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110th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session                                                     110-755

======================================================================



 
 DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY COMPONENT PRIVACY OFFICER ACT OF 2008

                                _______
                                

 July 10, 2008.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Thompson of Mississippi, from the Committee on Homeland Security, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 5170]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

  The Committee on Homeland Security, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 5170) to amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to 
provide for a privacy official within each component of the 
Department of Homeland Security, and for other purposes, having 
considered the same, report favorably thereon with an amendment 
and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose and Summary..............................................     3
Background and Need for Legislation..............................     3
Hearings.........................................................     3
Committee Consideration..........................................     3
Committee Votes..................................................     4
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     4
New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures     4
Congressional Budget Office Estimate.............................     4
Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives............     5
Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
  Benefits.......................................................     6
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................     6
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................     6
Constitutional Authority Statement...............................     6
Applicability to Legislative Branch..............................     6
Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation...................     6
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     7
  The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Department of Homeland Security 
Component Privacy Officer Act of 2008''.

SEC. 2. ESTABLISHMENT OF PRIVACY OFFICIAL WITHIN EACH COMPONENT OF 
                    DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.

  (a) In General.--Subtitle C of title II of the Homeland Security Act 
of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 141 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 
222 the following new section:

``SEC. 222A. PRIVACY OFFICIALS.

  ``(a) Designation.--
          ``(1) In general.--For each component of the Department under 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary shall, in consultation with the 
        head of the component, designate a full-time privacy official, 
        who shall report directly to the senior official appointed 
        under section 222. Each such component privacy official shall 
        have primary responsibility for its component in implementing 
        the privacy policy for the Department established by the senior 
        official appointed under section 222.
          ``(2) Components.--The components of the Department referred 
        to in this subparagraph are as follows:
                  ``(A) The Transportation Security Administration.
                  ``(B) The Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
                Services.
                  ``(C) Customs and Border Protection.
                  ``(D) Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
                  ``(E) The Federal Emergency Management Agency.
                  ``(F) The Coast Guard.
                  ``(G) The Directorate of Science and Technology.
                  ``(H) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
                  ``(I) The Directorate for National Protection and 
                Programs.
  ``(b) Responsibilities.--Each privacy official designated under 
subsection (a) shall report directly to both the head of the official's 
component and the senior official appointed under section 222, and 
shall have the following responsibilities with respect to the 
component:
          ``(1) Serve as such senior official's main point of contact 
        at the component to implement the polices and directives of 
        such senior official in carrying out section 222.
          ``(2) Advise the head of that component on privacy 
        considerations when any law, regulation, program, policy, 
        procedure, or guideline is proposed, developed, or implemented.
          ``(3) Assure that the use of technologies by the component 
        sustain or enhance privacy protections relating to the use, 
        collection, and disclosure of personal information within the 
        component.
          ``(4) Identify privacy issues related to component programs 
        and apply appropriate privacy policies in accordance with 
        Federal privacy law and Departmental policies developed to 
        ensure that the component protects the privacy of individuals 
        affected by its activities.
          ``(5) Monitor the component's compliance with all applicable 
        Federal privacy laws and regulations, implement corrective, 
        remedial, and preventive actions and notify the senior official 
        appointed under section 222 of privacy issues or non-
        compliance, whenever necessary.
          ``(6) Ensure that personal information contained in Privacy 
        Act systems of records is handled in full compliance with 
        section 552a of title 5, United States Code.
          ``(7) Assist in drafting and reviewing privacy impact 
        assessments, privacy threshold assessments, and system of 
        records notices, in conjunction with and under the direction of 
        the senior official appointed under section 222, for any new or 
        substantially changed program or technology that collects, 
        maintains, or disseminates personally identifiable information 
        within the official's component.
          ``(8) Assist in drafting and reviewing privacy impact 
        assessments, privacy threshold assessments, and system of 
        records notices in conjunction with and under the direction of 
        the senior official appointed under section 222, for proposed 
        rulemakings and regulations within the component.
          ``(9) Conduct supervision of programs, regulations, policies, 
        procedures, or guidelines to ensure the component's protection 
        of privacy and, as necessary, promulgate guidelines and conduct 
        oversight to ensure the protection of privacy.
          ``(10) Implement and monitor privacy training for component 
        employees and contractors in coordination with the senior 
        official appointed under section 222.
          ``(11) Provide the senior official appointed under section 
        222 with written materials and information regarding the 
        relevant activities of the component, including privacy 
        violations and abuse, that are needed by the senior official to 
        successfully prepare the reports the senior official submits to 
        Congress and prepares on behalf of the Department.
          ``(12) Any other responsibilities assigned by the Secretary 
        or the senior official appointed under section 222.
  ``(c) Role of Component Heads.--The head of a component identified in 
subsection (a)(2) shall ensure that the privacy official designated 
under subsection (a) for that component--
          ``(1) has the information, material, and resources necessary 
        to fulfill the responsibilities of such official under this 
        section;
          ``(2) is advised of proposed policy changes and the 
        development of new programs, rules, regulations, procedures, or 
        guidelines during the planning stage and is included in the 
        decision-making process; and
          ``(3) is given access to material and personnel the privacy 
        official deems necessary to carry out the official's 
        responsibilities.
  ``(d) Limitation.--Nothing in this section shall be considered to 
abrogate the role and responsibilities of the senior official appointed 
under section 222.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by inserting after the item related to section 222 
the following new item:

``Sec. 222A. Privacy officials.''.

                          Purpose and Summary

    The purpose of H.R. 5170 is to amend the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 to provide for a privacy official within each 
component of the Department of Homeland Security, and for other 
purposes.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Under the current structure, the Chief Privacy Officer 
works closely with other departmental components, such as the 
General Counsel's Office, the Policy Office and the Office for 
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties in addressing privacy issues; 
however, many of the Department Components operate without an 
on-site full time privacy professional.
    Additionally, components with a designated privacy officer 
have generally produced more Privacy Impact Assessments (PIAs) 
than components without privacy officers. In fact, of the 
eleven DHS components that have published PIAs, only three have 
designated privacy officers. Yet these three components account 
for 57 percent of all published DHS PIAs. Moreover, according 
to the DHS Office of Privacy 2007 Annual Report to Congress 
``establishing and increasing the number of well-trained 
privacy officers at the component level helps to ensure that 
privacy is built into new and existing programs at the 
beginning of the development process.'' Additionally, the 
presence of a full-time Component Privacy Officer would ensure 
that privacy considerations are integrated into the decision-
making process at all of the DHS Components.

                                Hearings

    No hearings were held on H.R. 5170.

                        Committee Consideration

    H.R. 5170 was introduced in the House on January 29, 2008, 
by Mr. Carney and Mr. Thompson of Mississippi and referred 
solely to the Committee on Homeland Security. Within the 
Committee H.R. 5170 was referred to the Subcommittee on 
Management, Investigations, and Oversight.
    On June 26, 2008, the Chairman discharged the Subcommittee 
on Management, Investigations, and Oversight from further 
consideration of H.R. 5170. The Committee then proceeded to the 
consideration of H.R. 5170 and ordered the measure to be 
reported to the House favorably, as amended, by voice vote.
    The Committee adopted the measure, as amended, by unanimous 
consent.
    The following amendment was offered:
    An Amendment in the Nature of a Substitute offered by Mr. 
Carney (#1); was AGREED TO by unanimous consent.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the recorded 
votes on the motion to report legislation and amendments 
thereto.
    No recorded votes were requested during Committee 
consideration.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee has held oversight 
hearings and made findings that are reflected in this report.

   New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

     In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, the Committee finds that 
H.R. 5170, the Department of Homeland Security Component 
Privacy Officer Act of 2008, would result in no new or 
increased budget authority, entitlement authority, or tax 
expenditures or revenues.

                  Congressional Budget Office Estimate

     The Committee adopts as its own the cost estimate prepared 
by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to 
section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, July 8, 2008.
Hon. Bennie G. Thompson,
Chairman, Committee on Homeland Security,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 5170, the 
Department of Homeland Security Component Privacy Officer Act 
of 2008.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Mark 
Grabowicz.
            Sincerely,
                                         Robert A. Sunshine
                                   (For Peter R. Orszag, Director).
    Enclosure.

H.R. 5170--Department of Homeland Security Component Privacy Officer 
        Act of 2008

    CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 5170 would cost about 
$1 million annually, assuming the availability of appropriated 
funds. Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or 
revenues. H.R. 5170 contains no intergovernmental or private-
sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act 
and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal 
governments.
    H.R. 5170 would direct the Department of Homeland Security 
(DHS) to designate full-time officials to oversee privacy 
considerations and policies for each of the department's nine 
components, including the Federal Emergency Management Agency, 
the Coast Guard, and the other agencies specified in the bill. 
Those individuals would coordinate all privacy matters for 
their respective agencies, including training and compliance, 
and would report to the Chief Privacy Officer of DHS.
    According to DHS, four of the nine department components 
already have full-time privacy officials, so implementing H.R. 
5170 would require filling five positions. We expect that each 
new official would be compensated at level 14 or 15 of the 
General Schedule. CBO estimates that the costs for those 
positions would total about $1 million annually, including 
salaries and benefits for those officials and for the costs of 
any support staff.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Mark Grabowicz. 
This estimate was approved by Peter H. Fontaine, Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

     Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, H.R. 5170 contains the following 
general performance goals and objectives, including outcome 
related goals and objectives authorized.
    The purpose of this legislation is to create Component 
Privacy Officers in the Department of Homeland Security 
component agencies. Unfortunately, public trust in the 
Department's ability to protect personal privacy rights is 
abysmally low. This bill should aid in improving the manner in 
which the Department handles privacy related issues and should 
also foster the Department's mandate to sustain privacy 
protections. In turn, public trust with respect to the 
Department should improve. H.R. 5170 adds a new section 222A to 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 361 et seq.), which 
requires the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation 
with the Component Head, to create Component Privacy Officers 
at the following Department of Homeland Security components: 
The Transportation Security Administration; The Bureau of 
Citizenship and Immigration Services; Customs and Border 
Protection; Immigration and Customs Enforcement; The Federal 
Emergency Management Agency; The Coast Guard; The Directorate 
of Science and Technology; The Office of Intelligence and 
Analysis; and The Directorate for National Protection and 
Programs.

   Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
                                Benefits

     In compliance with rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, this bill, as reported, contains no 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(d), 9(e), or 9(f) of the rule 
XXI.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds that the 
Constitutional authority for this legislation is provided in 
Article I, section 8, clause 1, which grants Congress the power 
to provide for the common Defense of the United States.

                  Applicability to Legislative Branch

     The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate 
to the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation


Section 1.  Short title

    This section designates the short title as the ``Department 
of Homeland Security Component Privacy Act of 2008.''

Section 2.  Establishment of privacy official within each component of 
        Department of Homeland Security

    The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P. L. 107-296) is 
amended by inserting after Section 222, which creates the 
``senior official'' at the Department that is responsible for 
privacy policy, a new section 222A, which will govern the 
component privacy officers.
            Section 222A. Privacy officials
    This section indicates that the Secretary, in consultation 
with the head of each Component, shall designate a full-time 
privacy official in certain components of the Department of 
Homeland Security.
    This section states that the components referred to in the 
bill are: The Transportation Security Administration; the 
Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services; Customs and 
Border Protection; Immigration and Customs Enforcement; the 
Federal Emergency Management Agency; the Coast Guard; the 
Directorate of Science and Technology; the Office of 
Intelligence and Analysis; and the Directorate for National 
Protection and Programs.
    Responsibilities. This section states that the Component 
Privacy Officers shall have primary responsibility for 
implementing the Department's privacy policy in the Component 
Privacy Officer's component agency. Additionally, it indicates 
that the Component Privacy Officers shall report directly to 
the senior official appointed under section 222, hereinafter 
referred to for clarification purposes as the ``DHS Chief 
Privacy Officer.''
    This section also states that in addition to the directly 
reporting to the DHS Chief Privacy Officer, each Component 
Privacy Officer shall also report directly to the head of that 
officer's component. This section also lists the 
responsibilities of the Component Privacy Officers and 
describes in detail the manner in which they will monitor and 
exercise oversight over privacy matters within their respective 
components. This section also indicates that in addition to the 
responsibilities enumerated in the bill, the Component Privacy 
Officers shall also execute any other responsibilities assigned 
by the Secretary or the DHS Chief Privacy Officer.
    This section states that the head of the components shall 
assist the Component Privacy Officers in carrying out their 
duties by ensuring that the officers have the information, 
material, and resources necessary to fulfill their 
responsibilities. This section also provides that the head of 
the components shall make certain that the Component Privacy 
Officers are advised of proposed policy changes and the 
development of new programs, rules, regulations, procedures, or 
guidelines during the planning stage. This section also states 
that the Component Privacy Officers shall be included in the 
component's decision-making process and be given access to the 
necessary material and personnel to carry out the 
responsibilities set forth in the bill.
    This section states that it is not the intention of this 
bill to abrogate the current role and responsibilities of the 
DHS Privacy Officer.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (new matter is 
printed in italic and existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                     HOMELAND SECURITY ACT OF 2002


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) * * *
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is 
as follows:
     * * * * * * *

      TITLE II--INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION

     * * * * * * *

                    Subtitle C--Information Security

     * * * * * * *
Sec. 222A. Privacy officials.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE II--INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle C--Information Security

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 222A. PRIVACY OFFICIALS.

  (a) Designation.--
          (1) In general.--For each component of the Department 
        under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall, in 
        consultation with the head of the component, designate 
        a full-time privacy official, who shall report directly 
        to the senior official appointed under section 222. 
        Each such component privacy official shall have primary 
        responsibility for its component in implementing the 
        privacy policy for the Department established by the 
        senior official appointed under section 222.
          (2) Components.--The components of the Department 
        referred to in this subparagraph are as follows:
                  (A) The Transportation Security 
                Administration.
                  (B) The Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
                Services.
                  (C) Customs and Border Protection.
                  (D) Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
                  (E) The Federal Emergency Management Agency.
                  (F) The Coast Guard.
                  (G) The Directorate of Science and 
                Technology.
                  (H) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
                  (I) The Directorate for National Protection 
                and Programs.
  (b) Responsibilities.--Each privacy official designated under 
subsection (a) shall report directly to both the head of the 
official's component and the senior official appointed under 
section 222, and shall have the following responsibilities with 
respect to the component:
          (1) Serve as such senior official's main point of 
        contact at the component to implement the polices and 
        directives of such senior official in carrying out 
        section 222.
          (2) Advise the head of that component on privacy 
        considerations when any law, regulation, program, 
        policy, procedure, or guideline is proposed, developed, 
        or implemented.
          (3) Assure that the use of technologies by the 
        component sustain or enhance privacy protections 
        relating to the use, collection, and disclosure of 
        personal information within the component.
          (4) Identify privacy issues related to component 
        programs and apply appropriate privacy policies in 
        accordance with Federal privacy law and Departmental 
        policies developed to ensure that the component 
        protects the privacy of individuals affected by its 
        activities.
          (5) Monitor the component's compliance with all 
        applicable Federal privacy laws and regulations, 
        implement corrective, remedial, and preventive actions 
        and notify the senior official appointed under section 
        222 of privacy issues or non-compliance, whenever 
        necessary.
          (6) Ensure that personal information contained in 
        Privacy Act systems of records is handled in full 
        compliance with section 552a of title 5, United States 
        Code.
          (7) Assist in drafting and reviewing privacy impact 
        assessments, privacy threshold assessments, and system 
        of records notices, in conjunction with and under the 
        direction of the senior official appointed under 
        section 222, for any new or substantially changed 
        program or technology that collects, maintains, or 
        disseminates personally identifiable information within 
        the official's component.
          (8) Assist in drafting and reviewing privacy impact 
        assessments, privacy threshold assessments, and system 
        of records notices in conjunction with and under the 
        direction of the senior official appointed under 
        section 222, for proposed rulemakings and regulations 
        within the component.
          (9) Conduct supervision of programs, regulations, 
        policies, procedures, or guidelines to ensure the 
        component's protection of privacy and, as necessary, 
        promulgate guidelines and conduct oversight to ensure 
        the protection of privacy.
          (10) Implement and monitor privacy training for 
        component employees and contractors in coordination 
        with the senior official appointed under section 222.
          (11) Provide the senior official appointed under 
        section 222 with written materials and information 
        regarding the relevant activities of the component, 
        including privacy violations and abuse, that are needed 
        by the senior official to successfully prepare the 
        reports the senior official submits to Congress and 
        prepares on behalf of the Department.
          (12) Any other responsibilities assigned by the 
        Secretary or the senior official appointed under 
        section 222.
  (c) Role of Component Heads.--The head of a component 
identified in subsection (a)(2) shall ensure that the privacy 
official designated under subsection (a) for that component--
          (1) has the information, material, and resources 
        necessary to fulfill the responsibilities of such 
        official under this section;
          (2) is advised of proposed policy changes and the 
        development of new programs, rules, regulations, 
        procedures, or guidelines during the planning stage and 
        is included in the decision-making process; and
          (3) is given access to material and personnel the 
        privacy official deems necessary to carry out the 
        official's responsibilities.
  (d) Limitation.--Nothing in this section shall be considered 
to abrogate the role and responsibilities of the senior 
official appointed under section 222.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *