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116th Congress    }                                     {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session      }                                     {       116-47

======================================================================



 
                  ORANGE BOOK TRANSPARENCY ACT OF 2019

                                _______
                                

  May 2, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

        Mr. Pallone, from the Committee on Energy and Commerce, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 1503]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Energy and Commerce, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 1503) to amend the Federal Food, Drug, and 
Cosmetic Act regarding the list under section 505(j)(7) of the 
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, and for other purposes, 
having considered the same, report favorably thereon with an 
amendment and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
   I. Purpose and Summary.............................................3
  II. Background and Need for the Legislation.........................4
 III. Committee Hearings..............................................4
  IV. Committee Consideration.........................................5
   V. Committee Votes.................................................5
  VI. Oversight Findings..............................................5
 VII. New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditure5
VIII. Congressional Budget Office Estimate............................6
  IX. Federal Mandates Statement......................................7
   X. Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives...........7
  XI. Duplication of Federal Programs.................................7
 XII. Committee Cost Estimate.........................................8
XIII. Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff Benefits.....8
 XIV. Advisory Committee Statement....................................8
  XV. Applicability to Legislative Branch.............................8
 XVI. Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation..................8
XVII. Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported...........9

    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Orange Book Transparency Act of 
2019''.

SEC. 2. ORANGE BOOK.

  (a) Submission of Patent Information for Brand Name Drugs.--Paragraph 
(1) of section 505(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
U.S.C. 355(b)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(b)(1) Any person may file with the Secretary an application with 
respect to any drug subject to the provisions of subsection (a). Such 
persons shall submit to the Secretary as part of the application--
          ``(A) full reports of investigations which have been made to 
        show whether or not such drug is safe for use and whether such 
        drug is effective in use;
          ``(B) a full list of the articles used as components of such 
        drug;
          ``(C) a full statement of the composition of such drug;
          ``(D) a full description of the methods used in, and the 
        facilities and controls used for, the manufacture, processing, 
        and packing of such drug;
          ``(E) such samples of such drug and of the articles used as 
        components thereof as the Secretary may require;
          ``(F) specimens of the labeling proposed to be used for such 
        drug;
          ``(G) any assessments required under section 505B; and
          ``(H) patent information, with respect to each patent for 
        which a claim of patent infringement could reasonably be 
        asserted if a person not licensed by the owner engaged in the 
        manufacture, use, or sale of the drug, and consistent with the 
        following requirements:
                  ``(i) The applicant shall file with the application 
                the patent number and the expiration date of--
                          ``(I) any patent which claims the drug for 
                        which the applicant submitted the application 
                        and is a drug substance (including active 
                        ingredient) patent or a drug product (including 
                        formulation and composition) patent; and
                          ``(II) any patent which claims the method of 
                        using such drug.
                  ``(ii) If an application is filed under this 
                subsection for a drug and a patent of the type 
                described in clause (i) which claims such drug or a 
                method of using such drug is issued after the filing 
                date but before approval of the application, the 
                applicant shall amend the application to include such 
                patent information.
Upon approval of the application, the Secretary shall publish the 
information submitted under subparagraph (H). The Secretary shall, in 
consultation with the Director of the National Institutes of Health and 
with representatives of the drug manufacturing industry, review and 
develop guidance, as appropriate, on the inclusion of women and 
minorities in clinical trials required by subparagraph (A).''.
  (b) Conforming Changes to Requirements for Subsequent Submission of 
Patent Information.--Section 505(c)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)) is amended--
          (1) by inserting after ``the patent number and the expiration 
        date of any patent which'' the following: ``fulfills the 
        criteria in subsection (b) and'';
          (2) by inserting after the first sentence the following: 
        ``Patent information that is not the type of patent information 
        required by subsection (b) shall not be submitted.''; and
          (3) by inserting after ``could not file patent information 
        under subsection (b) because no patent'' the following: ``of 
        the type required to be submitted in subsection (b)''.
  (c) Listing of Exclusivities.--Subparagraph (A) of section 505(j)(7) 
of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(iv) For each drug included on the list, the Secretary shall 
specify each exclusivity period that is applicable and has not 
concluded under--
          ``(I) clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of subsection (c)(3)(E) of 
        this section;
          ``(II) clause (iv) or (v) of paragraph (5)(B) of this 
        subsection;
          ``(III) clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of paragraph (5)(F) of 
        this subsection;
          ``(IV) section 505A;
          ``(V) section 505E; or
          ``(VI) section 527(a).''.
  (d) Removal of Invalid Patents.--
          (1) In general.--Section 505(j)(7) of the Federal Food, Drug, 
        and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)) is amended by adding at 
        the end the following:
  ``(D)(i) The holder of an application approved under subsection (c) 
for a drug on the list shall notify within 14 days the Secretary in 
writing if either of the following occurs:
          ``(I) The Patent Trial and Appeals Board issues a decision 
        from which no appeal has been or can be taken that a patent for 
        such drug is invalid.
          ``(II) A court issues a decision from which no appeal has 
        been or can be taken that a patent for such drug is invalid.
  ``(ii) The holder of an approved application shall include in any 
notification under clause (i) a copy of the decision described in 
subclause (I) or (II) of clause (i).
  ``(iii) The Secretary shall remove from the list any patent that is 
determined to be invalid in a decision described in subclause (I) or 
(II) of clause (i)--
          ``(I) promptly; but
          ``(II) not before the expiration of any 180-day exclusivity 
        period under paragraph (5)(B)(iv) that relies on a 
        certification described in paragraph (2)(A)(vii)(IV) that such 
        patent was invalid.''.
          (2) Applicability.--Subparagraph (D) of section 505(j)(7) of 
        the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)), 
        as added by paragraph (1), applies only with respect to a 
        decision described in such subparagraph that is issued on or 
        after the date of enactment of this Act.
  (e) Review and Report.--Not later than one year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, 
acting through the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, shall--
          (1) solicit public comment regarding the types of patent 
        information that should be included on the list under section 
        507(j)(7) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
        U.S.C. 355(j)(7)); and
          (2) transmit to the Congress an evaluation of such comments, 
        including any recommendations about the types of patent 
        information that should be included on or removed from such 
        list.

SEC. 3. GAO REPORT TO CONGRESS.

  (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States (referred to 
in this section as the ``Comptroller General'') shall submit to the 
Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a 
report on the patents included in the list published under section 
505(j)(7) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 
355(j)(7)), including an analysis and evaluation of the types of 
patents included in such list and the claims such patents make about 
the products they claim.
  (b) Contents.--The Comptroller General shall include in the report 
under subsection (a)--
          (1) data on the number of--
                  (A) patents included in the list published under 
                paragraph (7) of section 505(j) of the Federal Food, 
                Drug and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)), that claim 
                the active ingredient or formulation of a drug in 
                combination with a device that is used for delivery of 
                the drug, together comprising the finished dosage form 
                of the drug; and
                  (B) claims in each patent that claim a device that is 
                used for the delivery of the drug, but do not claim 
                such device in combination with an active ingredient or 
                formulation of a drug;
          (2) data on the date of inclusion in the list under paragraph 
        (7) of such section 505(j) for all patents under such list, as 
        compared to patents that claim a method of using the drug in 
        combination with a device;
          (3) an analysis regarding the impact of including on the list 
        under paragraph (7) of such section 505(j) certain types of 
        patent information for drug product applicants and approved 
        application holders, including an analysis of whether--
                  (A) the listing of the patents described in paragraph 
                (1)(A) delayed the market entry of one or more drugs 
                approved under such section 505(j); and
                  (B) not listing the patents described in paragraph 
                (1)(A) would delay the market entry of one or more such 
                drugs; and
          (4) recommendations about which kinds of patents relating to 
        devices described in paragraph (1)(A) should be submitted to 
        the Secretary of Health and Human Services for inclusion on the 
        list under paragraph (7) of such section 505(j) and which 
        patents should not be required to be so submitted.

                          Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 1503, the ``Orange Book Transparency Act of 2019'', 
was introduced on March 5, 2019, by Rep. Kelly (D-IL), and 
referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce. H.R. 1503 
would require manufacturers to share complete and timely patent 
information with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), ensure 
that periods of exclusivity listed in the Orange Book are 
promptly updated, and clarify that patents found to be invalid 
through a court decision or a decision by the Patent Trial and 
Appeal Board would be required to be removed from the Orange 
Book promptly, but not before time for appeal has expired. The 
bill would also direct the U.S. General Accountability Office 
(GAO) to study which types of patents should be listed in the 
Orange Book.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Approved branded and generic drug products currently 
marketed are included on a list commonly referred to as the 
``Orange Book,''\1\ which is published on the FDA's website and 
includes, among other details, the patents that protect each 
product, the product's application number, and some related 
exclusivities. Drug manufacturers are required to list with FDA 
patent information related to their drug.\2\ This listing in 
the Orange Book is used by generic manufacturers to make 
development decisions as it provides information about when 
patents or exclusivities associated with an approved drug will 
expire.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Food and Drug Administration, Approved Drug Products with 
Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations (Orange Book) (https://www.fda.gov/
Drugs/InformationOnDrugs/ucm129662.htm).
    \2\21 C.F.R. 314.53
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    While FDA has issued regulations clarifying certain types 
of patents that must be submitted to the agency and certain 
types that must not be submitted, many patents are complex and 
may not fall clearly into the types identified by FDA. As a 
result, some branded drug manufacturers may choose not to 
submit every patent on a product to the FDA, and others are 
submitting patents potentially for the purpose of blocking 
generic competition.\3\ Further, some stakeholders have been 
critical that the patent information included in the Orange 
Book is not as accurate or up-to-date as it could be.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\Reed F Bell & Aaron S Kesselheim, Tertiary patenting on drug--
device combination products in the United States, (https://
www.nature.com/articles/nbt.4078.epdf?author_access_token=k19w_ 
aka6yYXhVtkaCGFOdRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0MGOAdGITA-e4st1uwIqL0ZGE0-
17DL5n2Qg8u7 csdohGlFGwUWdjvieJtiDwzfoldY3_E4HS6rf7YbpkcyvI2u).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    This legislation would help to ensure that the Orange Book 
is accurate and up-to-date, by specifying what information must 
be submitted to FDA and what information should be listed, 
clarifying that invalid patents must be removed in a timely 
manner, directing FDA to solicit public comment on the types of 
information that should be listed in the Orange Book an 
evaluation of such comments to Congress, and the GAO to study 
whether certain patents should, or should not be listed in the 
Orange Book.

                           Committee Hearings

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress, the following hearing was used to develop or 
consider H.R. 1503:
    The Subcommittee on Health held a legislative hearing on 
March 13, 2019, to consider H.R. 1503, the ``Orange Book 
Transparency Act of 2019'' and six other bills. The hearing was 
entitled, ``Lowing the Cost of Prescription Drugs: Reducing 
Barriers to Market Competition.'' The Subcommittee received 
testimony from:
           Lou Kennedy, Chief Executive Officer and 
        Owner, Nephron Pharmaceuticals;
           Anthony Barrueta, Senior Vice President for 
        Government Relations, Kaiser Permanente;
           Michael Carrier, Distinguished Professor, 
        Rutgers Law School;
           Kurt Karst, Director, Hyman, Phelps & 
        McNamara, P.C.;
           Jeff Kushan, Partner, Sidley Austin LLP;
           Marc M. Boutin, JD, Chief Executive Officer, 
        National Health Council; and
           Chester ``Chip'' Davis, Jr., President and 
        Chief Executive Officer, Association for Accessible 
        Medicines.

                        Committee Consideration

    H.R. 1503, the ``Orange Book Transparency Act of 2019'', 
was introduced on March 5, 2019, by Rep. Kelly (D-IL), and 
referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce. The bill was 
subsequently referred to the Subcommittee on Health on March 6, 
2019. Following legislative hearings, the Subcommittee met in 
open markup session on H.R. 1503 on March 27, 2019, pursuant to 
notice, for consideration of the bill. A manager's amendment 
offered by Ms. Kelly was adopted by a voice vote. Subsequently, 
the Subcommittee on Health agreed to a motion by Ms. Eshoo, 
Chairwoman of the Subcommittee, to favorably forward H.R. 1503 
to the full Committee on Energy and Commerce, amended.
    The full Committee on Energy and Commerce met in open 
markup session, pursuant to notice, on April 3, 2019, to 
consider H.R. 1503, as amended by the subcommittee. An 
amendment by Ms. Kelly and Mr. Guthrie was adopted by a voice 
vote. At the conclusion of consideration and markup of the 
bill, the Committee agreed to a motion by Mr. Pallone, Chairman 
of the Committee, to order H.R. 1503 favorably reported to the 
House, amended, by a voice vote.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list each record vote 
on the motion to report legislation and amendments thereto. The 
Committee advises that there were no record votes taken on H.R. 
1503. A motion by Mr. Pallone to order H.R. 1503 favorably 
reported to the House, amended, was agreed to by a voice vote.

                           Oversight Findings

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII and clause 2(b)(1) 
of rule X of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
oversight findings and recommendations of the Committee are 
reflected in the descriptive portion of the report.

            New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and
                            Tax Expenditures

    Pursuant to 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, the Committee adopts as its own the 
estimate of new budget authority, entitlement authority, or tax 
expenditures or revenues contained in the cost estimate 
prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office 
pursuant to section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974.

                  Congressional Budget Office Estimate

    With respect to the requirements of clause (3)(c)(3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
Committee has received the following cost estimate for H.R. 
1503 from the Director of Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                       Washington, DC, May 1, 2019.
Hon. Frank Pallone, Jr.,
Chairman, Committee on Energy and Commerce,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1503, the Orange 
Book Transparency Act of 2019.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Julia 
Christensen.
            Sincerely,
                                                Keith Hall,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.
   
[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]
    

    Under current law, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 
publishes a compendium entitled, Approved Drug Products with 
Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations, commonly referred to as 
the ``Orange Book.'' The Orange Book identifies drug products 
approved on the basis of safety and effectiveness by FDA and 
provides associated patent and exclusivity information. FDA 
updates the Orange Book on a regular basis. H.R. 1503 would 
codify current regulations and practice regarding the types of 
patent and exclusivity-related information listed in the Orange 
Book.
    H.R. 1503 also would require the prompt removal of certain 
patents from the Orange Book that have been invalidated by a 
ruling of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board at the United 
States Patent and Trademark Office.
    The bill would require FDA to solicit public comments 
regarding the types of patent information that should be listed 
in the Orange Book. Within one year of enactment, FDA would be 
required to transmit to the Congress an evaluation of such 
comments, including any recommendations about the types of 
patent information that should be included on or removed from 
such list.
    In addition, H.R. 1503 would direct the General 
Accountability Office (GAO) to conduct a study that analyzes 
certain patents with claims relating to devices listed in the 
Orange Book and evaluates the extent to which listing such 
patents has affected the timing for the entry of generic drugs 
into the market. The bill would require GAO to submit the 
report to the Congress within one year of enactment.
    Based on the costs of similar activities, CBO estimates 
that implementing the bill would cost $1 million, primarily for 
FDA's personnel-related expenses to comply with the bill's 
reporting requirements. Any such spending would be subject to 
the availability of appropriated funds.
    H.R. 1503 would impose a private-sector mandate as defined 
in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) by requiring drug 
manufacturers to notify the FDA when the Patent Trial and 
Appeals Board or another court finds a drug patent to be 
invalid. CBO estimates the cost of the mandate would fall well 
below the private-sector threshold established in UMRA ($164 
million in 2019, adjusted annually for inflation).
    The CBO staff contacts for this estimate are Julia 
Christensen (for federal costs) and Andrew Laughlin (for 
mandates). The estimate was reviewed by Leo Lex, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general 
performance goal or objective of this legislation is to amend 
the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to clarify which patents 
should be submitted to FDA, that exclusivity periods should be 
included on the list under 505(j)(7)(A) of the Act, and when 
invalid patents should be removed from that list. The bill also 
directs the Comptroller General to conduct a study about the 
types of patents that are currently included on this list and 
whether they should continue to be included on this list.

                    Duplication of Federal Programs

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(5) of rule XIII, no provision of 
H.R. 1503 is known to be duplicative of another Federal 
program, including any program that was included in a report to 
Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 or the 
most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.

                        Committee Cost Estimate

    Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII, the Committee 
adopts as its own the cost estimate prepared by the Director of 
the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

      Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff Benefits

    Pursuant to clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI, the 
Committee finds that H.R. 1503 contains no earmarks, limited 
tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                  Applicability to Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation


Section 1: Short title

    This Act may be cited as the ``Orange Book Transparency Act 
of 2019''.

Section 2: Orange Book

    Subsection (a) amends section 505(b) of the Federal Food, 
Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) to require FDA to include the 
following patent information for a drug in the Orange Book: 
drug substance patents, drug product patents, and method of use 
patents.
    Subsection (b) amends the requirements for subsequent 
submissions of patent information in Section 505(c)(2) to 
conform to the clarified requirements in 505(b).
    Subsection (c) requires the Secretary to specify each 
exclusivity period for drugs listed in the Orange Book.
    Subsection (d) requires that approved drug application 
holders promptly notify FDA if one of their listed patents is 
found invalid in a decision from either the Patent Trial and 
Appeals Board or a court issues a decision from which no appeal 
has been or can be taken. The legislation further requires that 
FDA remove a patent from this list promptly if it is found to 
be invalid, but not before the expiration of any 180-day 
exclusivity period.
    Subsection (e) requires FDA to solicit public comment 
regarding the types of patent information that should be 
included on the ``Orange Book'' and transmit to Congress an 
evaluation of such comments, including any recommendations 
about the types of information that should be included or 
removed from the list.

Section 3: GAO report to Congress

    Section 3 directs GAO to analyze and evaluate the types of 
patents included in the Orange Book and the claims such patents 
make about the products they claim, and to include in such 
analysis specific data and recommendations about the types of 
patents that should be listed.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, and existing law in which no 
change is proposed is shown in roman):

                  FEDERAL FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                      CHAPTER V--DRUGS AND DEVICES

Subchapter A--Drugs and Devices

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                               new drugs

  Sec. 505. (a) No person shall introduce or deliver for 
introduction into interstate commerce any new drug, unless an 
approval of an application filed pursuant to subsection (b) or 
(j) is effective with respect to such drug.
  (b)[(1) Any person may file with the Secretary an application 
with respect to any drug subject to the provisions of 
subsection (a). Such persons shall submit to the Secretary as a 
part of the application (A) full reports of investigations 
which have been made to show whether or not such drug is safe 
for use and whether such drug is effective in use; (B) a full 
list of the articles used as components of such drug; (C) a 
full statement of the composition of such drug; (D) a full 
description of the methods used in, and the facilities and 
controls used for, the manufacture, processing, and packing of 
such drug; (E) such samples of such drug and of the articles 
used as components thereof as the Secretary may require; (F) 
specimens of the labeling proposed to be used for such drug, 
and (G) any assessments required under section 505B. The 
applicant shall file with the application the patent number and 
the expiration date of any patent which claims the drug for 
which the applicant submitted the application or which claims a 
method of using such drug and with respect to which a claim of 
patent infringement could reasonably be asserted if a person 
not licensed by the owner engaged in the manufacture use, or 
sale of the drug. If a application is filed under this 
subsection for a drug and a patent which claims such drug or a 
method of using such drug is issued after the filing date but 
before approval of the application, the applicant shall amend 
the application to include the information required by the 
preceding sentence. Upon approval of the application, the 
Secretary shall publish information submitted under the two 
preceding sentences. The Secretary shall, in consultation with 
the Director of the National Institutes of Health and with 
representatives of the drug manufacturing industry, review and 
develop guidance, as appropriate, on the inclusion of women and 
minorities in clinical trials required by clause (A).](1) Any 
person may file with the Secretary an application with respect 
to any drug subject to the provisions of subsection (a). Such 
persons shall submit to the Secretary as part of the 
application--
          (A) full reports of investigations which have been 
        made to show whether or not such drug is safe for use 
        and whether such drug is effective in use;
          (B) a full list of the articles used as components of 
        such drug;
          (C) a full statement of the composition of such drug;
          (D) a full description of the methods used in, and 
        the facilities and controls used for, the manufacture, 
        processing, and packing of such drug;
          (E) such samples of such drug and of the articles 
        used as components thereof as the Secretary may 
        require;
          (F) specimens of the labeling proposed to be used for 
        such drug;
          (G) any assessments required under section 505B; and
          (H) patent information, with respect to each patent 
        for which a claim of patent infringement could 
        reasonably be asserted if a person not licensed by the 
        owner engaged in the manufacture, use, or sale of the 
        drug, and consistent with the following requirements:
                  (i) The applicant shall file with the 
                application the patent number and the 
                expiration date of--
                          (I) any patent which claims the drug 
                        for which the applicant submitted the 
                        application and is a drug substance 
                        (including active ingredient) patent or 
                        a drug product (including formulation 
                        and composition) patent; and
                          (II) any patent which claims the 
                        method of using such drug.
                  (ii) If an application is filed under this 
                subsection for a drug and a patent of the type 
                described in clause (i) which claims such drug 
                or a method of using such drug is issued after 
                the filing date but before approval of the 
                application, the applicant shall amend the 
                application to include such patent information. 

Upon approval of the application, the Secretary shall publish 
the information submitted under subparagraph (H). The Secretary 
shall, in consultation with the Director of the National 
Institutes of Health and with representatives of the drug 
manufacturing industry, review and develop guidance, as 
appropriate, on the inclusion of women and minorities in 
clinical trials required by subparagraph (A).
  (2) An application submitted under paragraph (1) for a drug 
for which the investigations described in clause (A) of such 
paragraph and relied upon by the applicant for approval of the 
application were not conducted by or for the applicant and for 
which the applicant has not obtained a right of reference or 
use from the person by or for whom the investigations were 
conducted shall also include--
          (A) a certification, in the opinion of the applicant 
        and to the best of his knowledge, with respect to each 
        patent which claims the drug for which such 
        investigations were conducted or which claims a use for 
        such drug for which the applicant is seeking approval 
        under this subsection and for which information is 
        required to be filed under paragraph (1) or subsection 
        (c)--
                  (i) that such patent information has not been 
                filed,
                  (ii) that such patent has expired,
                  (iii) of the date on which such patent will 
                expire, or
                  (iv) that such patent is invalid or will not 
                be infringed by the manufacture, use, or sale 
                of the new drug for which the application is 
                submitted; and
          (B) if with respect to the drug for which 
        investigations described in paragraph (1)(A) were 
        conducted information was filed under paragraph (1) or 
        subsection (c) for a method of use patent which does 
        not claim a use for which the applicant is seeking 
        approval under this subsection, a statement that the 
        method of use patent does not claim such a use.
  (3) Notice of opinion that patent is invalid or will not be 
infringed.--
          (A) Agreement to give notice.--An applicant that 
        makes a certification described in paragraph (2)(A)(iv) 
        shall include in the application a statement that the 
        applicant will give notice as required by this 
        paragraph.
          (B) Timing of notice.--An applicant that makes a 
        certification described in paragraph (2)(A)(iv) shall 
        give notice as required under this paragraph--
                  (i) if the certification is in the 
                application, not later than 20 days after the 
                date of the postmark on the notice with which 
                the Secretary informs the applicant that the 
                application has been filed; or
                  (ii) if the certification is in an amendment 
                or supplement to the application, at the time 
                at which the applicant submits the amendment or 
                supplement, regardless of whether the applicant 
                has already given notice with respect to 
                another such certification contained in the 
                application or in an amendment or supplement to 
                the application.
          (C) Recipients of notice.--An applicant required 
        under this paragraph to give notice shall give notice 
        to--
                  (i) each owner of the patent that is the 
                subject of the certification (or a 
                representative of the owner designated to 
                receive such a notice); and
                  (ii) the holder of the approved application 
                under this subsection for the drug that is 
                claimed by the patent or a use of which is 
                claimed by the patent (or a representative of 
                the holder designated to receive such a 
                notice).
          (D) Contents of notice.--A notice required under this 
        paragraph shall--
                  (i) state that an application that contains 
                data from bioavailability or bioequivalence 
                studies has been submitted under this 
                subsection for the drug with respect to which 
                the certification is made to obtain approval to 
                engage in the commercial manufacture, use, or 
                sale of the drug before the expiration of the 
                patent referred to in the certification; and
                  (ii) include a detailed statement of the 
                factual and legal basis of the opinion of the 
                applicant that the patent is invalid or will 
                not be infringed.
  (4)(A) An applicant may not amend or supplement an 
application referred to in paragraph (2) to seek approval of a 
drug that is a different drug than the drug identified in the 
application as submitted to the Secretary.
  (B) With respect to the drug for which such an application is 
submitted, nothing in this subsection or subsection (c)(3) 
prohibits an applicant from amending or supplementing the 
application to seek approval of a different strength.
  (5)(A) The Secretary shall issue guidance for the individuals 
who review applications submitted under paragraph (1) or under 
section 351 of the Public Health Service Act, which shall 
relate to promptness in conducting the review, technical 
excellence, lack of bias and conflict of interest, and 
knowledge of regulatory and scientific standards, and which 
shall apply equally to all individuals who review such 
applications.
  (B) The Secretary shall meet with a sponsor of an 
investigation or an applicant for approval for a drug under 
this subsection or section 351 of the Public Health Service Act 
if the sponsor or applicant makes a reasonable written request 
for a meeting for the purpose of reaching agreement on the 
design and size--
          (i)(I) of clinical trials intended to form the 
        primary basis of an effectiveness claim; or
          (II) in the case where human efficacy studies are not 
        ethical or feasible, of animal and any associated 
        clinical trials which, in combination, are intended to 
        form the primary basis of an effectiveness claim; or
          (ii) with respect to an application for approval of a 
        biological product under section 351(k) of the Public 
        Health Service Act, of any necessary clinical study or 
        studies.
The sponsor or applicant shall provide information necessary 
for discussion and agreement on the design and size of the 
clinical trials. Minutes of any such meeting shall be prepared 
by the Secretary and made available to the sponsor or applicant 
upon request.
  (C) Any agreement regarding the parameters of the design and 
size of clinical trials of a new drug under this paragraph that 
is reached between the Secretary and a sponsor or applicant 
shall be reduced to writing and made part of the administrative 
record by the Secretary. Such agreement shall not be changed 
after the testing begins, except--
          (i) with the written agreement of the sponsor or 
        applicant; or
          (ii) pursuant to a decision, made in accordance with 
        subparagraph (D) by the director of the reviewing 
        division, that a substantial scientific issue essential 
        to determining the safety or effectiveness of the drug 
        has been identified after the testing has begun.
  (D) A decision under subparagraph (C)(ii) by the director 
shall be in writing and the Secretary shall provide to the 
sponsor or applicant an opportunity for a meeting at which the 
director and the sponsor or applicant will be present and at 
which the director will document the scientific issue involved.
  (E) The written decisions of the reviewing division shall be 
binding upon, and may not directly or indirectly be changed by, 
the field or compliance division personnel unless such field or 
compliance division personnel demonstrate to the reviewing 
division why such decision should be modified.
  (F) No action by the reviewing division may be delayed 
because of the unavailability of information from or action by 
field personnel unless the reviewing division determines that a 
delay is necessary to assure the marketing of a safe and 
effective drug.
  (G) For purposes of this paragraph, the reviewing division is 
the division responsible for the review of an application for 
approval of a drug under this subsection or section 351 of the 
Public Health Service Act (including all scientific and medical 
matters, chemistry, manufacturing, and controls).
          (6) An application submitted under this subsection 
        shall be accompanied by the certification required 
        under section 402(j)(5)(B) of the Public Health Service 
        Act. Such certification shall not be considered an 
        element of such application.
  (c)(1) Within one hundred and eighty days after the filing of 
an application under subsection (b), or such additional period 
as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and the applicant, the 
Secretary shall either--
          (A) approve the application if he then finds that 
        none of the grounds for denying approval specified in 
        subsection (d) applies, or
          (B) give the applicant notice of an opportunity for a 
        hearing before the Secretary under subsection (d) on 
        the question whether such application is approvable. If 
        the applicant elects to accept the opportunity for 
        hearing by written request within thirty days after 
        such notice, such hearing shall commence not more than 
        ninety days after the expiration of such thirty days 
        unless the Secretary and the applicant otherwise agree. 
        Any such hearing shall thereafter be conducted on an 
        expedited basis and the Secretary's order thereon shall 
        be issued within ninety days after the date fixed by 
        the Secretary for filing final briefs.
  (2) If the patent information described in subsection (b) 
could not be filed with the submission of an application under 
subsection (b) because the application was filed before the 
patent information was required under subsection (b) or a 
patent was issued after the application was approved under such 
subsection, the holder of an approved application shall file 
with the Secretary, the patent number and the expiration date 
of any patent which fulfills the criteria in subsection (b) and 
claims the drug for which the application was submitted or 
which claims a method of using such drug and with respect to 
which a claim of patent infringement could reasonably be 
asserted if a person not licensed by the owner engaged in the 
manufacture, use, or sale of the drug. Patent information that 
is not the type of patent information required by subsection 
(b) shall not be submitted. If the holder of an approved 
application could not file patent information under subsection 
(b) because it was not required at the time the application was 
approved, the holder shall file such information under this 
subsection not later than thirty days after the date of the 
enactment of this sentence, and if the holder of an approved 
application could not file patent information under subsection 
(b) because no patent of the type required to be submitted in 
subsection (b) had been issued when an application was filed or 
approved, the holder shall file such information under this 
subsection not later than thirty days after after the date the 
patent involved is issued. Upon the submission of patent 
information under this subsection, the Secretary shall publish 
it.
  (3) The approval of an application filed under subsection (b) 
which contains a certification required by paragraph (2) of 
such subsection shall be made effective on the last applicable 
date determined by applying the following to each certification 
made under subsection (b)(2)(A):
          (A) If the applicant only made a certification 
        described in clause (i) or (ii) of subsection (b)(2)(A) 
        or in both such clauses, the approval may be made 
        effective immediately.
          (B) If the applicant made a certification described 
        in clause (iii) of subsection (b)(2)(A), the approval 
        may be made effective on the date certified under 
        clause (iii).
          (C) If the applicant made a certification described 
        in clause (iv) of subsection (b)(2)(A), the approval 
        shall be made effective immediately unless, before the 
        expiration of 45 days after the date on which the 
        notice described in subsection (b)(3) is received, an 
        action is brought for infringement of the patent that 
        is the subject of the certification and for which 
        information was submitted to the Secretary under 
        paragraph (2) or subsection (b)(1) before the date on 
        which the application (excluding an amendment or 
        supplement to the application) was submitted. If such 
        an action is brought before the expiration of such 
        days, the approval may be made effective upon the 
        expiration of the thirty-month period beginning on the 
        date of the receipt of the notice provided under 
        subsection (b)(3) or such shorter or longer period as 
        the court may order because either party to the action 
        failed to reasonably cooperate in expediting the 
        action, except that--
                  (i) if before the expiration of such period 
                the district court decides that the patent is 
                invalid or not infringed (including any 
                substantive determination that there is no 
                cause of action for patent infringement or 
                invalidity), the approval shall be made 
                effective on--
                          (I) the date on which the court 
                        enters judgment reflecting the 
                        decision; or
                          (II) the date of a settlement order 
                        or consent decree signed and entered by 
                        the court stating that the patent that 
                        is the subject of the certification is 
                        invalid or not infringed;
                  (ii) if before the expiration of such period 
                the district court decides that the patent has 
                been infringed--
                          (I) if the judgment of the district 
                        court is appealed, the approval shall 
                        be made effective on--
                                  (aa) the date on which the 
                                court of appeals decides that 
                                the patent is invalid or not 
                                infringed (including any 
                                substantive determination that 
                                there is no cause of action for 
                                patent infringement or 
                                invalidity); or
                                  (bb) the date of a settlement 
                                order or consent decree signed 
                                and entered by the court of 
                                appeals stating that the patent 
                                that is the subject of the 
                                certification is invalid or not 
                                infringed; or
                          (II) if the judgment of the district 
                        court is not appealed or is affirmed, 
                        the approval shall be made effective on 
                        the date specified by the district 
                        court in a court order under section 
                        271(e)(4)(A) of title 35, United States 
                        Code;
                  (iii) if before the expiration of such period 
                the court grants a preliminary injunction 
                prohibiting the applicant from engaging in the 
                commercial manufacture or sale of the drug 
                until the court decides the issues of patent 
                validity and infringement and if the court 
                decides that such patent is invalid or not 
                infringed, the approval shall be made effective 
                as provided in clause (i); or
                  (iv) if before the expiration of such period 
                the court grants a preliminary injunction 
                prohibiting the applicant from engaging in the 
                commercial manufacture or sale of the drug 
                until the court decides the issues of patent 
                validity and infringement and if the court 
                decides that such patent has been infringed, 
                the approval shall be made effective as 
                provided in clause (ii).
        In such an action, each of the parties shall reasonably 
        cooperate in expediting the action.
          (D) Civil action to obtain patent certainty.--
                  (i) Declaratory judgment absent infringement 
                action.--
                          (I) In general.--No action may be 
                        brought under section 2201 of title 28, 
                        United States Code, by an applicant 
                        referred to in subsection (b)(2) for a 
                        declaratory judgment with respect to a 
                        patent which is the subject of the 
                        certification referred to in 
                        subparagraph (C) unless--
                                  (aa) the 45-day period 
                                referred to in such 
                                subparagraph has expired;
                                  (bb) neither the owner of 
                                such patent nor the holder of 
                                the approved application under 
                                subsection (b) for the drug 
                                that is claimed by the patent 
                                or a use of which is claimed by 
                                the patent brought a civil 
                                action against the applicant 
                                for infringement of the patent 
                                before the expiration of such 
                                period; and
                                  (cc) in any case in which the 
                                notice provided under paragraph 
                                (2)(B) relates to 
                                noninfringement, the notice was 
                                accompanied by a document 
                                described in subclause (III).
                          (II) Filing of civil action.--If the 
                        conditions described in items (aa), 
                        (bb), and as applicable, (cc) of 
                        subclause (I) have been met, the 
                        applicant referred to in such subclause 
                        may, in accordance with section 2201 of 
                        title 28, United States Code, bring a 
                        civil action under such section against 
                        the owner or holder referred to in such 
                        subclause (but not against any owner or 
                        holder that has brought such a civil 
                        action against the applicant, unless 
                        that civil action was dismissed without 
                        prejudice) for a declaratory judgment 
                        that the patent is invalid or will not 
                        be infringed by the drug for which the 
                        applicant seeks approval, except that 
                        such civil action may be brought for a 
                        declaratory judgment that the patent 
                        will not be infringed only in a case in 
                        which the condition described in 
                        subclause (I)(cc) is applicable. A 
                        civil action referred to in this 
                        subclause shall be brought in the 
                        judicial district where the defendant 
                        has its principal place of business or 
                        a regular and established place of 
                        business.
                          (III) Offer of confidential access to 
                        application.--For purposes of subclause 
                        (I)(cc), the document described in this 
                        subclause is a document providing an 
                        offer of confidential access to the 
                        application that is in the custody of 
                        the applicant referred to in subsection 
                        (b)(2) for the purpose of determining 
                        whether an action referred to in 
                        subparagraph (C) should be brought. The 
                        document providing the offer of 
                        confidential access shall contain such 
                        restrictions as to persons entitled to 
                        access, and on the use and disposition 
                        of any information accessed, as would 
                        apply had a protective order been 
                        entered for the purpose of protecting 
                        trade secrets and other confidential 
                        business information. A request for 
                        access to an application under an offer 
                        of confidential access shall be 
                        considered acceptance of the offer of 
                        confidential access with the 
                        restrictions as to persons entitled to 
                        access, and on the use and disposition 
                        of any information accessed, contained 
                        in the offer of confidential access, 
                        and those restrictions and other terms 
                        of the offer of confidential access 
                        shall be considered terms of an 
                        enforceable contract. Any person 
                        provided an offer of confidential 
                        access shall review the application for 
                        the sole and limited purpose of 
                        evaluating possible infringement of the 
                        patent that is the subject of the 
                        certification under subsection 
                        (b)(2)(A)(iv) and for no other purpose, 
                        and may not disclose information of no 
                        relevance to any issue of patent 
                        infringement to any person other than a 
                        person provided an offer of 
                        confidential access. Further, the 
                        application may be redacted by the 
                        applicant to remove any information of 
                        no relevance to any issue of patent 
                        infringement.
                  (ii) Counterclaim to infringement action.--
                          (I) In general.--If an owner of the 
                        patent or the holder of the approved 
                        application under subsection (b) for 
                        the drug that is claimed by the patent 
                        or a use of which is claimed by the 
                        patent brings a patent infringement 
                        action against the applicant, the 
                        applicant may assert a counterclaim 
                        seeking an order requiring the holder 
                        to correct or delete the patent 
                        information submitted by the holder 
                        under subsection (b) or this subsection 
                        on the ground that the patent does not 
                        claim either--
                                  (aa) the drug for which the 
                                application was approved; or
                                  (bb) an approved method of 
                                using the drug.
                          (II) No independent cause of 
                        action.--Subclause (I) does not 
                        authorize the assertion of a claim 
                        described in subclause (I) in any civil 
                        action or proceeding other than a 
                        counterclaim described in subclause 
                        (I).
                  (iii) No damages.--An applicant shall not be 
                entitled to damages in a civil action under 
                clause (i) or a counterclaim under clause (ii).
          (E)(i) If an application (other than an abbreviated 
        new drug application) submitted under subsection (b) 
        for a drug, no active ingredient (including any ester 
        or salt of the active ingredient) of which has been 
        approved in any other application under subsection (b), 
        was approved during the period beginning January 1, 
        1982, and ending on the date of the enactment of this 
        subsection, the Secretary may not make the approval of 
        another application for a drug for which the 
        investigations described in clause (A) of subsection 
        (b)(1) and relied upon by the applicant for approval of 
        the application were not conducted by or for the 
        applicant and for which the applicant has not obtained 
        a right of reference or use from the person by or for 
        whom the investigations were conducted effective before 
        the expiration of ten years from the date of the 
        approval of the application previously approved under 
        subsection (b).
          (ii) If an application submitted under subsection (b) 
        for a drug, no active ingredient (including any ester 
        or salt of the active ingredient) of which has been 
        approved in any other application under subsection (b), 
        is approved after the date of the enactment of this 
        clause, no application which refers to the drug for 
        which the subsection (b) application was submitted and 
        for which the investigations described in clause (A) of 
        subsection (b)(1) and relied upon by the applicant for 
        approval of the application were not conducted by or 
        for the applicant and for which the applicant has not 
        obtained a right of reference or use from the person by 
        or for whom the investigations were conducted may be 
        submitted under subsection (b) before the expiration of 
        five years from the date of the approval of the 
        application under subsection (b), except that such an 
        application may be submitted under subsection (b) after 
        the expiration of four years from the date of the 
        approval of the subsection (b) application if it 
        contains a certification of patent invalidity or 
        noninfringement described in clause (iv) of subsection 
        (b)(2)(A). The approval of such an application shall be 
        made effective in accordance with this paragraph except 
        that, if an action for patent infringement is commenced 
        during the one-year period beginning forty-eight months 
        after the date of the approval of the subsection (b) 
        application, the thirty-month period referred to in 
        subparagraph (C) shall be extended by such amount of 
        time (if any) which is required for seven and one-half 
        years to have elapsed from the date of approval of the 
        subsection (b) application.
          (iii) If an application submitted under subsection 
        (b) for a drug, which includes an active ingredient 
        (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) 
        that has been approved in another application approved 
        under subsection (b), is approved after the date of the 
        enactment of this clause and if such application 
        contains reports of new clinical investigations (other 
        than bioavailability studies) essential to the approval 
        of the application and conducted or sponsored by the 
        applicant, the Secretary may not make the approval of 
        an application submitted under subsection (b) for the 
        conditions of approval of such drug in the approved 
        subsection (b) application effective before the 
        expiration of three years from the date of the approval 
        of the application under subsection (b) if the 
        investigations described in clause (A) of subsection 
        (b)(1) and relied upon by the applicant for approval of 
        the application were not conducted by or for the 
        applicant and if the applicant has not obtained a right 
        of reference or use from the person by or for whom the 
        investigations were conducted.
          (iv) If a supplement to an application approved under 
        subsection (b) is approved after the date of enactment 
        of this clause and the supplement contains reports of 
        new clinical investigations (other than bioavailabilty 
        studies) essential to the approval of the supplement 
        and conducted or sponsored by the person submitting the 
        supplement, the Secretary may not make the approval of 
        an application submitted under subsection (b) for a 
        change approved in the supplement effective before the 
        expiration of three years from the date of the approval 
        of the supplement under subsection (b) if the 
        investigations described in clause (A) of subsection 
        (b)(1) and relied upon by the applicant for approval of 
        the application were not conducted by or for the 
        applicant and if the applicant has not obtained a right 
        of reference or use from the person by or for whom the 
        investigations were conducted.
          (v) If an application (or supplement to an 
        application) submitted under subsection (b) for a drug, 
        which includes an active ingredient (including any 
        ester or salt of the active ingredient) that has been 
        approved in another application under subsection (b), 
        was approved during the period beginning January 1, 
        1982, and ending on the date of the enactment of this 
        clause, the Secretary may not make the approval of an 
        application submitted under this subsection and for 
        which the investigations described in clause (A) of 
        subsection (b)(1) and relied upon by the applicant for 
        approval of the application were not conducted by or 
        for the applicant and for which the applicant has not 
        obtained a right of reference or use from the person by 
        or for whom the investigations were conducted and which 
        refers to the drug for which the subsection (b) 
        application was submitted effective before the 
        expiration of two years from the date of enactment of 
        this clause.
  (4) A drug manufactured in a pilot or other small facility 
may be used to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the 
drug and to obtain approval for the drug prior to manufacture 
of the drug in a larger facility, unless the Secretary makes a 
determination that a full scale production facility is 
necessary to ensure the safety or effectiveness of the drug.
  (5)(A) The Secretary may rely upon qualified data summaries 
to support the approval of a supplemental application, with 
respect to a qualified indication for a drug, submitted under 
subsection (b), if such supplemental application complies with 
subparagraph (B).
  (B) A supplemental application is eligible for review as 
described in subparagraph (A) only if--
          (i) there is existing data available and acceptable 
        to the Secretary demonstrating the safety of the drug; 
        and
          (ii) all data used to develop the qualified data 
        summaries are submitted to the Secretary as part of the 
        supplemental application.
  (C) The Secretary shall post on the Internet website of the 
Food and Drug Administration and update annually--
          (i) the number of applications reviewed solely under 
        subparagraph (A) or section 351(a)(2)(E) of the Public 
        Health Service Act;
          (ii) the average time for completion of review under 
        subparagraph (A) or section 351(a)(2)(E) of the Public 
        Health Service Act;
          (iii) the average time for review of supplemental 
        applications where the Secretary did not use review 
        flexibility under subparagraph (A) or section 
        351(a)(2)(E) of the Public Health Service Act; and
          (iv) the number of applications reviewed under 
        subparagraph (A) or section 351(a)(2)(E) of the Public 
        Health Service Act for which the Secretary made use of 
        full data sets in addition to the qualified data 
        summary.
  (D) In this paragraph--
          (i) the term ``qualified indication'' means an 
        indication for a drug that the Secretary determines to 
        be appropriate for summary level review under this 
        paragraph; and
          (ii) the term ``qualified data summary'' means a 
        summary of clinical data that demonstrates the safety 
        and effectiveness of a drug with respect to a qualified 
        indication.
  (d) If the Secretary finds, after due notice to the applicant 
in accordance with subsection (c) and giving him an opportunity 
for a hearing, in accordance with said subsection, that (1) the 
investigations, reports of which are required to be submitted 
to the Secretary pursuant to subsection (b), do not include 
adequate tests by all methods reasonably applicable to show 
whether or not such drug is safe for use under the conditions 
prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the proposed labeling 
thereof; (2) the results of such tests show that such drug is 
unsafe for use under such conditions or do not show that such 
drug is safe for use under such conditions; (3) the methods 
used in, and the facilities and controls used for, the 
manufacture, processing, and packing of such drug are 
inadequate to preserve its identity, strength, quality, and 
purity; (4) upon the basis of the information submitted to him 
as part of the application, or upon the basis of any other 
information before him with respect to such drug, he has 
insufficient information to determine whether such drug is safe 
for use under such conditions; or (5) evaluated on the basis of 
the information submitted to him as part of the application and 
any other information before him with respect to such drug, 
there is a lack of substantial evidence that the drug will have 
the effect it purports or is represented to have under the 
conditions of use prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the 
proposed labeling thereof; or (6) the application failed to 
contain the patent information prescribed by subsection (b); or 
(7) based on a fair evaluation of all material facts, such 
labeling is false or misleading in any particular; he shall 
issue an order refusing to approve the application. If, after 
such notice and opportunity for hearing, the Secretary finds 
that clauses (1) through (6) do not apply, he shall issue an 
order approving the application. As used in this subsection and 
subsection (e), the term ``substantial evidence'' means 
evidence consisting of adequate and well-controlled 
investigations, including clinical investigations, by experts 
qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate the 
effectiveness of the drug involved, on the basis of which it 
could fairly and responsibly be concluded by such experts that 
the drug will have the effect it purports or is represented to 
have under the conditions of use prescribed, recommended, or 
suggested in the labeling or proposed labeling thereof. If the 
Secretary determines, based on relevant science, that data from 
one adequate and well-controlled clinical investigation and 
confirmatory evidence (obtained prior to or after such 
investigation) are sufficient to establish effectiveness, the 
Secretary may consider such data and evidence to constitute 
substantial evidence for purposes of the preceding sentence. 
The Secretary shall implement a structured risk-benefit 
assessment framework in the new drug approval process to 
facilitate the balanced consideration of benefits and risks, a 
consistent and systematic approach to the discussion and 
regulatory decisionmaking, and the communication of the 
benefits and risks of new drugs. Nothing in the preceding 
sentence shall alter the criteria for evaluating an application 
for marketing approval of a drug.
  (e) The Secretary shall, after due notice and opportunity for 
hearing to the applicant, withdraw approval of an application 
with respect to any drug under this section if the Secretary 
finds (1) that clinical or other experience, tests, or other 
scientific data show that such drug is unsafe for use under the 
conditions of use upon the basis of which the application was 
approved; (2) that new evidence of clinical experience, not 
contained in such application or not available to the Secretary 
until after such application was approved, or tests by new 
methods, or tests by methods not deemed reasonably applicable 
when such application was approved, evaluated together with the 
evidence available to the Secretary when the application was 
approved, shows that such drug is not shown to be safe for use 
under the conditions of use upon the basis of which the 
application was approved; or (3) on the basis of new 
information before him with respect to such drug, evaluated 
together with the evidence available to him when the 
application was approved, that there is a lack of substantial 
evidence that the drug will have the effect it purports or is 
represented to have under the conditions of use prescribed, 
recommended, or suggested in the labeling thereof; or (4) the 
patent information prescribed by subsection (c) was not filed 
within thirty days after the receipt of written notice from the 
Secretary specifying the failure to file such information; or 
(5) that the application contains any untrue statement of a 
material fact: Provided, That if the Secretary (or in his 
absence the officer acting as Secretary) finds that there is an 
imminent hazard to the public health, he may suspend the 
approval of such application immediately, and give the 
applicant prompt notice of his action and afford the applicant 
the opportunity for an expedited hearing under this subsection; 
but the authority conferred by this proviso to suspend the 
approval of an application shall not be delegated. The 
Secretary may also, after due notice and opportunity for 
hearing to the applicant, withdraw the approval of an 
application submitted under subsection (b) or (j) with respect 
to any drug under this section if the Secretary finds (1) that 
the applicant has failed to establish a system for maintaining 
required records, or has repeatedly or deliberately failed to 
maintain such records or to make required reports, in 
accordance with a regulation or order under subsection (k) or 
to comply with the notice requirements of section 510(k)(2), or 
the applicant has refused to permit access to, or copying or 
verification of, such records as required by paragraph (2) of 
such subsection; or (2) that on the basis of new information 
before him, evaluated together with the evidence before him 
when the application was approved, the methods used in, or the 
facilities and controls used for, the manufacture, processing, 
and packing of such drug are inadequate to assure and preserve 
its identity, strength, quality, and purity and were not made 
adequate within a reasonable time after receipt of written 
notice from the Secretary specifying the matter complained of; 
or (3) that on the basis of new information before him, 
evaluated together with the evidence before him when the 
application was approved, the labeling of such drug, based on a 
fair evaluation of all material facts, is false or misleading 
in any particular and was not corrected within a reasonable 
time after receipt of written notice from the Secretary 
specifying the matter complained of. Any order under this 
subsection shall state the findings upon which it is based. The 
Secretary may withdraw the approval of an application submitted 
under this section, or suspend the approval of such an 
application, as provided under this subsection, without first 
ordering the applicant to submit an assessment of the approved 
risk evaluation and mitigation strategy for the drug under 
section 505-1(g)(2)(D).
  (f) Whenever the Secretary finds that the facts so require, 
he shall revoke any previous order under subsection (d) or (e) 
refusing, withdrawing, or suspending approval of an application 
and shall approve such application or reinstate such approval, 
as may be appropriate.
  (g) Orders of the Secretary issued under this section shall 
be served (1) in person by any officer or employee of the 
Department designated by the Secretary or (2) by mailing the 
order by registered mail or by certified mail addressed to the 
applicant or respondent at his last-known address in the 
records of the Secretary.
  (h) An appeal may be taken by the applicant from an order of 
the Secretary refusing or withdrawing approval of an 
application under this section. Such appeal shall be taken by 
filing in the United States court of appeals for the circuit 
wherein such applicant resides or has his principal place of 
business, or in the United States Court of Appeals for the 
District of Columbia Circuit, within sixty days after the entry 
of such order, a written petition praying that the order of the 
Secretary be set aside. A copy of such petition shall be 
forthwith transmitted by the clerk of the court to the 
Secretary, or any officer designated by him for that purpose, 
and thereupon the Secretary shall certify and file in the court 
the record upon which the order complained of was entered, as 
provided in section 2112 of title 28, United States Code. Upon 
the filing of such petition such court shall have exclusive 
jurisdiction to affirm or set aside such order, except that 
until the filing of the record the Secretary may modify or set 
aside his order. No objection to the order of the Secretary 
shall be considered by the court unless such objection shall 
have been urged before the Secretary or unless there were 
reasonable grounds for failure so to do. The finding of the 
Secretary as to the facts, if supported by substantial 
evidence, shall be conclusive. If any person shall apply to the 
court for leave to adduce additional evidence, and shall show 
to the satisfaction of the court that such additional evidence 
is material and that there were reasonable grounds for failure 
to adduce such evidence in the proceeding before the Secretary, 
the court may order such additional evidence to be taken before 
the Secretary and to be adduced upon the hearing in such manner 
and upon such terms and conditions as to the court may seem 
proper. The Secretary may modify his findings as to the facts 
by reason of the additional evidence so taken, and he shall 
file with the court such modified findings which, if supported 
by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive, and his 
recommendation, if any, for the setting aside of the original 
order. The judgment of the court affirming or setting aside any 
such order of the Secretary shall be final, subject to review 
by the Supreme Court of the United States upon certiorari or 
certification as provided in section 1254 of title 28 of the 
United States Code. The commencement of proceedings under this 
subsection shall not, unless specifically ordered by the court 
to the contrary, operate as a stay of the Secretary's order.
  (i)(1) The Secretary shall promulgate regulations for 
exempting from the operation of the foregoing subsections of 
this section drugs intended solely for investigational use by 
experts qualified by scientific training and experience to 
investigate the safety and effectiveness of drugs. Such 
regulations may, within the discretion of the Secretary, among 
other conditions relating to the protection of the public 
health, provide for conditioning such exemption upon--
          (A) the submission to the Secretary, before any 
        clinical testing of a new drug is undertaken, of 
        reports, by the manufacturer or the sponsor of the 
        investigation of such drug, or preclinical tests 
        (including tests on animals) of such drug adequate to 
        justify the proposed clinical testing;
          (B) the manufacturer or the sponsor of the 
        investigation of a new drug proposed to be distributed 
        to investigators for clinical testing obtaining a 
        signed agreement from each of such investigators that 
        patients to whom the drug is administered will be under 
        his personal supervision, or under the supervision of 
        investigators responsible to him, and that he will not 
        supply such drug to any other investigator, or to 
        clinics, for administration to human beings;
          (C) the establishment and maintenance of such 
        records, and the making of such reports to the 
        Secretary, by the manufacturer or the sponsor of the 
        investigation of such drug, of data (including but not 
        limited to analytical reports by investigators) 
        obtained as the result of such investigational use of 
        such drug, as the Secretary finds will enable him to 
        evaluate the safety and effectiveness of such drug in 
        the event of the filing of an application pursuant to 
        subsection (b); and
                  (D) the submission to the Secretary by the 
                manufacturer or the sponsor of the 
                investigation of a new drug of a statement of 
                intent regarding whether the manufacturer or 
                sponsor has plans for assessing pediatric 
                safety and efficacy.
  (2) Subject to paragraph (3), a clinical investigation of a 
new drug may begin 30 days after the Secretary has received 
from the manufacturer or sponsor of the investigation a 
submission containing such information about the drug and the 
clinical investigation, including--
          (A) information on design of the investigation and 
        adequate reports of basic information, certified by the 
        applicant to be accurate reports, necessary to assess 
        the safety of the drug for use in clinical 
        investigation; and
          (B) adequate information on the chemistry and 
        manufacturing of the drug, controls available for the 
        drug, and primary data tabulations from animal or human 
        studies.
  (3)(A) At any time, the Secretary may prohibit the sponsor of 
an investigation from conducting the investigation (referred to 
in this paragraph as a ``clinical hold'') if the Secretary 
makes a determination described in subparagraph (B). The 
Secretary shall specify the basis for the clinical hold, 
including the specific information available to the Secretary 
which served as the basis for such clinical hold, and confirm 
such determination in writing.
  (B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), a determination 
described in this subparagraph with respect to a clinical hold 
is that--
          (i) the drug involved represents an unreasonable risk 
        to the safety of the persons who are the subjects of 
        the clinical investigation, taking into account the 
        qualifications of the clinical investigators, 
        information about the drug, the design of the clinical 
        investigation, the condition for which the drug is to 
        be investigated, and the health status of the subjects 
        involved; or
          (ii) the clinical hold should be issued for such 
        other reasons as the Secretary may by regulation 
        establish (including reasons established by regulation 
        before the date of the enactment of the Food and Drug 
        Administration Modernization Act of 1997).
  (C) Any written request to the Secretary from the sponsor of 
an investigation that a clinical hold be removed shall receive 
a decision, in writing and specifying the reasons therefor, 
within 30 days after receipt of such request. Any such request 
shall include sufficient information to support the removal of 
such clinical hold.
  (4) Regulations under paragraph (1) shall provide that such 
exemption shall be conditioned upon the manufacturer, or the 
sponsor of the investigation, requiring that experts using such 
drugs for investigational purposes certify to such manufacturer 
or sponsor that they will inform any human beings to whom such 
drugs, or any controls used in connection therewith, are being 
administered, or their representatives, that such drugs are 
being used for investigational purposes and will obtain the 
consent of such human beings or their representatives, except 
where it is not feasible, it is contrary to the best interests 
of such human beings, or the proposed clinical testing poses no 
more than minimal risk to such human beings and includes 
appropriate safeguards as prescribed to protect the rights, 
safety, and welfare of such human beings. Nothing in this 
subsection shall be construed to require any clinical 
investigator to submit directly to the Secretary reports on the 
investigational use of drugs. The Secretary shall update such 
regulations to require inclusion in the informed consent 
documents and process a statement that clinical trial 
information for such clinical investigation has been or will be 
submitted for inclusion in the registry data bank pursuant to 
subsection (j) of section 402 of the Public Health Service Act.
  (j)(1) Any person may file with the Secretary an abbreviated 
application for the approval of a new drug.
  (2)(A) An abbreviated application for a new drug shall 
contain--
          (i) information to show that the conditions of use 
        prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the labeling 
        proposed for the new drug have been previously approved 
        for a drug listed under paragraph (7) (hereinafter in 
        this subsection referred to as a ``listed drug'');
          (ii)(I) if the listed drug referred to in clause (i) 
        has only one active ingredient, information to show 
        that the active ingredient of the new drug is the same 
        as that of the listed drug;
          (II) if the listed drug referred to in clause (i) has 
        more than one active ingredient, information to show 
        that the active ingredients of the new drug are the 
        same as those of the listed drug, or
          (III) if the listed drug referred to in clause (i) 
        has more than one active ingredient and if one of the 
        active ingredients of the new drug is different and the 
        application is filed pursuant to the approval of a 
        petition filed under subparagraph (C), information to 
        show that the other active ingredients of the new drug 
        are the same as the active ingredients of the listed 
        drug, information to show that the different active 
        ingredient is an active ingredient of a listed drug or 
        of a drug which does not meet the requirements of 
        section 201(p), and such other information respecting 
        the different active ingredient with respect to which 
        the petition was filed as the Secretary may require;
          (iii) information to show that the route of 
        administration, the dosage form, and the strength of 
        the new drug are the same as those of the listed drug 
        referred to in clause (i) or, if the route of 
        administration, the dosage form, or the strength of the 
        new drug is different and the application is filed 
        pursuant to the approval of a petition filed under 
        subparagraph (C), such information respecting the route 
        of administration, dosage form, or strength with 
        respect to which the petition was filed as the 
        Secretary may require;
          (iv) information to show that the new drug is 
        bioequivalent to the listed drug referred to in clause 
        (i), except that if the application is filed pursuant 
        to the approval of a petition filed under subparagraph 
        (C), information to show that the active ingredients of 
        the new drug are of the same pharmacological or 
        therapeutic class as those of the listed drug referred 
        to in clause (i) and the new drug can be expected to 
        have the same therapeutic effect as the listed drug 
        when administered to patients for a condition of use 
        referred to in clause (i);
          (v) information to show that the labeling proposed 
        for the new drug is the same as the labeling approved 
        for the listed drug referred to in clause (i) except 
        for changes required because of differences approved 
        under a petition filed under subparagraph (C) or 
        because the new drug and the listed drug are produced 
        or distributed by different manufacturers;
          (vi) the items specified in clauses (B) through (F) 
        of subsection (b)(1);
          (vii) a certification, in the opinion of the 
        applicant and to the best of his knowledge, with 
        respect to each patent which claims the listed drug 
        referred to in clause (i) or which claims a use for 
        such listed drug for which the applicant is seeking 
        approval under this subsection and for which 
        information is required to be filed under subsection 
        (b) or (c)--
                  (I) that such patent information has not been 
                filed,
                  (II) that such patent has expired,
                  (III) of the date on which such patent will 
                expire, or
                  (IV) that such patent is invalid or will not 
                be infringed by the manufacture, use, or sale 
                of the new drug for which the application is 
                submitted; and
          (viii) if with respect to the listed drug referred to 
        in clause (i) information was filed under subsection 
        (b) or (c) for a method of use patent which does not 
        claim a use for which the applicant is seeking approval 
        under this subsection, a statement that the method of 
        use patent does not claim such a use.
The Secretary may not require that an abbreviated application 
contain information in addition to that required by clauses (i) 
through (viii).
  (B) Notice of opinion that patent is invalid or will not be 
infringed.--
          (i) Agreement to give notice.--An applicant that 
        makes a certification described in subparagraph 
        (A)(vii)(IV) shall include in the application a 
        statement that the applicant will give notice as 
        required by this subparagraph.
          (ii) Timing of notice.--An applicant that makes a 
        certification described in subparagraph (A)(vii)(IV) 
        shall give notice as required under this subparagraph--
                  (I) if the certification is in the 
                application, not later than 20 days after the 
                date of the postmark on the notice with which 
                the Secretary informs the applicant that the 
                application has been filed; or
                  (II) if the certification is in an amendment 
                or supplement to the application, at the time 
                at which the applicant submits the amendment or 
                supplement, regardless of whether the applicant 
                has already given notice with respect to 
                another such certification contained in the 
                application or in an amendment or supplement to 
                the application.
          (iii) Recipients of notice.--An applicant required 
        under this subparagraph to give notice shall give 
        notice to--
                  (I) each owner of the patent that is the 
                subject of the certification (or a 
                representative of the owner designated to 
                receive such a notice); and
                  (II) the holder of the approved application 
                under subsection (b) for the drug that is 
                claimed by the patent or a use of which is 
                claimed by the patent (or a representative of 
                the holder designated to receive such a 
                notice).
          (iv) Contents of notice.--A notice required under 
        this subparagraph shall--
                  (I) state that an application that contains 
                data from bioavailability or bioequivalence 
                studies has been submitted under this 
                subsection for the drug with respect to which 
                the certification is made to obtain approval to 
                engage in the commercial manufacture, use, or 
                sale of the drug before the expiration of the 
                patent referred to in the certification; and
                  (II) include a detailed statement of the 
                factual and legal basis of the opinion of the 
                applicant that the patent is invalid or will 
                not be infringed.
  (C) If a person wants to submit an abbreviated application 
for a new drug which has a different active ingredient or whose 
route of administration, dosage form, or strength differ from 
that of a listed drug, such person shall submit a petition to 
the Secretary seeking permission to file such an application. 
The Secretary shall approve or disapprove a petition submitted 
under this subparagraph within ninety days of the date the 
petition is submitted. The Secretary shall approve such a 
petition unless the Secretary finds--
          (i) that investigations must be conducted to show the 
        safety and effectiveness of the drug or of any of its 
        active ingredients, the route of administration, the 
        dosage form, or strength which differ from the listed 
        drug; or
          (ii) that any drug with a different active ingredient 
        may not be adequately evaluated for approval as safe 
        and effective on the basis of the information required 
        to be submitted in an abbreviated application.
  (D)(i) An applicant may not amend or supplement an 
application to seek approval of a drug referring to a different 
listed drug from the listed drug identified in the application 
as submitted to the Secretary.
  (ii) With respect to the drug for which an application is 
submitted, nothing in this subsection prohibits an applicant 
from amending or supplementing the application to seek approval 
of a different strength.
  (iii) Within 60 days after the date of the enactment of the 
Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act 
of 2003, the Secretary shall issue guidance defining the term 
``listed drug'' for purposes of this subparagraph.
  (3)(A) The Secretary shall issue guidance for the individuals 
who review applications submitted under paragraph (1), which 
shall relate to promptness in conducting the review, technical 
excellence, lack of bias and conflict of interest, and 
knowledge of regulatory and scientific standards, and which 
shall apply equally to all individuals who review such 
applications.
  (B) The Secretary shall meet with a sponsor of an 
investigation or an applicant for approval for a drug under 
this subsection if the sponsor or applicant makes a reasonable 
written request for a meeting for the purpose of reaching 
agreement on the design and size of bioavailability and 
bioequivalence studies needed for approval of such application. 
The sponsor or applicant shall provide information necessary 
for discussion and agreement on the design and size of such 
studies. Minutes of any such meeting shall be prepared by the 
Secretary and made available to the sponsor or applicant.
  (C) Any agreement regarding the parameters of design and size 
of bioavailability and bioequivalence studies of a drug under 
this paragraph that is reached between the Secretary and a 
sponsor or applicant shall be reduced to writing and made part 
of the administrative record by the Secretary. Such agreement 
shall not be changed after the testing begins, except--
          (i) with the written agreement of the sponsor or 
        applicant; or
          (ii) pursuant to a decision, made in accordance with 
        subparagraph (D) by the director of the reviewing 
        division, that a substantial scientific issue essential 
        to determining the safety or effectiveness of the drug 
        has been identified after the testing has begun.
  (D) A decision under subparagraph (C)(ii) by the director 
shall be in writing and the Secretary shall provide to the 
sponsor or applicant an opportunity for a meeting at which the 
director and the sponsor or applicant will be present and at 
which the director will document the scientific issue involved.
  (E) The written decisions of the reviewing division shall be 
binding upon, and may not directly or indirectly be changed by, 
the field or compliance office personnel unless such field or 
compliance office personnel demonstrate to the reviewing 
division why such decision should be modified.
  (F) No action by the reviewing division may be delayed 
because of the unavailability of information from or action by 
field personnel unless the reviewing division determines that a 
delay is necessary to assure the marketing of a safe and 
effective drug.
  (G) For purposes of this paragraph, the reviewing division is 
the division responsible for the review of an application for 
approval of a drug under this subsection (including scientific 
matters, chemistry, manufacturing, and controls).
  (4) Subject to paragraph (5), the Secretary shall approve an 
application for a drug unless the Secretary finds--
          (A) the methods used in, or the facilities and 
        controls used for, the manufacture, processing, and 
        packing of the drug are inadequate to assure and 
        preserve its identity, strength, quality, and purity;
          (B) information submitted with the application is 
        insufficient show that each of the proposed conditions 
        of use have been previously approved for the listed 
        drug referred to in the application;
          (C)(i) if the listed drug has only one active 
        ingredient, information submitted with the application 
        is insufficient to show that the active ingredient is 
        the same as that of the listed drug;
          (ii) if the listed drug has more than one active 
        ingredient, information submitted with the application 
        is insufficient to show that the active ingredients are 
        the same as the active ingredients of the listed drug, 
        or
          (iii) if the listed drug has more than one active 
        ingredient and if the application is for a drug which 
        has an active ingredient different from the listed 
        drug, information submitted with the application is 
        insufficient to show--
                  (I) that the other active ingredients are the 
                same as the active ingredients of the listed 
                drug, or
                  (II) that the different active ingredient is 
                an active ingredient of a listed drug or a drug 
                which does not meet the requirements of section 
                201(p),
        or no petition to file an application for the drug with 
        the different ingredient was approved under paragraph 
        (2)(C);
          (D)(i) if the application is for a drug whose route 
        of administration, dosage form, or strength of the drug 
        is the same as the route of administration, dosage 
        form, or strength of the listed drug referred to in the 
        application, information submitted in the application 
        is insufficient to show that the route of 
        administration, dosage form, or strength is the same as 
        that of the listed drug, or
          (ii) if the application is for a drug whose route of 
        administration, dosage form, or strength of the drug is 
        different from that of the listed drug referred to in 
        the application, no petition to file an application for 
        the drug with the different route of administration, 
        dosage form, or strength was approved under paragraph 
        (2)(C);
          (E) if the application was filed pursuant to the 
        approval of a petition under paragraph (2)(C), the 
        application did not contain the information required by 
        the Secretary respecting the active ingredient, route 
        of administration, dosage form, or strength which is 
        not the same;
          (F) information submitted in the application is 
        insufficient to show that the drug is bioequivalent to 
        the listed drug referred to in the application or, if 
        the application was filed pursuant to a petition 
        approved under paragraph (2)(C), information submitted 
        in the application is insufficient to show that the 
        active ingredients of the new drug are of the same 
        pharmacological or therapeutic class as those of the 
        listed drug referred to in paragraph (2)(A)(i) and that 
        the new drug can be expected to have the same 
        therapeutic effect as the listed drug when administered 
        to patients for a condition of use referred to in such 
        paragraph;
          (G) information submitted in the application is 
        insufficient to show that the labeling proposed for the 
        drug is the same as the labeling approved for the 
        listed drug referred to in the application except for 
        changes required because of differences approved under 
        a petition filed under paragraph (2)(C) or because the 
        drug and the listed drug are produced or distributed by 
        different manufacturers;
          (H) information submitted in the application or any 
        other information available to the Secretary shows that 
        (i) the inactive ingredients of the drug are unsafe for 
        use under the conditions prescribed, recommended, or 
        suggested in the labeling proposed for the drug, or 
        (ii) the composition of the drug is unsafe under such 
        conditions because of the type or quantity of inactive 
        ingredients included or the manner in which the 
        inactive ingredients are included;
          (I) the approval under subsection (c) of the listed 
        drug referred to in the application under this 
        subsection has been withdrawn or suspended for grounds 
        described in the first sentence of subsection (e), the 
        Secretary has published a notice of opportunity for 
        hearing to withdraw approval of the listed drug under 
        subsection (c) for grounds described in the first 
        sentence of subsection (e), the approval under this 
        subsection of the listed drug referred to in the 
        application under this subsection has been withdrawn or 
        suspended under paragraph (6), or the Secretary has 
        determined that the listed drug has been withdrawn from 
        sale for safety or effectiveness reasons;
          (J) the application does not meet any other 
        requirement of paragraph (2)(A); or
          (K) the application contains an untrue statement of 
        material fact.
  (5)(A) Within one hundred and eighty days of the initial 
receipt of an application under paragraph (2) or within such 
additional period as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and 
the applicant, the Secretary shall approve or disapprove the 
application.
  (B) The approval of an application submitted under paragraph 
(2) shall be made effective on the last applicable date 
determined by applying the following to each certification made 
under paragraph (2)(A)(vii):
          (i) If the applicant only made a certification 
        described in subclause (I) or (II) of paragraph 
        (2)(A)(vii) or in both such subclauses, the approval 
        may be made effective immediately.
          (ii) If the applicant made a certification described 
        in subclause (III) of paragraph (2)(A)(vii), the 
        approval may be made effective on the date certified 
        under subclause (III).
          (iii) If the applicant made a certification described 
        in subclause (IV) of paragraph (2)(A)(vii), the 
        approval shall be made effective immediately unless, 
        before the expiration of 45 days after the date on 
        which the notice described in paragraph (2)(B) is 
        received, an action is brought for infringement of the 
        patent that is the subject of the certification and for 
        which information was submitted to the Secretary under 
        subsection (b)(1) or (c)(2) before the date on which 
        the application (excluding an amendment or supplement 
        to the application), which the Secretary later 
        determines to be substantially complete, was submitted. 
        If such an action is brought before the expiration of 
        such days, the approval shall be made effective upon 
        the expiration of the thirty-month period beginning on 
        the date of the receipt of the notice provided under 
        paragraph (2)(B)(i) or such shorter or longer period as 
        the court may order because either party to the action 
        failed to reasonably cooperate in expediting the 
        action, except that--
                  (I) if before the expiration of such period 
                the district court decides that the patent is 
                invalid or not infringed (including any 
                substantive determination that there is no 
                cause of action for patent infringement or 
                invalidity), the approval shall be made 
                effective on--
                          (aa) the date on which the court 
                        enters judgment reflecting the 
                        decision; or
                          (bb) the date of a settlement order 
                        or consent decree signed and entered by 
                        the court stating that the patent that 
                        is the subject of the certification is 
                        invalid or not infringed;
                  (II) if before the expiration of such period 
                the district court decides that the patent has 
                been infringed--
                          (aa) if the judgment of the district 
                        court is appealed, the approval shall 
                        be made effective on--
                                  (AA) the date on which the 
                                court of appeals decides that 
                                the patent is invalid or not 
                                infringed (including any 
                                substantive determination that 
                                there is no cause of action for 
                                patent infringement or 
                                invalidity); or
                                  (BB) the date of a settlement 
                                order or consent decree signed 
                                and entered by the court of 
                                appeals stating that the patent 
                                that is the subject of the 
                                certification is invalid or not 
                                infringed; or
                          (bb) if the judgment of the district 
                        court is not appealed or is affirmed, 
                        the approval shall be made effective on 
                        the date specified by the district 
                        court in a court order under section 
                        271(e)(4)(A) of title 35, United States 
                        Code;
                  (III) if before the expiration of such period 
                the court grants a preliminary injunction 
                prohibiting the applicant from engaging in the 
                commercial manufacture or sale of the drug 
                until the court decides the issues of patent 
                validity and infringement and if the court 
                decides that such patent is invalid or not 
                infringed, the approval shall be made effective 
                as provided in subclause (I); or
                  (IV) if before the expiration of such period 
                the court grants a preliminary injunction 
                prohibiting the applicant from engaging in the 
                commercial manufacture or sale of the drug 
                until the court decides the issues of patent 
                validity and infringement and if the court 
                decides that such patent has been infringed, 
                the approval shall be made effective as 
                provided in subclause (II).
        In such an action, each of the parties shall reasonably 
        cooperate in expediting the action.
          (iv)  180-day exclusivity period.--
                  (I) Effectiveness of application.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (D), if the application contains a 
                certification described in paragraph 
                (2)(A)(vii)(IV) and is for a drug for which a 
                first applicant has submitted an application 
                containing such a certification, the 
                application shall be made effective on the date 
                that is 180 days after the date of the first 
                commercial marketing of the drug (including the 
                commercial marketing of the listed drug) by any 
                first applicant.
                  (II) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                          (aa)  180-day exclusivity period.--
                        The term ``180-day exclusivity period'' 
                        means the 180-day period ending on the 
                        day before the date on which an 
                        application submitted by an applicant 
                        other than a first applicant could 
                        become effective under this clause.
                          (bb) First applicant.--As used in 
                        this subsection, the term ``first 
                        applicant'' means an applicant that, on 
                        the first day on which a substantially 
                        complete application containing a 
                        certification described in paragraph 
                        (2)(A)(vii)(IV) is submitted for 
                        approval of a drug, submits a 
                        substantially complete application that 
                        contains and lawfully maintains a 
                        certification described in paragraph 
                        (2)(A)(vii)(IV) for the drug.
                          (cc) Substantially complete 
                        application.--As used in this 
                        subsection, the term ``substantially 
                        complete application'' means an 
                        application under this subsection that 
                        on its face is sufficiently complete to 
                        permit a substantive review and 
                        contains all the information required 
                        by paragraph (2)(A).
                          (dd) Tentative approval.--
                                  (AA) In general.--The term 
                                ``tentative approval'' means 
                                notification to an applicant by 
                                the Secretary that an 
                                application under this 
                                subsection meets the 
                                requirements of paragraph 
                                (2)(A), but cannot receive 
                                effective approval because the 
                                application does not meet the 
                                requirements of this 
                                subparagraph, there is a period 
                                of exclusivity for the listed 
                                drug under subparagraph (F) or 
                                section 505A, or there is a 7-
                                year period of exclusivity for 
                                the listed drug under section 
                                527.
                                  (BB) Limitation.--A drug that 
                                is granted tentative approval 
                                by the Secretary is not an 
                                approved drug and shall not 
                                have an effective approval 
                                until the Secretary issues an 
                                approval after any necessary 
                                additional review of the 
                                application.
          (v)  180-day exclusivity period for competitive 
        generic therapies.--
                  (I) Effectiveness of application.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (D)(iv), if the application is for 
                a drug that is the same as a competitive 
                generic therapy for which any first approved 
                applicant has commenced commercial marketing, 
                the application shall be made effective on the 
                date that is 180 days after the date of the 
                first commercial marketing of the competitive 
                generic therapy (including the commercial 
                marketing of the listed drug) by any first 
                approved applicant.
                  (II) Limitation.--The exclusivity period 
                under subclause (I) shall not apply with 
                respect to a competitive generic therapy that 
                has previously received an exclusivity period 
                under subclause (I).
                  (III) Definitions.--In this clause and 
                subparagraph (D)(iv):
                          (aa) The term ``competitive generic 
                        therapy'' means a drug--
                                  (AA) that is designated as a 
                                competitive generic therapy 
                                under section 506H; and
                                  (BB) for which there are no 
                                unexpired patents or 
                                exclusivities on the list of 
                                products described in section 
                                505(j)(7)(A) at the time of 
                                submission.
                          (bb) The term ``first approved 
                        applicant'' means any applicant that 
                        has submitted an application that--
                                  (AA) is for a competitive 
                                generic therapy that is 
                                approved on the first day on 
                                which any application for such 
                                competitive generic therapy is 
                                approved;
                                  (BB) is not eligible for a 
                                180-day exclusivity period 
                                under clause (iv) for the drug 
                                that is the subject of the 
                                application for the competitive 
                                generic therapy; and
                                  (CC) is not for a drug for 
                                which all drug versions have 
                                forfeited eligibility for a 
                                180-day exclusivity period 
                                under clause (iv) pursuant to 
                                subparagraph (D).
          (C) Civil action to obtain patent certainty.--
                  (i) Declaratory judgment absent infringement 
                action.--
                          (I) In general.--No action may be 
                        brought under section 2201 of title 28, 
                        United States Code, by an applicant 
                        under paragraph (2) for a declaratory 
                        judgment with respect to a patent which 
                        is the subject of the certification 
                        referred to in subparagraph (B)(iii) 
                        unless--
                                  (aa) the 45-day period 
                                referred to in such 
                                subparagraph has expired;
                                  (bb) neither the owner of 
                                such patent nor the holder of 
                                the approved application under 
                                subsection (b) for the drug 
                                that is claimed by the patent 
                                or a use of which is claimed by 
                                the patent brought a civil 
                                action against the applicant 
                                for infringement of the patent 
                                before the expiration of such 
                                period; and
                                  (cc) in any case in which the 
                                notice provided under paragraph 
                                (2)(B) relates to 
                                noninfringement, the notice was 
                                accompanied by a document 
                                described in subclause (III).
                          (II) Filing of civil action.--If the 
                        conditions described in items (aa), 
                        (bb), and as applicable, (cc) of 
                        subclause (I) have been met, the 
                        applicant referred to in such subclause 
                        may, in accordance with section 2201 of 
                        title 28, United States Code, bring a 
                        civil action under such section against 
                        the owner or holder referred to in such 
                        subclause (but not against any owner or 
                        holder that has brought such a civil 
                        action against the applicant, unless 
                        that civil action was dismissed without 
                        prejudice) for a declaratory judgment 
                        that the patent is invalid or will not 
                        be infringed by the drug for which the 
                        applicant seeks approval, except that 
                        such civil action may be brought for a 
                        declaratory judgment that the patent 
                        will not be infringed only in a case in 
                        which the condition described in 
                        subclause (I)(cc) is applicable. A 
                        civil action referred to in this 
                        subclause shall be brought in the 
                        judicial district where the defendant 
                        has its principal place of business or 
                        a regular and established place of 
                        business.
                          (III) Offer of confidential access to 
                        application.--For purposes of subclause 
                        (I)(cc), the document described in this 
                        subclause is a document providing an 
                        offer of confidential access to the 
                        application that is in the custody of 
                        the applicant under paragraph (2) for 
                        the purpose of determining whether an 
                        action referred to in subparagraph 
                        (B)(iii) should be brought. The 
                        document providing the offer of 
                        confidential access shall contain such 
                        restrictions as to persons entitled to 
                        access, and on the use and disposition 
                        of any information accessed, as would 
                        apply had a protective order been 
                        entered for the purpose of protecting 
                        trade secrets and other confidential 
                        business information. A request for 
                        access to an application under an offer 
                        of confidential access shall be 
                        considered acceptance of the offer of 
                        confidential access with the 
                        restrictions as to persons entitled to 
                        access, and on the use and disposition 
                        of any information accessed, contained 
                        in the offer of confidential access, 
                        and those restrictions and other terms 
                        of the offer of confidential access 
                        shall be considered terms of an 
                        enforceable contract. Any person 
                        provided an offer of confidential 
                        access shall review the application for 
                        the sole and limited purpose of 
                        evaluating possible infringement of the 
                        patent that is the subject of the 
                        certification under paragraph 
                        (2)(A)(vii)(IV) and for no other 
                        purpose, and may not disclose 
                        information of no relevance to any 
                        issue of patent infringement to any 
                        person other than a person provided an 
                        offer of confidential access. Further, 
                        the application may be redacted by the 
                        applicant to remove any information of 
                        no relevance to any issue of patent 
                        infringement.
                  (ii) Counterclaim to infringement action.--
                          (I) In general.--If an owner of the 
                        patent or the holder of the approved 
                        application under subsection (b) for 
                        the drug that is claimed by the patent 
                        or a use of which is claimed by the 
                        patent brings a patent infringement 
                        action against the applicant, the 
                        applicant may assert a counterclaim 
                        seeking an order requiring the holder 
                        to correct or delete the patent 
                        information submitted by the holder 
                        under subsection (b) or (c) on the 
                        ground that the patent does not claim 
                        either--
                                  (aa) the drug for which the 
                                application was approved; or
                                  (bb) an approved method of 
                                using the drug.
                          (II) No independent cause of 
                        action.--Subclause (I) does not 
                        authorize the assertion of a claim 
                        described in subclause (I) in any civil 
                        action or proceeding other than a 
                        counterclaim described in subclause 
                        (I).
                  (iii) No damages.--An applicant shall not be 
                entitled to damages in a civil action under 
                clause (i) or a counterclaim under clause (ii).
          (D) Forfeiture of 180-day exclusivity period.--
                  (i) Definition of forfeiture event.--In this 
                subparagraph, the term ``forfeiture event'', 
                with respect to an application under this 
                subsection, means the occurrence of any of the 
                following:
                          (I) Failure to market.--The first 
                        applicant fails to market the drug by 
                        the later of--
                                  (aa) the earlier of the date 
                                that is--
                                          (AA) 75 days after 
                                        the date on which the 
                                        approval of the 
                                        application of the 
                                        first applicant is made 
                                        effective under 
                                        subparagraph (B)(iii); 
                                        or
                                          (BB) 30 months after 
                                        the date of submission 
                                        of the application of 
                                        the first applicant; or
                                  (bb) with respect to the 
                                first applicant or any other 
                                applicant (which other 
                                applicant has received 
                                tentative approval), the date 
                                that is 75 days after the date 
                                as of which, as to each of the 
                                patents with respect to which 
                                the first applicant submitted 
                                and lawfully maintained a 
                                certification qualifying the 
                                first applicant for the 180-day 
                                exclusivity period under 
                                subparagraph (B)(iv), at least 
                                1 of the following has 
                                occurred:
                                          (AA) In an 
                                        infringement action 
                                        brought against that 
                                        applicant with respect 
                                        to the patent or in a 
                                        declaratory judgment 
                                        action brought by that 
                                        applicant with respect 
                                        to the patent, a court 
                                        enters a final decision 
                                        from which no appeal 
                                        (other than a petition 
                                        to the Supreme Court 
                                        for a writ of 
                                        certiorari) has been or 
                                        can be taken that the 
                                        patent is invalid or 
                                        not infringed.
                                          (BB) In an 
                                        infringement action or 
                                        a declaratory judgment 
                                        action described in 
                                        subitem (AA), a court 
                                        signs a settlement 
                                        order or consent decree 
                                        that enters a final 
                                        judgment that includes 
                                        a finding that the 
                                        patent is invalid or 
                                        not infringed.
                                          (CC) The patent 
                                        information submitted 
                                        under subsection (b) or 
                                        (c) is withdrawn by the 
                                        holder of the 
                                        application approved 
                                        under subsection (b).
                          (II) Withdrawal of application.--The 
                        first applicant withdraws the 
                        application or the Secretary considers 
                        the application to have been withdrawn 
                        as a result of a determination by the 
                        Secretary that the application does not 
                        meet the requirements for approval 
                        under paragraph (4).
                          (III) Amendment of certification.--
                        The first applicant amends or withdraws 
                        the certification for all of the 
                        patents with respect to which that 
                        applicant submitted a certification 
                        qualifying the applicant for the 180-
                        day exclusivity period.
                          (IV) Failure to obtain tentative 
                        approval.--The first applicant fails to 
                        obtain tentative approval of the 
                        application within 30 months after the 
                        date on which the application is filed, 
                        unless the failure is caused by a 
                        change in or a review of the 
                        requirements for approval of the 
                        application imposed after the date on 
                        which the application is filed.
                          (V) Agreement with another applicant, 
                        the listed drug application holder, or 
                        a patent owner.--The first applicant 
                        enters into an agreement with another 
                        applicant under this subsection for the 
                        drug, the holder of the application for 
                        the listed drug, or an owner of the 
                        patent that is the subject of the 
                        certification under paragraph 
                        (2)(A)(vii)(IV), the Federal Trade 
                        Commission or the Attorney General 
                        files a complaint, and there is a final 
                        decision of the Federal Trade 
                        Commission or the court with regard to 
                        the complaint from which no appeal 
                        (other than a petition to the Supreme 
                        Court for a writ of certiorari) has 
                        been or can be taken that the agreement 
                        has violated the antitrust laws (as 
                        defined in section 1 of the Clayton Act 
                        (15 U.S.C. 12), except that the term 
                        includes section 5 of the Federal Trade 
                        Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45) to the 
                        extent that that section applies to 
                        unfair methods of competition).
                          (VI) Expiration of all patents.--All 
                        of the patents as to which the 
                        applicant submitted a certification 
                        qualifying it for the 180-day 
                        exclusivity period have expired.
                  (ii) Forfeiture.--The 180-day exclusivity 
                period described in subparagraph (B)(iv) shall 
                be forfeited by a first applicant if a 
                forfeiture event occurs with respect to that 
                first applicant.
                  (iii) Subsequent applicant.--If all first 
                applicants forfeit the 180-day exclusivity 
                period under clause (ii)--
                          (I) approval of any application 
                        containing a certification described in 
                        paragraph (2)(A)(vii)(IV) shall be made 
                        effective in accordance with 
                        subparagraph (B)(iii); and
                          (II) no applicant shall be eligible 
                        for a 180-day exclusivity period.
                  (iv) Special forfeiture rule for competitive 
                generic therapy.--The 180-day exclusivity 
                period described in subparagraph (B)(v) shall 
                be forfeited by a first approved applicant if 
                the applicant fails to market the competitive 
                generic therapy within 75 days after the date 
                on which the approval of the first approved 
                applicant's application for the competitive 
                generic therapy is made effective.
  (E) If the Secretary decides to disapprove an application, 
the Secretary shall give the applicant notice of an opportunity 
for a hearing before the Secretary on the question of whether 
such application is approvable. If the applicant elects to 
accept the opportunity for hearing by written request within 
thirty days after such notice, such hearing shall commence not 
more than ninety days after the expiration of such thirty days 
unless the Secretary and the applicant otherwise agree. Any 
such hearing shall thereafter be conducted on an expedited 
basis and the Secretary's order thereon shall be issued within 
ninety days after the date fixed by the Secretary for filing 
final briefs.
  (F)(i) If an application (other than an abbreviated new drug 
application) submitted under subsection (b) for a drug, no 
active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active 
ingredient) of which has been approved in any other application 
under subsection (b), was approved during the period beginning 
January 1, 1982, and ending on the date of the enactment of 
this subsection, the Secretary may not make the approval of an 
application submitted under this subsection which refers to the 
drug for which the subsection (b) application was submitted 
effective before the expiration of ten years from the date of 
the approval of the application under subsection (b).
  (ii) If an application submitted under subsection (b) for a 
drug, no active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the 
active ingredient) of which has been approved in any other 
application under subsection (b), is approved after the date of 
the enactment of this subsection, no application may be 
submitted under this subsection which refers to the drug for 
which the subsection (b) application was submitted before the 
expiration of five years from the date of the approval of the 
application under subsection (b), except that such an 
application may be submitted under this subsection after the 
expiration of four years from the date of the approval of the 
subsection (b) application if it contains a certification of 
patent invalidity or noninfringement described in subclause 
(IV) of paragraph (2)(A)(vii). The approval of such an 
application shall be made effective in accordance with 
subparagraph (B) except that, if an action for patent 
infringement is commenced during the one-year period beginning 
forty-eight months after the date of the approval of the 
subsection (b) application, the thirty-month period referred to 
in subparagraph (B)(iii) shall be extended by such amount of 
time (if any) which is required for seven and one-half years to 
have elapsed from the date of approval of the subsection (b) 
application.
  (iii) If an application submitted under subsection (b) for a 
drug, which includes an active ingredient (including any ester 
or salt of the active ingredient) that has been approved in 
another application approved under subsection (b), is approved 
after the date of enactment of this subsection and if such 
application contains reports of new clinical investigations 
(other than bioavailability studies) essential to the approval 
of the application and conducted or sponsored by the applicant, 
the Secretary may not make the approval of an application 
submitted under this subsection for the conditions of approval 
of such drug in the subsection (b) application effective before 
the expiration of three years from the date of the approval of 
the application under subsection (b) for such drug.
  (iv) If a supplement to an application approved under 
subsection (b) is approved after the date of enactment of this 
subsection and the supplement contains reports of new clinical 
investigations (other than bioavailability studies) essential 
to the approval of the supplement and conducted or sponsored by 
the person submitting the supplement, the Secretary may not 
make the approval of an application submitted under this 
subsection for a change approved in the supplement effective 
before the expiration of three years from the date of the 
approval of the supplement under subsection (b).
  (v) If an application (or supplement to an application) 
submitted under subsection (b) for a drug, which includes an 
active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active 
ingredient) that has been approved in another application under 
subsection (b), was approved during the period beginning 
January 1, 1982, and ending on the date of the enactment of 
this subsection, the Secretary may not make the approval of an 
application submitted under this subsection which refers to the 
drug for which the subsection (b) application was submitted or 
which refers to a change approved in a supplement to the 
subsection (b) application effective before the expiration of 
two years from the date of enactment of this subsection.
  (6) If a drug approved under this subsection refers in its 
approved application to a drug the approval of which was 
withdrawn or suspended for grounds described in the first 
sentence of subsection (e) or was withdrawn or suspended under 
this paragraph or which, as determined by the Secretary, has 
been withdrawn from sale for safety or effectiveness reasons, 
the approval of the drug under this subsection shall be 
withdrawn or suspended--
          (A) for the same period as the withdrawal or 
        suspension under subsection (e) or this paragraph, or
          (B) if the listed drug has been withdrawn from sale, 
        for the period of withdrawal from sale or, if earlier, 
        the period ending on the date the Secretary determines 
        that the withdrawal from sale is not for safety or 
        effectiveness reasons.
  (7)(A)(i) Within sixty days of the date of the enactment of 
this subsection, the Secretary shall publish and make available 
to the public--
          (I) a list in alphabetical order of the official and 
        proprietary name of each drug which has been approved 
        for safety and effectiveness under subsection (c) 
        before the date of the enactment of this subsection;
          (II) the date of approval if the drug is approved 
        after 1981 and the number of the application which was 
        approved; and
          (III) whether in vitro or in vivo bioequivalence 
        studies, or both such studies, are required for 
        applications filed under this subsection which will 
        refer to the drug published.
  (ii) Every thirty days after the publication of the first 
list under clause (i) the Secretary shall revise the list to 
include each drug which has been approved for safety and 
effectiveness under subsection (c) or approved under this 
subsection during the thirty-day period.
  (iii) When patent information submitted under subsection (b) 
or (c) respecting a drug included on the list is to be 
published by the Secretary, the Secretary shall, in revisions 
made under clause (ii), include such information for such drug.
  (iv) For each drug included on the list, the Secretary shall 
specify each exclusivity period that is applicable and has not 
concluded under--
          (I) clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of subsection 
        (c)(3)(E) of this section;
          (II) clause (iv) or (v) of paragraph (5)(B) of this 
        subsection;
          (III) clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of paragraph (5)(F) 
        of this subsection;
          (IV) section 505A;
          (V) section 505E; or
          (VI) section 527(a).
  (B) A drug approved for safety and effectiveness under 
subsection (c) or approved under this subsection shall, for 
purposes of this subsection, be considered to have been 
published under subparagraph (A) on the date of its approval or 
the date of enactment, whichever is later.
  (C) If the approval of a drug was withdrawn or suspended for 
grounds described in the first sentence of subsection (e) or 
was withdrawn or suspended under paragraph (6) or if the 
Secretary determines that a drug has been withdrawn from sale 
for safety or effectiveness reasons, it may not be published in 
the list under subparagraph (A) or, if the withdrawal or 
suspension occurred after its publication in such list, it 
shall be immediately removed from such list--
          (i) for the same period as the withdrawal or 
        suspension under subsection (e) or paragraph (6), or
          (ii) if the listed drug has been withdrawn from sale, 
        for the period of withdrawal from sale or, if earlier, 
        the period ending on the date the Secretary determines 
        that the withdrawal from sale is not for safety or 
        effectiveness reasons.
A notice of the removal shall be published in the Federal 
Register.
  (D)(i) The holder of an application approved under subsection 
(c) for a drug on the list shall notify within 14 days the 
Secretary in writing if either of the following occurs:
          (I) The Patent Trial and Appeals Board issues a 
        decision from which no appeal has been or can be taken 
        that a patent for such drug is invalid.
          (II) A court issues a decision from which no appeal 
        has been or can be taken that a patent for such drug is 
        invalid.
  (ii) The holder of an approved application shall include in 
any notification under clause (i) a copy of the decision 
described in subclause (I) or (II) of clause (i).
  (iii) The Secretary shall remove from the list any patent 
that is determined to be invalid in a decision described in 
subclause (I) or (II) of clause (i)--
          (I) promptly; but
          (II) not before the expiration of any 180-day 
        exclusivity period under paragraph (5)(B)(iv) that 
        relies on a certification described in paragraph 
        (2)(A)(vii)(IV) that such patent was invalid.
  (8) For purposes of this subsection:
          (A)(i) The term ``bioavailability'' means the rate 
        and extent to which the active ingredient or 
        therapeutic ingredient is absorbed from a drug and 
        becomes available at the site of drug action.
          (ii) For a drug that is not intended to be absorbed 
        into the bloodstream, the Secretary may assess 
        bioavailability by scientifically valid measurements 
        intended to reflect the rate and extent to which the 
        active ingredient or therapeutic ingredient becomes 
        available at the site of drug action.
          (B) A drug shall be considered to be bioequivalent to 
        a listed drug if--
                  (i) the rate and extent of absorption of the 
                drug do not show a significant difference from 
                the rate and extent of absorption of the listed 
                drug when administered at the same molar dose 
                of the therapeutic ingredient under similar 
                experimental conditions in either a single dose 
                or multiple doses; or
                  (ii) the extent of absorption of the drug 
                does not show a significant difference from the 
                extent of absorption of the listed drug when 
                administered at the same molar dose of the 
                therapeutic ingredient under similar 
                experimental conditions in either a single dose 
                or multiple doses and the difference from the 
                listed drug in the rate of absorption of the 
                drug is intentional, is reflected in its 
                proposed labeling, is not essential to the 
                attainment of effective body drug 
                concentrations on chronic use, and is 
                considered medically insignificant for the 
                drug.
          (C) For a drug that is not intended to be absorbed 
        into the bloodstream, the Secretary may establish 
        alternative, scientifically valid methods to show 
        bioequivalence if the alternative methods are expected 
        to detect a significant difference between the drug and 
        the listed drug in safety and therapeutic effect.
  (9) The Secretary shall, with respect to each application 
submitted under this subsection, maintain a record of--
          (A) the name of the applicant,
          (B) the name of the drug covered by the application,
          (C) the name of each person to whom the review of the 
        chemistry of the application was assigned and the date 
        of such assignment, and
          (D) the name of each person to whom the 
        bioequivalence review for such application was assigned 
        and the date of such assignment.
The information the Secretary is required to maintain under 
this paragraph with respect to an application submitted under 
this subsection shall be made available to the public after the 
approval of such application.
  (10)(A) If the proposed labeling of a drug that is the 
subject of an application under this subsection differs from 
the listed drug due to a labeling revision described under 
clause (i), the drug that is the subject of such application 
shall, notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, be 
eligible for approval and shall not be considered misbranded 
under section 502 if--
          (i) the application is otherwise eligible for 
        approval under this subsection but for expiration of 
        patent, an exclusivity period, or of a delay in 
        approval described in paragraph (5)(B)(iii), and a 
        revision to the labeling of the listed drug has been 
        approved by the Secretary within 60 days of such 
        expiration;
          (ii) the labeling revision described under clause (i) 
        does not include a change to the ``Warnings'' section 
        of the labeling;
          (iii) the sponsor of the application under this 
        subsection agrees to submit revised labeling of the 
        drug that is the subject of such application not later 
        than 60 days after the notification of any changes to 
        such labeling required by the Secretary; and
          (iv) such application otherwise meets the applicable 
        requirements for approval under this subsection.
  (B) If, after a labeling revision described in subparagraph 
(A)(i), the Secretary determines that the continued presence in 
interstate commerce of the labeling of the listed drug (as in 
effect before the revision described in subparagraph (A)(i)) 
adversely impacts the safe use of the drug, no application 
under this subsection shall be eligible for approval with such 
labeling.
  (11)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall 
prioritize the review of, and act within 8 months of the date 
of the submission of, an original abbreviated new drug 
application submitted for review under this subsection that is 
for a drug--
          (i) for which there are not more than 3 approved drug 
        products listed under paragraph (7) and for which there 
        are no blocking patents and exclusivities; or
          (ii) that has been included on the list under section 
        506E.
  (B) To qualify for priority review under this paragraph, not 
later than 60 days prior to the submission of an application 
described in subparagraph (A) or that the Secretary may 
prioritize pursuant to subparagraph (D), the applicant shall 
provide complete, accurate information regarding facilities 
involved in manufacturing processes and testing of the drug 
that is the subject of the application, including facilities in 
corresponding Type II active pharmaceutical ingredients drug 
master files referenced in an application and sites or 
organizations involved in bioequivalence and clinical studies 
used to support the application, to enable the Secretary to 
make a determination regarding whether an inspection of a 
facility is necessary. Such information shall include the 
relevant (as determined by the Secretary) sections of such 
application, which shall be unchanged relative to the date of 
the submission of such application, except to the extent that a 
change is made to such information to exclude a facility that 
was not used to generate data to meet any application 
requirements for such submission and that is not the only 
facility intended to conduct one or more unit operations in 
commercial production. Information provided by an applicant 
under this subparagraph shall not be considered the submission 
of an application under this subsection.
  (C) The Secretary may expedite an inspection or reinspection 
under section 704 of an establishment that proposes to 
manufacture a drug described in subparagraph (A).
  (D) Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent the Secretary 
from prioritizing the review of other applications as the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
  (12) The Secretary shall publish on the internet website of 
the Food and Drug Administration, and update at least once 
every 6 months, a list of all drugs approved under subsection 
(c) for which all patents and periods of exclusivity under this 
Act have expired and for which no application has been approved 
under this subsection.
  (13) Upon the request of an applicant regarding one or more 
specified pending applications under this subsection, the 
Secretary shall, as appropriate, provide review status updates 
indicating the categorical status of the applications by each 
relevant review discipline.
  (k)(1) In the case of any drug for which an approval of an 
application filed under subsection (b) or (j) is in effect, the 
applicant shall establish and maintain such records, and make 
such reports to the Secretary, of data relating to clinical 
experience and other data or information, received or otherwise 
obtained by such applicant with respect to such drug, as the 
Secretary may by general regulation, or by order with respect 
to such application, prescribe on the basis of a finding that 
such records and reports are necessary in order to enable the 
Secretary to determine, or facilitate a determination, whether 
there is or may be ground for invoking subsection (e) of this 
section. Regulations and orders issued under this subsection 
and under subsection (i) shall have due regard for the 
professional ethics of the medical profession and the interests 
of patients and shall provide, where the Secretary deems it to 
be appropriate, for the examination, upon request, by the 
persons to whom such regulations or orders are applicable, of 
similar information received or otherwise obtained by the 
Secretary.
  (2) Every person required under this section to maintain 
records, and every person in charge or custody thereof, shall, 
upon request of an officer or employee designated by the 
Secretary, permit such officer or employee at all reasonable 
times to have access to and copy and verify such records.
          (3) Active postmarket risk identification.--
                  (A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
                ``data'' refers to information with respect to 
                a drug approved under this section or under 
                section 351 of the Public Health Service Act, 
                including claims data, patient survey data, 
                standardized analytic files that allow for the 
                pooling and analysis of data from disparate 
                data environments, and any other data deemed 
                appropriate by the Secretary.
                  (B) Development of postmarket risk 
                identification and analysis methods.--The 
                Secretary shall, not later than 2 years after 
                the date of the enactment of the Food and Drug 
                Administration Amendments Act of 2007, in 
                collaboration with public, academic, and 
                private entities--
                          (i) develop methods to obtain access 
                        to disparate data sources including the 
                        data sources specified in subparagraph 
                        (C);
                          (ii) develop validated methods for 
                        the establishment of a postmarket risk 
                        identification and analysis system to 
                        link and analyze safety data from 
                        multiple sources, with the goals of 
                        including, in aggregate--
                                  (I) at least 25,000,000 
                                patients by July 1, 2010; and
                                  (II) at least 100,000,000 
                                patients by July 1, 2012; and
                          (iii) convene a committee of experts, 
                        including individuals who are 
                        recognized in the field of protecting 
                        data privacy and security, to make 
                        recommendations to the Secretary on the 
                        development of tools and methods for 
                        the ethical and scientific uses for, 
                        and communication of, postmarketing 
                        data specified under subparagraph (C), 
                        including recommendations on the 
                        development of effective research 
                        methods for the study of drug safety 
                        questions.
                  (C) Establishment of the postmarket risk 
                identification and analysis system.--
                          (i) In general.--The Secretary shall, 
                        not later than 1 year after the 
                        development of the risk identification 
                        and analysis methods under subparagraph 
                        (B), establish and maintain 
                        procedures--
                                  (I) for risk identification 
                                and analysis based on 
                                electronic health data, in 
                                compliance with the regulations 
                                promulgated under section 
                                264(c) of the Health Insurance 
                                Portability and Accountability 
                                Act of 1996, and in a manner 
                                that does not disclose 
                                individually identifiable 
                                health information in violation 
                                of paragraph (4)(B);
                                  (II) for the reporting (in a 
                                standardized form) of data on 
                                all serious adverse drug 
                                experiences (as defined in 
                                section 505-1(b)) submitted to 
                                the Secretary under paragraph 
                                (1), and those adverse events 
                                submitted by patients, 
                                providers, and drug sponsors, 
                                when appropriate;
                                  (III) to provide for active 
                                adverse event surveillance 
                                using the following data 
                                sources, as available:
                                          (aa) Federal health-
                                        related electronic data 
                                        (such as data from the 
                                        Medicare program and 
                                        the health systems of 
                                        the Department of 
                                        Veterans Affairs);
                                          (bb) private sector 
                                        health-related 
                                        electronic data (such 
                                        as pharmaceutical 
                                        purchase data and 
                                        health insurance claims 
                                        data); and
                                          (cc) other data as 
                                        the Secretary deems 
                                        necessary to create a 
                                        robust system to 
                                        identify adverse events 
                                        and potential drug 
                                        safety signals;
                                  (IV) to identify certain 
                                trends and patterns with 
                                respect to data accessed by the 
                                system;
                                  (V) to provide regular 
                                reports to the Secretary 
                                concerning adverse event 
                                trends, adverse event patterns, 
                                incidence and prevalence of 
                                adverse events, and other 
                                information the Secretary 
                                determines appropriate, which 
                                may include data on comparative 
                                national adverse event trends; 
                                and
                                  (VI) to enable the program to 
                                export data in a form 
                                appropriate for further 
                                aggregation, statistical 
                                analysis, and reporting.
                          (ii) Timeliness of reporting.--The 
                        procedures established under clause (i) 
                        shall ensure that such data are 
                        accessed, analyzed, and reported in a 
                        timely, routine, and systematic manner, 
                        taking into consideration the need for 
                        data completeness, coding, cleansing, 
                        and standardized analysis and 
                        transmission.
                          (iii) Private sector resources.--To 
                        ensure the establishment of the active 
                        postmarket risk identification and 
                        analysis system under this subsection 
                        not later than 1 year after the 
                        development of the risk identification 
                        and analysis methods under subparagraph 
                        (B), as required under clause (i), the 
                        Secretary may, on a temporary or 
                        permanent basis, implement systems or 
                        products developed by private entities.
                          (iv) Complementary approaches.--To 
                        the extent the active postmarket risk 
                        identification and analysis system 
                        under this subsection is not sufficient 
                        to gather data and information relevant 
                        to a priority drug safety question, the 
                        Secretary shall develop, support, and 
                        participate in complementary approaches 
                        to gather and analyze such data and 
                        information, including--
                                  (I) approaches that are 
                                complementary with respect to 
                                assessing the safety of use of 
                                a drug in domestic populations 
                                not included, or 
                                underrepresented, in the trials 
                                used to approve the drug (such 
                                as older people, people with 
                                comorbidities, pregnant women, 
                                or children); and
                                  (II) existing approaches such 
                                as the Vaccine Adverse Event 
                                Reporting System and the 
                                Vaccine Safety Datalink or 
                                successor databases.
                          (v) Authority for contracts.--The 
                        Secretary may enter into contracts with 
                        public and private entities to fulfill 
                        the requirements of this subparagraph.
          (4) Advanced analysis of drug safety data.--
                  (A) Purpose.--The Secretary shall establish 
                collaborations with public, academic, and 
                private entities, which may include the Centers 
                for Education and Research on Therapeutics 
                under section 912 of the Public Health Service 
                Act, to provide for advanced analysis of drug 
                safety data described in paragraph (3)(C) and 
                other information that is publicly available or 
                is provided by the Secretary, in order to--
                          (i) improve the quality and 
                        efficiency of postmarket drug safety 
                        risk-benefit analysis;
                          (ii) provide the Secretary with 
                        routine access to outside expertise to 
                        study advanced drug safety questions; 
                        and
                          (iii) enhance the ability of the 
                        Secretary to make timely assessments 
                        based on drug safety data.
                  (B) Privacy.--Such analysis shall not 
                disclose individually identifiable health 
                information when presenting such drug safety 
                signals and trends or when responding to 
                inquiries regarding such drug safety signals 
                and trends.
                  (C) Public process for priority questions.--
                At least biannually, the Secretary shall seek 
                recommendations from the Drug Safety and Risk 
                Management Advisory Committee (or any successor 
                committee) and from other advisory committees, 
                as appropriate, to the Food and Drug 
                Administration on--
                          (i) priority drug safety questions; 
                        and
                          (ii) mechanisms for answering such 
                        questions, including through--
                                  (I) active risk 
                                identification under paragraph 
                                (3); and
                                  (II) when such risk 
                                identification is not 
                                sufficient, postapproval 
                                studies and clinical trials 
                                under subsection (o)(3).
                  (D) Procedures for the development of drug 
                safety collaborations.--
                          (i) In general.--Not later than 180 
                        days after the date of the 
                        establishment of the active postmarket 
                        risk identification and analysis system 
                        under this subsection, the Secretary 
                        shall establish and implement 
                        procedures under which the Secretary 
                        may routinely contract with one or more 
                        qualified entities to--
                                  (I) classify, analyze, or 
                                aggregate data described in 
                                paragraph (3)(C) and 
                                information that is publicly 
                                available or is provided by the 
                                Secretary;
                                  (II) allow for prompt 
                                investigation of priority drug 
                                safety questions, including--
                                          (aa) unresolved 
                                        safety questions for 
                                        drugs or classes of 
                                        drugs; and
                                          (bb) for a newly-
                                        approved drugs, safety 
                                        signals from clinical 
                                        trials used to approve 
                                        the drug and other 
                                        preapproval trials; 
                                        rare, serious drug side 
                                        effects; and the safety 
                                        of use in domestic 
                                        populations not 
                                        included, or 
                                        underrepresented, in 
                                        the trials used to 
                                        approve the drug (such 
                                        as older people, people 
                                        with comorbidities, 
                                        pregnant women, or 
                                        children);
                                  (III) perform advanced 
                                research and analysis on 
                                identified drug safety risks;
                                  (IV) focus postapproval 
                                studies and clinical trials 
                                under subsection (o)(3) more 
                                effectively on cases for which 
                                reports under paragraph (1) and 
                                other safety signal detection 
                                is not sufficient to resolve 
                                whether there is an elevated 
                                risk of a serious adverse event 
                                associated with the use of a 
                                drug; and
                                  (V) carry out other 
                                activities as the Secretary 
                                deems necessary to carry out 
                                the purposes of this paragraph.
                          (ii) Request for specific 
                        methodology.--The procedures described 
                        in clause (i) shall permit the 
                        Secretary to request that a specific 
                        methodology be used by the qualified 
                        entity. The qualified entity shall work 
                        with the Secretary to finalize the 
                        methodology to be used.
                  (E) Use of analyses.--The Secretary shall 
                provide the analyses described in this 
                paragraph, including the methods and results of 
                such analyses, about a drug to the sponsor or 
                sponsors of such drug.
                  (F) Qualified entities.--
                          (i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        enter into contracts with a sufficient 
                        number of qualified entities to develop 
                        and provide information to the 
                        Secretary in a timely manner.
                          (ii) Qualification.--The Secretary 
                        shall enter into a contract with an 
                        entity under clause (i) only if the 
                        Secretary determines that the entity 
                        has a significant presence in the 
                        United States and has one or more of 
                        the following qualifications:
                                  (I) The research, 
                                statistical, epidemiologic, or 
                                clinical capability and 
                                expertise to conduct and 
                                complete the activities under 
                                this paragraph, including the 
                                capability and expertise to 
                                provide the Secretary de-
                                identified data consistent with 
                                the requirements of this 
                                subsection.
                                  (II) An information 
                                technology infrastructure in 
                                place to support electronic 
                                data and operational standards 
                                to provide security for such 
                                data.
                                  (III) Experience with, and 
                                expertise on, the development 
                                of drug safety and 
                                effectiveness research using 
                                electronic population data.
                                  (IV) An understanding of drug 
                                development or risk/benefit 
                                balancing in a clinical 
                                setting.
                                  (V) Other expertise which the 
                                Secretary deems necessary to 
                                fulfill the activities under 
                                this paragraph.
                  (G) Contract requirements.--Each contract 
                with a qualified entity under subparagraph 
                (F)(i) shall contain the following 
                requirements:
                          (i) Ensuring privacy.--The qualified 
                        entity shall ensure that the entity 
                        will not use data under this subsection 
                        in a manner that--
                                  (I) violates the regulations 
                                promulgated under section 
                                264(c) of the Health Insurance 
                                Portability and Accountability 
                                Act of 1996;
                                  (II) violates sections 552 or 
                                552a of title 5, United States 
                                Code, with regard to the 
                                privacy of individually-
                                identifiable beneficiary health 
                                information; or
                                  (III) discloses individually 
                                identifiable health information 
                                when presenting drug safety 
                                signals and trends or when 
                                responding to inquiries 
                                regarding drug safety signals 
                                and trends.
                        Nothing in this clause prohibits lawful 
                        disclosure for other purposes.
                          (ii) Component of another 
                        organization.--If a qualified entity is 
                        a component of another organization--
                                  (I) the qualified entity 
                                shall establish appropriate 
                                security measures to maintain 
                                the confidentiality and privacy 
                                of such data; and
                                  (II) the entity shall not 
                                make an unauthorized disclosure 
                                of such data to the other 
                                components of the organization 
                                in breach of such 
                                confidentiality and privacy 
                                requirement.
                          (iii) Termination or nonrenewal.--If 
                        a contract with a qualified entity 
                        under this subparagraph is terminated 
                        or not renewed, the following 
                        requirements shall apply:
                                  (I) Confidentiality and 
                                privacy protections.--The 
                                entity shall continue to comply 
                                with the confidentiality and 
                                privacy requirements under this 
                                paragraph with respect to all 
                                data disclosed to the entity.
                                  (II) Disposition of data.--
                                The entity shall return any 
                                data disclosed to such entity 
                                under this subsection to which 
                                it would not otherwise have 
                                access or, if returning the 
                                data is not practicable, 
                                destroy the data.
                  (H) Competitive procedures.--The Secretary 
                shall use competitive procedures (as defined in 
                section 4(5) of the Federal Procurement Policy 
                Act) to enter into contracts under subparagraph 
                (G).
                  (I) Review of contract in the event of a 
                merger or acquisition.--The Secretary shall 
                review the contract with a qualified entity 
                under this paragraph in the event of a merger 
                or acquisition of the entity in order to ensure 
                that the requirements under this paragraph will 
                continue to be met.
                  (J) Coordination.--In carrying out this 
                paragraph, the Secretary shall provide for 
                appropriate communications to the public, 
                scientific, public health, and medical 
                communities, and other key stakeholders, and to 
                the extent practicable shall coordinate with 
                the activities of private entities, 
                professional associations, or other entities 
                that may have sources of drug safety data.
          (5) The Secretary shall--
                  (A) conduct regular screenings of the Adverse 
                Event Reporting System database and post a 
                quarterly report on the Adverse Event Reporting 
                System Web site of any new safety information 
                or potential signal of a serious risk 
                identified by Adverse Event Reporting System 
                within the last quarter; and
                  (B) on an annual basis, review the entire 
                backlog of postmarket safety commitments to 
                determine which commitments require revision or 
                should be eliminated, report to the Congress on 
                these determinations, and assign start dates 
                and estimated completion dates for such 
                commitments; and
          (C) make available on the Internet website of the 
        Food and Drug Administration--
                  (i) guidelines, developed with input from 
                experts qualified by scientific training and 
                experience to evaluate the safety and 
                effectiveness of drugs, that detail best 
                practices for drug safety surveillance using 
                the Adverse Event Reporting System; and
                  (ii) criteria for public posting of adverse 
                event signals.
  (l)(1) Safety and effectiveness data and information which 
has been submitted in an application under subsection (b) for a 
drug and which has not previously been disclosed to the public 
shall be made available to the public, upon request, unless 
extraordinary circumstances are shown--
          (A) if no work is being or will be undertaken to have 
        the application approved,
          (B) if the Secretary has determined that the 
        application is not approvable and all legal appeals 
        have been exhausted,
          (C) if approval of the application under subsection 
        (c) is withdrawn and all legal appeals have been 
        exhausted,
          (D) if the Secretary has determined that such drug is 
        not a new drug, or
          (E) upon the effective date of the approval of the 
        first application under subsection (j) which refers to 
        such drug or upon the date upon which the approval of 
        an application under subsection (j) which refers to 
        such drug could be made effective if such an 
        application had been submitted.
  (2) Action Package for Approval.--
          (A) Action package.--The Secretary shall publish the 
        action package for approval of an application under 
        subsection (b) or section 351 of the Public Health 
        Service Act on the Internet Web site of the Food and 
        Drug Administration--
                  (i) not later than 30 days after the date of 
                approval of such application for a drug no 
                active ingredient (including any ester or salt 
                of the active ingredient) of which has been 
                approved in any other application under this 
                section or section 351 of the Public Health 
                Service Act; and
                  (ii) not later than 30 days after the third 
                request for such action package for approval 
                received under section 552 of title 5, United 
                States Code, for any other drug.
          (B) Immediate publication of summary review.--
        Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
        publish, on the Internet Web site of the Food and Drug 
        Administration, the materials described in subparagraph 
        (C)(iv) not later than 48 hours after the date of 
        approval of the drug, except where such materials 
        require redaction by the Secretary.
          (C) Contents.--An action package for approval of an 
        application under subparagraph (A) shall be dated and 
        shall include the following:
                  (i) Documents generated by the Food and Drug 
                Administration related to review of the 
                application.
                  (ii) Documents pertaining to the format and 
                content of the application generated during 
                drug development.
                  (iii) Labeling submitted by the applicant.
                  (iv) A summary review that documents 
                conclusions from all reviewing disciplines 
                about the drug, noting any critical issues and 
                disagreements with the applicant and within the 
                review team and how they were resolved, 
                recommendations for action, and an explanation 
                of any nonconcurrence with review conclusions.
                  (v) The Division Director and Office 
                Director's decision document which includes--
                          (I) a brief statement of concurrence 
                        with the summary review;
                          (II) a separate review or addendum to 
                        the review if disagreeing with the 
                        summary review; and
                          (III) a separate review or addendum 
                        to the review to add further analysis.
                  (vi) Identification by name of each officer 
                or employee of the Food and Drug Administration 
                who--
                          (I) participated in the decision to 
                        approve the application; and
                          (II) consents to have his or her name 
                        included in the package.
          (D) Review.--A scientific review of an application is 
        considered the work of the reviewer and shall not be 
        altered by management or the reviewer once final.
          (E) Confidential information.--This paragraph does 
        not authorize the disclosure of any trade secret, 
        confidential commercial or financial information, or 
        other matter listed in section 552(b) of title 5, 
        United States Code.
  (m) For purposes of this section, the term ``patent'' means a 
patent issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
  (n)(1) For the purpose of providing expert scientific advice 
and recommendations to the Secretary regarding a clinical 
investigation of a drug or the approval for marketing of a drug 
under section 505 or section 351 of the Public Health Service 
Act, the Secretary shall establish panels of experts or use 
panels of experts established before the date of enactment of 
the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997, or 
both.
  (2) The Secretary may delegate the appointment and oversight 
authority granted under section 1004 to a director of a center 
or successor entity within the Food and Drug Administration.
  (3) The Secretary shall make appointments to each panel 
established under paragraph (1) so that each panel shall 
consist of--
          (A) members who are qualified by training and 
        experience to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of 
        the drugs to be referred to the panel and who, to the 
        extent feasible, possess skill and experience in the 
        development, manufacture, or utilization of such drugs;
          (B) members with diverse expertise in such fields as 
        clinical and administrative medicine, pharmacy, 
        pharmacology, pharmacoeconomics, biological and 
        physical sciences, and other related professions;
          (C) a representative of consumer interests, and a 
        representative of interests of the drug manufacturing 
        industry not directly affected by the matter to be 
        brought before the panel; and
          (D) two or more members who are specialists or have 
        other expertise in the particular disease or condition 
        for which the drug under review is proposed to be 
        indicated.
Scientific, trade, and consumer organizations shall be afforded 
an opportunity to nominate individuals for appointment to the 
panels. No individual who is in the regular full-time employ of 
the United States and engaged in the administration of this Act 
may be a voting member of any panel. The Secretary shall 
designate one of the members of each panel to serve as chairman 
thereof.
  (4) The Secretary shall, as appropriate, provide education 
and training to each new panel member before such member 
participates in a panel's activities, including education 
regarding requirements under this Act and related regulations 
of the Secretary, and the administrative processes and 
procedures related to panel meetings.
  (5) Panel members (other than officers or employees of the 
United States), while attending meetings or conferences of a 
panel or otherwise engaged in its business, shall be entitled 
to receive compensation for each day so engaged, including 
traveltime, at rates to be fixed by the Secretary, but not to 
exceed the daily equivalent of the rate in effect for positions 
classified above grade GS-15 of the General Schedule. While 
serving away from their homes or regular places of business, 
panel members may be allowed travel expenses (including per 
diem in lieu of subsistence) as authorized by section 5703 of 
title 5, United States Code, for persons in the Government 
service employed intermittently.
  (6) The Secretary shall ensure that scientific advisory 
panels meet regularly and at appropriate intervals so that any 
matter to be reviewed by such a panel can be presented to the 
panel not more than 60 days after the matter is ready for such 
review. Meetings of the panel may be held using electronic 
communication to convene the meetings.
  (7) Within 90 days after a scientific advisory panel makes 
recommendations on any matter under its review, the Food and 
Drug Administration official responsible for the matter shall 
review the conclusions and recommendations of the panel, and 
notify the affected persons of the final decision on the 
matter, or of the reasons that no such decision has been 
reached. Each such final decision shall be documented including 
the rationale for the decision.
  (o) Postmarket Studies and Clinical Trials; Labeling.--
          (1) In general.--A responsible person may not 
        introduce or deliver for introduction into interstate 
        commerce the new drug involved if the person is in 
        violation of a requirement established under paragraph 
        (3) or (4) with respect to the drug.
          (2) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection:
                  (A) Responsible person.--The term 
                ``responsible person'' means a person who--
                          (i) has submitted to the Secretary a 
                        covered application that is pending; or
                          (ii) is the holder of an approved 
                        covered application.
                  (B) Covered application.--The term ``covered 
                application'' means--
                          (i) an application under subsection 
                        (b) for a drug that is subject to 
                        section 503(b); and
                          (ii) an application under section 351 
                        of the Public Health Service Act.
                  (C) New safety information; serious risk.--
                The terms ``new safety information'', ``serious 
                risk'', and ``signal of a serious risk'' have 
                the meanings given such terms in section 505-
                1(b).
          (3) Studies and clinical trials.--
                  (A) In general.--For any or all of the 
                purposes specified in subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary may, subject to subparagraph (D), 
                require a responsible person for a drug to 
                conduct a postapproval study or studies of the 
                drug, or a postapproval clinical trial or 
                trials of the drug, on the basis of scientific 
                data deemed appropriate by the Secretary, 
                including information regarding chemically-
                related or pharmacologically-related drugs.
                  (B) Purposes of study or clinical trial.--The 
                purposes referred to in this subparagraph with 
                respect to a postapproval study or postapproval 
                clinical trial are the following:
                          (i) To assess a known serious risk 
                        related to the use of the drug 
                        involved.
                          (ii) To assess signals of serious 
                        risk related to the use of the drug.
                          (iii) To identify an unexpected 
                        serious risk when available data 
                        indicates the potential for a serious 
                        risk.
                  (C) Establishment of requirement after 
                approval of covered application.--The Secretary 
                may require a postapproval study or studies or 
                postapproval clinical trial or trials for a 
                drug for which an approved covered application 
                is in effect as of the date on which the 
                Secretary seeks to establish such requirement 
                only if the Secretary becomes aware of new 
                safety information.
                  (D) Determination by secretary.--
                          (i) Postapproval studies.--The 
                        Secretary may not require the 
                        responsible person to conduct a study 
                        under this paragraph, unless the 
                        Secretary makes a determination that 
                        the reports under subsection (k)(1) and 
                        the active postmarket risk 
                        identification and analysis system as 
                        available under subsection (k)(3) will 
                        not be sufficient to meet the purposes 
                        set forth in subparagraph (B).
                          (ii) Postapproval clinical trials.--
                        The Secretary may not require the 
                        responsible person to conduct a 
                        clinical trial under this paragraph, 
                        unless the Secretary makes a 
                        determination that a postapproval study 
                        or studies will not be sufficient to 
                        meet the purposes set forth in 
                        subparagraph (B).
                  (E) Notification; timetables; periodic 
                reports.--
                          (i) Notification.--The Secretary 
                        shall notify the responsible person 
                        regarding a requirement under this 
                        paragraph to conduct a postapproval 
                        study or clinical trial by the target 
                        dates for communication of feedback 
                        from the review team to the responsible 
                        person regarding proposed labeling and 
                        postmarketing study commitments as set 
                        forth in the letters described in 
                        section 101(c) of the Food and Drug 
                        Administration Amendments Act of 2007.
                          (ii) Timetable; periodic reports.--
                        For each study or clinical trial 
                        required to be conducted under this 
                        paragraph, the Secretary shall require 
                        that the responsible person submit a 
                        timetable for completion of the study 
                        or clinical trial. With respect to each 
                        study required to be conducted under 
                        this paragraph or otherwise undertaken 
                        by the responsible person to 
                        investigate a safety issue, the 
                        Secretary shall require the responsible 
                        person to periodically report to the 
                        Secretary on the status of such study 
                        including whether any difficulties in 
                        completing the study have been 
                        encountered. With respect to each 
                        clinical trial required to be conducted 
                        under this paragraph or otherwise 
                        undertaken by the responsible person to 
                        investigate a safety issue, the 
                        Secretary shall require the responsible 
                        person to periodically report to the 
                        Secretary on the status of such 
                        clinical trial including whether 
                        enrollment has begun, the number of 
                        participants enrolled, the expected 
                        completion date, whether any 
                        difficulties completing the clinical 
                        trial have been encountered, and 
                        registration information with respect 
                        to the requirements under section 
                        402(j) of the Public Health Service 
                        Act. If the responsible person fails to 
                        comply with such timetable or violates 
                        any other requirement of this 
                        subparagraph, the responsible person 
                        shall be considered in violation of 
                        this subsection, unless the responsible 
                        person demonstrates good cause for such 
                        noncompliance or such other violation. 
                        The Secretary shall determine what 
                        constitutes good cause under the 
                        preceding sentence.
                  (F) Dispute resolution.--The responsible 
                person may appeal a requirement to conduct a 
                study or clinical trial under this paragraph 
                using dispute resolution procedures established 
                by the Secretary in regulation and guidance.
          (4) Safety labeling changes requested by secretary.--
                  (A) New safety or new effectiveness 
                information.--If the Secretary becomes aware of 
                new information, including any new safety 
                information or information related to reduced 
                effectiveness, that the Secretary determines 
                should be included in the labeling of the drug, 
                the Secretary shall promptly notify the 
                responsible person or, if the same drug 
                approved under section 505(b) is not currently 
                marketed, the holder of an approved application 
                under 505(j).
                  (B) Response to notification.--Following 
                notification pursuant to subparagraph (A), the 
                responsible person or the holder of the 
                approved application under section 505(j) shall 
                within 30 days--
                          (i) submit a supplement proposing 
                        changes to the approved labeling to 
                        reflect the new safety information, 
                        including changes to boxed warnings, 
                        contraindications, warnings, 
                        precautions, or adverse reactions, or 
                        new effectiveness information; or
                          (ii) notify the Secretary that the 
                        responsible person or the holder of the 
                        approved application under section 
                        505(j) does not believe a labeling 
                        change is warranted and submit a 
                        statement detailing the reasons why 
                        such a change is not warranted.
                  (C) Review.--Upon receipt of such supplement, 
                the Secretary shall promptly review and act 
                upon such supplement. If the Secretary 
                disagrees with the proposed changes in the 
                supplement or with the statement setting forth 
                the reasons why no labeling change is 
                necessary, the Secretary shall initiate 
                discussions to reach agreement on whether the 
                labeling for the drug should be modified to 
                reflect the new safety or new effectiveness 
                information, and if so, the contents of such 
                labeling changes.
                  (D) Discussions.--Such discussions shall not 
                extend for more than 30 days after the response 
                to the notification under subparagraph (B), 
                unless the Secretary determines an extension of 
                such discussion period is warranted.
                  (E) Order.--Within 15 days of the conclusion 
                of the discussions under subparagraph (D), the 
                Secretary may issue an order directing the 
                responsible person or the holder of the 
                approved application under section 505(j) to 
                make such a labeling change as the Secretary 
                deems appropriate to address the new safety or 
                new effectiveness information. Within 15 days 
                of such an order, the responsible person or the 
                holder of the approved application under 
                section 505(j) shall submit a supplement 
                containing the labeling change.
                  (F) Dispute resolution.--Within 5 days of 
                receiving an order under subparagraph (E), the 
                responsible person or the holder of the 
                approved application under section 505(j) may 
                appeal using dispute resolution procedures 
                established by the Secretary in regulation and 
                guidance.
                  (G) Violation.--If the responsible person or 
                the holder of the approved application under 
                section 505(j) has not submitted a supplement 
                within 15 days of the date of such order under 
                subparagraph (E), and there is no appeal or 
                dispute resolution proceeding pending, the 
                responsible person or holder shall be 
                considered to be in violation of this 
                subsection. If at the conclusion of any dispute 
                resolution procedures the Secretary determines 
                that a supplement must be submitted and such a 
                supplement is not submitted within 15 days of 
                the date of that determination, the responsible 
                person or holder shall be in violation of this 
                subsection.
                  (H) Public health threat.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraphs (A) through (F), if the Secretary 
                concludes that such a labeling change is 
                necessary to protect the public health, the 
                Secretary may accelerate the timelines in such 
                subparagraphs.
                  (I) Rule of construction.--This paragraph 
                shall not be construed to affect the 
                responsibility of the responsible person or the 
                holder of the approved application under 
                section 505(j) to maintain its label in 
                accordance with existing requirements, 
                including subpart B of part 201 and sections 
                314.70 and 601.12 of title 21, Code of Federal 
                Regulations (or any successor regulations).
          (5) Non-delegation.--Determinations by the Secretary 
        under this subsection for a drug shall be made by 
        individuals at or above the level of individuals 
        empowered to approve a drug (such as division directors 
        within the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research).
  (p) Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy.--
          (1) In general.--A person may not introduce or 
        deliver for introduction into interstate commerce a new 
        drug if--
                  (A)(i) the application for such drug is 
                approved under subsection (b) or (j) and is 
                subject to section 503(b); or
                  (ii) the application for such drug is 
                approved under section 351 of the Public Health 
                Service Act; and
                  (B) a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy 
                is required under section 505-1 with respect to 
                the drug and the person fails to maintain 
                compliance with the requirements of the 
                approved strategy or with other requirements 
                under section 505-1, including requirements 
                regarding assessments of approved strategies.
          (2) Certain postmarket studies.--The failure to 
        conduct a postmarket study under section 506, subpart H 
        of part 314, or subpart E of part 601 of title 21, Code 
        of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations), 
        is deemed to be a violation of paragraph (1).
  (q) Petitions and Civil Actions Regarding Approval of Certain 
Applications.--
          (1) In general.--
                  (A) Determination.--The Secretary shall not 
                delay approval of a pending application 
                submitted under subsection (b)(2) or (j) of 
                this section or section 351(k) of the Public 
                Health Service Act because of any request to 
                take any form of action relating to the 
                application, either before or during 
                consideration of the request, unless--
                          (i) the request is in writing and is 
                        a petition submitted to the Secretary 
                        pursuant to section 10.30 or 10.35 of 
                        title 21, Code of Federal Regulations 
                        (or any successor regulations); and
                          (ii) the Secretary determines, upon 
                        reviewing the petition, that a delay is 
                        necessary to protect the public health.
                Consideration of the petition shall be separate 
                and apart from review and approval of any 
                application.
                  (B) Notification.--If the Secretary 
                determines under subparagraph (A) that a delay 
                is necessary with respect to an application, 
                the Secretary shall provide to the applicant, 
                not later than 30 days after making such 
                determination, the following information:
                          (i) Notification of the fact that a 
                        determination under subparagraph (A) 
                        has been made.
                          (ii) If applicable, any clarification 
                        or additional data that the applicant 
                        should submit to the docket on the 
                        petition to allow the Secretary to 
                        review the petition promptly.
                          (iii) A brief summary of the specific 
                        substantive issues raised in the 
                        petition which form the basis of the 
                        determination.
                  (C) Format.--The information described in 
                subparagraph (B) shall be conveyed via either, 
                at the discretion of the Secretary--
                          (i) a document; or
                          (ii) a meeting with the applicant 
                        involved.
                  (D) Public disclosure.--Any information 
                conveyed by the Secretary under subparagraph 
                (C) shall be considered part of the application 
                and shall be subject to the disclosure 
                requirements applicable to information in such 
                application.
                  (E) Denial based on intent to delay.--If the 
                Secretary determines that a petition or a 
                supplement to the petition was submitted with 
                the primary purpose of delaying the approval of 
                an application and the petition does not on its 
                face raise valid scientific or regulatory 
                issues, the Secretary may deny the petition at 
                any point based on such determination. The 
                Secretary may issue guidance to describe the 
                factors that will be used to determine under 
                this subparagraph whether a petition is 
                submitted with the primary purpose of delaying 
                the approval of an application.
                  (F) Final agency action.--The Secretary shall 
                take final agency action on a petition not 
                later than 150 days after the date on which the 
                petition is submitted. The Secretary shall not 
                extend such period for any reason, including--
                          (i) any determination made under 
                        subparagraph (A);
                          (ii) the submission of comments 
                        relating to the petition or 
                        supplemental information supplied by 
                        the petitioner; or
                          (iii) the consent of the petitioner.
                  (G) Extension of 30-month period.--If the 
                filing of an application resulted in first-
                applicant status under subsection 
                (j)(5)(D)(i)(IV) and approval of the 
                application was delayed because of a petition, 
                the 30-month period under such subsection is 
                deemed to be extended by a period of time equal 
                to the period beginning on the date on which 
                the Secretary received the petition and ending 
                on the date of final agency action on the 
                petition (inclusive of such beginning and 
                ending dates), without regard to whether the 
                Secretary grants, in whole or in part, or 
                denies, in whole or in part, the petition.
                  (H) Certification.--The Secretary shall not 
                consider a petition for review unless the party 
                submitting such petition does so in written 
                form and the subject document is signed and 
                contains the following certification: ``I 
                certify that, to my best knowledge and belief: 
                (a) this petition includes all information and 
                views upon which the petition relies; (b) this 
                petition includes representative data and/or 
                information known to the petitioner which are 
                unfavorable to the petition; and (c) I have 
                taken reasonable steps to ensure that any 
                representative data and/or information which 
                are unfavorable to the petition were disclosed 
                to me. I further certify that the information 
                upon which I have based the action requested 
                herein first became known to the party on whose 
                behalf this petition is submitted on or about 
                the following date: __________. If I received 
                or expect to receive payments, including cash 
                and other forms of consideration, to file this 
                information or its contents, I received or 
                expect to receive those payments from the 
                following persons or organizations: 
                _____________. I verify under penalty of 
                perjury that the foregoing is true and correct 
                as of the date of the submission of this 
                petition.'', with the date on which such 
                information first became known to such party 
                and the names of such persons or organizations 
                inserted in the first and second blank space, 
                respectively.
                  (I) Verification.--The Secretary shall not 
                accept for review any supplemental information 
                or comments on a petition unless the party 
                submitting such information or comments does so 
                in written form and the subject document is 
                signed and contains the following verification: 
                ``I certify that, to my best knowledge and 
                belief: (a) I have not intentionally delayed 
                submission of this document or its contents; 
                and (b) the information upon which I have based 
                the action requested herein first became known 
                to me on or about __________. If I received or 
                expect to receive payments, including cash and 
                other forms of consideration, to file this 
                information or its contents, I received or 
                expect to receive those payments from the 
                following persons or organizations: _____. I 
                verify under penalty of perjury that the 
                foregoing is true and correct as of the date of 
                the submission of this petition.'', with the 
                date on which such information first became 
                known to the party and the names of such 
                persons or organizations inserted in the first 
                and second blank space, respectively.
          (2) Exhaustion of administrative remedies.--
                  (A) Final agency action within 150 days.--The 
                Secretary shall be considered to have taken 
                final agency action on a petition if--
                          (i) during the 150-day period 
                        referred to in paragraph (1)(F), the 
                        Secretary makes a final decision within 
                        the meaning of section 10.45(d) of 
                        title 21, Code of Federal Regulations 
                        (or any successor regulation); or
                          (ii) such period expires without the 
                        Secretary having made such a final 
                        decision.
                  (B) Dismissal of certain civil actions.--If a 
                civil action is filed against the Secretary 
                with respect to any issue raised in the 
                petition before the Secretary has taken final 
                agency action on the petition within the 
                meaning of subparagraph (A), the court shall 
                dismiss without prejudice the action for 
                failure to exhaust administrative remedies.
                  (C) Administrative record.--For purposes of 
                judicial review related to the approval of an 
                application for which a petition under 
                paragraph (1) was submitted, the administrative 
                record regarding any issue raised by the 
                petition shall include--
                          (i) the petition filed under 
                        paragraph (1) and any supplements and 
                        comments thereto;
                          (ii) the Secretary's response to such 
                        petition, if issued; and
                          (iii) other information, as 
                        designated by the Secretary, related to 
                        the Secretary's determinations 
                        regarding the issues raised in such 
                        petition, as long as the information 
                        was considered by the agency no later 
                        than the date of final agency action as 
                        defined under subparagraph (2)(A), and 
                        regardless of whether the Secretary 
                        responded to the petition at or before 
                        the approval of the application at 
                        issue in the petition.
          (3) Annual report on delays in approvals per 
        petitions.--The Secretary shall annually submit to the 
        Congress a report that specifies--
                  (A) the number of applications that were 
                approved during the preceding 12-month period;
                  (B) the number of such applications whose 
                effective dates were delayed by petitions 
                referred to in paragraph (1) during such 
                period;
                  (C) the number of days by which such 
                applications were so delayed; and
                  (D) the number of such petitions that were 
                submitted during such period.
          (4) Exceptions.--
                  (A) This subsection does not apply to--
                          (i) a petition that relates solely to 
                        the timing of the approval of an 
                        application pursuant to subsection 
                        (j)(5)(B)(iv); or
                          (ii) a petition that is made by the 
                        sponsor of an application and that 
                        seeks only to have the Secretary take 
                        or refrain from taking any form of 
                        action with respect to that 
                        application.
                  (B) Paragraph (2) does not apply to a 
                petition addressing issues concerning an 
                application submitted pursuant to section 
                351(k) of the Public Health Service Act.
          (5) Definitions.--
                  (A) Application.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, the term ``application'' means an 
                application submitted under subsection (b)(2) 
                or (j) of this section or section 351(k) of the 
                Public Health Service Act.
                  (B) Petition.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, other than paragraph (1)(A)(i), the 
                term ``petition'' means a request described in 
                paragraph (1)(A)(i).
  (r) Postmarket Drug Safety Information for Patients and 
Providers.--
          (1) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of the enactment of the Food and Drug 
        Administration Amendments Act of 2007, the Secretary 
        shall improve the transparency of information about 
        drugs and allow patients and health care providers 
        better access to information about drugs by developing 
        and maintaining an Internet Web site that--
                  (A) provides links to drug safety information 
                listed in paragraph (2) for prescription drugs 
                that are approved under this section or 
                licensed under section 351 of the Public Health 
                Service Act; and
                  (B) improves communication of drug safety 
                information to patients and providers.
          (2) Internet web site.--The Secretary shall carry out 
        paragraph (1) by--
                  (A) developing and maintaining an accessible, 
                consolidated Internet Web site with easily 
                searchable drug safety information, including 
                the information found on United States 
                Government Internet Web sites, such as the 
                United States National Library of Medicine's 
                Daily Med and Medline Plus Web sites, in 
                addition to other such Web sites maintained by 
                the Secretary;
                  (B) ensuring that the information provided on 
                the Internet Web site is comprehensive and 
                includes, when available and appropriate--
                          (i) patient labeling and patient 
                        packaging inserts;
                          (ii) a link to a list of each drug, 
                        whether approved under this section or 
                        licensed under such section 351, for 
                        which a Medication Guide, as provided 
                        for under part 208 of title 21, Code of 
                        Federal Regulations (or any successor 
                        regulations), is required;
                          (iii) a link to the registry and 
                        results data bank provided for under 
                        subsections (i) and (j) of section 402 
                        of the Public Health Service Act;
                          (iv) the most recent safety 
                        information and alerts issued by the 
                        Food and Drug Administration for drugs 
                        approved by the Secretary under this 
                        section, such as product recalls, 
                        warning letters, and import alerts;
                          (v) publicly available information 
                        about implemented RiskMAPs and risk 
                        evaluation and mitigation strategies 
                        under subsection (o);
                          (vi) guidance documents and 
                        regulations related to drug safety; and
                          (vii) other material determined 
                        appropriate by the Secretary;
                  (C) providing access to summaries of the 
                assessed and aggregated data collected from the 
                active surveillance infrastructure under 
                subsection (k)(3) to provide information of 
                known and serious side-effects for drugs 
                approved under this section or licensed under 
                such section 351;
                  (D) preparing and making publicly available 
                on the Internet website established under 
                paragraph (1) best practices for drug safety 
                surveillance activities for drugs approved 
                under this section or section 351 of the Public 
                Health Service Act;
                  (E) enabling patients, providers, and drug 
                sponsors to submit adverse event reports 
                through the Internet Web site;
                  (F) providing educational materials for 
                patients and providers about the appropriate 
                means of disposing of expired, damaged, or 
                unusable medications; and
                  (G) supporting initiatives that the Secretary 
                determines to be useful to fulfill the purposes 
                of the Internet Web site.
          (3) Posting of drug labeling.--The Secretary shall 
        post on the Internet Web site established under 
        paragraph (1) the approved professional labeling and 
        any required patient labeling of a drug approved under 
        this section or licensed under such section 351 not 
        later than 21 days after the date the drug is approved 
        or licensed, including in a supplemental application 
        with respect to a labeling change.
          (4) Private sector resources.--To ensure development 
        of the Internet Web site by the date described in 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary may, on a temporary or 
        permanent basis, implement systems or products 
        developed by private entities.
          (5) Authority for contracts.--The Secretary may enter 
        into contracts with public and private entities to 
        fulfill the requirements of this subsection.
          (6) Review.--The Advisory Committee on Risk 
        Communication under section 567 shall, on a regular 
        basis, perform a comprehensive review and evaluation of 
        the types of risk communication information provided on 
        the Internet Web site established under paragraph (1) 
        and, through other means, shall identify, clarify, and 
        define the purposes and types of information available 
        to facilitate the efficient flow of information to 
        patients and providers, and shall recommend ways for 
        the Food and Drug Administration to work with outside 
        entities to help facilitate the dispensing of risk 
        communication information to patients and providers.
  (s) Referral to Advisory Committee.--Prior to the approval of 
a drug no active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the 
active ingredient) of which has been approved in any other 
application under this section or section 351 of the Public 
Health Service Act, the Secretary shall--
          (1) refer such drug to a Food and Drug Administration 
        advisory committee for review at a meeting of such 
        advisory committee; or
          (2) if the Secretary does not refer such a drug to a 
        Food and Drug Administration advisory committee prior 
        to the approval of the drug, provide in the action 
        letter on the application for the drug a summary of the 
        reasons why the Secretary did not refer the drug to an 
        advisory committee prior to approval.
  (t) Database for Authorized Generic Drugs.--
          (1) In general.--
                  (A) Publication.--The Commissioner shall--
                          (i) not later than 9 months after the 
                        date of the enactment of the Food and 
                        Drug Administration Amendments Act of 
                        2007, publish a complete list on the 
                        Internet Web site of the Food and Drug 
                        Administration of all authorized 
                        generic drugs (including drug trade 
                        name, brand company manufacturer, and 
                        the date the authorized generic drug 
                        entered the market); and
                          (ii) update the list quarterly to 
                        include each authorized generic drug 
                        included in an annual report submitted 
                        to the Secretary by the sponsor of a 
                        listed drug during the preceding 3-
                        month period.
                  (B) Notification.--The Commissioner shall 
                notify relevant Federal agencies, including the 
                Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and 
                the Federal Trade Commission, when the 
                Commissioner first publishes the information 
                described in subparagraph (A) that the 
                information has been published and that the 
                information will be updated quarterly.
          (2) Inclusion.--The Commissioner shall include in the 
        list described in paragraph (1) each authorized generic 
        drug included in an annual report submitted to the 
        Secretary by the sponsor of a listed drug after January 
        1, 1999.
          (3) Authorized generic drug.--In this section, the 
        term ``authorized generic drug'' means a listed drug 
        (as that term is used in subsection (j)) that--
                  (A) has been approved under subsection (c); 
                and
                  (B) is marketed, sold, or distributed 
                directly or indirectly to retail class of trade 
                under a different labeling, packaging (other 
                than repackaging as the listed drug in blister 
                packs, unit doses, or similar packaging for use 
                in institutions), product code, labeler code, 
                trade name, or trade mark than the listed drug.
  (u) Certain Drugs Containing Single Enantiomers.--
          (1) In general.--For purposes of subsections 
        (c)(3)(E)(ii) and (j)(5)(F)(ii), if an application is 
        submitted under subsection (b) for a non-racemic drug 
        containing as an active ingredient (including any ester 
        or salt of the active ingredient) a single enantiomer 
        that is contained in a racemic drug approved in another 
        application under subsection (b), the applicant may, in 
        the application for such non-racemic drug, elect to 
        have the single enantiomer not be considered the same 
        active ingredient as that contained in the approved 
        racemic drug, if--
                  (A)(i) the single enantiomer has not been 
                previously approved except in the approved 
                racemic drug; and
                  (ii) the application submitted under 
                subsection (b) for such non-racemic drug--
                          (I) includes full reports of new 
                        clinical investigations (other than 
                        bioavailability studies)--
                                  (aa) necessary for the 
                                approval of the application 
                                under subsections (c) and (d); 
                                and
                                  (bb) conducted or sponsored 
                                by the applicant; and
                          (II) does not rely on any clinical 
                        investigations that are part of an 
                        application submitted under subsection 
                        (b) for approval of the approved 
                        racemic drug; and
                  (B) the application submitted under 
                subsection (b) for such non-racemic drug is not 
                submitted for approval of a condition of use--
                          (i) in a therapeutic category in 
                        which the approved racemic drug has 
                        been approved; or
                          (ii) for which any other enantiomer 
                        of the racemic drug has been approved.
          (2) Limitation.--
                  (A) No approval in certain therapeutic 
                categories.--Until the date that is 10 years 
                after the date of approval of a non-racemic 
                drug described in paragraph (1) and with 
                respect to which the applicant has made the 
                election provided for by such paragraph, the 
                Secretary shall not approve such non-racemic 
                drug for any condition of use in the 
                therapeutic category in which the racemic drug 
                has been approved.
                  (B) Labeling.--If applicable, the labeling of 
                a non-racemic drug described in paragraph (1) 
                and with respect to which the applicant has 
                made the election provided for by such 
                paragraph shall include a statement that the 
                non-racemic drug is not approved, and has not 
                been shown to be safe and effective, for any 
                condition of use of the racemic drug.
          (3) Definition.--
                  (A) In general.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, the term ``therapeutic category'' 
                means a therapeutic category identified in the 
                list developed by the United States 
                Pharmacopeia pursuant to section 1860D-
                4(b)(3)(C)(ii) of the Social Security Act and 
                as in effect on the date of the enactment of 
                this subsection.
                  (B) Publication by secretary.--The Secretary 
                shall publish the list described in 
                subparagraph (A) and may amend such list by 
                regulation.
          (4) Availability.--The election referred to in 
        paragraph (1) may be made only in an application that 
        is submitted to the Secretary after the date of the 
        enactment of this subsection and before October 1, 
        2022.
  (v) Antibiotic Drugs Submitted Before November 21, 1997.--
          (1) Antibiotic drugs approved before november 21, 
        1997.--
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any 
                provision of the Food and Drug Administration 
                Modernization Act of 1997 or any other 
                provision of law, a sponsor of a drug that is 
                the subject of an application described in 
                subparagraph (B)(i) shall be eligible for, with 
                respect to the drug, the 3-year exclusivity 
                period referred to under clauses (iii) and (iv) 
                of subsection (c)(3)(E) and under clauses (iii) 
                and (iv) of subsection (j)(5)(F), subject to 
                the requirements of such clauses, as 
                applicable.
                  (B) Application; antibiotic drug described.--
                          (i) Application.--An application 
                        described in this clause is an 
                        application for marketing submitted 
                        under this section after the date of 
                        the enactment of this subsection in 
                        which the drug that is the subject of 
                        the application contains an antibiotic 
                        drug described in clause (ii).
                          (ii) Antibiotic drug.--An antibiotic 
                        drug described in this clause is an 
                        antibiotic drug that was the subject of 
                        an application approved by the 
                        Secretary under section 507 of this Act 
                        (as in effect before November 21, 
                        1997).
          (2) Antibiotic drugs submitted before november 21, 
        1997, but not approved.--
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any 
                provision of the Food and Drug Administration 
                Modernization Act of 1997 or any other 
                provision of law, a sponsor of a drug that is 
                the subject of an application described in 
                subparagraph (B)(i) may elect to be eligible 
                for, with respect to the drug--
                          (i)(I) the 3-year exclusivity period 
                        referred to under clauses (iii) and 
                        (iv) of subsection (c)(3)(E) and under 
                        clauses (iii) and (iv) of subsection 
                        (j)(5)(F), subject to the requirements 
                        of such clauses, as applicable; and
                          (II) the 5-year exclusivity period 
                        referred to under clause (ii) of 
                        subsection (c)(3)(E) and under clause 
                        (ii) of subsection (j)(5)(F), subject 
                        to the requirements of such clauses, as 
                        applicable; or
                          (ii) a patent term extension under 
                        section 156 of title 35, United States 
                        Code, subject to the requirements of 
                        such section.
                  (B) Application; antibiotic drug described.--
                          (i) Application.--An application 
                        described in this clause is an 
                        application for marketing submitted 
                        under this section after the date of 
                        the enactment of this subsection in 
                        which the drug that is the subject of 
                        the application contains an antibiotic 
                        drug described in clause (ii).
                          (ii) Antibiotic drug.--An antibiotic 
                        drug described in this clause is an 
                        antibiotic drug that was the subject of 
                        1 or more applications received by the 
                        Secretary under section 507 of this Act 
                        (as in effect before November 21, 
                        1997), none of which was approved by 
                        the Secretary under such section.
          (3) Limitations.--
                  (A) Exclusivities and extensions.--Paragraphs 
                (1)(A) and (2)(A) shall not be construed to 
                entitle a drug that is the subject of an 
                approved application described in subparagraphs 
                (1)(B)(i) or (2)(B)(i), as applicable, to any 
                market exclusivities or patent extensions other 
                than those exclusivities or extensions 
                described in paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A).
                  (B) Conditions of use.--Paragraphs (1)(A) and 
                (2)(A)(i) shall not apply to any condition of 
                use for which the drug referred to in 
                subparagraph (1)(B)(i) or (2)(B)(i), as 
                applicable, was approved before the date of the 
                enactment of this subsection.
          (4) Application of certain provisions.--
        Notwithstanding section 125, or any other provision, of 
        the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 
        1997, or any other provision of law, and subject to the 
        limitations in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), the 
        provisions of the Drug Price Competition and Patent 
        Term Restoration Act of 1984 shall apply to any drug 
        subject to paragraph (1) or any drug with respect to 
        which an election is made under paragraph (2)(A).
  (w) Deadline for Determination on Certain Petitions.--The 
Secretary shall issue a final, substantive determination on a 
petition submitted pursuant to subsection (b) of section 
314.161 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any 
successor regulations), no later than 270 days after the date 
the petition is submitted.
  (x) Date of Approval in the Case of Recommended Controls 
Under the CSA.--
          (1) In general.--In the case of an application under 
        subsection (b) with respect to a drug for which the 
        Secretary provides notice to the sponsor that the 
        Secretary intends to issue a scientific and medical 
        evaluation and recommend controls under the Controlled 
        Substances Act, approval of such application shall not 
        take effect until the interim final rule controlling 
        the drug is issued in accordance with section 201(j) of 
        the Controlled Substances Act.
          (2) Date of approval.--For purposes of this section, 
        with respect to an application described in paragraph 
        (1), the term ``date of approval'' shall mean the later 
        of--
                  (A) the date an application under subsection 
                (b) is approved under subsection (c); or
                  (B) the date of issuance of the interim final 
                rule controlling the drug.
  (y) Contrast Agents Intended for Use With Applicable Medical 
Imaging Devices.--
          (1) In general.--The sponsor of a contrast agent for 
        which an application has been approved under this 
        section may submit a supplement to the application 
        seeking approval for a new use following the 
        authorization of a premarket submission for an 
        applicable medical imaging device for that use with the 
        contrast agent pursuant to section 520(p)(1).
          (2) Review of supplement.--In reviewing a supplement 
        submitted under this subsection, the agency center 
        charged with the premarket review of drugs may--
                  (A) consult with the center charged with the 
                premarket review of devices; and
                  (B) review information and data submitted to 
                the Secretary by the sponsor of an applicable 
                medical imaging device pursuant to section 515, 
                510(k), or 513(f)(2) so long as the sponsor of 
                such applicable medical imaging device has 
                provided to the sponsor of the contrast agent a 
                right of reference.
          (3) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection--
                  (A) the term ``new use'' means a use of a 
                contrast agent that is described in the 
                approved labeling of an applicable medical 
                imaging device described in section 520(p), but 
                that is not described in the approved labeling 
                of the contrast agent; and
                  (B) the terms ``applicable medical imaging 
                device'' and ``contrast agent'' have the 
                meanings given such terms in section 520(p).

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