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                                                       Calendar No. 307
111th Congress 
 2d Session                      SENATE                          Report
                                                                111-157
_______________________________________________________________________


               PROFESSIONAL BOXING AMENDMENTS ACT OF 2009

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 OF THE

           COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION

                                   on

                                 S. 38



                                     

                 March 4, 2010.--Ordered to be printed


       SENATE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION
                     one hundred eleventh congress
                             second session

            JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IV, West Virginia, Chairman
DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii             KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON, Texas
JOHN F. KERRY, Massachusetts         OLYMPIA J. SNOWE, Maine
BYRON L. DORGAN, North Dakota        JOHN ENSIGN, Nevada
BARBARA BOXER, California            JIM DeMINT, South Carolina
BILL NELSON, Florida                 JOHN THUNE, South Dakota
MARIA CANTWELL, Washington           ROGER F. WICKER, Mississippi
FRANK R. LAUTENBERG, New Jersey      GEORGE S. LeMIEUX, Florida
MARK PRYOR, Arkansas                 JOHNNY ISAKSON, Georgia
CLAIRE McCASKILL, Missouri           DAVID VITTER, Louisiana
AMY KLOBUCHAR, Minnesota             SAM BROWNBACK, Kansas
TOM UDALL, New Mexico                MIKE JOHANNS, Nebraska
MARK WARNER, Virginia
MARK BEGICH, Alaska
                     Ellen Doneski, Staff Director
                   James Reid, Deputy Staff Director
                     Bruce Andrews, General Counsel
             Ann Begeman, Acting Republican Staff Director
              Brian Hendricks, Republican General Counsel
                Todd Bertoson, Republican Senior Counsel






                                                       Calendar No. 307
111th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session                                                     111-157

======================================================================



 
               PROFESSIONAL BOXING AMENDMENTS ACT OF 2009

                                _______
                                

                 March 4, 2010.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

     Mr. Rockefeller, from the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation, submitted the following

                                 REPORT

                          [To accompany S. 38]

    The Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, to 
which was referred the bill (S. 38) to establish a United 
States Boxing Commission to administer the Act, and for other 
purposes, having considered the same, reports favorably thereon 
without amendment and recommends that the bill do pass.

                          Purpose of the Bill

  S. 38 would amend the Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996 
(15 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as amended by the Muhammad Ali Boxing 
Reform Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-210), to strengthen existing 
Federal boxing laws by standardizing certain health and safety 
requirements, establishing a centralized medical registry to be 
used by local boxing commissions to protect boxers, reducing 
arbitrary practices of sanctioning organizations, and providing 
uniformity in ranking criteria and contractual guidelines. The 
bill would also establish a Federal entity, the United States 
Boxing Commission (USBC), to promulgate minimum uniform 
standards for professional boxing and enforce Federal boxing 
laws. The purpose of the USBC would not be to micro-manage 
boxing by interfering with the daily operations of local boxing 
commissions. Instead, the USBC would work in consultation with 
local commissions, and only exercise its authority should 
reasonable grounds exist for intervention.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\See Senator John S. McCain, ``A Fighting Chance for Professional 
Boxing,'' 15 Stanford Law and Policy Review 7-34 (2004). The article 
details the history of the sport of boxing, and explains the bases for 
the efforts of Senator McCain and the actions of the Senate Commerce 
Committee in reforming the sport.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          Background and Needs

  Professional boxing is the only major sport in the United 
States that does not have a strong, centralized association or 
league to establish and enforce uniform rules and practices. 
There is no widely-established union of boxers, no collective 
body of promoters or managers, and no consistent level of State 
regulation among State athletic commissions. This vacuum of 
effective public or private oversight has contributed to 
decades of scandals, controversies, and unethical practices in 
professional boxing.
  The professional boxing industry is regulated on a State-by-
State basis, which results in varying degrees of oversight, 
depending on the will and resources of each State's athletic 
commission or boxing regulatory office. Due to the lack of 
uniform business practices or ethical standards, the sport of 
boxing has suffered from the physical and financial 
exploitation of its athletes.
  To truly understand professional boxing, one must grasp the 
reality that the boxing industry in the United States is 
bifurcated. There is the premier side of the sport, comprised 
of well-known boxers and promoters who share in purses that can 
reach levels above tens of millions of dollars. The premier 
side, however, has little in common with the vast majority of 
professional boxing events that are held in States and on 
tribal lands across the country. Most boxing matches feature 
unknown journeymen and women who apply their trade for small 
crowds in exchange for nominal purse amounts. Most of these 
athletes come from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, and 
often boxing is the only way that they know to make a living.
  But these athletes are too often exploited physically and 
financially by chosen representatives who do not share their 
best interests, and often fall victim to the misconduct of 
promoters, sanctioning organizations, and others. Specific 
examples of business misconduct in boxing include: promoters 
deducting large percentages of a boxer's purse for their own 
use; promoters coercing boxers into signing long-term, onerous 
contracts as a condition for competing; promoters forcing 
boxers to hire an associate or relative of the promoter; and 
illegitimate ratings systems wherein sanctioning organizations 
rank boxers and award ``championship titles'' based upon with 
whom boxers are connected rather than their athletic merit. 
Under the current system, business relationships between 
promoters and sanctioning organizations take precedence over 
the abilities of fighters.

FEDERAL AND STATE BOXING LAW

  In 1996, the Professional Boxing Safety Act (PBSA) was signed 
into law. The Act was a bipartisan measure that sought to 
establish a minimum level of health and safety requirements to 
protect the welfare of the athletes who sustain the sport of 
professional boxing. Prior to the Act, while many States had 
boxing laws on the books, others did not require any public 
oversight of boxing. The absence of enforced regulations 
resulted in fraudulent bouts, the exploitation of boxers, and a 
lack of adequate medical services at many events. The PBSA was 
enacted to help address these problems. Among other things, the 
PBSA requires State athletic commissions to oversee all 
professional boxing events; prohibits medically-suspended 
fighters from participating; assures that States are aware that 
a fighter may be suspended in another State; requires adequate 
medical services to be available at ringside; and requires all 
boxers to be given an identification card issued by their State 
commission. Also included in the PBSA was a conflict of 
interest provision that prohibits State commissioners from 
receiving compensation from business interests in the industry.
  In 1998, Congress sought further reform of the professional 
boxing industry. The Senate passed a bipartisan measure, the 
Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act of 2000 (Muhammad Ali Act), but 
the House did not act on the bill. The legislation was 
reintroduced during the 106th Congress, approved by the House 
and Senate, and signed into law in May 2000. The Muhammad Ali 
Act protects the rights and welfare of professional boxers by 
preventing exploitive, oppressive, and unethical business 
practices; assists State boxing commissions to provide more 
effective public oversight of the sport; and promotes honorable 
competition to enhance the overall integrity of the boxing 
industry.
  Unfortunately, both the PBSA (as amended by the Muhammad Ali 
Act) and State laws have not been adequately enforced by 
Federal and State law enforcement officials. The primary 
reasons for this lack of enforcement have been either a lack of 
resources in Federal and State budgets or simply a lack of 
interest.
  The U.S. General Accounting Office, now the U.S. Government 
Accountability Office, (GAO) confirmed the inconsistency of 
State and Federal enforcement in its July 2003 report on 
professional boxing regulation, in which it concluded that, 
because professional boxing is regulated predominantly on a 
State-by-State basis, there is a varying degree of oversight 
depending on the resources and priorities of each State or 
tribal commission.\2\ The report also indicated that the lack 
of consistency in compliance with Federal boxing law among 
State and tribal commissions ``does not provide adequate 
assurance that professional boxers are receiving the minimum 
protections established in Federal law.''\3\ In sum, State and 
tribal commissions are not upholding minimum contractual and 
safety standards to provide boxers with adequate protection in 
their workplace, the ring.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\U.S. General Accounting Office, GAO-03-699, Professional Boxing: 
Issues Related to the Protection of Boxers' Health, Safety, and 
Economic Interests, (2003), 4-6.
    \3\Id. at 7.
    \4\Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  The report also concluded that Federal action under the PBSA, 
as amended by the Ali Act, has been ``limited,'' and, per the 
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), that ``there were no records 
of cases brought by the U.S. Attorneys' offices under the 
Federal boxing legislation during fiscal years 1996 through 
2002 and . . . no referrals from law enforcement agencies were 
made.''\5\ The explanation provided the DOJ when questioned 
about the lack of prosecutions under Federal boxing law is that 
violations of these laws are misdemeanors, which do not receive 
significant resources from the DOJ.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\Id. at 5.
    \6\Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         Summary of Provisions

  S. 38 would amend the PBSA to: (1) establish and maintain a 
confidential (except for the use by boxing commissions) medical 
registry that would contain comprehensive medical records and 
medical suspension information for every licensed professional 
boxer, (2) make uniform certain ``safety standards'' for all 
boxing commissions, including a requirement that emergency 
medical personnel and an ambulance be continually present at 
all professional boxing matches, (3) require testing for 
infectious diseases (e.g., hepatitis), (4) require promoters to 
post some form of security (e.g., performance bond, cashiers 
check, etc.) prior to a match with the appropriate boxing 
commission to ensure payment of purse monies to boxers who 
participate and are contractually entitled to receive it, (5) 
make several changes to definitions, including the term 
``boxing commission'' to include tribal organizations, (6) 
authorize tribal organizations to establish boxing commissions 
as long as a certain level of safety standards and other 
requirements are established, (7) mandate that sanctioning 
organizations adopt and follow ratings guidelines/criteria, (8) 
require that judges and referees be assigned for each match by 
the appropriate boxing commission without interference from 
sanctioning organizations, (9) require a newly-created 
regulatory entity, in consultation with the Association of 
Boxing Commissions (ABC), to develop guidelines for minimal 
contractual provisions that should be included in all bout 
agreements and boxer/manager contracts, and (10) require more 
stringent financial disclosures (within a specified period) by 
promoters and sanctioning organizations.
  S. 38 also would create the USBC, a Federal entity located 
within the Department of Commerce, to promulgate minimum 
uniform standards for professional boxing and enforce Federal 
boxing laws. The USBC would be comprised of three members, each 
of whom would be required to be a U.S. citizen with extensive 
experience in professional boxing activities or a field 
directly related to professional sports. Each member would be 
required to have outstanding character and integrity, and 
selected without regard to political affiliation. At least one 
member would be a former local boxing member, and, if 
practicable, one member would be a physician. Members would be 
precluded from any dealings in the boxing industry, and not 
more than two members would be from the same political party or 
reside in the same geographical region (split by the 
Mississippi River). The USBC would be authorized to employ an 
executive director to implement the policies of the USBC, a 
general counsel, and any additional staff as needed to carry 
out the Commission's statutory mandate.
  The USBC's primary functions would be to protect the health, 
safety, and general interests of boxers. The USBC, among other 
things, would oversee and administer Federal boxing laws, and 
work with those who participate in professional boxing to 
improve the sport. The USBC would promulgate minimum uniform 
standards for boxing (in consultation with the ABC and 
sanctioning organizations). The USBC would also ensure, through 
the U.S. Attorney General and the chief law enforcement officer 
of a State, that Federal and State boxing laws are vigorously, 
effectively and fairly enforced. The USBC would require all 
boxers to be licensed every 4 years, as is currently required 
under the Federal identification system, but would also require 
all promoters, managers, and sanctioning organizations to be 
licensed by the USBC every 2 years. The USBC would be 
authorized to charge reasonable fees for licensing and all fees 
and fines collected by the USBC would be deposited in a 
revolving fund to be used to offset the USBC's appropriation. 
After notice and opportunity for a hearing, the USBC would be 
permitted to suspend or revoke any license issued under the 
PBSA if it finds that action is necessary to protect the health 
or safety of a boxer, or there are reasonable grounds to 
believe that a USBC standard is not being met or another 
unlawful act has occurred. The USBC also would be granted 
authority to conduct investigations, subpoena, administer oaths 
and affirmations, require the production of information, and 
seek injunctions to further the purposes of the PBSA.
  The USBC would maintain a unified national computerized 
registry for collecting, storing, and retrieving information 
related to professional boxing. The USBC would be required to 
consult with local boxing commissions before establishing any 
regulation or standard under the PBSA. The USBC would be 
required to submit to Congress an annual report containing a 
detailed description of its activities, including, within 12 
months of enactment, the results of a USBC study to determine 
the appropriate definition of the term ``promoter.''

                          Legislative History

  For more than a decade, the Senate Commerce Committee has 
taken action to address the problems that plague the sport of 
professional boxing. As mentioned, the Committee developed two 
Federal boxing laws that have been enacted, the PBSA and the 
Muhammad Ali Act. While these laws have had a positive impact 
on professional boxing, the sport remains beset by a variety of 
problems, some beyond the scope of State and local regulation.
  On May 22, 2002, Senator McCain introduced the Professional 
Boxing Amendments Act in an effort to enhance existing boxing 
law and create a Federal regulatory entity--the U.S. Boxing 
Administration--to oversee the interstate aspects of the sport. 
The Commerce Committee reported the bill unanimously on October 
17, 2002, but no further action was taken on the measure. 
Senator McCain reintroduced a nearly identical bill in the 
108th Congress, S. 275, which again was reported by the 
Committee unanimously to the Senate. This time the bill passed 
the Senate unanimously on March 31, 2004, but the House of 
Representatives did not act on the bill.
  In the 109th Congress, Senators McCain, Stevens and Dorgan 
re-introduced the measure as S. 148, which was reported by the 
Committee and passed by the Senate, unanimously. House Energy 
and Commerce Committee Chairman Barton offered a boxing bill 
similar to title II of S. 148 (the title to create the U.S. 
Boxing Commission). On the House floor, the bill passed by 
voice vote, but failed in a recorded vote.
  In the 110th Congress, S. 84 was unanimously reported out of 
the Commerce Committee, but the full Senate did not take action 
on the measure.
  This bill (S. 38) as ordered reported by the Commerce 
Committee was introduced by Senator McCain on January 6, 2009, 
and cosponsored by Senator Dorgan. The bill is identical to 
measures that were reported by the Commerce Committee the 
previous three Congresses and passed the Senate in both the 
108th and 109th Congresses.

                            Estimated Costs

  
  In accordance with paragraph 11(a) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate and section 403 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee provides the 
following cost estimate, prepared by the Congressional Budget 
Office:
                                                     June 10, 2009.
Hon. John D. Rockefeller IV,
Chairman, Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, U.S. 
        Senate, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for S. 38, the Professional 
Boxing Amendments Act of 2009.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Susan Willie.
            Sincerely,
                                              Douglas W. Elmendorf.
    Enclosure.

S. 38--Professional Boxing Amendments Act of 2009

    Summary: S. 38 would establish the United States Boxing 
Commission (USBC) within the Department of Commerce (DOC). The 
commission would protect the safety and interests of boxers and 
would govern the business of professional boxing by regulating 
boxing contracts, licensing and registering boxing 
participants, and issuing guidelines for rating boxers.
    Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO 
estimates that implementing S. 38 would cost $7 million in 2010 
and $34 million over the 2010-2014 period.
    S. 38 also would make violations of certain provisions of 
the Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996 federal crimes. CBO 
estimates that this provision would not have a significant 
effect on direct spending or revenues.
    S. 38 would impose intergovernmental and private-sector 
mandates, as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act 
(UMRA), on the state and tribal boxing commissions and the 
boxing industry. Based on information from industry sources, 
CBO estimates that the aggregate cost of complying with the 
mandates would fall below the annual thresholds established in 
UMRA ($69 million for intergovernmental mandates and $139 
million for private-sector mandates in 2009, adjusted annually 
for inflation).
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary impact of S. 38 is shown in the following table. The 
costs of this legislation fall within budget function 370 
(commerce and housing credit).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       2010      2011      2012      2013      2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 CHANGES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION\1\
Estimated Authorization Level......................         8         8         7         6         6         35
Estimated Outlays..................................         7         8         7         6         6        34
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\S. 38 also could increase direct spending and revenues, but CBO estimates that any such changes would not be
  significant.

    Basis of estimate: For this estimate, CBO assumes that the 
bill will be enacted before the start of fiscal year 2010 and 
that the necessary amounts will be appropriated at the 
beginning of each year.

Spending subject to appropriation

    S. 38 would authorize the appropriation of whatever amounts 
are necessary to establish a boxing commission to regulate 
professional boxing. Based on information from the DOC, CBO 
estimates that implementing S. 38 would cost $7 million in 2010 
and $34 million over the 2010-2014 period, assuming 
appropriation of the necessary amounts.
    Currently, tribal and state boxing commissions act as 
governing bodies--issuing licenses, ensuring boxing safety, and 
monitoring boxing contracts and fights within their 
jurisdictions. S. 38 would create the USBC, a separate federal 
entity to govern the sport of boxing with national, minimal 
standards and requirements for the business of professional 
boxing. The USBC would not replace state or tribal entities or 
the activities they undertake; however, the bill would specify 
minimum safety standards and licensing requirements that those 
entities must maintain.
    United States Boxing Commission. S. 38 would establish the 
USBC within DOC, headed by a three-person panel and supported 
by additional staff as necessary to fulfill the requirements of 
the bill. The USBC would monitor compliance with provisions of 
the bill that would establish minimum safety standards for 
matches and would require disclosure of certain medical 
information. The commission also would issue regulations to 
establish criteria that sanctioning agencies must use to rate 
boxers and provisions that must be included in contracts 
between boxers and mangers. Finally, the commission would 
review contracts for boxing matches and approve certain types 
of matches before they occur.
    CBO estimates that the USBC would employ about 30 people to 
write regulations, oversee boxing matches, and establish and 
maintain certain registries We estimate that hiring and 
compensating those employees would cost $4 million in 2010 and 
$20 million over the 2010-2014 period. In addition, we estimate 
that startup and administrative costs of the commission would 
total $1 million in 2010 and $4 million over the 2010-2014 
period.
    Licensing and Registration. S. 38 would require the USBC to 
license boxers, managers, and promoters every two to four 
years. CBO assumes that license fees would be similar to those 
currently charged by state boxing commissions. The bill would 
require the USBC to maintain a registry with the names of 
boxers, managers, promoters, boxing judges, and referees. Based 
on spending for similar registries, CBO estimates that the cost 
of developing the boxing registry would be about $3 million 
over the 2010-2014 period. We estimate that the licensing fees 
(considered offsetting collections) would offset the cost of 
maintaining the registry by about fiscal year 2013.
    Medical Registry. S. 38 also would establish a medical 
registry that would contain information about the health of 
each boxer, including medical records and incidents of medical 
suspensions. CBO estimates that developing and maintaining a 
medical registry would cost about $2 million in 2010 and about 
$7 million over the 2010-2014 period.

Direct spending and revenues

    S. 38 would place new reporting and administrative 
requirements on the boxing industry, including state boxing 
commissions, boxing promoters, sanctioning organizations, and 
broadcasters. Violations of these new requirements could be 
prosecuted as criminal acts, for which criminal fines would be 
assessed. Under current law, collections of such fines are 
recorded in the budget as revenues, deposited in the Crime 
Victims' Fund, and later spent. CBO expects that any additional 
receipts and spending that result from violations of the new 
requirements would not be significant.
    Intergovernmental and private-sector impact: S. 38 contains 
intergovernmental and private-sector mandates, as defined in 
UMRA, because it would require the state and tribal boxing 
commissions and the boxing industry to comply with health and 
safety standards, reporting requirements, and any subpoenas 
issued by the USBC. The bill also would require the boxing 
industry to obtain licenses and abide by certain contracting 
and rating standards. Based on information from industry 
sources, CBO estimates that the aggregate cost of complying 
with the mandates would fall below the annual thresholds 
established in UMRA ($69 million for intergovernmental mandates 
and $139 million for private-sector mandates in 2009, adjusted 
annually for inflation).

Mandates that apply to both public and private entities

    Health and Safety Standards. The bill would require boxing 
commissions and the boxing industry to meet additional health 
and safety standards. It would require boxers to pass medical 
exams, require commissions to make health and safety 
disclosures to boxers when they are registered, and expand 
safety requirements for boxing matches. Information from the 
Department of Labor and representatives of the boxing industry 
indicates that state and tribal boxing commissions already 
regulate boxing matches using standards similar to those 
required in the bill, and a majority of the boxing industry 
must already comply with those requirements. CBO therefore 
expects that any costs associated with additional health and 
safety measures would be small relative to the annual 
thresholds.
    Reporting Requirements. The bill would require state and 
tribal boxing commissions, promoters, broadcasters, judges, 
referees, and sanctioning organizations to report certain 
information about boxing matches to the USBC. Such disclosures 
would include information about boxing registries, fees 
assessed, and other financial information related to boxing 
matches. Based on information from industry sources, CBO 
estimates that the cost of reporting such information would be 
minimal.
    Subpoena Authority. The bill would require entities in the 
public and private sector, if subpoenaed, to attend and provide 
testimony, evidence, or materials related to any investigations 
the USBC may conduct. Such a requirement would be an 
intergovernmental and private-sector mandate as defined by 
UMRA. CBO expects that the commission would exercise its 
subpoena power sparingly and that the costs to comply with a 
subpoena would not be significant.

Mandates that apply to private entities only

    S. 38 would also impose mandates that only affect the 
boxing industry. Those mandates include licensing requirements, 
contract standards, and rating guidelines. Based on information 
from the Department of Labor and representatives of the boxing 
industry, CBO estimates that the cost to comply with those 
mandates would be small relative to the annual threshold for 
private-sector mandates.
    Licensing Requirements. The bill would require boxers, 
managers, promoters, referees, judges, and sanctioning 
organizations to be licensed by the USBC. According to 
representatives of the boxing industry, license fees would most 
likely cost the industry less than $1 million per year.
    Contract Standards and Rating Guidelines. The bill also 
would require the boxing industry to include standard clauses 
in contracts and to adopt rating guidelines for boxers. The 
bill would require that each bout agreement, boxer-manager 
contract, and promotional agreement contain standard provisions 
developed by the commission and that each agreement be filed 
with the USBC. In addition, sanctioning organizations would be 
required to adopt guidelines to be established by the USBC for 
the rating of professional boxers. Because the industry now 
complies with similar requirements under state regulations, the 
incremental costs to comply with the mandates would likely be 
small.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal costs: Susan Willie; Impact 
on state, local, and tribal governments: Elizabeth Cove 
Delisle; Impact on the private sector: Jacob Kuipers.
    Estimate approved by: Theresa Gullo, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                      Regulatory Impact Statement

  In accordance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee provides the 
following evaluation of the regulatory impact of the 
legislation, as reported:

                       NUMBER OF PERSONS COVERED

  The legislation would apply to professional boxers, local 
boxing commissions, boxing promoters, boxing managers, boxing 
judges and referees, ringside physicians, boxing registries, 
sanctioning organizations, as well as premium or other cable or 
satellite program service providers, casinos, hotels, resorts, 
and other commercial establishments that may act as promoters. 
The legislation would not apply to amateur boxing.

                            ECONOMIC IMPACT

  The economic impact of this legislation would be minimal.

                                PRIVACY

  The impact on the personal privacy of the persons covered by 
this legislation is expected to be minimal. The USBC, in 
establishing and maintaining a medical registry for all 
licensed professional boxers, is expected to take appropriate 
action to ensure the confidentiality of such records.

                               PAPERWORK

  The impact on paperwork is difficult to determine prior to 
the formation of the USBC. Local boxing commissions may be 
required by the USBC to perform minimal processing of licensing 
and boxing data.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis


Section 1. Short title; table of contents.

  Section 1 would provide that this Act may be cited as the 
Professional Boxing Amendments Act of 2009. This section would 
also provide a table of contents for this Act.

Section 2. Amendment of Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996.

  Section 2 would provide that all references to amendments to, 
or repeal of, certain sections, are to be considered to be made 
to a section or other provision of the PBSA (15 U.S.C. 6301 et 
seq.).

Section 3. Definitions.

  Subsection (a) would amend section 2 of the PBSA by providing 
several changes to definitions. Most notable, the term ``boxing 
commission'' would be revised to include entities authorized 
under tribal law to regulate professional boxing. Only State 
commissions are considered ``boxing commissions'' under current 
law. In addition, the terms ``bout agreement'' and 
``promotional agreement'' would be modified to provide a 
distinction between them.
  Subsection (b) would amend section 21 of the PBSA with 
respect to professional boxing matches conducted on Indian 
lands. This provision would provide authority to a tribal 
organization to establish a boxing commission to regulate 
professional boxing held on tribal land. Should a tribal 
organization establish a boxing commission, the standards 
adopted by the tribal organization should be at least as 
restrictive as the requirements of the State in which the 
tribal organization is located, or the guidelines established 
by the United States Boxing Commission (USBC).

Section 4. Purpose.

  Section 4 would amend section 3(2) of the PBSA by striking 
``State'' in ``State boxing commissions'' to allow tribal 
organizations to be included as boxing commissions.

Section 5. United States Boxing Commission approval, or ABC or 
        commission sanction, required for matches.

  Section 5 would amend section 4 of the PBSA to provide that 
no person may arrange, promote, organize, produce, or fight in 
a professional boxing match in the United States without 
approval by the USBC and held in a State or by a tribal 
commission that regulates professional boxing matches in 
accordance with standards established by the USBC. Approval by 
the USBC is presumed unless the USBC has been informed of a 
violation of the PBSA and has notified the supervising boxing 
commission that it does not approve, the match is advertised as 
a championship match, the match is scheduled for 10 rounds or 
more, or a boxer in the match has suffered 10 consecutive 
defeats or has been knocked out five consecutive times. This 
section would authorize the USBC to delegate its approval 
authority to a local commission.

Section 6. Safety standards.

  Section 6 would amend section 5 of the PBSA to require that 
the physical examination currently required by the PBSA include 
testing for infectious diseases in accordance with standards 
established by the USBC. This section also would require that 
an ambulance and medical personnel with appropriate 
resuscitation equipment be continuously present on the site of 
professional boxing matches. Current law requires either an 
ambulance or medical personnel with appropriate resuscitation 
equipment to be on site.

Section 7. Registration.

  Section 7 would amend section 6 of the PBSA to require that 
State and tribal boxing commissions provide professional boxers 
with a health and safety disclosure when issuing a boxer a 
Federal identification card currently required under the PBSA. 
This disclosure is a ``Sense of the Congress'' in the PBSA. 
This section also would require that boxing commissions furnish 
to the USBC a copy of each professional boxer's registration, 
as well as the registrations of boxing promoters, managers, and 
sanctioning organizations.

Section 8. Review.

  Section 8 would amend section 7 of the PBSA to clarify the 
appeal procedure should a boxing commission impose a summary 
suspension on a professional boxer. Current law creates an 
inference that, not only must a boxing commission establish 
appeal procedures regarding the suspension of a boxer, but it 
must also establish procedures to enable a boxer to have a 
second hearing regarding the revocation of the suspension. This 
section would clarify the intent of the current law and require 
that a boxing commission establish procedures to provide a 
hearing in the event a boxer seeks to contest the imposition of 
a summary suspension.

Section 9. Reporting.

  Section 9 would amend section 8 of the PBSA by requiring that 
supervising boxing commissions report the results of a 
professional boxing match to the USBC within 2 business days. 
Under current law, supervising boxing commissions must report 
results to each boxer registry not later than 48 business 
hours.

Section 10. Contract requirements.

  Section 10 would amend section 9 of the PBSA.
  Subsection (a) would authorize the USBC, in consultation with 
the ABC, to develop minimum contractual provisions to be 
included in all bout agreements, boxer-manager contracts, and 
promotional agreements. Boxing commissions would be required to 
ensure that the minimum provisions are included in such 
agreements or contracts.
  Subsection (b) would require managers or promoters to submit 
a copy of each boxer-manager contract and each promotional 
agreement between the manager or promoter and the boxer to the 
USBC. This subsection also would prohibit a boxing commission 
from approving a professional boxing match unless a copy of the 
bout agreement related to the match is filed with and approved 
by the Commission.
  Subsection (c) would prohibit a boxing commission from 
approving a professional boxing match unless the promoter of 
that match posts a surety bond, cashier's check, letter of 
credit, cash, or other security acceptable to the boxing 
commission. This is intended to ensure that the boxer is paid 
at the conclusion of each match.

Section 11. Coercive contracts.

  This section would amend section 10 of the PBSA to establish 
minimum guidelines for bout agreements, boxer-manager 
contracts, and promotional agreements.

Section 12. Sanctioning organizations.

  This section would amend section 11 of the PBSA.
  Subsection (a) would require within 1 year after the date of 
enactment that the USBC develop guidelines for written criteria 
for rating professional boxers based on their athletic merits. 
Within 90 days of the promulgation of the guidelines, each 
sanctioning organization would be required to adopt the 
guidelines and follow them.
  Subsection (b) would require sanctioning organizations, when 
making ratings changes, to post, within 7 days and for a period 
of not less than 30 days, a copy of the new ratings on its 
Internet website or homepage with an explanation of the change 
posted for a period not less than 30 days, provide a copy of 
the rating change and an explanation to the boxer and the USBC, 
provide the boxer an opportunity to appeal the ratings change, 
and apply the ratings guidelines required under subsection (a) 
of this section.
  Subsection (c) would require sanctioning organizations that 
receive inquiries from boxers challenging ratings decisions to 
provide to the boxer, within 7 days, a written explanation of 
the sanctioning organizations rating criteria, its rating of 
the boxer, and its rationale or basis for its rating, and 
submit a copy of its explanation to the ABC and the USBC.

Section 13. Required disclosures by sanctioning organizations.

  Section 13 would amend section 12 of the PBSA, which bars a 
sanctioning organization from receiving compensation from a 
boxing match until it provides the supervising boxing 
commission with a statement of fees assessed to the fighter or 
received for the fight. This section would be modified to 
require sanctioning organizations to provide, within 7 days 
after a professional boxing match of 10 rounds or more, a 
statement of all fees that a sanctioning organization ``has 
assessed, or will assess'' to any boxer in the match, a written 
statement of fees that a sanctioning organization ``has 
received, or will receive'' from all sources affiliated with a 
boxing event, and any other information that the supervising 
boxing commission may require.

Section 14. Required disclosures by promoters and broadcasters.

  Section 14 would amend section 13 of the PBSA, which bars a 
promoter from receiving compensation from a boxing match until 
it provides the supervising boxing commission with certain 
financial information regarding the match. This section would 
require promoters to provide to the supervising boxing 
commission, within 7 days after a professional boxing match of 
10 rounds or more, that same financial information. This 
section also would require promoters to make similar financial 
disclosures to each boxer in the match within 7 days after a 
professional boxing match of 10 rounds or more, including what 
the promoter has paid, or agreed to pay, to any other person in 
connection with the match.
  This section also would require a broadcaster that owns 
television broadcast rights to a professional boxing match of 
10 rounds or more to provide to the USBC within 7 days 
subsequent to the match a statement of any fee owed to a 
promoter in connection with the match, a copy of any contract 
the broadcaster has with a boxer in the match, and a list 
identifying sources of income received from the broadcast of 
the match. This section would require that the information 
disclosed by the broadcaster would be held as confidential by 
the USBC or local commission.

Section 15. Judges and referees.

  Section 15 would amend section 16 of the PBSA.
  Subsection (a) would require that no person may arrange, 
promote, organize, produce, or fight in a professional match 
unless the referees and judges participating in the match have 
been ``selected'' by the supervising boxing commission. Current 
law requires that all referees and judges participating in the 
match are ``certified and approved'' by the supervising boxing 
commission.
  Subsection (b) would require, in addition to subsection (a), 
that no person may arrange, promote, organize, produce, or 
fight in a professional match advertised to the public as a 
championship match or in a match scheduled for 10 rounds or 
more unless the referees and judges participating in the match 
have been licensed by the USBC.
  Subsection (c) would prohibit sanctioning organizations from 
influencing, directly or indirectly, the selection of judges 
and referees, but would allow the organizations to provide a 
list of judges or referees that the sanctioning organization 
deems qualified.
  Subsection (d) would permit a boxing commission to assign 
judges and referees who reside outside a commission's 
jurisdiction.
  Subsection (e) would require that a judge or referee provide 
to a supervising boxing commission a statement of all 
consideration, including reimbursement for expenses, that the 
judge or referee has received, or will receive, from any source 
for participation in the match. This statement also would be 
provided to the USBC if the match is scheduled for 10 rounds or 
more.

Section 16. Medical registry.

  Section 16 would create a new section 14 in the PBSA.
  Subsection (a) would require that the USBC establish and 
maintain, or certify a third party to establish and maintain, a 
medical registry to contain the comprehensive medical records 
and medical denials or suspensions for every licensed boxer in 
the United States.
  Subsection (b) would direct the USBC to determine the nature 
of the medical records to be forwarded to the USBC and the time 
within which they are to be submitted to the registry.
  Subsection (c) would require the USBC to establish 
confidentiality standards for the disclosure of personally-
identifiable information to boxing commissions to ensure that 
the information is used for the intended purpose, which is to 
protect the health and safety of professional boxers, and that 
it is not publicly disclosed.

Section 17. Conflicts of interest.

  Section 17 would amend section 17(a) of the PBSA by including 
officers and employees of the USBC in the current list of 
persons who may not hold office, contract with, or receive any 
compensation from, any person who sanctions, arranges, or 
promotes professional boxing matches or who otherwise has a 
financial interest in an active boxer currently registered with 
a boxer registry. This section also would preclude a boxer from 
owning or controlling an entity that promotes the boxer's bouts 
in certain instances.

Section 18. Enforcement.

  Section 18 would amend section 18 of the PBSA. Under the 
PBSA, the United States Attorney General has the authority to 
bring a civil action in the appropriate district court to 
prevent or punish a violation of the PBSA. This section would 
expand that authority to include criminal actions. This section 
also would make officers and employees of the USBC subject to 
civil or criminal action for violation of the PBSA. This 
section would allow the chief law enforcement officer of a 
State to bring an action if that officer has reason to believe 
that a person ``has engaged in, or is engaging'' in conduct 
that violates the PBSA. Current law only allows the chief law 
enforcement officer of a State to act while the violator is 
engaging in, but not after, the unlawful conduct.

Section 19. Repeal of deadwood.

  Section 19 would repeal section 20 of the PBSA, which 
required the Secretary of Labor to conduct a study on the 
feasibility and cost of a national pension system for 
professional boxers and report the results to Congress. Section 
20 of the PBSA also required the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services ``to conduct a study to develop recommendations for 
health, safety, and equipment standards for boxers and for 
professional boxing matches.'' The expiration of these 
deadlines makes this language no longer necessary in the PBSA.

Section 20. Recognition of tribal law.

  Section 20 would amend section 22 of the PBSA by allowing 
tribal organizations, not just States, to adopt or enforce 
supplemental or more stringent laws or regulations not 
inconsistent with the PBSA, or criminal, civil, or 
administrative fines for violations of such laws or 
regulations.

Section 21. Establishment of United States Boxing Commission.

  Subsection (a) would amend the PBSA by adding a new title II 
establishing the USBC, as follows:

        Section 201. Purpose.

          This section would state that the purpose of the USBC 
        is to protect the health, safety, and welfare of boxers 
        and to ensure fairness in the sport of professional 
        boxing.

        Section 202. Establishment of United States Boxing 
        Commission.

          Subsection (a) would establish the USBC as a 
        commission within the Department of Commerce.
          Subsection (b) would provide that the USBC would 
        consist of three members appointed by the President, by 
        and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Each 
        member would be required to be a U.S. citizen with 
        extensive experience in professional boxing activities 
        or a field directly related to professional sports. 
        Each member would be required to have outstanding 
        character and integrity, and selected without regard to 
        political affiliation. At least one member would be a 
        former local boxing member, and, if practicable, one 
        member would be a physician. Members would be precluded 
        from any dealings in the boxing industry, and not more 
        than two members would be from the same political party 
        or reside in the same geographical region (split by the 
        Mississippi River). Members would serve three-year 
        terms, with the possibility of reappointment.
          Subsection (b) would require the USBC to employ an 
        executive director to perform the administrative 
        functions of the Commission. In addition, the 
        Commission would be required to hire a general counsel 
        and any additional staff as needed to carry out the 
        functions of the Commission.

        Section 203. Functions.

          Subsection (a) would provide the primary functions of 
        the USBC.
          Subsection (b) lists the specific functions of the 
        USBC.
          Subsection (c) would provide that the USBC may not 
        promote boxing events or rank professional boxers, or 
        provide technical assistance to, or authorize the use 
        of the name of the USBC by, boxing commissions that do 
        not comply with the requirements of the USBC.
          Subsection (d) would provide that the USBC shall have 
        the exclusive right to the name ``United States Boxing 
        Commission.'' This subsection also provides that any 
        person who uses the name, USBC, without permission is 
        subject to a civil action by the Commission under the 
        Trademark Act of 1946.

        Section 204. Licensing and registration of boxing 
        personnel.

          Subsection (a) would require that boxers, managers, 
        promoters, and sanctioning organizations be licensed by 
        the USBC to participate in a professional boxing match. 
        The USBC shall establish procedures and fees for 
        applying for, granting, and issuing licenses. Licenses 
        issued by the USBC are for 4-year terms for 
        professional boxers and 2-year terms for any other 
        person. The USBC may issue licenses through boxing 
        commissions.
          Subsection (b) would authorize the USBC to prescribe 
        and charge reasonable licensing fees. In setting fees, 
        this subsection cautions that, to the maximum extent 
        possible, the USBC should ensure that club boxing is 
        not adversely affected, sanctioning organizations and 
        promoters pay the largest portion of the fees, and 
        boxers pay as small a portion as possible. The USBC may 
        collect fees through boxing commissions.

        Section 205. National registry of boxing personnel.

          Subsection (a) would require the USBC to establish 
        (or certify a third party to establish) a national 
        registry of boxing personnel. This registry is to 
        include relevant information about boxers, as well as 
        information on promoters, matchmakers, managers, 
        trainers, cut men, referees, judges, physicians, and 
        any other professional boxing personnel deemed 
        appropriate by the USBC.

        Section 206. Consultation requirements.

          This section would require the USBC to consult with 
        the ABC before prescribing any regulation or 
        establishing any standard, and not less than once each 
        year regarding matters related to professional boxing.

        Section 207. Misconduct.

          Subsection (a) would authorize the USBC, after notice 
        and opportunity for a hearing, to suspend or revoke any 
        license issued under this title if the USBC finds that 
        such action is necessary to protect health and safety 
        or is otherwise in the public interest; there are 
        reasonable grounds to believe that a USBC standard is 
        not being met or that certain criminal acts have 
        occurred; or the licensee has violated a provision of 
        the PBSA. The USBC would determine the period of 
        suspension. In the case of a revocation of the license 
        of a boxer, the revocation would be for a period of not 
        less than one year.
          Subsection (b) would authorize the USBC to conduct 
        investigations and seek injunctions to further the 
        purposes of the PBSA. This subsection also would 
        authorize the USBC to subpoena, administer oaths and 
        affirmations, and require the production of 
        information.
          Subsection (c) would authorize the USBC to intervene 
        or file an amicus brief on behalf of the public 
        interest in any civil action relating to professional 
        boxing filed in a United States district court.
          Subsection (d) would require that hearings conducted 
        by the USBC be public and may be held before any 
        officer of the USBC or before a boxing commission that 
        is a member of the ABC.

        Section 208. Noninterference with local boxing 
        commissions.

          Subsection (a) would provide that nothing in this 
        title shall prohibit any boxing commission from 
        exercising its powers, duties, or functions with 
        respect to the regulation or supervision of 
        professional boxing to the extent such exercises is not 
        inconsistent with this title.
          Subsection (b) would provide that nothing in this 
        title prohibits any boxing commission from enforcing 
        local standards or requirements that exceed those 
        promulgated by the USBC.

        Section 209. Assistance from other agencies.

          This section would authorize the USBC to request that 
        any employee of an entity be detailed to the USBC on a 
        reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis with the 
        employees' consent.

        Section 210. Reports.

          Subsection (a) would require the USBC to submit an 
        annual report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
        and Transportation and the House of Representatives 
        Committee on Energy and Commerce. The report shall 
        include a detailed discussion of the activities of the 
        USBC and an overview of the licensing and enforcement 
        activities of boxing commissions.
          Subsection (b) would require the USBC to publish and 
        publicize an annual report regarding the progress made 
        by the Commission to reform professional boxing at the 
        Federal and State levels, including on Indian lands, 
        and comment on continuing concerns of the USBC.
          Subsection (c) would require that the first annual 
        report be submitted not later than 2 years after the 
        effective date of this title.

        Section 211. Initial implementation.

          Subsection (a) would provide that the licensing 
        requirements of this title do not apply to boxers, 
        judges or referees, or any other activity in relation 
        to professional boxing, if the person is licensed by a 
        boxing commission to perform that activity as of the 
        effective date of this title.
          Subsection (b) would provide that the exemption in 
        subsection (a) expires on the earlier of the date on 
        which the license expires, or the date that is 2 years 
        after the date of enactment of this legislation.

        Section 212. Authorization of appropriations.

          Subsection (a) would authorize to be appropriated for 
        the USBC for each fiscal year such sums as may be 
        necessary to perform its functions for that fiscal 
        year.
          Subsection (b) would provide that any fee collected 
        under this title be credited as offsetting collections 
        to the account that finances the USBC.
  Section 21(b) of the bill would provide several conforming 
amendments.

Section 22. Study and report on definition of promoter.

  This section would create a new section of the PBSA to 
require the USBC to conduct a study of how the term 
``promoter'' should be defined for the purposes of the PBSA and 
report back to the House and Senate committees of jurisdiction 
within 12 months of the enactment of this legislation.

Section 23. Effective date.

  This section would create a new section of the PBSA to 
provide that the amendments made by this legislation would take 
effect on the date of enactment of this legislation, except for 
the provisions creating the USBC, which will take effect one 
year after the date of enactment of this legislation.

                        Changes in Existing Law

  In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the Standing 
Rules of the Senate, changes in existing law made by the bill, 
as reported, are shown as follows (existing law proposed to be 
omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new material is printed 
in italic, existing law in which no change is proposed is shown 
in roman):

                 PROFESSIONAL BOXING SAFETY ACT OF 1996

                        [15 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.]

[SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. [15 U.S.C. 6301 NOTE]

  [This Act may be cited as the ``Professional Boxing Safety 
Act of 1996''.]

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the `Professional 
Boxing Safety Act'.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is 
as follows:
    Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
    Sec. 2. Definitions.

                   TITLE I--PROFESSIONAL BOXING SAFETY

    Sec. 101. Purposes.
    Sec. 102. Approval or sanction requirement.
    Sec. 103. Safety standards.
    Sec. 104. Registration.
    Sec. 105. Review.
    Sec. 106. Reporting.
    Sec. 107. Contract requirements.
    Sec. 108. Protection from coercive contracts.
    Sec. 109. Sanctioning organizations.
    Sec. 110. Required disclosures to State boxing commissions by 
              sanctioning organizations.
    Sec. 111. Required disclosures by promoters and broadcasters.
    Sec. 112. Medical registry.
    Sec. 113. Confidentiality.
    Sec. 114. Judges and referees.
    Sec. 115. Conflicts of interest.
    Sec. 116. Enforcement.
    Sec. 117. Professional boxing matches conducted on Indian lands.
    Sec. 118. Relationship with State or Tribal law.

                TITLE II--UNITED STATES BOXING COMMISSION

    Sec. 201. Purpose.
    Sec. 202. United States Boxing Commission.
    Sec. 203. Functions.
    Sec. 204. Licensing and registration of boxing personnel.
    Sec. 205. National registry of boxing personnel.
    Sec. 206. Consultation requirements.
    Sec. 207. Misconduct.
    Sec. 208. Noninterference with boxing commissions.
    Sec. 209. Assistance from other agencies.
    Sec. 210. Reports.
    Sec. 211. Initial implementation.
    Sec. 212. Authorization of appropriations.

[SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS. [15 U.S.C. 6301]

  [For purposes of this Act:
          [(1) Boxer.--The term ``boxer'' means an individual 
        who fights in a professional boxing match.
          [(2) Boxing commission.--(A) The term ``boxing 
        commission'' means an entity authorized under State law 
        to regulate professional boxing matches.
          [(3) Boxer registry.--The term ``boxer registry'' 
        means any entity certified by the Association of Boxing 
        Commissions for the purposes of maintaining records and 
        identification of boxers.
          [(4) Licensee.--The term ``licensee'' means an 
        individual who serves as a trainer, second, or cut man 
        for a boxer.
          [(5) Manager.--The term ``manager'' means a person 
        who receives compensation for service as an agent or 
        representative of a boxer.
          [(6) Matchmaker.--The term ``matchmaker'' means a 
        person that proposes, selects, and arranges the boxers 
        to participate in a professional boxing match.
          [(7) Physician.--The term ``physician'' means a 
        doctor of medicine legally authorized to practice 
        medicine by the State in which the physician performs 
        such function or action.
          [(8) Professional boxing match.--The term 
        ``professional boxing match'' means a boxing contest 
        held in the United States between individuals for 
        financial compensation. Such term does not include a 
        boxing contest that is regulated by an amateur sports 
        organization.
          [(9) Promoter.--The term ``promoter'' means the 
        person primarily responsible for organizing, promoting, 
        and producing a professional boxing match. The term 
        ``promoter'' does not include a hotel, casino, resort, 
        or other commercial establishment hosting or sponsoring 
        a professional boxing match unless--
                  [(A) the hotel, casino, resort, or other 
                commercial establishment is primarily 
                responsible for organizing, promoting, and 
                producing the match; and
                  [(B) there is no other person primarily 
                responsible for organizing, promoting, and 
                producing the match.
          [(10) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the 50 
        States, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and any 
        territory or possession of the United States, including 
        the Virgin Islands.
          [(11) Effective date of the contract.--The term 
        ``effective date of the contract'' means the day upon 
        which a boxer becomes legally bound by the contract.
          [(12) Boxing service provider.--The term ``boxing 
        service provider'' means a promoter, manager, 
        sanctioning body, licensee, or matchmaker.
          [(13) Contract provision.--The term ``contract 
        provision'' means any legal obligation between a boxer 
        and a boxing service provider.
          [(14) Sanctioning organization.--The term 
        ``sanctioning organization'' means an organization that 
        sanctions professional boxing matches in the United 
        States--
                  [(A) between boxers who are residents of 
                different States; or
                  [(B) that are advertised, otherwise promoted, 
                or broadcast (including closed circuit 
                television) in interstate commerce.
          [(15) Suspension.--The term ``suspension'' includes 
        within its meaning the revocation of a boxing license.]

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

  In this Act:
          (1) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the 
        United States Boxing Commission.
          (2) Bout agreement.--The term ``bout agreement'' 
        means a contract between a promoter and a boxer that 
        requires the boxer to participate in a professional 
        boxing match for a particular date.
          (3) Boxer.--The term ``boxer'' means an individual 
        who fights in a professional boxing match.
          (4) Boxing commission.--The term ``boxing 
        commission'' means an entity authorized under State or 
        tribal law to regulate professional boxing matches.
          (5) Boxer registry.--The term ``boxer registry'' 
        means any entity certified by the Commission for the 
        purposes of maintaining records and identification of 
        boxers.
          (6) Boxing service provider.--The term ``boxing 
        service provider'' means a promoter, manager, 
        sanctioning body, licensee, or matchmaker.
          (7) Contract provision.--The term ``contract 
        provision'' means any legal obligation between a boxer 
        and a boxing service provider.
          (8) Indian lands; indian tribe.--The terms ``Indian 
        lands'' and ``Indian tribe'' have the meanings given 
        those terms by paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively, of 
        section 4 of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (25 
        U.S.C. 2703).
          (9) Licensee.--The term ``licensee'' means an 
        individual who serves as a trainer, corner man, second, 
        or cut man for a boxer.
          (10) Manager.--The term ``manager'' means a person 
        other than a promoter who, under contract, agreement, 
        or other arrangement with a boxer, undertakes to 
        control or administer, directly or indirectly, a 
        boxing-related matter on behalf of that boxer, 
        including a person who is a booking agent for a boxer.
          (11) Matchmaker.--The term ``matchmaker'' means a 
        person that proposes, selects, and arranges for boxers 
        to participate in a professional boxing match.
          (12) Physician.--The term ``physician'' means a 
        doctor of medicine legally authorized to practice 
        medicine by the State in which the physician performs 
        such function or action and who has training and 
        experience in dealing with sports injuries, 
        particularly head trauma.
          (13) Professional boxing match.--The term 
        ``professional boxing match'' means a boxing contest 
        held in the United States between individuals for 
        financial compensation. The term ``professional boxing 
        match'' does not include a boxing contest that is 
        regulated by a duly recognized amateur sports 
        organization, as approved by the Commission.
          (14) Promoter.--The term ``promoter''--
                  (A) means the person primarily responsible 
                for organizing, promoting, and producing a 
                professional boxing match; but
                  (B) does not include a hotel, casino, resort, 
                or other commercial establishment hosting or 
                sponsoring a professional boxing match unless--
                          (i) the hotel, casino, resort, or 
                        other commercial establishment is 
                        primarily responsible for organizing, 
                        promoting, and producing the match; and
                          (ii) there is no other person 
                        primarily responsible for organizing, 
                        promoting, and producing the match.
          (15) Promotional agreement.--The term ``promotional 
        agreement'' means a contract, for the acquisition of 
        rights relating to a boxer's participation in a 
        professional boxing match or series of boxing matches 
        (including the right to sell, distribute, exhibit, or 
        license the match or matches), with--
                  (A) the boxer who is to participate in the 
                match or matches; or
                  (B) the nominee of a boxer who is to 
                participate in the match or matches, or the 
                nominee is an entity that is owned, controlled 
                or held in trust for the boxer unless that 
                nominee or entity is a licensed promoter who is 
                conveying a portion of the rights previously 
                acquired.
          (16) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the 50 
        States, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and any 
        territory or possession of the United States, including 
        the Virgin Islands.
          (17) Sanctioning organization.--The term 
        ``sanctioning organization'' means an organization, 
        other than a boxing commission, that sanctions 
        professional boxing matches, ranks professional boxers, 
        or charges a sanctioning fee for professional boxing 
        matches in the United States--
                  (A) between boxers who are residents of 
                different States; or
                  (B) that are advertised, otherwise promoted, 
                or broadcast (including closed circuit 
                television) in interstate commerce.
          (18) Suspension.--The term ``suspension'' includes 
        within its meaning the temporary revocation of a boxing 
        license.
          (19) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
        organization'' has the same meaning as in section 4(l) 
        of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
        Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(l)).

                  TITLE I--PROFESSIONAL BOXING SAFETY

SEC. [3.] 101. PURPOSES. [15 U.S.C. 6302]

  The purposes [of this Act] of this title are--
          (1) to improve and expand the system of safety 
        precautions that protects the welfare of professional 
        boxers; and
          (2) to assist [State] boxing commissions to provide 
        proper oversight for the professional boxing industry 
        in the United States.

[SEC. 4. BOXING MATCHES IN STATES WITHOUT BOXING COMMISSIONS. [15 
                    U.S.C. 6303]

  [(a) No person may arrange, promote, organize, produce, or 
fight in a professional boxing match held in a State that does 
not have a boxing commission unless the match is supervised by 
a boxing commission from another State and subject to the most 
recent version of the recommended regulatory guidelines 
certified and published by the Association of Boxing 
Commissions as well as any additional relevant professional 
boxing regulations and requirements of such other State.
  [(b) For the purpose [of this Act,] of this title, if no 
State commission is available to supervise a boxing match 
according to subsection (a), then--
          [(1) the match may not be held unless it is 
        supervised by an association of boxing commissions to 
        which at least a majority of the States belong; and
          [(2) any reporting or other requirement relating to a 
        supervising commission allowed under this section.]

SEC. 102. APPROVAL OR SANCTION REQUIREMENT.

  (a) In General.--No person may arrange, promote, organize, 
produce, or fight in a professional boxing match within the 
United States unless the match--
          (1) is approved by the Commission; and
          (2) is held in a State, or on tribal land of a tribal 
        organization, that regulates professional boxing 
        matches in accordance with standards and criteria 
        established by the Commission.
  (b) Approval Presumed.--
          (1) In general.--For purposes of subsection (a), the 
        Commission shall be presumed to have approved any match 
        other than--
                  (A) a match with respect to which the 
                Commission has been informed of an alleged 
                violation of this title and with respect to 
                which it has notified the supervising boxing 
                commission that it does not approve;
                  (B) a match advertised to the public as a 
                championship match;
                  (C) a match scheduled for 10 rounds or more; 
                or
                  (D) a match in which 1 of the boxers has--
                          (i) suffered 10 consecutive defeats 
                        in professional boxing matches; or
                          (ii) has been knocked out 5 
                        consecutive times in professional 
                        boxing matches.
          (2) Delegation of approval authority.--
        Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Commission shall be 
        presumed to have approved a match described in 
        subparagraph (B), (C), or (D) of paragraph (1) if--
                  (A) the Commission has delegated its approval 
                authority with respect to that match to a 
                boxing commission; and
                  (B) the boxing commission has approved the 
                match.
          (3) Knocked-out defined.--Except as may be otherwise 
        provided by the Commission by rule, in paragraph 
        (1)(D)(ii), the term ``knocked out'' means knocked down 
        and unable to continue after a count of 10 by the 
        referee or stopped from continuing because of a 
        technical knockout.

SEC. [5.] 103. SAFETY STANDARDS. [15 U.S.C. 6304]

  No person may arrange, promote, organize, produce, or fight 
in a professional boxing match without meeting each of the 
following [requirements or an alternative requirement in effect 
under regulations of a boxing commission that provides 
equivalent protection of the health and safety of boxers:] 
requirements:
          (1) A physical examination of each boxer by a 
        physician certifying whether or not the boxer is 
        physically fit to safely compete, copies of which must 
        be provided to the boxing commission. The examination 
        shall include testing for infectious diseases in 
        accordance with standards established by the 
        Commission.
          [(2) Except as otherwise expressly provided under 
        regulation of a boxing commission promulgated 
        subsequent to the enactment of this Act, an ambulance 
        or medical personnel with appropriate resuscitation 
        equipment continuously present on site.]
          (2) An ambulance continuously present on site.
          (3) Emergency medical personnel with appropriate 
        resuscitation equipment continuously present on site.
          [(3)] (4) A physician continuously present at 
        ringside.
          [(4)] (5) Health insurance for each boxer to provide 
        medical coverage for any injuries sustained in the 
        [match.] match in an amount prescribed by the 
        Commission.

SEC. [6.] 104. REGISTRATION. [15 U.S.C. 6305]

  (a) Requirements.--Each boxer shall register with--
          (1) the boxing commission of the State in which such 
        boxer resides; or
          (2) in the case of a boxer who is a resident of a 
        foreign country, or a State in which there is no boxing 
        commission, the boxing commission of any State or 
        Indian tribe that has such a commission.
  (b) Identification Card.--
          (1) Issuance.--A boxing commission shall issue to 
        each professional boxer who registers in accordance 
        with subsection (a), an identification card that 
        contains each of the following:
                  (A) A recent photograph of the boxer.
                  (B) The social security number of the boxer 
                (or, in the case of a foreign boxer, any 
                similar citizen identification number or 
                professional boxer number from the country of 
                residence of the boxer).
                  (C) A personal identification number assigned 
                to the boxer by a boxing registry.
          (2) Renewal.--Each professional boxer shall renew his 
        or her identification card at least once every 4 years.
          (3) Presentation.--Each professional boxer shall 
        present his or her identification card to the 
        appropriate boxing commission not later than the time 
        of the weigh-in for a professional boxing match.
  (c) Health and Safety Disclosures.--[It is the sense of the 
Congress that a boxing commission should, upon issuing an 
identification card to a boxer under subsection (b)(1), make a 
health and safety disclosure to that boxer as that commission 
considers appropriate.] A boxing commission shall, in 
accordance with requirements established by the Commission, 
make a health and safety disclosure to a boxer when issuing an 
identification card to that boxer. The health and safety 
disclosure [should] shall, at a minimum, include the health and 
safety risks associated with boxing, and, in particular, the 
risk and frequency of brain injury and the advisability that a 
boxer periodically undergo medical procedures designed to 
detect brain injury.
  (d) Copy of Registration and Identification Cards To Be Sent 
to Commission.--A boxing commission shall furnish a copy of 
each registration received under subsection (a), and each 
identification card issued under subsection (b), to the 
Commission.

SEC. [7.] 105. REVIEW. [15 U.S.C. 6306]

  [(a) Procedures.--]Each boxing commission shall establish 
each of the following procedures:
          (1) Procedures to evaluate the professional records 
        and physician's certification of each boxer 
        participating in a professional boxing match in the 
        State, and to deny authorization for a boxer to fight 
        where appropriate.
          (2) Procedures to ensure [that, except as provided in 
        subsection (b), no] that no boxer is permitted to box 
        while under suspension from any boxing commission due 
        to--
                  (A) a recent knockout or series of 
                consecutive losses;
                  (B) an injury, requirement for a medical 
                procedure, or physician denial of 
                certification;
                  (C) failure of a drug test;
                  (D) the use of false aliases, or falsifying, 
                or attempting to falsify, official 
                identification cards or documents; or
                  (E) unsportsmanlike conduct or other 
                inappropriate behavior inconsistent with 
                generally accepted methods of competition in a 
                professional boxing match.
          [(3) Procedures to review a suspension where appealed 
        by a boxer, licensee, manager, matchmaker, promoter, or 
        other boxing service provider, including an opportunity 
        for a boxer, licensee, manager, matchmaker, promoter, 
        or other boxing service provider to present 
        contradictory evidence.
          [(4) Procedures to revoke a suspension where a 
        boxer--
                  [(A) was suspended under subparagraph (A) or 
                (B) of paragraph (2) of this subsection, and 
                has furnished further proof of a sufficiently 
                improved medical or physical condition; or
                  [(B) furnishes proof under subparagraph (C) 
                or (D) of paragraph (2) that a suspension was 
                not, or is no longer, merited by the facts.]
          (3) Procedures to review a summary suspension when a 
        hearing before the boxing commission is requested by a 
        boxer, licensee, manager, matchmaker, promoter, or 
        other boxing service provider which provides an 
        opportunity for that person to present evidence.
  [(b) Suspension in another State.--A boxing commission may 
allow a boxer who is under suspension in any State to 
participate in a professional boxing match--
          [(1) for any reason other than those listed in 
        subsection (a) if such commission notifies in writing 
        and consults with the designated official of the 
        suspending State's boxing commission prior to the grant 
        of approval for such individual to participate in that 
        professional boxing match; or
          [(2) if the boxer appeals to the Association of 
        Boxing Commissions, and the Association of Boxing 
        Commissions determines that the suspension of such 
        boxer was without sufficient grounds, for an improper 
        purpose, or not related to the health and safety of the 
        boxer or the purposes of this Act.]

SEC. [8.] 106.  REPORTING. [15 U.S.C. 6307]

  Not later than [48 business hours] 2 business days after the 
conclusion of a professional boxing match, the supervising 
boxing commission shall report the results of such [bxoing] 
boxing match and any related suspensions to [each boxer 
registry.] the Commission.

[SEC. 9. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS. [15 U.S.C. 6307A]

  [Within 2 years after the date of the enactment of the 
Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act, the Association of Boxing 
Commissions (ABC) shall develop and shall approve by a vote of 
no less than a majority of its member State boxing 
commissioners, guidelines for minimum contractual provisions 
that should be included in bout agreements and boxing 
contracts. It is the sense of the Congress that State boxing 
commissions should follow these ABC guidelines.]

SEC. 107. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) In General.--The Commission, in consultation with the 
Association of Boxing Commissions, shall develop guidelines for 
minimum contractual provisions that shall be included in each 
bout agreement, boxer-manager contract, and promotional 
agreement. Each boxing commission shall ensure that these 
minimal contractual provisions are present in any such 
agreement or contract submitted to it.
  (b) Filing and Approval Requirements.--
          (1) Commission.--A manager or promoter shall submit a 
        copy of each boxer-manager contract and each 
        promotional agreement between that manager or promoter 
        and a boxer to the Commission, and, if requested, to 
        the boxing commission with jurisdiction over the bout.
          (2) Boxing commission.--A boxing commission may not 
        approve a professional boxing match unless a copy of 
        the bout agreement related to that match has been filed 
        with it and approved by it.
  (c) Bond or Other Surety.--A boxing commission may not 
approve a professional boxing match unless the promoter of that 
match has posted a surety bond, cashier's check, letter of 
credit, cash, or other security with the boxing commission in 
an amount acceptable to the boxing commission.

SEC. [10.] 108. PROTECTION FROM COERCIVE CONTRACTS. [15 U.S.C. 6307B]

  (a) General Rule.--
          (1)(A) A contract provision shall be considered to be 
        in restraint of trade, contrary to public policy, and 
        unenforceable against any boxer to the extent that it--
                  (i) is a coercive provision described in 
                subparagraph (B) and is for a period greater 
                than 12 months; or
                  (ii) is a coercive provision described in 
                subparagraph (B) and the other boxer under 
                contract to the promoter came under that 
                contract pursuant to a coercive provision 
                described in subparagraph (B).
          (B) A coercive provision described in this 
        subparagraph is a contract provision that grants any 
        rights between a boxer and a promoter, or between 
        promoters with respect to a boxer, if the boxer is 
        required to grant such rights, or a boxer's promoter is 
        required to grant such rights with respect to a boxer 
        to another promoter, as a condition precedent to the 
        boxer's participation in a professional boxing match 
        against another boxer who is under contract to the 
        promoter.
  (2) This subsection shall only apply to contracts entered 
into after the date of the enactment of the Muhammad Ali Boxing 
Reform Act.
  [(3) No subsequent contract provision extending any rights or 
compensation covered in paragraph (1) shall be enforceable 
against a boxer if the effective date of the contract 
containing such provision is earlier than 3 months before the 
expiration of the relevant time period set forth in paragraph 
(1).]
  (b) Promotional Rights under Mandatory or Elimination Bout 
Contracts.--No boxing service provider may require a boxer to 
grant any future promotional rights as a requirement of 
competing in a professional boxing match that is a mandatory or 
elimination bout under the rules of a sanctioning organization.
  (c) Protection from Coercive Contracts with Broadcasters.--
Subsection (a) of this section applies to any contract between 
a commercial broadcaster and a boxer, or granting any rights 
with respect to that boxer, involving a broadcast in or 
affecting interstate commerce, regardless of the broadcast 
medium. For the purpose of this subsection, any reference in 
subsection (a)(1)(B) to ``promoter'' shall be considered a 
reference to ``commercial broadcaster''.

[SEC. 11. SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS. [15 U.S.C. 6307C]

  [(a) Objective Criteria.--Within 2 years after the date of 
the enactment of the Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act, the 
Association of Boxing Commissions shall develop and shall 
approve by a vote of no less than a majority of its member 
State boxing commissioners, guidelines for objective and 
consistent written criteria for the ratings of professional 
boxers. It is the sense of the Congress that sanctioning bodies 
and State boxing commissions should follow these ABC 
guidelines.
  [(b) Appeals Process.--A sanctioning organization shall not 
be entitled to receive any compensation, directly or 
indirectly, in connection with a boxing match, until it 
provides the boxers with notice that the sanctioning 
organization shall, within 7 days after receiving a request 
from a boxer questioning that organization's rating of the 
boxer--
          [(1) provide to the boxer a written explanation of 
        the organization's criteria, its rating of the boxer, 
        and the rationale or basis for its rating (including a 
        response to any specific questions submitted by the 
        boxer); and
          [(2) submit a copy of its explanation to the 
        Association of Boxing Commissions.
  [(c) Notification of Change in Rating.--A sanctioning 
organization shall not be entitled to receive any compensation, 
directly or indirectly, in connection with a boxing match, 
until, with respect to a change in the rating of a boxer 
previously rated by such organization in the top 10 boxers, the 
organization--
          [(1) posts a copy, within 7 days of such change, on 
        its Internet website or home page, if any, including an 
        explanation of such change, for a period of not less 
        than 30 days; and
          [(2) provides a copy of the rating change and 
        explanation to an association to which at least a 
        majority of the State boxing commissions belong.
  [(d) Public Disclosure.--
          [(1) Federal trade commission filing.--A sanctioning 
        organization shall not be entitled to receive any 
        compensation directly or indirectly in connection with 
        a boxing match unless, not later than January 31 of 
        each year, it submits to the Federal Trade Commission 
        and to the ABC--
                  [(A) a complete description of the 
                organization's ratings criteria, policies, and 
                general sanctioning fee schedule;
                  [(B) the bylaws of the organization;
                  [(C) the appeals procedure of the 
                organization for a boxer's rating; and
                  [(D) a list and business address of the 
                organization's officials who vote on the 
                ratings of boxers.
          [(2) Format; updates.--A sanctioning organization 
        shall--
                  [(A) provide the information required under 
                paragraph (1) in writing, and, for any document 
                greater than 2 pages in length, also in 
                electronic form; and
                  [(B) promptly notify the Federal Trade 
                Commission of any material change in the 
                information submitted.
          [(3) Federal trade commission to make information 
        available to public.--The Federal Trade Commission 
        shall make information received under this subsection 
        available to the public. The Commission may assess 
        sanctioning organizations a fee to offset the costs it 
        incurs in processing the information and making it 
        available to the public.
          [(4) Internet alternative.--In lieu of submitting the 
        information required by paragraph (1) to the Federal 
        Trade Commission, a sanctioning organization may 
        provide the information to the public by maintaining a 
        website on the Internet that--
                  [(A) is readily accessible by the general 
                public using generally available search engines 
                and does not require a password or payment of a 
                fee for full access to all the information;
                  [(B) contains all the information required to 
                be submitted to the Federal Trade Commission by 
                paragraph (1) in an easy to search and use 
                format; and
                  [(C) is updated whenever there is a material 
                change in the information.]

SEC. 109. SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS.

  (a) Objective Criteria.--Within 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the Professional Boxing Amendments Act of 2009, 
the Commission shall develop guidelines for objective and 
consistent written criteria for the rating of professional 
boxers based on the athletic merits and professional record of 
the boxers. Within 90 days after the Commission's promulgation 
of the guidelines, each sanctioning organization shall adopt 
the guidelines and follow them.
  (b) Notification of Change in Rating.--A sanctioning 
organization shall, with respect to a change in the rating of a 
boxer previously rated by such organization in the top 10 
boxers--
          (1) post a copy, within 7 days after the change, on 
        its Internet website or home page, if any, including an 
        explanation of the change, for a period of not less 
        than 30 days;
          (2) provide a copy of the rating change and a 
        thorough explanation in writing under penalty of 
        perjury to the boxer and the Commission;
          (3) provide the boxer an opportunity to appeal the 
        ratings change to the sanctioning organization; and
          (4) apply the objective criteria for ratings required 
        under subsection (a) in considering any such appeal.
  (c) Challenge of Rating.--If, after disposing with an appeal 
under subsection (b)(3), a sanctioning organization receives a 
petition from a boxer challenging that organization's rating of 
the boxer, it shall (except to the extent otherwise required by 
the Commission), within 7 days after receiving the petition--
          (1) provide to the boxer a written explanation under 
        penalty of perjury of the organization's rating 
        criteria, its rating of the boxer, and the rationale or 
        basis for its rating (including a response to any 
        specific questions submitted by the boxer); and
          (2) submit a copy of its explanation to the 
        Association of Boxing Commissions and the Commission 
        for their review.

SEC. [12.] 110. REQUIRED DISCLOSURES TO STATE BOXING COMMISSIONS BY 
                    SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS. [15 U.S.C. 6307D]

  [A sanctioning organization shall not be entitled to receive 
any compensation directly or indirectly in connection with a 
boxing match until it provides to the boxing commission 
responsible for regulating the match in a State a statement 
of--]
  Within 7 days after a professional boxing match of 10 rounds 
or more, the sanctioning organization, if any, for that match 
shall provide to the Commission, and, if requested, to the 
boxing commission in the State or on Indian land responsible 
for regulating the match, a written statement of--
          (1) all charges, fees, and costs the organization 
        [will assess] has assessed, or will assess, any boxer 
        participating in that match;
          (2) all payments, benefits, complimentary benefits, 
        and fees the organization [will receive] has received, 
        or will receive, for its affiliation with the event, 
        from the promoter, host of the event, and all other 
        sources; and
          (3) such additional information as the commission may 
        require.

SEC. [13.] 111. REQUIRED DISCLOSURES FOR [PROMOTERS.] PROMOTERS AND 
                    BROADCASTERS. [15 U.S.C. 6307E]

  [(a) Disclosures to the Boxing Commissions.--A promoter shall 
not be entitled to receive any compensation directly or 
indirectly in connection with a boxing match until it provides 
to the boxing commission responsible for regulating the match 
in a State a statement of--]
  (a) Disclosures to Boxing Commissions and the Commission.--
Within 7 days after a professional boxing match of 10 rounds or 
more, the promoter of any boxer participating in that match 
shall provide to the Commission, and, if requested, to the 
boxing commission in the State or on Indian land responsible 
for regulating the match--
          (1) a copy of any agreement in [writing] writing, 
        other than a bout agreement previously provided to the 
        commission, to which the promoter is a party with any 
        boxer participating in the match;
          (2) a statement made under penalty of perjury that 
        there are no other agreements, written or oral, between 
        the promoter and the boxer with respect to that match; 
        and
          (3)(A) [all fees, charges, and expenses that will be] 
        a written statement of all fees, charges, and expenses 
        that have been, or will be, assessed by or through the 
        promoter on the boxer pertaining to the event, 
        including any portion of the boxer's purse that the 
        promoter will receive, and training expenses;
                  (B) a written statement of all payments, 
                gifts, or benefits the promoter is providing to 
                any sanctioning organization affiliated with 
                the event; and
                  (C) a statement of any reduction in a boxer's 
                purse contrary to a previous agreement between 
                the promoter and the boxer or a purse bid held 
                for the event.
  (b) Disclosures to the Boxer.--[A promoter shall not be 
entitled to receive any compensation directly or indirectly in 
connection with a boxing match until it provides to the boxer 
it promotes--] Within 7 days after a professional boxing match 
of 10 rounds or more, the promoter of the match shall provide 
to each boxer participating in the bout or match with whom the 
promoter has a bout or promotional agreement a statement of--
          (1) the amounts of any compensation or consideration 
        that a promoter has contracted to receive from such 
        [match;] match, and that the promoter has paid, or 
        agreed to pay, to any other person in connection with 
        the match;
          (2) all fees, charges, and expenses that will be 
        assessed by or through the promoter on the boxer 
        pertaining to the event, including any portion of the 
        boxer's purse that the promoter will receive, and 
        training expenses; and
          (3) any reduction in a boxer's purse contrary to a 
        previous agreement between the promoter and the boxer 
        or a purse bid held for the event.
  (c) Information To Be Available to State Attorney General.--A 
promoter shall make information required to be disclosed under 
this section available to the chief law enforcement officer of 
the State in which the match is to be held upon request of such 
officer.
  (d) Required Disclosures by Broadcasters.--
          (1) In general.--A broadcaster that owns the 
        television broadcast rights for a professional boxing 
        match of 10 rounds or more shall, within 7 days after 
        that match, provide to the Commission--
                  (A) a statement of any advance, guarantee, or 
                license fee paid or owed by the broadcaster to 
                a promoter in connection with that match;
                  (B) a copy of any contract executed by or on 
                behalf of the broadcaster with--
                          (i) a boxer who participated in that 
                        match; or
                          (ii) the boxer's manager, promoter, 
                        promotional company, or other 
                        representative or the owner or 
                        representative of the site of the 
                        match; and
                  (C) a list identifying sources of income 
                received from the broadcast of the match.
          (2) Copy to boxing commission.--Upon request from the 
        boxing commission in the State or Indian land 
        responsible for regulating a match to which paragraph 
        (1) applies, a broadcaster shall provide the 
        information described in paragraph (1) to that boxing 
        commission.
          (3) Confidentiality.--The information provided to the 
        Commission or to a boxing commission pursuant to this 
        subsection shall be confidential and not revealed by 
        the Commission or a boxing commission, except that the 
        Commission may publish an analysis of the data in 
        aggregate form or in a manner which does not disclose 
        confidential information about identifiable 
        broadcasters.
          (4) Television broadcast rights.--In paragraph (1), 
        the term ``television broadcast rights'' means the 
        right to broadcast the match, or any part thereof, via 
        a broadcast station, cable service, or multichannel 
        video programming distributor as such terms are defined 
        in section 3(5), 602(6), and 602(13) of the 
        Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 153(5), 602(6), 
        and 602(13), respectively).

[SEC. 14. REQUIRED DISCLOSURES FOR JUDGES AND REFEREES. [15 U.S.C. 
                    6307F]

  [A judge or referee shall not be entitled to receive any 
compensation, directly or indirectly, in connection with a 
boxing match until it provides to the boxing commission 
responsible for regulating the match in a State a statement of 
all consideration, including reimbursement for expenses, that 
will be received from any source for participation in the 
match.]

SEC. 112. MEDICAL REGISTRY.

  (a) In General.--The Commission shall establish and maintain, 
or certify a third party entity to establish and maintain, a 
medical registry that contains comprehensive medical records 
and medical denials or suspensions for every licensed boxer.
  (b) Content; Submission.--The Commission shall determine--
          (1) the nature of medical records and medical 
        suspensions of a boxer that are to be forwarded to the 
        medical registry; and
          (2) the time within which the medical records and 
        medical suspensions are to be submitted to the medical 
        registry.
  (c) Confidentiality.--The Commission shall establish 
confidentiality standards for the disclosure of personally 
identifiable information to boxing commissions that will--
          (1) protect the health and safety of boxers by making 
        relevant information available to the boxing 
        commissions for use but not public disclosure; and
          (2) ensure that the privacy of the boxers is 
        protected.

SEC. [15.] 113. CONFIDENTIALITY. [15 U.S.C. 6307G]

  [(a) In General.--Neither a boxing commission or an Attorney 
General may disclose to the public any matter furnished by a 
promoter under section 13 except to the extent required in a 
legal, administrative, or judicial proceeding.]
  (a) In General.--Except to the extent required in a legal, 
administrative, or judicial proceeding, a boxing commission, an 
Attorney General, or the Commission may not disclose to the 
public any matter furnished by a promoter under section 111.
  (b) Effect of Contrary State Law.--If a State law governing a 
boxing commission requires that information that would be 
furnished by a promoter under [section 13] section 111 shall be 
made public, then a promoter is not required to file such 
information with such State if the promoter files such 
information with the ABC.

SEC. [16.] 114. JUDGES AND REFEREES. [15 U.S.C. 6307H]

  (a) Licensing and Assignment Requirement._No person may 
arrange, promote, organize, produce, or fight in a professional 
boxing match unless all referees and judges participating in 
the match have been [certified and approved] selected by the 
boxing commission responsible for regulating the match in the 
State or Indian lands where the match is held.
  (b) Championship and 10-Round Bouts.--In addition to the 
requirements of subsection (a), no person may arrange, promote, 
organize, produce, or fight in a professional boxing match 
advertised to the public as a championship match or in a 
professional boxing match scheduled for 10 rounds or more 
unless all referees and judges participating in the match have 
been licensed by the Commission.
  (c) Role of Sanctioning Organization.--A sanctioning 
organization may provide a list of judges and referees deemed 
qualified by that organization to a boxing commission, but the 
boxing commission shall select, license, and appoint the judges 
and referees participating in the match.
  (d) Assignment of Nonresident Judges and Referees.--A boxing 
commission may assign judges and referees who reside outside 
that commission's State or Indian land.
  (e) Required Disclosure.--A judge or referee shall provide to 
the boxing commission responsible for regulating a professional 
boxing match in a State or on Indian land a statement of all 
consideration, including reimbursement for expenses, that the 
judge or referee has received, or will receive, from any source 
for participation in the match. If the match is scheduled for 
10 rounds or more, the judge or referee shall also provide such 
a statement to the Commission.

SEC. [17.] 115 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST. [15 U.S.C. 6308]

  (a) Regulatory Personnel.--No member or employee of a boxing 
commission, no person who administers or [enforces State boxing 
laws,] implements State or tribal boxing laws, no officer or 
employee of the Commission, and no member of the Association of 
Boxing Commissions may [belong to,] hold office in, contract 
with, or receive any compensation from, any person who 
sanctions, arranges, or promotes professional boxing matches or 
who otherwise has a financial interest in an active boxer 
currently registered with a boxer registry. For purposes of 
this section, the term ``compensation'' does not include funds 
held in escrow for payment to another person in connection with 
a professional boxing match. [The prohibition set forth in this 
section shall not apply to any contract entered into, or any 
reasonable compensation received, by a boxing commission to 
supervise a professional boxing match in another State as 
described in section 4.]
  [(b) Firewall between Promoters and Managers.--
          [(1) In general.--It is unlawful for--
                  [(A) a promoter to have a direct or indirect 
                financial interest in the management of a 
                boxer; or
                  [(B) a manager--
                          [(i) to have a direct or indirect 
                        financial interest in the promotion of 
                        a boxer; or
                          [(ii) to be employed by or receive 
                        compensation or other benefits from a 
                        promoter, except for amounts received 
                        as consideration under the manager's 
                        contract with the boxer.
          [(2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1)--
                  [(A) does not prohibit a boxer from acting as 
                his own promoter or manager; and
                  [(B) only applies to boxers participating in 
                a boxing match of 10 rounds or more.]
  (b) Boxers.--A boxer may not own or control, directly or 
indirectly, an entity that promotes the boxer's bouts if that 
entity is responsible for--
          (1) executing a bout agreement or promotional 
        agreement with the boxer's opponent; or
          (2) providing any payment or other compensation to--
                  (A) the boxer's opponent for participation in 
                a bout with the boxer;
                  (B) the boxing commission that will regulate 
                the bout; or
                  (C) ring officials who officiate at the bout.
  (c) Sanctioning Organizations.--
          (1) Prohibition on receipts.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (2), no officer or employee of a sanctioning 
        organization may receive any compensation, gift, or 
        benefit, directly or indirectly, from a promoter, 
        boxer, or manager.
          (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to--
                  (A) the receipt of payment by a promoter, 
                boxer, or manager of a sanctioning 
                organization's published fee for sanctioning a 
                professional boxing match or reasonable 
                expenses in connection therewith if the payment 
                is reported to the responsible boxing 
                commission; or
                  (B) the receipt of a gift or benefit of de 
                minimis value.

SEC. [18.] 116. ENFORCEMENT. [15 U.S.C. 6309]

  [(a) Injunctions.--] (a) Actions by Attorney General._
Whenever the Attorney General of the United States has 
reasonable cause to believe that a person is engaged in a 
violation [of this Act,] of this title, the Attorney General 
may bring a civil action in the appropriate district court of 
the United States requesting such relief, including a permanent 
or temporary injunction, restraining order, or other order, 
against the person, as the Attorney General determines to be 
necessary to restrain the person from continuing to engage in, 
sanction, promote, or otherwise participate in a professional 
boxing match in violation [of this Act.] of this title.
  (b) Criminal Penalties.--
          (1) Managers, promoters, matchmakers, and 
        licensees.--Any manager, promoter, matchmaker, and 
        licensee who knowingly violates, or coerces or causes 
        any other person to violate, any provision [of this 
        Act,] of this title other than section [9(b), 10, 11, 
        12, 13, 14, or 16,] 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, or 114, 
        shall, upon conviction, be imprisoned for not more than 
        1 year or fined not more than $20,000, or both.
          (2) Violation of antiexploitation, sanctioning 
        organization, or disclosure provisions.--Any person who 
        knowingly violates any provision of section [9(b), 10, 
        11, 12, 13, 14, or 16 of this Act] 107, 108, 109, 110, 
        111, or 114 of this title shall, upon conviction, be 
        imprisoned for not more than 1 year or fined not more 
        than--
                  (A) $100,000; and
                  (B) if a violation occurs in connection with 
                a professional boxing match the gross revenues 
                for which exceed $2,000,000, an additional 
                amount which bears the same ratio to $100,000 
                as the amount of such revenues compared to 
                $2,000,000, or both.
          (3) Conflict of interest.--Any member or employee of 
        a boxing commission, any person who administers or 
        enforces State boxing laws, any officer or employee of 
        the Commission, and any member of the Association of 
        Boxing Commissions who knowingly violates [section 
        17(a) of this Act] section 115(a) of this title shall, 
        upon conviction, be imprisoned for not more than 1 year 
        or fined not more than $20,000, or both.
          (4) Boxers.--Any boxer who knowingly violates any 
        provision [of this Act] of this title shall, upon 
        conviction, be fined not more than $1,000.
  (c) Actions by States.--Whenever the chief law enforcement 
officer of any State has reason to believe that a person or 
organization has engaged in or is engaging in practices which 
violate any requirement [of this Act,] of this title, the 
State, as parens patriae, may bring a civil action on behalf of 
its residents in an appropriate district court of the United 
States--
          (1) to enjoin the holding of any professional boxing 
        match which the practice involves;
          (2) to enforce compliance with this Act;
          (3) to obtain the fines provided under [subsection 
        (b)] subsection (b), a civil penalty, or appropriate 
        restitution; or
          (4) to obtain such other relief as the court may deem 
        appropriate.
  (d) Private Right of Action.--Any [boxer] person who suffers 
economic injury as a result of a violation of any provision [of 
this Act] of this title may bring an action in the appropriate 
Federal or State court and recover the damages suffered, court 
costs, and reasonable attorneys fees and expenses.
  (e) Enforcement against [Federal Trade Commission,] United 
States Boxing Commission, State Attorneys General, etc.--
Nothing in this Act authorizes the enforcement of--
          (1) any provision [of this Act] of this title against 
        the [Federal Trade Commission,] United States Boxing 
        Commission, the United States Attorney General, or the 
        chief legal officer of any State for acting or failing 
        to act in an official capacity;
          (2) subsection (d) of this section against a State or 
        political subdivision of a State, or any agency or 
        instrumentality thereof; or
          (3) [section 10] section 108 against a boxer acting 
        in his capacity as a boxer.

[SEC. 19. NOTIFICATION OF SUPERVISING BOXING COMMISSION. [15 U.S.C. 
                    6310]

  [Each promoter who intends to hold a professional boxing 
match in a State that does not have a boxing commission shall, 
not later than 14 days before the intended date of that match, 
provide written notification to the supervising boxing 
commission designated under section 4. Such notification shall 
contain each of the following:
          [(1) Assurances that, with respect to that 
        professional boxing match, all applicable requirements 
        [of this Act] of this title will be met.
          [(2) The name of any person who, at the time of the 
        submission of the notification--
                  [(A) is under suspension from a boxing 
                commission; and
                  [(B) will be involved in organizing or 
                participating in the event.
          [(3) For any individual listed under paragraph (2), 
        the identity of the boxing commission that issued the 
        suspension described in paragraph (2)(A).]

[SEC. 20. STUDIES. [15 U.S.C. 6311]

  [(a) Pension.--The Secretary of Labor shall conduct a study 
on the feasibility and cost of a national pension system for 
boxers, including potential funding sources.
  [(b) Health, Safety and Equipment.--The Secretary of Health 
and Human Services shall conduct a study to develop 
recommendations for health, safety, and equipment standards for 
boxers and for professional boxing matches.
  [(c) Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Labor shall submit a 
report to the Congress on the findings of the study conducted 
pursuant to subsection (a). Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services shall submit a report to the Congress on the 
findings of the study conducted pursuant to subsection (b).]

[SEC. 21. PROFESSIONAL BOXING MATCHES CONDUCTED ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS. 
                    [15 U.S.C. 6312]

  [(a) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the 
following definitions shall apply:
          [(1) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the 
        same meaning as in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
        450b(e)).
          [(2) Reservation.--The term ``reservation'' means the 
        geographically defined area over which a tribal 
        organization exercises governmental jurisdiction.
          [(3) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
        organization'' has the same meaning as in section 4(l) 
        of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
        Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(l)).
  [(b) Requirements.--
          [(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, a tribal organization of an Indian tribe may, 
        upon the initiative of the tribal organization--
                  [(A) regulate professional boxing matches 
                held within the reservation under the 
                jurisdiction of that tribal organization; and
                  [(B) carry out that regulation or enter into 
                a contract with a boxing commission to carry 
                out that regulation.
          [(2) Standards and licensing.--If a tribal 
        organization regulates professional boxing matches 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), the tribal organization 
        shall, by tribal ordinance or resolution, establish and 
        provide for the implementation of health and safety 
        standards, licensing requirements, and other 
        requirements relating to the conduct of professional 
        boxing matches that are at least as restrictive as--
                  [(A) the otherwise applicable standards and 
                requirements of a State in which the 
                reservation is located; or
                  [(B) the most recently published version of 
                the recommended regulatory guidelines certified 
                and publsihed by the Association of Boxing 
                Commissions.]

SEC. 117. PROFESSIONAL BOXING MATCHES CONDUCTED ON INDIAN LANDS.

  (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
a tribal organization may establish a boxing commission to 
regulate professional boxing matches held on Indian land under 
the jurisdiction of that tribal organization.
  (b) Standards and Licensing.--A tribal organization that 
establishes a boxing commission shall, by tribal ordinance or 
resolution, establish and provide for the implementation of 
health and safety standards, licensing requirements, and other 
requirements relating to the conduct of professional boxing 
matches that are at least as restrictive as--
          (1) the otherwise applicable requirements of the 
        State in which the Indian land on which the 
        professional boxing match is held is located; or
          (2) the guidelines established by the United States 
        Boxing Commission.
  (c) Application of Act to Boxing Matches on Tribal Lands.--
The provisions of this title apply to professional boxing 
matches held on tribal lands to the same extent and in the same 
way as they apply to professional boxing matches held in any 
State.

SEC. [22.] 118. RELATIONSHIP WITH STATE OR TRIBAL LAW. [15 U.S.C. 6313]

  Nothing in this Act shall prohibit a State or Indian tribe 
from adopting or enforcing supplemental or more stringent laws 
or regulations not inconsistent with this Act, or criminal, 
civil, or administrative fines for violations of such laws or 
regulations.

               TITLE II--UNITED STATES BOXING COMMISSION

SEC. 201. PURPOSE.

  The purpose of this title is to protect the health, safety, 
and welfare of boxers and to ensure fairness in the sport of 
professional boxing.

SEC. 202. UNITED STATES BOXING COMMISSION.

  (a) In General.--The United States Boxing Commission is 
established as a commission within the Department of Commerce.
  (b) Members.--
          (1) In general.--The Commission shall consist of 3 
        members appointed by the President, by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate.
          (2) Qualifications.--
                  (A) In general.--Each member of the 
                Commission shall be a citizen of the United 
                States who--
                          (i) has extensive experience in 
                        professional boxing activities or in a 
                        field directly related to professional 
                        sports;
                          (ii) is of outstanding character and 
                        recognized integrity; and
                          (iii) is selected on the basis of 
                        training, experience, and 
                        qualifications and without regard to 
                        political party affiliation.
                  (B) Specific qualifications for certain 
                members.--At least 1 member of the Commission 
                shall be a former member of a local boxing 
                authority. If practicable, at least 1 member of 
                the Commission shall be a physician or other 
                health care professional duly licensed as such.
                  (C) Disinterested persons.--No member of the 
                Commission may, while serving as a member of 
                the Commission--
                          (i) be engaged as a professional 
                        boxer, boxing promoter, agent, fight 
                        manager, matchmaker, referee, judge, or 
                        in any other capacity in the conduct of 
                        the business of professional boxing;
                          (ii) have any pecuniary interest in 
                        the earnings of any boxer or the 
                        proceeds or outcome of any boxing 
                        match; or
                          (iii) serve as a member of a boxing 
                        commission.
          (3) Bipartisan membership.--Not more than 2 members 
        of the Commission may be members of the same political 
        party.
          (4) Geographic balance.--Not more than 2 members of 
        the Commission may be residents of the same geographic 
        region of the United States when appointed to the 
        Commission. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the 
        area of the United States east of the Mississippi River 
        is a geographic region, and the area of the United 
        States west of the Mississippi River is a geographic 
        region.
          (5) Terms.--
                  (A) In general.--The term of a member of the 
                Commission shall be 3 years.
                  (B) Reappointment.--Members of the Commission 
                may be reappointed to the Commission.
                  (C) Midterm vacancies.--A member of the 
                Commission appointed to fill a vacancy in the 
                Commission occurring before the expiration of 
                the term for which the member's predecessor was 
                appointed shall be appointed for the remainder 
                of that unexpired term.
                  (D) Continuation pending replacement.--A 
                member of the Commission may serve after the 
                expiration of that member's term until a 
                successor has taken office.
          (6) Removal.--A member of the Commission may be 
        removed by the President only for cause.
  (c) Executive Director.--
          (1) In general.--The Commission shall employ an 
        Executive Director to perform the administrative 
        functions of the Commission under this Act, and such 
        other functions and duties of the Commission as the 
        Commission shall specify.
          (2) Discharge of functions.--Subject to the 
        authority, direction, and control of the Commission the 
        Executive Director shall carry out the functions and 
        duties of the Commission under this Act.
  (d) General Counsel.--The Commission shall employ a General 
Counsel to provide legal counsel and advice to the Executive 
Director and the Commission in the performance of its functions 
under this Act, and to carry out such other functions and 
duties as the Commission shall specify.
  (e) Staff.--The Commission shall employ such additional staff 
as the Commission considers appropriate to assist the Executive 
Director and the General Counsel in carrying out the functions 
and duties of the Commission under this Act.
  (f) Compensation.--
          (1) Members of commission.--
                  (A) In general.--Each member of the 
                Commission shall be compensated at a rate equal 
                to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of 
                basic pay prescribed for level IV of the 
                Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 
                5, United States Code, for each day (including 
                travel time) during which such member is 
                engaged in the performance of the duties of the 
                Commission.
                  (B) Travel expenses.--The members of the 
                Commission shall be allowed travel expenses, 
                including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at 
                rates authorized for employees of agencies 
                under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, 
                United States Code, while away from their homes 
                or regular places of business in the 
                performance of services for the Commission.
          (2) Executive director and staff.--The Commission 
        shall fix the compensation of the Executive Director, 
        the General Counsel, and other personnel of the 
        Commission. The rate of pay for the Executive Director, 
        the General Counsel, and other personnel may not exceed 
        the rate payable for level V of the Executive Schedule 
        under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.

SEC. 203. FUNCTIONS.

  (a) Primary Functions.--The primary functions of the 
Commission are--
          (1) to protect the health, safety, and general 
        interests of boxers consistent with the provisions of 
        this Act; and
          (2) to ensure uniformity, fairness, and integrity in 
        professional boxing.
  (b) Specific Functions.--The Commission shall--
          (1) administer title I of this Act;
          (2) promulgate uniform standards for professional 
        boxing in consultation with the Association of Boxing 
        Commissions;
          (3) except as otherwise determined by the Commission, 
        oversee all professional boxing matches in the United 
        States;
          (4) work with the boxing commissions of the several 
        States and tribal organizations--
                  (A) to improve the safety, integrity, and 
                professionalism of professional boxing in the 
                United States;
                  (B) to enhance physical, medical, financial, 
                and other safeguards established for the 
                protection of professional boxers; and
                  (C) to improve the status and standards of 
                professional boxing in the United States;
          (5) ensure, in cooperation with the Attorney General 
        (who shall represent the Commission in any judicial 
        proceeding under this Act), the chief law enforcement 
        officer of the several States, and other appropriate 
        officers and agencies of Federal, State, and local 
        government, that Federal and State laws applicable to 
        professional boxing matches in the United States are 
        vigorously, effectively, and fairly enforced;
          (6) review boxing commission regulations for 
        professional boxing and provide assistance to such 
        authorities in meeting minimum standards prescribed by 
        the Commission under this title;
          (7) serve as the coordinating body for all efforts in 
        the United States to establish and maintain uniform 
        minimum health and safety standards for professional 
        boxing;
          (8) if the Commission determines it to be 
        appropriate, publish a newspaper, magazine, or other 
        publication and establish and maintain a website 
        consistent with the purposes of the Commission;
          (9) procure the temporary and intermittent services 
        of experts and consultants to the extent authorized by 
        section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at 
        rates the Commission determines to be reasonable; and
          (10) promulgate rules, regulations, and guidance, and 
        take any other action necessary and proper to 
        accomplish the purposes of, and consistent with, the 
        provisions of this title.
  (c) Prohibitions.--The Commission may not--
          (1) promote boxing events or rank professional 
        boxers; or
          (2) provide technical assistance to, or authorize the 
        use of the name of the Commission by, boxing 
        commissions that do not comply with requirements of the 
        Commission.
  (d) Use of Name.--The Commission shall have the exclusive 
right to use the name ``United States Boxing Commission''. Any 
person who, without the permission of the Commission, uses that 
name or any other exclusive name, trademark, emblem, symbol, or 
insignia of the Commission for the purpose of inducing the sale 
or exchange of any goods or services, or to promote any 
exhibition, performance, or sporting event, shall be subject to 
suit in a civil action by the Commission for the remedies 
provided in the Act of July 5, 1946 (commonly known as the 
``Trademark Act of 1946''; 15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq.).

SEC. 204. LICENSING AND REGISTRATION OF BOXING PERSONNEL.

  (a) Licensing.--
          (1) Requirement for license.--No person may compete 
        in a professional boxing match or serve as a boxing 
        manager, boxing promoter, or sanctioning organization 
        for a professional boxing match except as provided in a 
        license granted to that person under this subsection.
          (2) Application and term.--
                  (A) In general.--The Commission shall--
                          (i) establish application procedures, 
                        forms, and fees;
                          (ii) establish and publish 
                        appropriate standards for licenses 
                        granted under this section; and
                          (iii) issue a license to any person 
                        who, as determined by the Commission, 
                        meets the standards established by the 
                        Commission under this title.
                  (B) Duration.--A license issued under this 
                section shall be for a renewable--
                          (i) 4-year term for a boxer; and
                          (ii) 2-year term for any other 
                        person.
                  (C) Procedure.--The Commission may issue a 
                license under this paragraph through boxing 
                commissions or in a manner determined by the 
                Commission.
  (b) Licensing Fees.--
          (1) Authority.--The Commission may prescribe and 
        charge reasonable fees for the licensing of persons 
        under this title. The Commission may set, charge, and 
        adjust varying fees on the basis of classifications of 
        persons, functions, and events determined appropriate 
        by the Commission.
          (2) Limitations.--In setting and charging fees under 
        paragraph (1), the Commission shall ensure that, to the 
        maximum extent practicable--
                  (A) club boxing is not adversely effected;
                  (B) sanctioning organizations and promoters 
                pay comparatively the largest portion of the 
                fees; and
                  (C) boxers pay as small a portion of the fees 
                as is possible.
          (3) Collection.--Fees established under this 
        subsection may be collected through boxing commissions 
        or by any other means determined appropriate by the 
        Commission.

SEC. 205. NATIONAL REGISTRY OF BOXING PERSONNEL.

  (a) Requirement for Registry.--The Commission shall establish 
and maintain (or authorize a third party to establish and 
maintain) a unified national computerized registry for the 
collection, storage, and retrieval of information related to 
the performance of its duties.
  (b) Contents.--The information in the registry shall include 
the following:
          (1) Boxers.--A list of professional boxers and data 
        in the medical registry established under section 114 
        of this Act, which the Commission shall secure from 
        disclosure in accordance with the confidentiality 
        requirements of section 114(c).
          (2) Other personnel.--Information (pertinent to the 
        sport of professional boxing) on boxing promoters, 
        boxing matchmakers, boxing managers, trainers, cut men, 
        referees, boxing judges, physicians, and any other 
        personnel determined by the Commission as performing a 
        professional activity for professional boxing matches.

SEC. 206. CONSULTATION REQUIREMENTS.

  The Commission shall consult with the Association of Boxing 
Commissions--
          (1) before prescribing any regulation or establishing 
        any standard under the provisions of this title; and
          (2) not less than once each year regarding matters 
        relating to professional boxing.

SEC. 207. MISCONDUCT.

  (a) Suspension and Revocation of License or Registration.--
          (1) Authority.--The Commission may, after notice and 
        opportunity for a hearing, suspend or revoke any 
        license issued under this title if the Commission finds 
        that--
                  (A) the license holder has violated any 
                provision of this Act;
                  (B) there are reasonable grounds for belief 
                that a standard prescribed by the Commission 
                under this title is not being met, or that 
                bribery, collusion, intentional losing, 
                racketeering, extortion, or the use of unlawful 
                threats, coercion, or intimidation have 
                occurred in connection with a license; or
                  (C) the suspension or revocation is necessary 
                for the protection of health and safety or is 
                otherwise in the public interest.
          (2) Period of suspension.--
                  (A) In general.--A suspension of a license 
                under this section shall be effective for a 
                period determined appropriate by the Commission 
                except as provided in subparagraph (B).
                  (B) Suspension for medical reasons.--In the 
                case of a suspension or denial of the license 
                of a boxer for medical reasons by the 
                Commission, the Commission may terminate the 
                suspension or denial at any time that a 
                physician certifies that the boxer is fit to 
                participate in a professional boxing match. The 
                Commission shall prescribe the standards and 
                procedures for accepting certifications under 
                this subparagraph.
          (3) Period of revocation.--In the case of a 
        revocation of the license of a boxer, the revocation 
        shall be for a period of not less than 1 year.
  (b) Investigations and Injunctions.--
          (1) Authority.--The Commission may--
                  (A) conduct any investigation that it 
                considers necessary to determine whether any 
                person has violated, or is about to violate, 
                any provision of this Act or any regulation 
                prescribed under this Act;
                  (B) require or permit any person to file with 
                it a statement in writing, under oath or 
                otherwise as the Commission shall determine, as 
                to all the facts and circumstances concerning 
                the matter to be investigated;
                  (C) in its discretion, publish information 
                concerning any violations; and
                  (D) investigate any facts, conditions, 
                practices, or matters to aid in the enforcement 
                of the provisions of this Act, in the 
                prescribing of regulations under this Act, or 
                in securing information to serve as a basis for 
                recommending legislation concerning the matters 
                to which this Act relates.
          (2) Powers.--
                  (A) In general.--For the purpose of any 
                investigation under paragraph (1) or any other 
                proceeding under this title--
                          (i) any officer designated by the 
                        Commission may administer oaths and 
                        affirmations, subpena or otherwise 
                        compel the attendance of witnesses, 
                        take evidence, and require the 
                        production of any books, papers, 
                        correspondence, memoranda, or other 
                        records the Commission considers 
                        relevant or material to the inquiry; 
                        and
                          (ii) the provisions of sections 6002 
                        and 6004 of title 18, United States 
                        Code, shall apply.
                  (B) Witnesses and evidence.--The attendance 
                of witnesses and the production of any 
                documents under subparagraph (A) may be 
                required from any place in the United States, 
                including Indian land, at any designated place 
                of hearing.
          (3) Enforcement of subpoenas.--
                  (A) Civil action.--In case of contumacy by, 
                or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to, any 
                person, the Commission may file an action in 
                any district court of the United States within 
                the jurisdiction of which an investigation or 
                proceeding is carried out, or where that person 
                resides or carries on business, to enforce the 
                attendance and testimony of witnesses and the 
                production of books, papers, correspondence, 
                memorandums, and other records. The court may 
                issue an order requiring the person to appear 
                before the Commission to produce records, if so 
                ordered, or to give testimony concerning the 
                matter under investigation or in question.
                  (B) Failure to obey.--Any failure to obey an 
                order issued by a court under subparagraph (A) 
                may be punished as contempt of that court.
                  (C) Process.--All process in any contempt 
                case under subparagraph (A) may be served in 
                the judicial district in which the person is an 
                inhabitant or in which the person may be found.
          (4) Evidence of criminal misconduct.--
                  (A) In general.--No person may be excused 
                from attending and testifying or from producing 
                books, papers, contracts, agreements, and other 
                records and documents before the Commission, in 
                obedience to the subpoena of the Commission, or 
                in any cause or proceeding instituted by the 
                Commission, on the ground that the testimony or 
                evidence, documentary or otherwise, required of 
                that person may tend to incriminate the person 
                or subject the person to a penalty or 
                forfeiture.
                  (B) Limited immunity.--No individual may be 
                prosecuted or subject to any penalty or 
                forfeiture for, or on account of, any 
                transaction, matter, or thing concerning the 
                matter about which that individual is 
                compelled, after having claimed a privilege 
                against self-incrimination, to testify or 
                produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, 
                except that the individual so testifying shall 
                not be exempt from prosecution and punishment 
                for perjury committed in so testifying.
          (5) Injunctive relief.--If the Commission determines 
        that any person is engaged or about to engage in any 
        act or practice that constitutes a violation of any 
        provision of this Act, or of any regulation prescribed 
        under this Act, the Commission may bring an action in 
        the appropriate district court of the United States, 
        the United States District Court for the District of 
        Columbia, or the United States courts of any territory 
        or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the 
        United States, to enjoin the act or practice, and upon 
        a proper showing, the court shall grant without bond a 
        permanent or temporary injunction or restraining order.
          (6) Mandamus.--Upon application of the Commission, 
        the district courts of the United States, the United 
        States District Court for the District of Columbia, and 
        the United States courts of any territory or other 
        place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, 
        shall have jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus 
        commanding any person to comply with the provisions of 
        this Act or any order of the Commission.
  (c) Intervention in Civil Actions.--
          (1) In general.--The Commission, on behalf of the 
        public interest, may intervene of right as provided 
        under rule 24(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil 
        Procedure in any civil action relating to professional 
        boxing filed in a district court of the United States.
          (2) Amicus filing.--The Commission may file a brief 
        in any action filed in a court of the United States on 
        behalf of the public interest in any case relating to 
        professional boxing.
  (d) Hearings by Commission.--Hearings conducted by the 
Commission under this Act shall be public and may be held 
before any officer of the Commission. The Commission shall keep 
appropriate records of the hearings.

SEC. 208. NONINTERFERENCE WITH BOXING COMMISSIONS.

  (a) Noninterference.--Nothing in this Act prohibits any 
boxing commission from exercising any of its powers, duties, or 
functions with respect to the regulation or supervision of 
professional boxing or professional boxing matches to the 
extent not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act.
  (b) Minimum Standards.--Nothing in this Act prohibits any 
boxing commission from enforcing local standards or 
requirements that exceed the minimum standards or requirements 
promulgated by the Commission under this Act.

SEC. 209. ASSISTANCE FROM OTHER AGENCIES.

  Any employee of any executive department, agency, bureau, 
board, commission, office, independent establishment, or 
instrumentality may be detailed to the Commission, upon the 
request of the Commission, on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable 
basis, with the consent of the appropriate authority having 
jurisdiction over the employee. While so detailed, an employee 
shall continue to receive the compensation provided pursuant to 
law for the employee's regular position of employment and shall 
retain, without interruption, the rights and privileges of that 
employment.

SEC. 210. REPORTS.

  (a) Annual Report.--The Commission shall submit a report on 
its activities to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee 
on Commerce each year. The annual report shall include--
          (1) a detailed discussion of the activities of the 
        Commission for the year covered by the report; and
          (2) an overview of the licensing and enforcement 
        activities of the State and tribal organization boxing 
        commissions.
  (b) Public Report.--The Commission shall annually issue and 
publicize a report of the Commission on the progress made at 
Federal and State levels and on Indian lands in the reform of 
professional boxing, which shall include comments on issues of 
continuing concern to the Commission.
  (c) First Annual Report on the Commission.--The first annual 
report under this title shall be submitted not later than 2 
years after the effective date of this title.

SEC. 211. INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION.

  (a) Temporary Exemption.--The requirements for licensing 
under this title do not apply to a person for the performance 
of an activity as a boxer, boxing judge, or referee, or the 
performance of any other professional activity in relation to a 
professional boxing match, if the person is licensed by a 
boxing commission to perform that activity as of the effective 
date of this title.
  (b) Expiration.--The exemption under subsection (a) with 
respect to a license issued by a boxing commission expires on 
the earlier of--
          (1) the date on which the license expires; or
          (2) the date that is 2 years after the date of the 
        enactment of the Professional Boxing Amendments Act of 
        2005.

SEC. 212. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated for 
the Commission for each fiscal year such sums as may be 
necessary for the Commission to perform its functions for that 
fiscal year.
  (b) Receipts Credited as Offsetting Collections.--
Notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, United States Code, 
any fee collected under this title--
          (1) shall be credited as offsetting collections to 
        the account that finances the activities and services 
        for which the fee is imposed;
          (2) shall be available for expenditure only to pay 
        the costs of activities and services for which the fee 
        is imposed; and
          (3) shall remain available until expended.

                           UNITED STATES CODE

                      Title 5, Part III, Subpart D

                   CHAPTER 53. PAY RATES AND SYSTEMS

Sec. 5315. Positions at level IV

  Level IV of the Executive Schedule applies to the following 
positions, for which the annual rate of basic pay shall be the 
rate determined with respect to such level under chapter 11 of 
title 2, as adjusted by section 5318 of this title:

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          Members of the United States Boxing Commission.