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                                                       Calendar No. 262
109th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 1st Session                                                    109-161

======================================================================
 
         NATIONAL GEOLOGIC MAPPING REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2005

                                _______
                                

                October 27, 2005.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

   Mr. Domenici, from the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                         [To accompany S. 485]

    The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, to which was 
referred the bill (S. 485) to reauthorize and amend the 
National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992, having considered the 
same, reports favorably thereon without amendment and 
recommends that the bill do pass.

                         Purpose of the Measure

    The purpose of S. 485 is to amend the National Geologic 
Mapping Act of 1992 to reauthorize the National Cooperative 
Geologic Mapping Program through 2010 and to make minor 
modifications to the program.

                          Background and Need

    The National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 provides for a 
coordinated national geologic mapping program among Federal, 
State, and university programs. The program has served to 
prioritize the geologic mapping requirements of the Nation and 
to increase production of geologic maps. Under the program, the 
United States Geological Survey works in close partnership with 
the State geological surveys. This partnership has served to 
deliver modern geologic maps to Federal agencies, States, and 
communities through a program with three primary components.
    The Federal component (FEDMAP) addresses issues crossing 
jurisdictional boundaries between States, serves the needs of 
Federal lands and Federal agencies, and leads to the 
development of new applications and processes. The State 
component (STATEMAP) provides basic geologic information at a 
State level and is funded on a cost-share basis with the 
Federal share not to exceed 50 percent of the costs of the 
State component. The education component (EDMAP) provides for 
broad education in geologic mapping and field analysis and 
serves to ensure the adequate training of the next generation 
of geologic mappers.
    A recent study conducted by the State of Kentucky concluded 
that the value of geologic maps to the State was in a range of 
$2.25 to $3.35 billion based on a mapping cost of $90 million. 
Reauthorizing the National Geologic Mapping Act through 2010 
will provide for continued progress in achieving national 
mapping needs.

                          Legislative History

    S. 485 was introduced by Senators Craig, Bingaman and 
Bunning on March 1, 2005. A similar bill, H.R. 2362 was 
introduced by Representative Gibbons on May 16, 2005 and was 
passed by the House of Representatives on June 27, 2005. The 
bill was received in the Senate and referred to the Committee 
on Energy and Natural Resources. The Subcommittee on Public 
Lands and Forests held a hearing on S. 485 on March 8, 2005. At 
the business meeting on September 28, 2005, the Committee on 
Energy and Natural Resources ordered S. 485 favorably reported 
without amendment.

                        Committee Recommendation

    The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, in open 
business session on September 28, 2005, by a unanimous vote of 
a quorum present, recommends that the Senate pass S. 485.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis

    Section 1 states the short title.
    Section 2 amends section 2(a) of the National Geologic 
Mapping Act of 1992 which sets forth findings.
    Section 3 amends section 2(b) of the National Geologic 
Mapping Act of 1992 which states the program purpose.
    Section 4 amends section 4(b) of the National Geologic 
Mapping Act of 1992 to direct the Secretary of the Interior to 
develop a 5-year strategic plan for the mapping program and 
appoint an advisory committee and no later than 1 year after 
the date of enactment to provide biennial reports to the 
relevant Congressional Committees.
    Section 5 makes technical corrections to section 4(c)(2) of 
the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992.
    Section 6 amends section 4(d)(1)(B)(ii) of the National 
Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 to include needs of land 
management agencies at the Department of the Interior as a 
consideration in setting mapping priorities under the Federal 
component of the program.
    Section 7(a) amends section 5(a) of the National Geologic 
Mapping Act of 1992 by modifying the composition of the 
advisory committee.
    Subsection (b) amends section 5(b) of the National Geologic 
Mapping Act of 1992 to add as a duty of the advisory committee 
scientific overview of geologic maps used or disseminated by 
Federal agencies for regulation or land-use planning.
    Subsection (c) makes a conforming amendment.
    Section 8 amends section 7(a) of the National Geologic 
Mapping Act of 1992 to provide that all maps developed with 
funding under the program shall be included in the national 
data base.
    Section 9 amends section 8 of the National Geologic Mapping 
Act of 1992 to provide that a report be submitted not later 
than 3 years after the date of enactment and biennially 
thereafter.
    Section 10 amends section 9 of the National Geologic 
Mapping Act of 1992 by authorizing up to $64 million per year 
through fiscal year 2010 for the implementation of the Act.

                   Cost and Budgetary Considerations

    The following estimate of the cost of this measure has been 
provided by the Congressional Budget Office:

S. 485--National Geologic Mapping Reauthorization Act of 2005

    Summary: S. 485 would reauthorize the national geologic 
mapping program and extend current deadlines for plans, 
reports, and other requirements established by the National 
Geologic Mapping Act of 1992. The bill would authorize 
appropriations for the program at the 2005 authorized level of 
$64 million for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010. (Under 
current law, authorizations of appropriations for the program 
expired at the end of fiscal year 2005.) For 2006, $25 million 
has already been appropriated for this program. The geologic 
mapping program is carried out jointly by the U.S. Geological 
Survey (USGS) and state geological authorities. Under this 
program, federal and state geologists are developing a 
comprehensive geological map of the United States and a related 
database of environmental and scientific information.
    Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO 
estimates that carrying out the 1992 act, as amended by S. 485, 
would cost $2 million in fiscal year 2006 and $229 million over 
the 2006-2010 period. (We estimate that an additional $66 
million would be spent after 2010.) Enacting this bill would 
have no effect on revenues or direct spending.
    S. 485 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) 
and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal 
governments.
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary impact of S. 485 is shown in the following table. The 
costs of this legislation fall within budget function 300 
(natural resources and environment). For this estimate, CBO 
assumes that the entire amounts authorized for the mapping 
program will be appropriated for each fiscal year. Estimated 
outlays are based on historical spending patterns for this 
program.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------
                                                        2005      2006      2007      2008      2009      2010
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Spending Under Current Law for the National Geologic
 Mapping Program:
    Budget Authority \1\............................        25        25         0         0         0         0
    Estimated Outlays...............................        25        19         8         0         0         0
Proposed Changes:
    Authorization Level.............................         0        39        64        64        64        64
    Estimated Outlays...............................         0         2        35        64        64        64
Spending Under S. 485 for the National Geologic
 Mapping Program:
    Authorization Level \1\.........................        25        64        64        64        64        64
    Estimated Outlays...............................        25        21        43        64        64       64
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The 2005 and 2006 levels are the amounts appropriated to the USGS for those years under the National
  Geologic Mapping Act of 1992.

    Intergovernmental and private-sector impact: S. 485 
contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as 
defined in UMRA and would impose no costs on state, local, or 
tribal governments.
    Previous CBO estimate: On May 24, 2005, CBO transmitted a 
cost estimate for H.R. 2362, the National Geologic Mapping 
Reauthorization Act of 2005, as ordered reported by the House 
Committee on Resources on May 18, 2005. The two versions of the 
legislation are very similar. The cost estimate for S. 485 
reflects the 2006 appropriation for this program.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal costs: Deborah Reis; impact 
on state, local, and tribal governments: Marjorie Miller; 
impact on the private sector: Craig Cammarata.
    Estimate approved by: Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                      Regulatory Impact Evaluation

    In compliance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee makes the following 
evaluation of the regulatory impact which would be incurred in 
carrying out S. 485. The bill is not a regulatory measure in 
the sense of imposing Government-established standards or 
significant economic responsibilities on private individuals 
and businesses.
    No personal information would be collected in administering 
the program. Therefore, there would be no impact on personal 
privacy.
    Little, if any, additional paperwork would result from the 
enactment of S. 485, as ordered reported.

                        Executive Communications

    Views of the Administration on S. 485 were set forth in 
testimony at the Subcommittee hearing as follows:

 Statement of Chris Kearney, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and 
         International Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior

    Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to be here today to express the 
Administration's views on S. 485, a bill that would reauthorize 
the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992. The Administration 
supports the reauthorization, but is concerned that the funding 
level proposed for reauthorization exceeds current 
appropriations by $38.8 million. Any additional funding for the 
National Cooperative Geologic Mapping program will have to 
compete with other priorities.
    Throughout USGS history, geologic mapping has been one of 
our core capabilities. For state geological surveys, some 
founded even earlier than the USGS, geologic mapping has been 
an integral part of their history as well. A map is the best 
and most understandable way of portraying a great variety of 
geologic information. The diversity of information produced by 
a geological map includes: the distribution of mineral, energy 
and ground water resources; presently active faults whose 
movements may cause devastating earthquakes; and the 
distribution of surficial deposits that form the substrate for 
wetlands and other ecologically diverse settings. Geologic maps 
and investigations assist in understanding the processes 
responsible for creating the natural hazards and can extend the 
knowledge of past events beyond the brief time for which human 
observations are available. This work is critical in assessing 
the extent, severity, and likelihood of future events. 
Wildfires can create conditions that intensify the potential 
for damage from landslides and excessive erosion in burned-over 
areas. Hurricanes, floods, and tsunamis leave traces of their 
destruction in the geologic record (through both erosion and 
sediment deposition), thereby allowing assessment of long-term 
risk. These insights can facilitate risk reduction through 
opportunities to limit damage and loss of life through the 
designs and placements of future structures. State Geological 
Surveys and the U.S. Geological Survey play vital advisory 
roles in such loss-reduction activities. They also aid others 
in identifying the vulnerability associated with existing 
structures, which is necessary to facilitate cost-effective 
mitigation efforts. Maps depicting site response to ground 
shaking provide essential background information for 
establishing building codes and defining mitigation strategies. 
The stakes are high because these hazards collectively cause 
tens of billions of dollars of annualized damage in the United 
States. Fortunately, much can be done to reduce the risks and 
lower the future damages. In the case of assessing the 
vulnerability of buildings, as in many others, mapping has 
yielded dividends far beyond its original intended goals.
    When the 102nd Congress passed the National Geologic 
Mapping Act, it recognized that the USGS and the State 
geological surveys needed a coordinated program to prioritize 
the geologic mapping requirements of the Nation, and to 
increase the production of geologic maps. Geologic mapping has 
always been, and continues to be, a labor intensive exercise 
that involves field work to collect information; laboratory 
work to better understand the composition, properties and age 
of the materials collected; and the use of remote sensing to 
better extrapolate what has been learned in one location to a 
larger area. All of these aspects of geologic mapping cost 
money and require skilled practitioners. It becomes critically 
important for the USGS and the fifty State geological surveys 
to husband and leverage their resources. I can confidently tell 
you today that the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping 
Program has been extremely effective over the past 13 years 
doing exactly that. I would like to share some milestones of 
progress with you.
    During the 13 years since passage of the Act, USGS and the 
State geological surveys have produced well over 7,500 new 
geologic maps. In 2004 alone, over 400 geologic maps and 
reports were published. Data in these maps cover a combined 
area of nearly 100,000 square miles. The high priority areas 
selected to map were determined by stakeholder groups, land 
management agencies, and state mapping advisory committees.
    During the last 13 years geologic maps have been completed 
in National Parks, National Forests, and lands managed by BLM 
and other land-management agencies. To give one timely example, 
geologic maps of all four major National Forests in southern 
California were completed in the past year. These maps were put 
to good use by the Burned Area Emergency Response teams (BAER) 
that responded to the fires that devastated large areas between 
Los Angeles and San Diego. They are continuing to be used 
during the winter rainy season to predict where major debris 
flows, and or mud slides, might endanger the local communities.
    In 1993, the first year after initial passage of the Act, 
34 state geological surveys and the USGS participated in this 
program to produce new geologic maps. In 2004 the number of 
State geological surveys participating has grown to 47. In that 
first year, $1.2 million was distributed to the state surveys. 
Since 2001 over $6 million in federal funds has been matched 
annually by state survey dollars. Cumulatively, over the 13 
years of the program, over $55 million has been distributed to 
48 states, and these federal dollars were matched by state 
dollars.
    In 1995 the education component of the program, EDMAP, was 
implemented to train the next generation of geologic mappers. 
This training component fills a gap generally not addressed 
through National Science Foundation grants and other 
mechanisms. In the first year of the program, fewer than 40 
students received funds to do field work and learn how to 
construct a geologic map. Currently, over 550 university 
students from 120 universities across the Nation have received 
training. Initially, EDMAP only supported graduate students. In 
2000, the decision was made to expand support to undergraduate 
students in the hope that this would positively influence their 
decision to continue in the Earth Sciences. We are presently in 
the process of surveying all former EDMAPrecipients. I can 
report, from the information received to date, that this training 
program has been successful. Of those surveyed candidates that have 
responded, 100% of the Masters and Ph.D. candidates and 82% of the B.S. 
candidates have all continued in geoscience. These figures are above 
the national averages and attest to the strength of EDMAP.
    In 1999 two economists from the Illinois State Geological 
Survey teamed up with the Kentucky Geological Survey to 
undertake a rigorous analysis of the economic benefits of 
detailed geologic mapping to Kentucky. Two conclusions from 
this study are particularly worth mentioning. First, the total 
value of the geologic mapping program, at the minimum, is at 
least 25 times the cost of the program. Second, even though the 
bedrock geologic maps produced in Kentucky were originally 
created primarily for the coal industry, during the past 20 
years these maps have been used by a wide array of users for 
everything from exploring for groundwater resources to planning 
cities to finding minerals.
    Currently, USGS is in close coordination and agreement with 
the Association of American State Geologists (AASG) on this 
reauthorization bill and on associated geologic mapping issues. 
During the past year we have met to discuss the Act (PL. 106-
148) frequently, and while we recommend a few changes which I 
will discuss in a moment, we feel that the National Geologic 
Mapping Act continues to serve the Nation very well and needs 
little revision. The Act was also reviewed by the Federal 
Advisory Committee to the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping 
Program last month, and my comments today incorporate their 
conclusions as well.
    The principal changes in this reauthorization bill are: 
First, an increase from 48% to 50% of new funds, if 
appropriated, that will be made available for matching-funds 
grants to State geological surveys, second, an increase from 2% 
to 4% of new funds for matching-funds grants to Universities to 
train the next generation of geologic mappers, and third, 
keeping future authorization levels equal to the 2005 level in 
the present Act.
    With the development of digital mapping technology and the 
Internet, geologic maps have become the most effective means of 
providing decision-makers and their geotechnical consultants 
with information that they need. All geologic maps being 
produced today under the auspices of the National Cooperative 
Geologic Mapping Program are digital, and each year more and 
more of these maps are being provided on the Internet. However, 
due to the labor intensive nature of producing geologic maps, a 
large percentage of the Nation has yet to be mapped. We are 
encouraged by this legislation to continue in this critical 
effort. With the development of digital mapping technology, 
geologic mapping is experiencing a renaissance in its use and 
applicability. During the past 13 years the USGS and the state 
geological surveys have worked together to implement the 
National Geologic Map Database, as called for in the Act. While 
this database provides a variety of tools and services, I would 
like to highlight just one--a catalog that provides information 
on almost every geologic map ever produced in the United 
States, and how anyone can obtain copies of the maps. This 
invaluable information spans 60,000 products.
    In 2004, the American Geological Institute (AGI) published 
a new booklet entitled Meeting Challenges with Geologic Maps. 
The USGS, the Association of American State Geologists, the 
National Park Service, and the Geological Society of America 
worked with AGI to produce this educational publication. It 
provides many excellent examples of how geologic maps are a 
public good and provide benefit to the Nation. This would not 
be happening without the National Geologic Mapping Act.
    Mr. Chairman, in concluding my remarks, I would like to 
state that the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992, and its 
subsequent reauthorizations, have been instrumental in helping 
focus attention on the Nation's need for a new generation of 
high-quality geologic maps. The Administration supports the 
reauthorization, but is concerned that the funding level 
proposed for reauthorization significantly exceeds current 
appropriations. Any additional funding for the National 
Cooperative Geologic mapping program will have to compete with 
other priorities.
    Thank you, Mr. Chairman, for the opportunity to express the 
views of the Administration on the National Geologic Mapping 
Act. I would be happy to respond to any questions you may have.

                        Changes in Existing Law

    In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, changes in existing law made by 
the bill S. 485, as ordered reported, are shown as follows 
(existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets, new matter is printed in italic, existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman):

                 National Geologic Mapping Act of 1990


[43 U.S.C. 31a]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.

     (a) Findings.--The Congress finds and declares that--
          [(1) during the past 2 decades, the production of 
        geologic maps has been drastically curtailed;]
          (1) although significant progress has been made in 
        the production of geologic maps since the establishment 
        of the national cooperative geologic mapping program in 
        1992, no modern, digital, geologic map exists for 
        approximately 75 percent of the United States;
          (2) geologic maps are the primary data base for 
        virtually all applied and basic earth-science 
        investigations, including--
                  (A) exploration for and development of 
                mineral, energy, and water resources;
                  (B) screening and characterizing sites for 
                toxic and nuclear waste disposal;
                  (C) land use evaluation and planning for 
                Homeland and environmental protection;
                  (D) earthquake hazards reduction;
                  (E) [predicting] identifying volcanic 
                hazards;
                  (F) design and construction of infrastructure 
                requirements such as utility lifelines, 
                transportation corridors, and surface-water 
                impoundments;
                  (G) reducing losses from landslides and other 
                ground failures;
                  (H) mitigating effects of coastal and stream 
                erosion;
                  (I) siting of critical facilities; [and]
                  (J) recreation and public awareness; and
                  [(J)] (K) basic earth-science research;
          (3) Federal agencies, State and local governments, 
        private industry, and the general public depend on the 
        information provided by geologic maps to determine the 
        extent of potential environmental damage before 
        embarking on projects that could lead to preventable, 
        costly environmental problems or litigation;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (9) advances in digital technology and geographical 
        information system science have made geologic map 
        databases increasingly [important] available as 
        decision support tools for land and resource 
        management; and
          (10) a comprehensive nationwide program of geologic 
        mapping of surficial and bedrock deposits is required 
        in order to systematically build the Nation's geologic-
        map data base at a pace that responds to increasing 
        demand.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of this Act is to expedite the 
production of a geologic-map data base for the Nation, to be 
located within the United States Geological Survey, which can 
be applied to land-use management, assessment, and utilization, 
conservation of natural resources, groundwater management, and 
environmental protection and management.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 4. GEOLOGIC MAPPING PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--
          (1) In general.--There is established a national 
        cooperative geologic mapping program between the United 
        States Geological Survey and the State geological 
        surveys, acting through the Association.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (b) Responsibilities of the Survey.--
          (1) Lead agency.--The Survey shall be the lead 
        Federal agency responsible for planning, developing 
        national priorities and standards for, coordinating, 
        and managing the geologic mapping program. In carrying 
        out this paragraph, the Secretary, acting through the 
        Director, shall--
                  (A) develop a 5-year strategic plan for the 
                geologic mapping program in accordance with 
                section 6, which plan shall be submitted to the 
                Committee on Resources of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Energy and 
                Natural Resources of the Senate [not later than 
                1 year after December 9, 1999;] not later than 
                1 year after the date of enactment of the 
                National Geologic Mapping Reauthorization Act 
                of 2005;';
                  (B) appoint with the advice and consultation 
                of the Association, the advisory committee [not 
                later than 1 year after December 9, 1999, in 
                accordance] not later than 1 year after the 
                date of enactment of the National Geologic 
                Mapping Reauthorization Act of 2005 in 
                accordance with section 5; and
                  (C) [not later than 3 years after December 9, 
                1999, and biennially thereafter, submit] submit 
                biennially a report to the Committee on Energy 
                and Natural Resources of the United States 
                Senate and to the Committee on Resources of the 
                House of Representatives identifying--

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Program Objectives.--The objectives of the geologic 
mapping program shall include--
          (1) determining the Nation's geologic framework 
        through systematic development of geologic maps at 
        scales appropriate to the geologic setting and the 
        perceived applications, such maps to be contributed to 
        the national geologic map data base;
          (2) development of a complementary national 
        [geophysical-map data base, geochemical-map data base, 
        and a] geochronologic and paleontologic data base that 
        [provide] provides value-added descriptive and 
        interpretative information to the geologic-map data 
        base;
          (3) application of cost-effective mapping techniques 
        that assemble, produce, translate and disseminate 
        geologic-map information and that render such 
        information of greater application and benefit to the 
        public; and
          (4) development of public awareness of the role and 
        application of geologic-map information to the 
        resolution of national issues of land use management.
    (d) Program Components.--
          (1) Federal component.--
                  (A) In general.--The geologic mapping program 
                shall include a Federal geologic mapping 
                component, the objective of which shall be to 
                determine the geologic framework of areas 
                determined to be vital to the economic, social, 
                environmental, or scientific welfare of the 
                United States.
                  (B) Mapping priorities.--For the Federal 
                component, mapping priorities--
                          (i) shall be described in the 5-year 
                        plan under section 31e of this title; 
                        and
                          (ii) shall be based on--
                                  (I) national requirements for 
                                geologic map information in 
                                areas of multiple-issue need or 
                                areas of compelling single-
                                issue need; [and]
                                  (II) national requirements 
                                for geologic map information in 
                                areas where mapping is required 
                                to solve critical earth science 
                                problems[.]; and
                                  (III) the needs of land 
                                management agencies of the 
                                Department of the Interior.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 5. ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    (a) Establishment.--
          (1) In general.--There shall be established a [10-
        member] 11-member geologic mapping advisory committee 
        to advise the Director on planning and implementation 
        of the geologic mapping program.
          (2) Members ex officio.--Federal agency members shall 
        include the Administrator of the Environmental 
        Protection Agency or a designee, the Secretary of the 
        Interior or a designee from a land management agency of 
        the Department of the Interior, the Secretary of Energy 
        or a designee, and the Secretary of Agriculture or a 
        designee[, and the Assistant to the President for 
        Science and Technology or a designee].
          (3) Appointed members.--[Not later than 1 year after 
        December 9, 1999, in consultation] In consultation with 
        the Association, the Secretary shall appoint to the 
        advisory committee two representatives from the Survey 
        (including the [Chief Geologist, as Chairman] Associate 
        Director for Geology, as Chair), two representatives 
        from the State geological surveys, one representative 
        from academia, [and one representative from the private 
        sector] 2 representatives from the private sector.
    (b) Duties.--The advisory committee shall--
          (1) review and update the 5-year plan prepared by the 
        Director pursuant to section 6;
          (2) review the scientific progress of the geologic 
        mapping program; [and]
          (3) provide a scientific overview of geologic maps 
        (including maps of geologic-based hazards) used or 
        disseminated by Federal agencies for regulation or 
        land-use planning; and
          [(3)] (4) submit an annual report to the Secretary 
        that evaluates the progress of the Federal, State, and 
        university mapping activities and evaluates the 
        progress made toward fulfilling the purposes of section 
        4-7.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 7. NATIONAL GEOLOGIC MAP DATABASE.

    (a) Establishment.--
          (1) In general.--The Survey shall establish a 
        national [geologic map] geologic-map database.
          (2) Function.--The database shall serve as a national 
        catalog and archive, distributed through links to 
        Federal and State geologic map holdings, that 
        includes--
                  [(A) all maps developed under the Federal 
                component and the education component;]
                  (A) all maps developed with funding provided 
                by the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping 
                Program, including under the Federal, State, 
                and education components;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 8. BIENNIAL REPORT.

    [Not later than 3 years after December 9, 1999, and 
biennially] Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment 
of the National Geologic Mapping Reauthorized Act of 2005 and 
biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a 
report that--

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 9. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    [(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
to carry out sections 31a to 31h of this title--
        [(1) $28,000,000 for fiscal year 1999;
        [(2) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;
        [(3) $37,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;
        [(4) $43,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;
        [(5) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;
        [(6) $57,000,000 for fiscal year 2004; and
        [(7) $64,000,000 for fiscal year 2005.]
    (a) In General--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
carry out this Act $64,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 
through 2010.
    (b) Allocation of Appropriations.--Of any amounts 
appropriated for any fiscal year in excess of the amount 
appropriated for fiscal year [2000] 2005--
          (1) [48] 50 percent shall be available for the State 
        component; and
          (2) [2] 4 percent shall be available for the 
        education component.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *