............................................     2
Background and Need for Legislation..............................     2
Hearings.........................................................     3
Committee Consideration..........................................     4
Committee Votes..................................................     5
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     5
C.B.O. Estimate, New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and 
  Tax Expenditures...............................................     5
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................     6
Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives............     6
Duplicative Federal Programs.....................................     6
Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
  Benefits.......................................................     6
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................     6
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................
Applicability to Legislative Branch..............................
Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation...................     6
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     6
Minority Views...................................................    11

                          Purpose and Summary

    The purpose of H.R. 2383, the ``Secure Communities and Safe 
Schools Act,'' is to prevent Federal homeland security grant 
dollars from being used to purchase firearms or firearm 
accessories, particularly in schools. The bill would codify 
restrictions on buying firearms or firearm accessories such as 
ammunition, in schools or elsewhere, with State Homeland 
Security Grant Program (SHSGP) or Urban Area Security 
Initiative (UASI) funds.\1\
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    \1\FEMA Preparedness Grants Manual. The Federal Emergency 
Management Agency. April 2019. Accessed May 23, 2019. https://
www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1555010612902-
389f8b3351d06d759b01df2a8a851284/
FEMA_PreparednessGrantsManual_Final_508.pdf.
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                  Background and Need for Legislation

    In recent years, there has been an added focus on school 
security as school shootings have become more prevalent. 
Estimates show that there were over 23 school shootings in the 
first part of 2018 alone, which averaged more than one shooting 
per week.\2\ In total, 113 people were tragical1y killed or 
injured in a school shooting last year.\3\ According to media 
reports, there were at least 15 school shootings in 2019.\4\ In 
an effort to improve security in schools, there has been a push 
to increase funding for school hardening and mental health 
services.\5\ Some, including President Trump, have proposed 
allowing Federal dollars to be used purchase firearms or 
ammunition to arm teachers.\6\ In fact, at least one state's 
governor asked President Trump to look into allowing homeland 
security grants to be used for this purpose.\7\ Some states, 
such as Florida, have moved forward with plans to arm teachers 
in school,\8\ despite the fact that teachers\9\ and 
families\10\ overwhelmingly oppose arming teachers in schools.
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    \2\Ahmed, Saeed and Walker, Christina. ``There has been, on 
average, 1 school shooting every week this year.'' CNN. May 25, 2018. 
Accessed May 23, 2019. https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/02/us/school-
shootings-2018-list-trnd/index.html.
    \3\Coughlan, Sean. ``2018 `worst year for US school shootings.''' 
BBC. December 12, 2018. Accessed May 23, 2019. https://www.bbc.com/
news/business-46507514.
    \4\Lou, Michelle and Walker, Christina. ``There have been 15 school 
shootings in the US so far this year.'' CNN. May 9, 2019. Accessed May 
23, 2019. https://www.cnn.com/2019/05/08/us/school-shootings-us-2019-
trnd/index.html.
    \5\Weber, Andrew. ``Abbott Prioritizes Increasing Mental Health 
Services, `Hardening' Schools To Reduce Shootings.'' NPR. May 30, 2018. 
Accessed May 23, 2019. https://www.kut.org/post/abbott-prioritizes-
increasing-mental-health-services-hardening-schools-reduce-shootings.
    \6\Landers, Elizabeth. ``Trump tweets support for arming teachers, 
says `up to states.''' CNN. February 24, 2018. Accessed May 23, 2019. 
https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/24/politics/trump-tweet-arming-teachers/
index.html.
    \7\``LEGISLATION TO BLOCK FIREARM FUNDING FOR TEACHERS.'' 
Congresswoman Val Demings. April 29, 2019. Accessed May 23, 2019. 
https://demings.house.gov/media/press-releases/legislation-block-
firearm-funding-teachers.
    \8\Lemongello, Steven. ``DeSantis signs bill to arm teachers.'' May 
8, 2019. Accessed May 23, 2019. https://www.orlandosentinel.com/
politics/os-ne-desantis-teachers-armed-bill-20190508-
dnp5senyo5gw5hczbbppkdgbmu-story.html.
    \9\``Most U.S. Teachers Oppose Carrying Guns in Schools.'' Gallup. 
March 16, 2018. Accessed May 23, 2019. https://news.gallup.com/poll/
229808/teachers-oppose-carrying-guns-schools.aspx.
    \10\Postal, Leslie. ``Poll: Parents oppose arming teachers, fear 
for kids' safety in school. July 17, 2018. Accessed May 23, 2019. 
https://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/education/os-poll-parents-school-
safety-20180716-story.html.
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    Arming teachers is not only opposed by school workers and 
families but could result in schools being less safe and secure 
as teachers are not trained law enforcement.\11\ Over the past 
five years, there have been over 65 documented instances of 
guns being mishandled in schools.\12\ There is some evidence 
that the availability of firearms is closely related to 
childhood gun fatalities.\13\
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    \11\Arming Teachers is a dangerous proposal. Everytown for Gun 
Safety. August 15, 2018. Accessed May 23, 2019. https://
everytownresearch.org/arming-teachers-dangerous-proposal/.
    \12\Drane, Kelly. ``Every Incident of Mishandled Guns in Schools.'' 
Giffords Law Center. May 1, 2019. Accessed May 23, 2019. https://
giffords.org/2019/05/every-incident-of-mishandled-guns-in-schools/.
    \13\Ingraham, Christopher. ``More than 26,000 children and teens 
have been killed in gun violence since 1999.'' Washington Post. March 
23, 2018. Accessed May 23, 2019. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/
wonk/wp/2018/03/23/more-than-26000-children-and-teens-have-been-killed-
in-gun-violence-since-1999/?utm