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                                                       Calendar No. 740
107th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session                                                     107-323
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     

                                                       Calendar No. 740

  

               PROFESSIONAL BOXING AMENDMENTS ACT OF 2002

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 OF THE

           COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION

                                   ON

                                S. 2550



                                     

       DATE deg.October 17, 2002.--Ordered to be printed
       SENATE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION
                      one hundred seventh congress
                             second session

              ERNEST F. HOLLINGS, South Carolina, Chairman
DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii             JOHN MCCAIN, Arizona
JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IV, West         TED STEVENS, Alaska
    Virginia                         CONRAD BURNS, Montana
JOHN F. KERRY, Massachusetts         TRENT LOTT, Mississippi
JOHN B. BREAUX, Louisiana            KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON, Texas
BYRON L. DORGAN, North Dakota        OLYMPIA J. SNOWE, Maine
RON WYDEN, Oregon                    SAM BROWNBACK, Kansas
MAX CLELAND, Georgia                 GORDON SMITH, Oregon
BARBARA BOXER, California            PETER G. FITZGERALD, Illinois
JOHN EDWARDS, North Carolina         JOHN ENSIGN, Nevada
JEAN CARNAHAN, Missouri              GEORGE ALLEN, Virginia
BILL NELSON, Florida
                     Kevin D. Kayes, Staff Director
                       Moses Boyd, Chief Counsel
                      Gregg Elias, General Counsel
      Jeanne Bumpus, Republican Staff Director and General Counsel
             Ann Begeman, Republican Deputy Staff Director
             Robert W. Chamberlin, Republican Chief Counsel
                                                       Calendar No. 740
107th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session                                                     107-323

======================================================================



 
               PROFESSIONAL BOXING AMENDMENTS ACT OF 2002

                                _______
                                

                October 17, 2002.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

      Mr. Hollings, from the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                         [To accompany S. 2550]

    The Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, to 
which was referred the bill (S. 2550) TITLE deg. to 
amend the Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996, and to 
establish the United States Boxing Administration, having 
considered the same, reports favorably thereon with an 
amendment (in the nature of a substitute) and recommends that 
the bill (as amended) do pass.

                          Purpose of the Bill

  S. 2550 would amend the Professional Boxing Safety Act of 
1996 (15 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as amended by the Muhammad Ali 
Boxing Reform Act of 2000 (Pub. L. 106-210), to strengthen 
existing Federal boxing laws by standardizing certain health 
and safety requirements, establishing a centralized medical 
registry to be used by local boxing commissions to protect 
boxers, reducing arbitrary practices of sanctioning 
organizations, and providing uniformity in ranking criteria and 
contractual guidelines. The bill would also establish a Federal 
entity, the United States Boxing Administration (USBA), to 
promulgate minimum uniform standards for professional boxing 
and enforce Federal boxing laws.

                          Background and Needs

  Professional boxing is the only major sport in the United 
States that does not have a strong, centralized association or 
league to establish and enforce uniform rules and practices. 
There is no widely-established union of boxers, no collective 
body of promoters or managers, and no consistent level of State 
regulation among State athletic commissions. This vacuum of 
effective public or private oversight has contributed to 
decades of scandals, controversies, and unethical practices in 
professional boxing, in addition to gaps in health and safety 
protections.
  The professional boxing industry is regulated on a State-by-
State basis, which results in varying degrees of oversight 
depending on the will and resources of each State's athletic 
commission or boxing regulatory office. Due to the lack of 
uniform business practices or ethical standards, the sport of 
boxing has suffered from the physical and financial 
exploitation of its athletes.
  Specific examples of business misconduct in boxing include: 
promoters deducting large percentages of a boxer's purse for 
their own use; promoters coercing boxers into signing long-
term, onerous contracts as a condition for competing; promoters 
forcing boxers to hire an associate or relative of the 
promoter; and illegitimate ratings systems wherein sanctioning 
organizations rank boxers and award ``championship titles'' 
based on boxers' personal connections rather than win/loss 
records. Under the current system, business relationships 
between promoters and sanctioning organizations largely take 
precedence over the abilities of fighters.
  In 1996, the Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996 (PBSA) 
was enacted (P.L. 104-272). The PBSA was a bipartisan measure 
that sought to establish a minimum level of health and safety 
requirements to protect the welfare of professional boxers. 
Prior to the PBSA, while many States had boxing laws on the 
books, others did not require any public oversight of boxing, 
and the absence of enforcement of regulations resulted in 
fraudulent bouts, the exploitation of boxers, and a lack of 
adequate medical services at many events.
  The PBSA, among other things, requires State athletic 
commissions to oversee all professional boxing events; 
prohibits medically-suspended fighters from participating in 
boxing events; assures that States are aware if a fighter has 
been suspended in another State; requires adequate medical 
services to be available at ringside; and requires all boxers 
to be given an identification card issued by their State 
commission. The PBSA also includes a conflict of interest 
provision that prohibits State commissioners from receiving 
compensation from business interests in the industry.
  In 1998, Congress again sought to reform the professional 
boxing industry. The Senate passed another bipartisan measure, 
the Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act (Muhammad Ali Act), but the 
House did not act on it. The legislation was reintroduced 
during the 106th Congress, approved by the House and Senate, 
and signed into law in May 2000 (P.L. 106-210). The Muhammad 
Ali Act is designed to protect the rights and welfare of 
professional boxers by preventing exploitive, oppressive, and 
unethical business practices; to assist State boxing 
commissions in providing more effective public oversight of the 
sport; and to promote honorable competition to enhance the 
overall integrity of the boxing industry.
  Unfortunately, both the PBSA (as amended by the Muhammad Ali 
Act) and State laws have not been adequately enforced by 
Federal and State law enforcement officials. The primary 
reasons for this lack of enforcement have been either a lack of 
resources in Federal and State budgets or simply a lack of 
interest.
  An area of particular concern with the professional boxing 
industry involves the role and conduct of sanctioning 
organizations. Rather than having a single, internationally 
recognized ``Heavyweight Champion'' or ``Welterweight 
Champion,'' there are now more than a half dozen such 
``champions'' as determined by a variety of boxing ratings 
organizations. The most prominent are the World Boxing Council 
(WBC), based in Mexico City; the World Boxing Association 
(WBA), based in Venezuela; the International Boxing Federation 
(IBF), based in New Jersey; and the World Boxing Union (WBU), 
based in England. Each of these organizations operates 
independently, and often their ratings are subjective judgments 
about the relative skills of boxers. In effect, they compete 
with one another, commonly ignoring the highly-rated boxer of a 
competing sanctioning body in order to promote their own 
``champion'' and top contenders. Sanctioning organizations fund 
their activities by charging boxers 3-5 percent of their purse 
as a sanctioning fee.
  Sanctioning organizations are continuously criticized by 
members of the boxing industry, sportswriters, and boxing fans 
for diminishing the legitimacy of the title, ``world 
champion,'' and ranking boxers based on financial agreements 
rather than the skills of the fighters. These practices by 
sanctioning organizations often prevent boxing fans from seeing 
the best fighters compete in each weight division. The Muhammad 
Ali Act addressed this manipulation of ratings by requiring 
that sanctioning organizations annually disclose their ratings 
policies and bylaws by either posting the information on their 
websites or filing it with the Federal Trade Commission.

                          Legislative History

  On May 22, 2002, Senators McCain and Dorgan introduced S. 
2550. On that same day, the Subcommittee on Consumer Affairs, 
Foreign Commerce, and Tourism held a hearing chaired by Senator 
Dorgan to examine what effect current Federal boxing law has 
had on the professional boxing industry and what, if anything, 
is necessary to further improve the sport and the enforcement 
of the law. The hearing also addressed whether the PBSA (as 
amended by the Muhammad Ali Act) has improved the physical and 
financial status of boxers, and whether requiring financial 
disclosure by promoters and sanctioning organizations has 
limited their ability to exploit fighters and the system.
  Witnesses who testified at the hearing included: Senator 
Harry Reid, Muhammad Ali (former heavyweight champion), Roy 
Jones, Jr. (light heavyweight champion), Lou DiBella (former 
head of HBO), Bert Sugar (boxing commentator), Emanuel Steward 
(legendary trainer), and Tim Lueckenhoff (President of the 
Association of Boxing Commissions). All who testified agreed 
that a Federal regulatory entity to oversee the sport is 
needed.

                            Estimated Costs

  In compliance with subsection (a)(3) of paragraph 11 of rule 
XXVI of the Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee states 
that, in its opinion, it is necessary to dispense with the 
requirements of paragraphs (1) and (2) of that subsection in 
order to expedite the business of the Senate.

                      Regulatory Impact Statement

  In accordance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee provides the 
following evaluation of the regulatory impact of the 
legislation, as reported:

                       NUMBER OF PERSONS COVERED

  The legislation would apply to professional boxers, local 
boxing commissions, boxing promoters, boxing managers, boxing 
judges and referees, ringside physicians, boxing registries, 
sanctioning organizations, as well as premium or other cable or 
satellite program service providers, casinos, hotels, resorts, 
and other commercial establishments that may act as promoters. 
The legislation would not apply to amateur boxing.

                            ECONOMIC IMPACT

  The economic impact of this legislation would be minimal.

                                PRIVACY

  The impact on the personal privacy of the persons covered by 
this legislation is expected to be minimal. The USBA, in 
establishing and maintaining a medical registry for all 
licensed professional boxers, is expected to take appropriate 
action to ensure the confidentiality of such records.

                               PAPERWORK

  The impact on paperwork is difficult to determine prior to 
the formation of the USBA. Local boxing commissions may be 
required by the USBA to perform minimal processing of licensing 
and boxing data.

                      Summary of Major Provisions

  S. 2550 would amend the PBSA to: (1) establish and maintain a 
confidential (except for the use by boxing commissions) medical 
registry that contains comprehensive medical records and 
medical suspension information for every licensed professional 
boxer; (2) make uniform certain ``safety standards'' for all 
boxing commissions, including the requirement that emergency 
medical personnel and an ambulance be continually present at 
all professional boxing matches; (3) require testing for 
infectious diseases (e.g., hepatitis); (4) require promoters to 
post some form of security (e.g., performance bond, cashiers 
check, etc.) with the appropriate boxing commission prior to a 
match to ensure payment of purse monies to boxers who 
participate and are contractually entitled to receive it; (5) 
make several changes to definitions, including the term 
``boxing commission'' to include tribal organizations; (6) 
mandate that sanctioning organizations adopt and follow ratings 
guidelines/criteria; (7) require that judges and referees be 
assigned for each match by the appropriate boxing commission 
without interference from sanctioning organizations; (8) 
require a newly created regulatory entity, in consultation with 
the Association of Boxing Commissions (ABC), to develop 
guidelines for minimal contractual provisions that should be 
included in all bout agreements and boxer/manager contracts; 
and (9) require more stringent financial disclosures (within a 
specified period) by promoters and sanctioning organizations.
  S. 2550 also would create the United States Boxing 
Administration (USBA), a Federal entity located within the 
Department of Labor, to regulate professional boxing. The USBA 
would be headed by an Administrator, appointed by the President 
and approved by the Senate. It would also have an Assistant 
Administrator and General Counsel. Additional staffing needs 
would be determined by the Administrator.
  The USBA's primary functions would be to protect the health, 
safety, and general interests of boxers. The USBA, among other 
things, would oversee and administer Federal boxing laws, and 
work with those who participate in professional boxing to 
improve the sport. The USBA would promulgate minimum uniform 
standards for boxing (in consultation with the ABC and 
sanctioning organizations). The USBA would also ensure, through 
the U.S. Attorney General and the chief law enforcement officer 
of a State, that Federal and State boxing laws are vigorously, 
effectively, and fairly enforced. The USBA would require all 
boxers to be licensed every 4 years, as is currently required 
under the Federal Identification system, but would also require 
all promoters, managers, and sanctioning organizations to be 
licensed by the USBA every 2 years. The USBA would be 
authorized to charge reasonable fees for licensing and all fees 
and fines collected by the USBA would be deposited in a 
revolving fund to be used to offset the USBA's appropriation. 
After notice and opportunity for a hearing, the USBA would be 
permitted to suspend or revoke any license issued under the 
PBSA if it finds that action is necessary to protect the health 
or safety of a boxer, or there are reasonable grounds to 
believe that a USBA standard is not being met or another 
unlawful act has occurred. The USBA also would be granted 
authority to conduct investigations, subpoena, administer oaths 
and affirmations, require the production of information, and 
seek injunctions to further the purposes of the PBSA.
  The USBA would maintain a unified national computerized 
registry for collecting, storing, and retrieving information 
related to professional boxing. The USBA would be required to 
consult with local boxing commissions before establishing any 
regulation or standard under the PBSA; local commissions would 
be required to meet USBA standards or exceed them. The USBA 
would be required to submit to Congress an annual report 
containing a detailed description of its activities. Finally, 
the USBA would be required to conduct a study to determine 
whether a change in the weight and design of boxing gloves 
would better protect the health and safety of professional 
boxers and reduce injuries and fatalities.

                      Section-by-section Analysis

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  Section 1 would provide that this Act may be cited as the 
``Professional Boxing Amendments Act of 2002.'' This section 
also provides a table of contents for this Act.

SECTION 2. AMENDMENT OF PROFESSIONAL BOXING SAFETY ACT OF 1996.

  Section 2 would provide that all references to amendments to, 
or repeal of, certain sections, are to be considered to be made 
to a section or other provision of the Professional Boxing 
Safety Act of 1996 (PBSA) (15 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.).

SECTION 3. DEFINITIONS.

  Subsection (a) would amend section 2 of the PBSA by providing 
several changes to definitions. Most notably, the term ``boxing 
commission'' is revised to include entities authorized under 
tribal law to regulate professional boxing. Only State 
commissions are considered ``boxing commissions'' under current 
law. The term ``promoter'' would be modified to exclude a 
premium or other cable or satellite program service, hotel, 
casino, resort, or other commercial establishment, unless the 
premium or other cable or satellite program service, hotel, 
casino, resort, or other commercial establishment has a 
promotional agreement with a boxer in the match, and there is 
no other person primarily responsible for organizing, 
promoting, or producing the match not affiliated with the 
premium or other cable or satellite program service, hotel, 
casino, resort, or other commercial establishment.
  Subsection (b) would amend section 21 of the PBSA with 
respect to professional boxing matches conducted on Indian 
lands. This provision would provide authority to a tribal 
organization to establish a boxing commission to regulate 
professional boxing held on tribal land. Should a tribal 
organization not establish such a commission, it would be 
required to contract with the ABC, or a member of the ABC, to 
regulate professional boxing matches held on Indian lands. If 
the ABC regulates the match, the match shall be regulated under 
USBA guidelines. If a member of the ABC, other than the State 
within which the Indian land is located, regulates the match, 
the match shall be regulated in accordance with the standards 
of the State where the match is held. Should a tribal 
organization establish a boxing commission, the standards 
adopted by the tribal organization should be at least as 
restrictive as the requirements of the State in which the 
tribal organization is located, or the guidelines established 
by the USBA.

SECTION 4. PURPOSE.

  Section 4 would amend section 3(2) of the PBSA by striking 
``State'' in ``State boxing commissions'' to allow tribal 
organizations to be included as boxing commissions.

SECTION 5. MATCHES IN JURISDICTIONS WITHOUT COMMISSIONS.

  Section 5 would amend section 4 of the PBSA to provide that 
no person may arrange, promote, organize, produce, or fight in 
a professional boxing match in the United States without 
approval by the USBA and either the ABC or one of its member 
commissions. Approval by the USBA is presumed unless the USBA 
has been informed of a violation of the PBSA, and has notified 
the supervising boxing commission that it does not approve, the 
match is advertised as a championship match, or the match is 
scheduled for 10 rounds or more.
  This section also would require promoters who intend to hold 
a professional boxing match in a State without a commission to 
provide written assurances to the USBA, not less than 14 days 
before the match, that all requirements of the PBSA will be 
met.

SECTION 6. SAFETY STANDARDS.

  Section 6 would amend section 5 of the PBSA to require that 
the physical examination currently required by the PBSA include 
testing for infectious diseases in accordance with standards 
established by the USBA. This section also would require that 
an ambulance and medical personnel with appropriate 
resuscitation equipment be continuously present on the site of 
professional boxing matches. Current law requires either an 
ambulance or medical personnel with appropriate resuscitation 
equipment to be on site.

SECTION 7. REGISTRATION.

  Section 7 would amend section 6 of the PBSA to require that 
State and tribal boxing commissions provide professional boxers 
with a health and safety disclosure when issuing a boxer a 
Federal identification card currently required under the PBSA. 
This disclosure is a ``Sense of the Congress'' in the PBSA. 
This section also would require that boxing commissions furnish 
to the USBA a copy of each professional boxer's registration.

SECTION 8. REVIEW.

  Section 8 would amend section 7 of the PBSA to clarify the 
appeal procedure should a boxing commission impose a summary 
suspension on a professional boxer. Current law creates an 
inference that, not only must a boxing commission establish 
appeal procedures regarding the suspension of a boxer, but it 
must also establish procedures to enable a boxer to have a 
second hearing regarding the revocation of the suspension. This 
section would clarify the intent of the current law and require 
that a boxing commission establish procedures to provide a 
hearing in the event a boxer seeks to contest the imposition of 
a summary suspension.

SECTION 9. REPORTING.

  Section 9 would amend section 8 of the PBSA by requiring that 
supervising boxing commissions report the results of a 
professional boxing match to the USBA within 2 business days. 
Under current law, supervising boxing commissions must report 
results to each boxer registry not later than 48 business 
hours.

SECTION 10. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.

  Section 10 would amend section 9 of the PBSA.
  Subsection (a) would authorize the USBA, in consultation with 
the ABC, to develop minimum contractual provisions to be 
included in all bout agreements, boxer-manager contracts, and 
promotional agreements. Boxing commissions would be required to 
ensure that the minimum provisions are included in such 
agreements or contracts.
  Subsection (b) would require managers or promoters to submit 
a copy of each boxer-manager contract and each promotional 
agreement between the manager or promoter and the boxer to the 
USBA. This subsection also would prohibit a boxing commission 
from approving a professional boxing match unless a copy of the 
bout agreement related to the match is filed with and approved 
by the Commission.
  Subsection (c) would prohibit a boxing commission from 
approving a professional boxing match unless the promoter of 
that match posts a surety bond, cashier's check, letter of 
credit, cash, or other security acceptable to the boxing 
commission. This is intended to ensure that the boxer is paid 
at the conclusion of each match.

SECTION 11. COERCIVE CONTRACTS. 

  This section would amend section 10 of the PBSA to establish 
minimum contract guidelines for bout agreements, boxer-manager 
contracts, and promotional agreements.

SECTION 12. SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS. 

  This section would amend section 11 of the PBSA.
  Subsection (a) would require within 1 year after the date of 
enactment that, the USBA, in consultation with the ABC, develop 
guidelines for written criteria for rating professional boxers 
based on their athletic merits. Within 90 days of the 
promulgation of the guidelines, each sanctioning organization 
would be required to adopt the guidelines and follow them.
  Subsection (b) would require sanctioning organizations, when 
making ratings changes, to post, within 7 days and for a period 
of not less than 30 days, a copy of the new ratings on its 
Internet website or homepage with an explanation of the change 
posted for a period not less than 30 days, provide a copy of 
the rating change and an explanation to the boxer and the USBA, 
provide the boxer an opportunity to appeal the ratings change, 
and apply the ratings guidelines required under subsection (a) 
of this section.
  Subsection (c) would require sanctioning organizations that 
receive inquiries from boxers challenging ratings decisions to 
provide to the boxer, within 7 days a written explanation of 
the sanctioning organizations rating criteria, its rating of 
the boxer, and its rationale or basis for its rating, and 
submit a copy of its explanation to the ABC and the USBA.

SECTION 13. REQUIRED DISCLOSURES BY SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS.

  Section 13 would amend section 12 of the PBSA, which bars a 
sanctioning organization from receiving compensation from a 
boxing match until it provides the supervising boxing 
commission with a statement of fees assessed to the fighter or 
received for the fight. This section would be modified to 
require sanctioning organizations to provide, within 7 days 
after a professional boxing match of 10 rounds or more, a 
statement of all fees that a sanctioning organization ``has 
assessed, or will assess'' to any boxer in the match, a 
statement of fees that a sanctioning organization ``has 
received, or will receive'' from all sources affiliated with a 
boxing event, and any other information that the supervising 
boxing commission may require.

SECTION 14. REQUIRED DISCLOSURES BY PROMOTERS.

  Section 14 would amend section 13 of the PBSA, which bars a 
promoter from receiving compensation from a boxing match until 
it provides the supervising boxing commission with certain 
financial information regarding the match. This section would 
be amended to require promoters to provide to the supervising 
boxing commission, within 7 days after a professional boxing 
match of 10 rounds or more, that same financial information. 
This section also would require promoters to make similar 
financial disclosures to each boxer in the match within 7 days 
after a professional boxing match of 10 rounds or more, 
including what the promoter has paid, or agreed to pay, to any 
other person in connection with the match.

SECTION 15. JUDGES AND REFEREES.

  Section 15 would amend section 16 of the PBSA.
  Subsection (a) would require that no person may arrange, 
promote, organize, produce, or fight in a professional match 
unless the referees and judges participating in the match have 
been ``selected'' by the supervising boxing commission. Current 
law requires that all referees and judges participating in the 
match are ``certified and approved'' by the supervising boxing 
commission.
  Subsection (b) would require in addition to subsection (a) 
that no person may arrange, promote, organize, produce, or 
fight in a professional match advertised to the public as a 
championship match or in a match scheduled for 10 rounds or 
more unless the referees and judges participating in the match 
have been licensed by the USBA.
  Subsection (c) would prohibit sanctioning organizations from 
influencing the selection of judges and referees but allows the 
organizations to provide a list of judges or referees that the 
sanctioning organization deems qualified.
  Subsection (d) would permit a boxing commission to assign 
judges and referees who reside outside a commission's 
jurisdiction, but only if the judge or referee is licensed by a 
boxing commission in the United States.
  Subsection (e) would require that a judge or referee provide 
to a supervising boxing commission a statement of all 
consideration, including reimbursement for expenses, that the 
judge or referee has received, or will receive, from any source 
for participation in the match. This statement also would be 
provided to the USBA if the match is scheduled for 10 rounds or 
more.

SECTION 16. MEDICAL REGISTRY.

  Section 16 would create a new section 14 in the PBSA.
  Subsection (a) would require that the USBA, in consultation 
with the ABC, establish and maintain, or certify a third party 
to establish and maintain, a medical registry to contain the 
comprehensive medical records and medical denials or 
suspensions for every licensed boxer in the United States.
  Subsection (b) would direct the USBA to determine the nature 
of the medical records to be forwarded to the USBA and the time 
within which they are to be submitted to the registry.
  Subsection (c) would require the USBA to establish 
confidentiality standards for the disclosure of personally-
identifiable information to boxing commissions to ensure that 
the information is used for the intended purpose, which is to 
protect the health and safety of professional boxers, and that 
it is not publicly disclosed.

SECTION 17. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST. 

  Section 17 would amend section 17(a) of the PBSA by including 
officers and employees of the USBA in the current list of 
persons who may not ``belong to, contract with, or receive any 
compensation from, any person who sanctions, arranges, or 
promotes professional boxing matches or who otherwise has a 
financial interest in an active boxer currently registered with 
a boxer registry.''

SECTION 18. ENFORCEMENT. 

  Section 18 would amend section 18 of the PBSA. Under the 
PBSA, the United States Attorney General has the authority to 
bring a civil action in the appropriate district court to 
prevent or punish a violation of the PBSA. This section would 
expand that authority to include criminal actions. This section 
also would make officers and employees of the USBA subject to 
civil or criminal action for violation of the PBSA. This 
section would allow the chief law enforcement officer of a 
State to bring an action if that officer has reason to believe 
that a person ``has engaged in, or is engaging'' in conduct 
that violates the PBSA. Current law only allows the chief law 
enforcement officer of a State to act while the violator is 
engaging in, but not after, the unlawful conduct.

SECTION 19. REPEAL OF DEADWOOD. 

  Section 19 would repeal section 20 of the PBSA, which 
required the Secretary of Labor to conduct a study on the 
feasibility and cost of a national pension system for 
professional boxers and report the results to Congress. Section 
20 of the PBSA also required the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services ``to conduct a study to develop recommendations for 
health, safety, and equipment standards for boxers and for 
professional boxing matches. The expiration of these deadlines 
makes this language no longer necessary in the PBSA.

SECTION 20. RECOGNITION OF TRIBAL LAW.

  Section 20 would amend section 22 of the PBSA by allowing 
tribal organization, not just States, to adopt or enforce 
supplemental or more stringent laws or regulations not 
inconsistent with the PBSA, or criminal, civil, or 
administrative fines for violations of such laws or 
regulations.

SECTION 21. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES BOXING ADMINISTRATION. 

  Subsection (a) would amend the PBSA by adding a new title II 
establishing the USBA, as follows:

    SECTION 201. PURPOSE.

          This section states that the purpose of the USBA is 
        to protect the health, safety, and welfare of boxers 
        and to ensure fairness in the sport of professional 
        boxing.

    SECTION 202. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES BOXING ADMINISTRATION.

          This section would establish the United States Boxing 
        Administration as an administration within the 
        Department of Labor.
          Subsection (a) would have the USBA headed by an 
        Administrator, appointed by the President, by and with 
        the advice and consent of the Senate. This subsection 
        also would provide that the qualifications of the 
        Administrator shall include experience in professional 
        boxing or professional sports and outstanding 
        character, and his/her selection should be without 
        regard to party affiliation. The Administrator shall 
        serve a term of 4 years.
          Subsection (b) would provide that the USBA shall also 
        have an Assistant Administrator and a General Counsel.
          Subsection (c) would provide that the USBA may have 
        staff necessary to carry out the function of the 
        Administration.

    SECTION 203. FUNCTIONS. 

          Subsection (a) would provide the primary functions of 
        the USBA.
          Subsection (b) lists the specific functions of the 
        USBA.
          Subsection (c) would provide that the USBA may not 
        promote boxing events or rank professional boxers; or 
        provide technical assistance to, or authorize the use 
        of the name of the USBA by, boxing commissions that do 
        not comply with the requirements of the USBA.
          Subsection (d) would provide that the USBA shall have 
        the exclusive right to the name ``United States Boxing 
        Administration.'' This subsection also provides that 
        any person who uses the name, USBA, without permission 
        is subject to a civil action by the Administration 
        under the Trademark Act of 1946.

    SECTION 204. LICENSING AND REGISTRATION OF BOXING PERSONNEL.

          Subsection (a) would require that boxers, managers, 
        promoters, and sanctioning organizations be licensed by 
        the USBA to participate in a professional boxing match. 
        The USBA shall establish procedures and fees for 
        applying for, granting, and issuing licenses. Licenses 
        issued by the USBA are for 4-year terms for 
        professional boxers and 2-year terms for any other 
        person. The USBA may issue licenses through boxing 
        commissions.
          Subsection (b) would authorize the USBA to prescribe 
        and charge licensing fees. In setting fees, this 
        subsection cautions that, to the maximum extent 
        possible, the USBA should ensure that club boxing is 
        not adversely affected, sanctioning organizations and 
        promoters pay the largest portion of the fees, and 
        boxers pay as small a portion as possible. The USBA may 
        collect fees through boxing commissions.

    SECTION 205. NATIONAL REGISTRY OF BOXING PERSONNEL.

          Subsection (a) would require the USBA, in 
        consultation with the ABC, to establish (or certify a 
        third party to establish) a national registry of boxing 
        personnel. This registry is to include relevant 
        information about boxers, as well as information on 
        promoters, matchmakers, managers, trainers, cut men, 
        referees, judges, physicians, and any other 
        professional boxing personnel deemed appropriate by the 
        USBA.

    SECTION 206. CONSULTATION REQUIREMENTS.

          This section would require the USBA to consult with 
        boxing commissions before prescribing any regulation or 
        establishing any standard, and not less than once each 
        year regarding matters related to professional boxing.

    SECTION 207. MISCONDUCT.

          Subsection (a) would authorize the USBA, after notice 
        and opportunity for a hearing, to suspend or revoke any 
        license issued under this title if the USBA finds that 
        such actor is necessary to protect health and safety or 
        is otherwise in the public interest; there are 
        reasonable grounds to believe thta a USBA standard is 
        not being met ot that certain criminal acts have 
        occurred; or the licensee has violated a provision of 
        the PBSA. The USBA would determine the period of 
        suspension.
          Subsection (b) would authorize the USBA to conduct 
        investigations and seek injunctions to further the 
        purposes of the PBSA. This subsection also would 
        authorize the USBA to subpoena, administer oaths and 
        affirmations, and require the production of 
        information.
          Subsection (c) would authorize the USBA to intervene 
        or file an amicus brief on behalf of the public 
        interest in any civil action relating to professional 
        boxing filed in a United States district court.
          Subsection (d) would require that hearings conducted 
        by the USBA be public and may be held before any 
        officer of the USBA or before a boxing commission that 
        is a member of the ABC.

    SECTION 208. NONINTERFERENCE WITH LOCAL BOXING AUTHORITIES.

          Subsection (a) would provide that nothing in this 
        title shall prohibit any boxing commission from 
        exercising its powers, duties, or functions with 
        respect to the regulation or supervision of 
        professional boxing to the extent such exercies is not 
        inconsistent with this title.
          Subsection (b) would provide that nothing in this 
        title prohibits any boxing commission from enforcing 
        local standards or requirements that exceed those 
        promulgated by the USBA.

    SECTION 209. ASSISTANCE FROM OTHER AGENCIES.

          This section would authorize the USBA to request that 
        any employee of an entity be detailed to the USBA on a 
        reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis with the 
        employees' consent.

    SECTION 210. REPORTS. 

          Subsection (a) would require the USBA to submit an 
        annual report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
        and Transportation and the House of Representatives 
        Committee on Energy and Commerce. The report shall 
        include a detailed discussion of the activities of the 
        USBA and a description of all boxing commissions.
          Subsection (b) would require the USBA to publish and 
        publicize an annual report regarding the progress made 
        by the Administration to reform professional boxing at 
        the Federal and State levels, including on Indian 
        lands, and comment on continuing concerns of the USBA.
          Subsection (c) would require that the first annual 
        report be submitted not later than 2 years after the 
        effective date of this title.

    SECTION 211. INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION.

          Subsection (a) would provide that the licensing 
        requirements of this title do not apply to boxers, 
        judges or referees, or any other activity in relation 
        to professional boxing, if the person is licensed by a 
        boxing commission to perform that activity as of the 
        effective date of this title.
          Subsection (b) would provide that the exemption in 
        subsection (a) expires on the earlier of the date on 
        which the license expires, or the date that is 2 years 
        after the date of enactment of this legislation.

    SECTION 212. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

          Subsection (a) would authorize to be appropriated for 
        the USBA for each fiscal year such sums as may be 
        necessary to perform its functions for that fiscal 
        year.
          Subsection (b) would provide that any fee collected 
        under this title be credited as offsetting collections 
        to the account that finances the USBA.
          Subsection (c) would provide several conforming 
        amendments.

SECTION 22. STUDY OF GLOVE WEIGHT.

  Subsection (a) would require the USBA to conduct a study to 
determine whether a change in the weight and design of boxing 
gloves would better protect the health and safety of 
professional boxers and reduce injuries and fatalities.
  Subsection (b) would require that a report on the study 
required by subsection (a) be submitted to Congress not later 
than 180 days after the date of enactment of the legislation.
  Subsection (c) would authorize the USBA to prescribe uniform 
national safety standards for boxing gloves should the USBA 
deem it appropriate based on the findings of the study required 
by subsection (a).

SECTION 23. EFFECTIVE DATE.

  Subsection (a) would provide that, except as provided in 
subsection (b), the amendments made by this legislation will 
take effect on the date of enactment of this legislation.
  Subsection (b) would provide that sections 205 through 212 of 
the PBSA as added by section 22(a) of this legislation, will 
take effect 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
legislation.

                        Changes in Existing Law

  In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the Standing 
Rules of the Senate, changes in existing law made by the bill, 
as reported, are shown as follows (existing law proposed to be 
omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new material is printed 
in italic, existing law in which no change is proposed is shown 
in roman):

                 PROFESSIONAL BOXING SAFETY ACT OF 1996

                        [15 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.]

[SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  [This Act may be cited as the Professional Boxing Safety Act 
of 1966.]

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Professional 
Boxing Safety Act''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is 
as follows:

Section 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.
        TITLE I--PROFESSIONAL BOXING SAFETY
Sec. 101. Purposes.
Sec. 102. Boxing matches in jurisdictions without boxing commissions.
Sec. 103. Safety standards.
Sec. 104. Registration.
Sec. 105. Review.
Sec. 106. Reporting.
Sec. 107. Contract requirements.
Sec. 108. Protection from coercive contracts.
Sec. 109. Sanctioning organizations.
Sec. 110. Required disclosures to State boxing commissions by 
          sanctioning organizations.
Sec. 111. Required disclosures for promoters.
Sec. 112. Medical registry.
Sec. 113. Confidentiality.
Sec. 114. Judges and referees.
Sec. 115. Conflicts of interest.
Sec. 116. Enforcement.
Sec. 117. Professional boxing matches conducted on indian lands.
Sec. 118. Relationship with State or tribal law.
        TITLE II--UNITED STATES BOXING ADMINISTRATION
Sec. 201. Purpose.
Sec. 202. Establishment of United States Boxing Administration.
Sec. 203. Functions.
Sec. 204. Licensing and registration of boxing personnel.
Sec. 205. National registry of boxing personnel.
Sec. 206. Consultation requirements.
Sec. 207. Misconduct.
Sec. 208. Noninterference with local boxing authorities.
Sec. 209. Assistance from other agencies.
Sec. 210. Reports.
Sec. 211. Initial implementation.
Sec. 212. Authorization of appropriations.

[SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6301]

  [For purposes of this Act:
          [(1) Boxer.--The term ``boxer'' means an individual 
        who fights in a professional boxing match.
          [(2) Boxing commission.--(A) The term ``boxing 
        commission'' means an entity authorized under State law 
        to regulate professional boxing matches.
          [(3) Boxer registry.--The term ``boxer registry'' 
        means any entity certified by the Association of Boxing 
        Commissions for the purposes of maintaining records and 
        identification of boxers.
          [(4) Licensee.--The term ``licensee'' means an 
        individual who serves as a trainer, second, or cut man 
        for a boxer.
          [(5) Manager.--The term ``manager'' means a person 
        who receives compensation for service as an agent or 
        representative of a boxer.
          [(6) Matchmaker.--The term ``matchmaker'' means a 
        person that proposes, selects, and arranges the boxers 
        to participate in a professional boxing match.
          [(7) Physician.--The term ``physician'' means a 
        doctor of medicine legally authorized to practice 
        medicine by the State in which the physician performs 
        such function or action.
          [(8) Professional boxing match.--The term 
        ``professional boxing match'' means a boxing contest 
        held in the United States between individuals for 
        financial compensation. Such term does not include a 
        boxing contest that is regulated by an amateur sports 
        organization.
          [(9) Promoter.--The term ``promoter'' means the 
        person primarily responsible for organizing, promoting, 
        and producing a professional boxing match. The term 
        ``promoter'' does not include a hotel, casino, resort, 
        or other commercial establishment hosting or sponsoring 
        a professional boxing match unless--
                  [(A) the hotel, casino, resort, or other 
                commercial establishment is primarily 
                responsible for organizing, promoting, and 
                producing the match; and
                  [(B) there is no other person primarily 
                responsible for organizing, promoting, and 
                producing the match.
          [(10) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the 50 
        States, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and any 
        territory or possession of the United States, including 
        the Virgin Islands.
          [(11) Effective date of the contract.--The term 
        ``effective date of the contract'' means the day upon 
        which a boxer becomes legally bound by the contract.
          [(12) Boxing service provider.--The term ``boxing 
        service provider'' means a promoter, manager, 
        sanctioning body, licensee, or matchmaker.
          [(13) Contract provision.--The term ``contract 
        provision'' means any legal obligation between a boxer 
        and a boxing service provider.
          [(14) Sanctioning organization.--The term 
        ``sanctioning organization'' means an organization that 
        sanctions professional boxing matches in the United 
        States--
                  [(A) between boxers who are residents of 
                different States; or
                  [(B) that are advertised, otherwise promoted, 
                or broadcast (including closed circuit 
                television) in interstate commerce.
          [(15) Suspension.--The term ``suspension'' includes 
        within its meaning the revocation of a boxing license.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

  In this Act:
          (1) Administration.--The term ``Administration'' 
        means the United States Boxing Administration.
          (2) Bout agreement.--The term ``bout agreement'' 
        means a contract between a promoter and a boxer which 
        requires the boxer to participate in a professional 
        boxing match with a designated opponent on a particular 
        date.
          (3) Boxer.--The term ``boxer'' means an individual 
        who fights in a professional boxing match.
          (4) Boxing commission.--The term ``boxing 
        commission'' means an entity authorized under State or 
        tribal law to regulate professional boxing matches.
          (5) Boxer registry.--The term ``boxer registry'' 
        means any entity certified by the Association of Boxing 
        Commissions for the purposes of maintaining records and 
        identification of boxers.
          (6) Boxing service provider.--The term ``boxing 
        service provider'' means a promoter, manager, 
        sanctioning body, licensee, or matchmaker.
          (7) Contract provision.--The term ``contract 
        provision'' means any legal obligation between a boxer 
        and a boxing service provider.
          (8) Indian lands; tindian tribe.--The terms ``Indian 
        lands'' and ``Indian tribe'' have the meanings given 
        those terms by paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively, of 
        section 4 of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (25 
        U.S.C. 2703).
          (9) Licensee.--The term ``licensee'' means an 
        individual who serves as a trainer, second, or cut man 
        for a boxer.
          (10) Local boxing authority.--The term ``local boxing 
        authority'' means--
                  (A) any agency of a State, or of a political 
                subdivision of a State, that has authority 
                under the laws of the State to regulate 
                professional boxing; and
                  (B) any agency of an Indian tribe that is 
                authorized by the Indian tribe or the governing 
                body of the Indian tribe to regulate 
                professional boxing on Indian lands.
          (11) Manager.--The term ``manager'' means a person 
        who, under contract, agreement, or other arrangement 
        with a boxer, undertakes to control or administer, 
        directly or indirectly, a boxing-related matter on 
        behalf of that boxer, including a person who is a 
        booking agent for a boxer.
          (12) Matchmaker.--The term ``matchmaker'' means a 
        person that proposes, selects, and arranges the boxers 
        to participate in a professional boxing match.
          (13) Physician.--The term ``physician'' means a 
        doctor of medicine legally authorized to practice 
        medicine by the State in which the physician performs 
        such function or action.
          (14) Professional boxing match.--The term 
        ``professional boxing match'' means a boxing contest 
        held in the United States between individuals for 
        financial compensation. The term ``professional boxing 
        match'' does not include a boxing contest that is 
        regulated by a duly recognized amateur sports 
        organization, as approved by the Administration.
          (15) Promoter.--The term ``promoter'' means the 
        person primarily responsible for organizing, promoting, 
        and producing a professional boxing match. The term 
        ``promoter'' does not include a premium or other cable 
        or satellite program service, hotel, casino, resort, or 
        other commercial establishment hosting or sponsoring a 
        professional boxing match unless--
                  (A) the premium or other cable or satellite 
                program service, hotel, casino, resort, or 
                other commercial establishment has a 
                promotional agreement with a boxer in the 
                match; and
                  (B) there is no other person primarily 
                responsible for organizing, promoting, and 
                producing the match not affiliated with the 
                premium or other cable or satellite program 
                service, hotel, casino, resort, or other 
                commercial establishment.
          (16) Promotional agreement.--The term ``promotional 
        agreement'' means a contract between a any person and a 
        boxer under which the boxer grants to that person the 
        right to secure and arrange all professional boxing 
        matches requiring the boxer's services for--
                  (A) a prescribed period of time; or
                  (B) a prescribed number of professional 
                boxing matches.
          (17) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the 50 
        States, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and any 
        territory or possession of the United States, including 
        the Virgin Islands.
          (18) Effective date of the contract.--The term 
        ``effective date of the contract'' means the day upon 
        which a boxer becomes legally bound by the contract.
          (19) Sanctioning organization.--The term 
        ``sanctioning organization'' means an organization, 
        other than a boxing commission, that sanctions 
        professional boxing matches, ranks professional boxers, 
        or charges a sanctioning fee for professional boxing 
        matches in the United States--
                  (A) between boxers who are residents of 
                different States; or
                  (B) that are advertised, otherwise promoted, 
                or broadcast (including closed circuit 
                television) in interstate commerce.
          (20) Suspension.--The term ``suspension'' includes 
        within its meaning the revocation of a boxing license.
          (21) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
        organization'' has the same meaning as in section 4(l) 
        of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
        Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(l)).

                  TITLE I--PROFESSIONAL BOXING SAFETY

SEC. [3.] 101. PURPOSES.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6302]

  The purposes [of this Act] of this title are--
          (1) to improve and expand the system of safety 
        precautions that protects the welfare of professional 
        boxers; and
          (2) to assist [State] boxing commissions to provide 
        proper oversight for the professional boxing industry 
        in the United States.

[SEC. 4. BOXING MATCHES IN STATES WITHOUT BOXING COMMISSIONS.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6303]

  [(a) No person may arrange, promote, organize, produce, or 
fight in a professional boxing match held in a State that does 
not have a boxing commission unless the match is supervised by 
a boxing commission from another State and subject to the most 
recent version of the recommended regulatory guidelines 
certified and published by the Association of Boxing 
Commissions as well as any additional relevant professional 
boxing regulations and requirements of such other State.
  [(b) For the purpose of this Act, if no State commission is 
available to supervise a boxing match according to subsection 
(a), then--
          [(1) the match may not be held unless it is 
        supervised by an association of boxing commissions to 
        which at least a majority of the States belong; and
          [(2) any reporting or other requirement relating to a 
        supervising commission allowed under this section.]

SEC. 102. BOXING MATCHES IN JURISDICTIONS WITHOUT BOXING COMMISSIONS.

  (a) In General.--No person may arrange, promote, organize, 
produce, or fight in a professional boxing match within the 
United States unless the match--
          (1) is approved by the Administration; and
          (2) is supervised by the Association of Boxing 
        Commissions or by a boxing commission that is a member 
        of the Association of Boxing Commissions.
  (b) Approval Presumed.--For purposes of subsection (a), the 
Administration shall be presumed to have approved any match 
other than--
          (1) a match with respect to which the Administration 
        been informed of a violation of this title and with 
        respect to which it has notified the supervising boxing 
        commission that it does not approve;
          (2) a match advertised to the public as a 
        championship match; or
          (3) a match scheduled for 10 rounds or more.
  (c) Notification; Assurances.--Each promoter who intends to 
hold a professional boxing match in a State that does not have 
a boxing commission shall, not later than 14 days before the 
intended date of that match, provide assurances in writing to 
the Administration and the supervising boxing commission that 
all applicable requirements of this title will be met with 
respect to that professional boxing match.

SEC. [5.] 103. SAFETY STANDARDS.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6304]

  No person may arrange, promote, organize, produce, or fight 
in a professional boxing match without meeting each of the 
following [requirements or an alternative requirement in effect 
under regulations of a boxing commission that provides 
equivalent protection of the health and safety of boxers:] 
requirements:
          (1) A physical examination of each boxer by a 
        physician certifying whether or not the boxer is 
        physically fit to safely compete, copies of which must 
        be provided to the boxing commission. The examination 
        shall include testing for infectious diseases in 
        accordance with standards established by the 
        Administration.
          [(2) Except as otherwise expressly provided under 
        regulation of a boxing commission promulgated 
        subsequent to the enactment of this Act, an ambulance 
        or medical personnel with appropriate resuscitation 
        equipment continuously present on site.]
          (2) An ambulance continuously present on site.
          (3) Emergency medical personnel with appropriate 
        resuscitation equipment continuously present on site.
          [(3)] (4) A physician continuously present at 
        ringside.
          [(4)] (5) Health insurance for each boxer to provide 
        medical coverage for any injuries sustained in the 
        [match.] match in an amount prescribed by the 
        Administration.

SEC. [6.] 104. REGISTRATION.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6305]

  (a) Requirements.--Each boxer shall register with--
          (1) the boxing commission of the State in which such 
        boxer resides; or
          (2) in the case of a boxer who is a resident of a 
        foreign country, or a State in which there is no boxing 
        commission, the boxing commission of any State or 
        Indian tribe that has such a commission.
  (b) Identification card.--
          (1) Issuance.--A boxing commission shall issue to 
        each professional boxer who registers in accordance 
        with subsection (a), an identification card that 
        contains each of the following:
                  (A) A recent photograph of the boxer.
                  (B) The social security number of the boxer 
                (or, in the case of a foreign boxer, any 
                similar citizen identification number or 
                professional boxer number from the country of 
                residence of the boxer).
                  (C) A personal identification number assigned 
                to the boxer by a boxing registry.
          (2) Renewal.--Each professional boxer shall renew his 
        or her identification card at least once every 4 years.
          (3) Presentation.--Each professional boxer shall 
        present his or her identification card to the 
        appropriate boxing commission not later than the time 
        of the weigh-in for a professional boxing match.
  (c) Health and safety disclosures.--[It is the sense of the 
Congress that a boxing commission should, upon issuing an 
identification card to a boxer under subsection (b)(1), make a 
health and safety disclosure to that boxer as that commission 
considers appropriate.] A boxing commission shall, in 
accordance with requirements established by the Administration, 
make a health and safety disclosure to a boxer when issuing an 
identification card to that boxer. The health and safety 
disclosure [should] shall, at a minimum, include the health and 
safety risks associated with boxing, and, in particular, the 
risk and frequency of brain injury and the advisability that a 
boxer periodically undergo medical procedures designed to 
detect brain injury.
  (d) Copy of Registration To Be Sent to Administration.--A 
boxing commission shall furnish a copy of each registration 
received under subsection (a) to the Administration.

SEC. [7.] 105. REVIEW.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6306]

  [(a) Procedures.--]Each boxing commission shall establish 
each of the following procedures:
          (1) Procedures to evaluate the professional records 
        and physician's certification of each boxer 
        participating in a professional boxing match in the 
        State, and to deny authorization for a boxer to fight 
        where appropriate.
          (2) Procedures to ensure that, except as provided in 
        subsection (b), no boxer is permitted to box while 
        under suspension from any boxing commission due to--
                  (A) a recent knockout or series of 
                consecutive losses;
                  (B) an injury, requirement for a medical 
                procedure, or physician denial of 
                certification;
                  (C) failure of a drug test;
                  (D) the use of false aliases, or falsifying, 
                or attempting to falsify, official 
                identification cards or documents; or
                  (E) unsportsmanlike conduct or other 
                inappropriate behavior inconsistent with 
                generally accepted methods of competition in a 
                professional boxing match.
          [(3) Procedures to review a suspension where appealed 
        by a boxer, licensee, manager, matchmaker, promoter, or 
        other boxing service provider, including an opportunity 
        for a boxer, licensee, manager, matchmaker, promoter, 
        or other boxing service provider to present 
        contradictory evidence.
          [(4) Procedures to revoke a suspension where a 
        boxer--
                  [(A) was suspended under subparagraph (A) or 
                (B) of paragraph (2) of this subsection, and 
                has furnished further proof of a sufficiently 
                improved medical or physical condition; or
                  [(B) furnishes proof under subparagraph (C) 
                or (D) of paragraph (2) that a suspension was 
                not, or is no longer, merited by the facts.]
          (3) Procedures to review a summary suspension when a 
        hearing before the boxing commission is requested by a 
        boxer, licensee, manager, matchmaker, promoter, or 
        other boxing service provider which provides an 
        opportunity for that person to present evidence.
  [(b) Suspension in another State.--A boxing commission may 
allow a boxer who is under suspension in any State to 
participate in a professional boxing match--
          [(1) for any reason other than those listed in 
        subsection (a) if such commission notifies in writing 
        and consults with the designated official of the 
        suspending State's boxing commission prior to the grant 
        of approval for such individual to participate in that 
        professional boxing match; or
          [(2) if the boxer appeals to the Association of 
        Boxing Commissions, and the Association of Boxing 
        Commissions determines that the suspension of such 
        boxer was without sufficient grounds, for an improper 
        purpose, or not related to the health and safety of the 
        boxer or the purposes of this Act.]

SEC. [8.] 106. REPORTING.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6307]

  Not later than [48 business hours] 2 business days after the 
conclusion of a professional boxing match, the supervising 
boxing commission shall report the results of such boxing match 
and any related suspensions to [each boxer registry.] the 
Administration.

[SEC. 9. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.

                           [15 U.S.C. 6307a]

  [Within 2 years after the date of the enactment of the 
Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act, the Association of Boxing 
Commissions (ABC) shall develop and shall approve by a vote of 
no less than a majority of its member State boxing 
commissioners, guidelines for minimum contractual provisions 
that should be included in bout agreements and boxing 
contracts. It is the sense of the Congress that State boxing 
commissions should follow these ABC guidelines.]

SEC. 107. CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) In General.--The Administration, in consultation with the 
Association of Boxing Commissions, shall develop guidelines for 
minimum contractual provisions that shall be included in each 
bout agreement, boxer-manager contract, and promotional 
agreement. Each boxing commission shall ensure that these 
minimal contractual provisions are present in any such 
agreement or contract submitted to it.
  (b) Filing and Approval Requirements.--
          (1) Administration.--A manager or promoter shall 
        submit a copy of each boxer-manager contract and each 
        promotional agreement between that manager or promoter 
        and a boxer to the Administration.
          (2) Boxing commission.--A boxing commission may not 
        approve a professional boxing match unless a copy of 
        the bout agreement related to that match has been filed 
        with it and approved by it.
  (c) Bond or Other Surety.--A boxing commission may not 
approve a professional boxing match unless the promoter of that 
match has posted a surety bond, cashier's check, letter of 
credit, cash, or other security with the boxing commission in 
an amount acceptable to the boxing commission.

SEC. [10.] 108. PROTECTION FROM COERCIVE CONTRACTS.

                           [15 U.S.C. 6307b]

  (a) General Rule.--
          (1)(A) A contract provision shall be considered to be 
        in restraint of trade, contrary to public policy, and 
        unenforceable against any boxer to the extent that it--
                  (i) is a coercive provision described in 
                subparagraph (B) and is for a period greater 
                than 12 months; or
                  (ii) is a coercive provision described in 
                subparagraph (B) and the other boxer under 
                contract to the promoter came under that 
                contract pursuant to a coercive provision 
                described in subparagraph (B).
          (B) A coercive provision described in this 
        subparagraph is a contract provision that grants any 
        rights between a boxer and a promoter, or between 
        promoters with respect to a boxer, if the boxer is 
        required to grant such rights, or a boxer's promoter is 
        required to grant such rights with respect to a boxer 
        to another promoter, as a condition precedent to the 
        boxer's participation in a professional boxing match 
        against another boxer who is under contract to the 
        promoter.
  (2) This subsection shall only apply to contracts entered 
into after the date of the enactment of the Muhammad Ali Boxing 
Reform Act.
  [(3) No subsequent contract provision extending any rights or 
compensation covered in paragraph (1) shall be enforceable 
against a boxer if the effective date of the contract 
containing such provision is earlier than 3 months before the 
expiration of the relevant time period set forth in paragraph 
(1).]
  (b) Promotional rights under mandatory bout contracts.--No 
boxing service provider may require a boxer to grant any future 
promotional rights as a requirement of competing in a 
professional boxing match that is a mandatory or elimination 
bout under the rules of a sanctioning organization.
  (c) Protection from coercive contracts with broadcasters.--
Subsection (a) of this section applies to any contract between 
a commercial broadcaster and a boxer, or granting any rights 
with respect to that boxer, involving a broadcast in or 
affecting interstate commerce, regardless of the broadcast 
medium. For the purpose of this subsection, any reference in 
subsection (a)(1)(B) to ``promoter'' shall be considered a 
reference to ``commercial broadcaster''.

[SEC. 11. SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS.

                           [15 U.S.C. 6307c]

  [(a) Objective criteria.--Within 2 years after the date of 
the enactment of the Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act, the 
Association of Boxing Commissions shall develop and shall 
approve by a vote of no less than a majority of its member 
State boxing commissioners, guidelines for objective and 
consistent written criteria for the ratings of professional 
boxers. It is the sense of the Congress that sanctioning bodies 
and State boxing commissions should follow these ABC 
guidelines.
  [(b) Appeals process.--A sanctioning organization shall not 
be entitled to receive any compensation, directly or 
indirectly, in connection with a boxing match, until it 
provides the boxers with notice that the sanctioning 
organization shall, within 7 days after receiving a request 
from a boxer questioning that organization's rating of the 
boxer--
          [(1) provide to the boxer a written explanation of 
        the organization's criteria, its rating of the boxer, 
        and the rationale or basis for its rating (including a 
        response to any specific questions submitted by the 
        boxer); and
          [(2) submit a copy of its explanation to the 
        Association of Boxing Commissions.
  [(c) Notification of change in rating.--A sanctioning 
organization shall not be entitled to receive any compensation, 
directly or indirectly, in connection with a boxing match, 
until, with respect to a change in the rating of a boxer 
previously rated by such organization in the top 10 boxers, the 
organization--
          [(1) posts a copy, within 7 days of such change, on 
        its Internet website or home page, if any, including an 
        explanation of such change, for a period of not less 
        than 30 days; and
          [(2) provides a copy of the rating change and 
        explanation to an association to which at least a 
        majority of the State boxing commissions belong.
  [(d) Public disclosure.--
          [(1) Federal Trade Commission filing.--A sanctioning 
        organization shall not be entitled to receive any 
        compensation directly or indirectly in connection with 
        a boxing match unless, not later than January 31 of 
        each year, it submits to the Federal Trade Commission 
        and to the ABC--
                  [(A) a complete description of the 
                organization's ratings criteria, policies, and 
                general sanctioning fee schedule;
                  [(B) the bylaws of the organization;
                  [(C) the appeals procedure of the 
                organization for a boxer's rating; and
                  [(D) a list and business address of the 
                organization's officials who vote on the 
                ratings of boxers.
          [(2) Format; updates.--A sanctioning organization 
        shall--
                  [(A) provide the information required under 
                paragraph (1) in writing, and, for any document 
                greater than 2 pages in length, also in 
                electronic form; and
                  [(B) promptly notify the Federal Trade 
                Commission of any material change in the 
                information submitted.
          [(3) Federal Trade Commission to make information 
        available to public.--The Federal Trade Commission 
        shall make information received under this subsection 
        available to the public. The Commission may assess 
        sanctioning organizations a fee to offset the costs it 
        incurs in processing the information and making it 
        available to the public.
          [(4) Internet alternative.--In lieu of submitting the 
        information required by paragraph (1) to the Federal 
        Trade Commission, a sanctioning organization may 
        provide the information to the public by maintaining a 
        website on the Internet that--
                  [(A) is readily accessible by the general 
                public using generally available search engines 
                and does not require a password or payment of a 
                fee for full access to all the information;
                  [(B) contains all the information required to 
                be submitted to the Federal Trade Commission by 
                paragraph (1) in an easy to search and use 
                format; and
                  [(C) is updated whenever there is a material 
                change in the information.]

SEC. 109. SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS.

  (a) Objective Criteria.--Within 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the Professional Boxing Amendments Act of 2002, 
the Administration, in consultation with the Association of 
Boxing Commissions, shall develop guidelines for objective and 
consistent written criteria for the rating of professional 
boxers based on the athletic merits of the boxers. Within 90 
days after the Administration's promulgation of the guidelines, 
each sanctioning organization shall adopt the guidelines and 
follow them.
  (b) Notification of Change in Rating.--A sanctioning 
organization shall, with respect to a change in the rating of a 
boxer previously rated by such organization in the top 10 
boxers--
          (1) post a copy, within 7 days after the change, on 
        its Internet website or home page, if any, including an 
        explanation of the change, for a period of not less 
        than 30 days;
          (2) provide a copy of the rating change and an 
        explanation to the boxer and the Administration;
          (3) provide the boxer an opportunity to appeal the 
        ratings change; and
          (4) apply the objective criteria for ratings required 
        under subsection (a) in considering any such appeal.
  (c) Challenge of Rating.--If a sanctioning organization 
receives an inquiry from a boxer challenging that 
organization's rating of the boxer, it shall (except to the 
extent otherwise required by the Administration), within 7 days 
after receiving the request--
          (1) provide to the boxer a written explanation of the 
        organization's rating criteria, its rating of the 
        boxer, and the rationale or basis for its rating 
        (including a response to any specific questions 
        submitted by the boxer); and
          (2) submit a copy of its explanation to the 
        Association of Boxing Commissions and the 
        Administration.

SEC. [12.] 110. REQUIRED DISCLOSURES TO STATE BOXING COMMISSIONS BY 
                    SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS.

                           [15 U.S.C. 6307d]

  [A sanctioning organization shall not be entitled to receive 
any compensation directly or indirectly in connection with a 
boxing match until it provides to the boxing commission 
responsible for regulating the match in a State a statement 
of--] Within 7 days after a professional boxing match of 10 
rounds or more, the sanctioning organization for that match 
shall provide to the boxing commission in the State or on 
Indian land responsible for regulating the match, and to the 
Administration, a statement of--
          (1) all charges, fees, and costs the organization 
        [will assess] has assessed, or will assess, any boxer 
        participating in that match;
          (2) all payments, benefits, complimentary benefits, 
        and fees the organization [will receive] has received, 
        or will receive, for its affiliation with the event, 
        from the promoter, host of the event, and all other 
        sources; and
          (3) such additional information as the commission may 
        require.

SEC. [13.] 111. REQUIRED DISCLOSURES FOR PROMOTERS.

                           [15 U.S.C. 6307e]

  [(a) Disclosures to the Boxing Commissions.--A promoter shall 
not be entitled to receive any compensation directly or 
indirectly in connection with a boxing match until it provides 
to the boxing commission responsible for regulating the match 
in a State a statement of--]
  (a) Disclosures to Boxing Commissions and Administration.--
Within 7 days after a professional boxing match of 10 rounds or 
more, the promoter of any boxer participating in that match 
shall provide to the boxing commission in the State or on 
Indian land responsible for regulating the match, and to the 
Administration--
          (1) a copy of any agreement in [writing] writing, 
        other than a bout agreement previously provided to the 
        commission, to which the promoter is a party with any 
        boxer participating in the match;
          (2) a statement made under penalty of perjury that 
        there are no other agreements, written or oral, between 
        the promoter and the boxer with respect to that match; 
        and
          (3)(A) [all fees, charges, and expenses that will be] 
        a statement of all fees, charges, and expenses that 
        have been, or will be, assessed by or through the 
        promoter on the boxer pertaining to the event, 
        including any portion of the boxer's purse that the 
        promoter will receive, and training expenses;
                  (B) a statement of all payments, gifts, or 
                benefits the promoter is providing to any 
                sanctioning organization affiliated with the 
                event; and
                  (C) a statement of any reduction in a boxer's 
                purse contrary to a previous agreement between 
                the promoter and the boxer or a purse bid held 
                for the event.
  (b) Disclosures to the Boxer.--[A promoter shall not be 
entitled to receive any compensation directly or indirectly in 
connection with a boxing match until it provides to the boxer 
it promotes--]Within 7 days after a professional boxing match 
of 10 rounds or more, the promoter of that match shall provide 
to each boxer participating in the match a statement of--
          (1) the amounts of any compensation or consideration 
        that a promoter has contracted to receive from such 
        [match;] match, and that the promoter has paid, or 
        agreed to pay, to any other person in connection with 
        the match;
          (2) all fees, charges, and expenses that will be 
        assessed by or through the promoter on the boxer 
        pertaining to the event, including any portion of the 
        boxer's purse that the promoter will receive, and 
        training expenses; and
          (3) any reduction in a boxer's purse contrary to a 
        previous agreement between the promoter and the boxer 
        or a purse bid held for the event.
  (c) Information to be available to State attorney general.--A 
promoter shall make information required to be disclosed under 
this section available to the chief law enforcement officer of 
the State in which the matchis to be held upon request of such 
officer.

[SEC. 14. REQUIRED DISCLOSURES FOR JUDGES AND REFEREES.

                           [15 U.S.C. 6307f]

  [A judge or referee shall not be entitled to receive any 
compensation, directly or indirectly, in connection with a 
boxing match until it provides to the boxing commission 
responsible for regulating the match in a State a statement of 
all consideration, including reimbursement for expenses, that 
will be received from any source for participation in the 
match.]

SEC. 112. MEDICAL REGISTRY.

  (a) In General.--The Administration, in consultation with the 
Association of Boxing Commissions, shall establish and 
maintain, or certify a third party entity to establish and 
maintain, a medical registry that contains comprehensive 
medical records and medical denials or suspensions for every 
licensed boxer.
  (b) Content; Submission.--The Administration shall 
determine--
          (1) the nature of medical records and medical 
        suspensions of a boxer that are to be forwarded to the 
        medical registry; and
          (2) the time within which the medical records and 
        medical suspensions are to be submitted to the medical 
        registry.
  (c) Confidentiality.--The Administration shall establish 
confidentiality standards for the disclosure of personally 
identifiable information to boxing commissions that will--
          (1) protect the health and safety of boxers by making 
        relevant information available to the boxing 
        commissions for use but not public disclosure; and
          (2) ensure that the privacy of the boxers is 
        protected.

SEC. [15.] 113. CONFIDENTIALITY.

                           [15 U.S.C. 6307g]

  (a) In general.--Neither a boxing commission or an Attorney 
General may disclose to the public any matter furnished by a 
promoter under [section 13] section 111 except to the extent 
required in a legal, administrative, or judicial proceeding.
  (b) Effect of contrary State law.--If a State law governing a 
boxing commission requires that information that would be 
furnished by a promoter under [section 13] section 111 shall be 
made public, then a promoter is not required to file such 
information with such State if the promoter files such 
information with the ABC.

SEC. [16.] 114. JUDGES AND REFEREES.

                           [15 U.S.C. 6307h]

  (a) Licensing and Assignment Requirement._No person may 
arrange, promote, organize, produce, or fight in a professional 
boxing match unless all referees and judges participating in 
the match have been [certified and approved] selected by the 
boxing commission responsible for regulating the match in the 
State or Indian lands where the match is held.
  (b) Championship and 10-round Bouts.--In addition to the 
requirements of subsection (a), no person may arrange, promote, 
organize, produce, or fight in a professional boxing match 
advertised to the public as a championship match or in a 
professional boxing match scheduled for 10 rounds or more 
unless all referees and judges participating in the match have 
been licensed by the Administration.
  (c) Sanctioning Organization Not To Influence Selection 
Process.--A sanctioning organization--
          (1) may provide a list of judges and referees deemed 
        qualified by that organization to a boxing commission; 
        but
          (2) shall not influence, or attempt to influence, a 
        boxing commission's selection of a judge or referee for 
        a professional boxing match except by providing such a 
        list.
  (d) Assignment of Nonresident Judges and Referees.--A boxing 
commission may assign judges and referees who reside outside 
that commission's State or Indian land if the judge or referee 
is licensed by a boxing commission in the United States.
  (e) Required Disclosure.--A judge or referee shall provide to 
the boxing commission responsible for regulating a professional 
boxing match in a State or on Indian land a statement of all 
consideration, including reimbursement for expenses, that the 
judge or referee has received, or will receive, from any source 
for participation in the match. If the match is scheduled for 
10 rounds or more, the judge or referee shall also provide such 
a statement to the Administration.

SEC. [17.] 115. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6308]

  (a) Regulatory personnel.--No member or employee of a boxing 
commission, no person who administers or enforces State boxing 
laws, no officer or employee of the Administration, and no 
member of the Association of Boxing Commissions may belong to, 
contract with, or receive any compensation from, any person who 
sanctions, arranges, or promotes professional boxing matches or 
who otherwise has a financial interest in an active boxer 
currently registered with a boxer registry. For purposes of 
this section, the term ``compensation'' does not include funds 
held in escrow for payment to another person in connection with 
a professional boxing match. The prohibition set forth in this 
section shall not apply to any contract entered into, or any 
reasonable compensation received, by a boxing commission to 
supervise a professional boxing match in another State as 
described in [section 4.] section 102.
  (b) Firewall between promoters and managers.--
          (1) In general.--It is unlawful for--
                  (A) a promoter to have a direct or indirect 
                financial interest in the management of a 
                boxer; or
                  (B) a manager--
                          (i) to have a direct or indirect 
                        financial interest in the promotion of 
                        a boxer; or
                          (ii) to be employed by or receive 
                        compensation or other benefits from a 
                        promoter, except for amounts received 
                        as consideration under the manager's 
                        contract with the boxer.
          (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1)--
                  (A) does not prohibit a boxer from acting as 
                his own promoter or manager; and
                  (B) only applies to boxers participating in a 
                boxing match of 10 rounds or more.
  (c) Sanctioning organizations.--
          (1) Prohibition on receipts.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (2), no officer or employee of a sanctioning 
        organization may receive any compensation, gift, or 
        benefit, directly or indirectly, from a promoter, 
        boxer, or manager.
          (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to--
                  (A) the receipt of payment by a promoter, 
                boxer, or manager of a sanctioning 
                organization's published fee for sanctioning a 
                professional boxing match or reasonable 
                expenses in connection therewith if the payment 
                is reported to the responsible boxing 
                commission; or
                  (B) the receipt of a gift or benefit of de 
                minimis value.

SEC. [18.] 116. ENFORCEMENT.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6309]

  (a) [Injunctions.--] Actions by Attorney General._Whenever 
the Attorney General of the United States has reasonable cause 
to believe that a person is engaged in a violation [of this 
Act] of this title, the Attorney General may bring a civil or 
criminal action in the appropriate district court of the United 
States requesting such relief, including a permanent or 
temporary injunction, restraining order, or other order, 
against the person, as the Attorney General determines to be 
necessary to restrain the person from continuing to engage in, 
sanction, promote, or otherwise participate in a professional 
boxing match in violation [of this Act] of this title.
  (b) Criminal penalties.--
          (1) Managers, promoters, matchmakers, and 
        licensees.--Any manager, promoter, matchmaker, and 
        licensee who knowingly violates, or coerces or causes 
        any other person to violate, any provision [of this 
        Act] of this title, other than section [9(b), 10, 11, 
        12, 13, 14, or 16,] 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, or 114, 
        shall, upon conviction, be imprisoned for not more than 
        1 year or fined not more than $20,000, or both.
          (2) Violation of antiexploitation, sanctioning 
        organization, or disclosure provisions.--Any person who 
        knowingly violates any provision of section [9(b), 10, 
        11, 12, 13, 14, or 16 of this Act] 107, 108, 109, 110, 
        111, or 114 of this title shall, upon conviction, be 
        imprisoned for not more than 1 year or fined not more 
        than--
                  (A) $100,000; and
                  (B) if a violation occurs in connection with 
                a professional boxing match the gross revenues 
                for which exceed $2,000,000, an additional 
                amount which bears the same ratio to $100,000 
                as the amount of such revenues compared to 
                $2,000,000, or both.
          (3) Conflict of interest.--Any member or employee of 
        a boxing commission, any person who administers or 
        enforces State boxing laws, any officer or employee of 
        the Administration, and any member of the Association 
        of Boxing Commissions who knowingly violates [section 
        17(a) of this Act] section 115(a) of this title shall, 
        upon conviction, be imprisoned for not more than 1 year 
        or fined not more than $20,000, or both.
          (4) Boxers.--Any boxer who knowingly violates any 
        provision [of this Act] of this title shall, upon 
        conviction, be fined not more than $1,000.
  (c) Actions by States.--Whenever the chief law enforcement 
officer of any State has reason to believe that a person or 
organization has engaged in or is engaging in practices which 
violate any requirement [of this Act] of this title, the State, 
as parens patriae, may bring a civil or criminal action on 
behalf of its residents in an appropriate district court of the 
United States--
          (1) to enjoin the holding of any professional boxing 
        match which the practice involves;
          (2) to enforce compliance with this Act;
          (3) to obtain the [fines] sanctions provided under 
        subsection (b) or appropriate restitution; or
          (4) to obtain such other relief as the court may deem 
        appropriate.
  (d) Private right of action.--Any [boxer] person who suffers 
economic injury as a result of a violation of any provision [of 
this Act] of this title may bring an action in the appropriate 
Federal or State court and recover the damages suffered, court 
costs, and reasonable attorneys fees and expenses.
  (e) Enforcement against Federal Trade Commission, State 
attorneys general, etc.--Nothing in this Act authorizes the 
enforcement of--
          (1) any provision [of this Act] of this title against 
        the Federal Trade Commission, the United States 
        Attorney General, or the chief legal officer of any 
        State for acting or failing to act in an official 
        capacity;
          (2) subsection (d) of this section against a State or 
        political subdivision of a State, or any agency or 
        instrumentality thereof; or
          (3) [section 10] section 108 against a boxer acting 
        in his capacity as a boxer.

[SEC. 19. NOTIFICATION OF SUPERVISING BOXING COMMISSION.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6310]

  [Each promoter who intends to hold a professional boxing 
match in a State that does not have a boxing commission shall, 
not later than 14 days before the intended date of that match, 
provide written notification to the supervising boxing 
commission designated under section 4. Such notification shall 
contain each of the following:
          [(1) Assurances that, with respect to that 
        professional boxing match, all applicable requirements 
        of this Act will be met.
          [(2) The name of any person who, at the time of the 
        submission of the notification--
                  [(A) is under suspension from a boxing 
                commission; and
                  [(B) will be involved in organizing or 
                participating in the event.
          [(3) For any individual listed under paragraph (2), 
        the identity of the boxing commission that issued the 
        suspension described in paragraph (2)(A).]

[SEC. 20. STUDIES.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6311]

  [(a) Pension.--The Secretary of Labor shall conduct a study 
on the feasibility and cost of a national pension system for 
boxers, including potential funding sources.
  [(b) Health, safety and equipment.--The Secretary of Health 
and Human Services shall conduct a study to develop 
recommendations for health, safety, and equipment standards for 
boxers and for professional boxing matches.
  [(c) Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Labor shall submit a 
report to the Congress on the findings of the study conducted 
pursuant to subsection (a). Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services shall submit a report to the Congress on the 
findings of the study conducted pursuant to subsection (b).]

[SEC. 21. PROFESSIONAL BOXING MATCHES CONDUCTED ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6312]

  [(a) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the 
following definitions shall apply:
          [(1) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the 
        same meaning as in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
        450b(e)).
          [(2) Reservation.--The term ``reservation'' means the 
        geographically defined area over which a tribal 
        organization exercises governmental jurisdiction.
          [(3) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
        organization'' has the same meaning as in section 4(l) 
        of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
        Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(l)).
  [(b) Requirements.--
          [(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, a tribal organization of an Indian tribe may, 
        upon the initiative of the tribal organization--
                  [(A) regulate professional boxing matches 
                held within the reservation under the 
                jurisdiction of that tribal organization; and
                  [(B) carry out that regulation or enter into 
                a contract with a boxing commission to carry 
                out that regulation.
          [(2) Standards and licensing.--If a tribal 
        organization regulates professional boxing matches 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), the tribal organization 
        shall, by tribal ordinance or resolution, establish and 
        provide for the implementation of health and safety 
        standards, licensing requirements, and other 
        requirements relating to the conduct of professional 
        boxing matches that are at least as restrictive as--
                  [(A) the otherwise applicable standards and 
                requirements of a State in which the 
                reservation is located; or
                  [(B) the most recently published version of 
                the recommended regulatory guidelines certified 
                and publsihed by the Association of Boxing 
                Commissions.]

SEC. 117. PROFESSIONAL BOXING MATCHES CONDUCTED ON INDIAN LANDS.

  (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
a tribal organization may establish a boxing commission to 
regulate professional boxing matches held on Indian land under 
the jurisdiction of that tribal organization.
  (b) Contract with a Boxing Commission.--A tribal organization 
that does not establish a boxing commission shall execute a 
contract with the Association of Boxing Commissions, or a 
boxing commission that is a member of the Association of Boxing 
Commissions, to regulate any professional boxing match held on 
Indian land under the jurisdiction of that tribal organization. 
If the match is regulated by the Association of Boxing 
Commissions, the match shall be regulated in accordance with 
the guidelines established by the United States Boxing 
Administration. If the match is regulated by a boxing 
commission from a State other than the State within the borders 
of which the Indian land is located, the match shall be 
regulated in accordance with the applicable requirements of the 
State where the match is held.
  (c) Standards and Licensing.--A tribal organization that 
establishes a boxing commission shall, by tribal ordinance or 
resolution, establish and provide for the implementation of 
health and safety standards, licensing requirements, and other 
requirements relating to the conduct of professional boxing 
matches that are at least as restrictive as--
          (1) the otherwise applicable requirements of the 
        State in which the Indian land on which the 
        professional boxing match is held is located; or
          (2) the guidelines established by the United States 
        Boxing Administration.

SEC. [22.] 118. RELATIONSHIP WITH STATE OR TRIBAL LAW.

                            [15 U.S.C. 6313]

  Nothing in this Act shall prohibit a State or Indian tribe 
from adopting or enforcing supplemental or more stringent laws 
or regulations not inconsistent with this Act, or criminal, 
civil, or administrative fines for violations of such laws or 
regulations.

             TITLE II--UNITED STATES BOXING ADMINISTRATION

SEC. 201. PURPOSE.

  The purpose of this title is to protect the health, safety, 
and welfare of boxers and to ensure fairness in the sport of 
professional boxing.

SEC. 202. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES BOXING ADMINISTRATION.

  (a) In General.--The United States Boxing Administration is 
established as an administration of the Department of Labor.
  (b) Administrator.--
          (1) Appointment.--The Administration shall be headed 
        by an Administrator, appointed by the President, by and 
        with the advice and consent of the Senate.
          (2) Qualifications.--The Administrator shall be an 
        individual who--
                  (A) has experience in professional boxing 
                activities or in a field directly related to 
                professional sports;
                  (B) is of outstanding character and 
                recognized integrity; and
                  (C) is selected on the basis of training, 
                experience, and qualifications and without 
                regard to party affiliation.
          (3) Term of office.--The Administrator shall serve 
        for a term of 4 years.
  (c) Assistant Administrator; General Counsel.--The 
Administration shall have an Assistant Administrator and a 
General Counsel, who shall be appointed by the Administrator. 
The Assistant Administrator shall--
          (1) serve as Administrator in the absence of the 
        Administrator or in the event of a vacancy in that 
        office; and
          (2) carry out such duties as the Administrator may 
        assign.
  (d) Staff.--The Administration shall have such additional 
staff as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the 
Administration.

SEC. 203. FUNCTIONS.

  (a) Primary Functions.--The primary function of the 
Administration are--
          (1) to protect the health, safety, and general 
        interests of boxers consistent with the provisions of 
        this Act; and
          (2) to ensure uniformity, fairness, and integrity in 
        professional boxing.
  (b) Specific Functions.--The Administrator shall--
          (1) administer title I of this Act;
          (2) promulgate uniform standards for professional 
        boxing in consultation with the boxing commissions of 
        the several States and tribal organizations;
          (3) except as otherwise determined by the 
        Administration, oversee all professional boxing matches 
        in the United States;
          (4) work with sanctioning organizations, the 
        Association of Boxing Commissions, and the boxing 
        commissions of the several States and tribal 
        organizations--
                  (A) to improve the safety, integrity, and 
                professionalism of professional boxing in the 
                United States;
                  (B) to enhance physical, medical, financial, 
                and other safeguards established for the 
                protection of professional boxers; and
                  (C) to improve the status and standards of 
                professional boxing in the United States;
          (5) ensure, through the Attorney General, the chief 
        law enforcement officer of the several States, and 
        other appropriate officers and agencies of Federal, 
        State, and local government, that Federal and State 
        laws applicable to professional boxing matches in the 
        United States are vigorously, effectively, and fairly 
        enforced;
          (6) review local boxing authority regulations for 
        professional boxing and provide assistance to such 
        authorities in meeting minimum standards prescribed by 
        the Administration under this title;
          (7) serve as the coordinating body for all efforts in 
        the United States to establish and maintain uniform 
        minimum health and safety standards for professional 
        boxing;
          (8) if the Administrator determines it to be 
        appropriate, publish a newspaper, magazine, or other 
        publication and establish and maintain a website 
        consistent with the purposes of the Administration;
          (8) procure the temporary and intermittent services 
        of experts and consultants to the extent authorized by 
        section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at 
        rates the Administration determines to be reasonable; 
        and
          (9) take any other action that is necessary and 
        proper to accomplish the purpose of this title 
        consistent with the provisions of this title.
  (c) Prohibitions.--The Administration may not--
          (1) promote boxing events or rank professional 
        boxers; or
          (2) provide technical assistance to, or authorize the 
        use of the name of the Administration by, boxing 
        commissions that do not comply with requirements of the 
        Administration.
  (d) Use of Name.--The Administration shall have the exclusive 
right to use the name `United States Boxing Administration'. 
Any person who, without the permission of the Administration, 
uses that name or any other exclusive name, trademark, emblem, 
symbol, or insignia of the Administration for the purpose of 
inducing the sale of any goods or services, or to promote any 
exhibition, performance, or sporting event, shall be subject to 
suit in a civil action by the Administration for the remedies 
provided in the Act of July 5, 1946 (commonly known as the 
`Trademark Act of 1946'; 15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq.).

SEC. 204. LICENSING AND REGISTRATION OF BOXING PERSONNEL.

  (a) Licensing.--
          (1) Requirement for license.--No person may compete 
        in a professional boxing match or serve as a boxing 
        manager, boxing promoter, or sanctioning organization 
        for a professional boxing match except as provided in a 
        license granted to that person under this subsection.
          (2) Application and Term.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administration shall--
                          (i) establish application procedures, 
                        forms, and fees;
                          (ii) establish and publish 
                        appropriate standards for licenses 
                        granted under this section; and
                          (iii) issue a license to any person 
                        who, as determined by the 
                        Administration, meets the standards 
                        established by the Administration under 
                        this title.
                  (B) Duration.--A license issued under this 
                section shall be for a renewable--
                          (i) 4-year term for a boxer; and
                          (ii) 2-year term for any other 
                        person.
                  (C) Procedure.--The Administration may issue 
                a license under this paragraph through local 
                boxing authorities or in a manner determined by 
                the Administration.
  (b) Licensing Fees.--
          (1) Authority.--The Administration may prescribe and 
        charge fees for the licensing of persons under this 
        title. The Administration may set, charge, and adjust 
        varying fees on the basis of classifications of 
        persons, functions, and events determined appropriate 
        by the Administration.
          (2) Limitations.--In setting and charging fees under 
        paragraph (1), the Administration shall ensure that, to 
        the maximum extent practicable--
                  (A) club boxing is not adversely effected;
                  (B) sanctioning organizations and promoters 
                pay the largest portion of the fees; and
                  (C) boxers pay as small a portion of the fees 
                as is possible.
          (3) Collection.--Fees established under this 
        subsection may be collected through local boxing 
        authorities or by any other means determined 
        appropriate by the Administration.

SEC. 205. NATIONAL REGISTRY OF BOXING PERSONNEL.

  (a) Requirement for Registry.--The Administration, in 
consultation with the Association of Boxing Commissions, shall 
establish and maintain (or authorize a third party to establish 
and maintain) a unified national computerized registry for the 
collection, storage, and retrieval of information related to 
the performance of its duties.
  (b) Contents.--The information in the registry shall include 
the following:
          (1) Boxers.--A list of professional boxers and data 
        in the medical registry established under section 114 
        of this Act, which the Administration shall secure from 
        disclosure in accordance with the confidentiality 
        requirements of section 114(c).
          (2) Other personnel.--Information (pertinent to the 
        sport of professional boxing) on boxing promoters, 
        boxing matchmakers, boxing managers, trainers, cut men, 
        referees, boxing judges, physicians, and any other 
        personnel determined by the Administration as 
        performing a professional activity for professional 
        boxing matches.

SEC. 206. CONSULTATION REQUIREMENTS.

  The Administration shall consult with local boxing 
authorities--
          (1) before prescribing any regulation or establishing 
        any standard under the provisions of this title; and
          (2) not less than once each year regarding matters 
        relating to professional boxing.

SEC. 207. MISCONDUCT.

  (a) Suspension and Revocation of License or Registration.--
          (1) Authority.--The Administration may, after notice 
        and opportunity for a hearing, suspend or revoke any 
        license issued under this title if the Administration 
        finds that--
                  (A) the suspension or revocation is necessary 
                for the protection of health and safety or is 
                otherwise in the public interest;
                  (B) there are reasonable grounds for belief 
                that a standard prescribed by the 
                Administration under this title is not being 
                met, or that bribery, collusion, intentional 
                losing, racketeering, extortion, or the use of 
                unlawful threats, coercion, or intimidation 
                have occurred in connection with a license; or
                  (C) the licensee has violated any provision 
                of this Act.
          (2) Period of suspension.--
                  (A) In general.--A suspension of a license 
                under this section shall be effective for a 
                period determined appropriate by the 
                Administration except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B).
                  (B) Suspension for medical reasons.--In the 
                case of a suspension or denial of the license 
                of a boxer for medical reasons by the 
                Administration, the Administration may 
                terminate the suspension or denial at any time 
                that a physician certifies that the boxer is 
                fit to participate in a professional boxing 
                match. The Administration shall prescribe the 
                standards and procedures for accepting 
                certifications under this subparagraph.
  (b) Investigations and Injunctions.--
          (1) Authority.--The Administration may--
                  (A) conduct any investigation that it 
                considers necessary to determine whether any 
                person has violated, or is about to violate, 
                any provision of this title or any regulation 
                prescribed under this title;
                  (B) require or permit any person to file with 
                it a statement in writing, under oath or 
                otherwise as the Administration shall 
                determine, as to all the facts and 
                circumstances concerning the matter to be 
                investigated;
                  (C) in its discretion, publish information 
                concerning any violations; and
                  (D) investigate any facts, conditions, 
                practices, or matters to aid in the enforcement 
                of the provisions of this title, in the 
                prescribing of regulations under this title, or 
                in securing information to serve as a basis for 
                recommending legislation concerning the matters 
                to which this title relates.
          (2) Powers.--
                  (A) In general.--For the purpose of any 
                investigation under paragraph (1), or any other 
                proceeding under this title, any officer 
                designated by the Administration may administer 
                oaths and affirmations, subpoena or otherwise 
                compel the attendance of witnesses, take 
                evidence, and require the production of any 
                books, papers, correspondence, memorandums, or 
                other records which the Administration 
                considers relevant or material to the inquiry.
                  (B) Witnesses and evidence.--The attendance 
                of witnesses and the production of any 
                documents under subparagraph (A) may be 
                required from any place in the United States, 
                including Indian land, at any designated place 
                of hearing.
          (3) Enforcement of subpoenas.--
                  (A) Civil action.--In case of contumacy by, 
                or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to, any 
                person, the Administration may file an action 
                in any court of the United States within the 
                jurisdiction of which an investigation or 
                proceeding is carried out, or where that person 
                resides or carries on business, to enforce the 
                attendance and testimony of witnesses and the 
                production of books, papers, correspondence, 
                memorandums, and other records. The court may 
                issue an order requiring the person to appear 
                before the Administration to produce records, 
                if so ordered, or to give testimony concerning 
                the matter under investigation or in question.
                  (B) Failure to obey.--Any failure to obey an 
                order issued by a court under subparagraph (A) 
                may be punished as contempt of that Court.
                  (C) Process.--All process in any contempt 
                case under subparagraph (A) may be served in 
                the judicial district in which the person is an 
                inhabitant or in which the person may be found.
          (4) Evidence of criminal misconduct.--
                  (A) In general.--No person may be excused 
                from attending and testifying or from producing 
                books, papers, contracts, agreements, and other 
                records and documents before the 
                Administration, in obedience to the subpoena of 
                the Administration, or in any cause or 
                proceeding instituted by the Administration, on 
                the ground that the testimony or evidence, 
                documentary or otherwise, required of that 
                person may tend to incriminate the person or 
                subject the person to a penalty or forfeiture.
                  (B) Limited immunity.--No individual may be 
                prosecuted or subject to any penalty or 
                forfeiture for, or on account of, any 
                transaction, matter, or thing concerning the 
                matter about which that individual is 
                compelled, after having claimed a privilege 
                against self-incrimination, to testify or 
                produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, 
                except that the individual so testifying shall 
                not be exempt from prosecution and punishment 
                for perjury committed in so testifying.
          (5) Injunctive relief.--If the Administration 
        determines that any person is engaged or about to 
        engage in any act or practice that constitutes a 
        violation of any provision of this title, or of any 
        regulation prescribed under this title, the 
        Administration may bring an action in the appropriate 
        district court of the United States, the United States 
        District Court for the District of Columbia, or the 
        United States courts of any territory or other place 
        subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, to 
        enjoin the act or practice, and upon a proper showing, 
        the court shall grant without bond a permanent or 
        temporary injunction or restraining order.
          (6) Mandamus.--Upon application of the 
        Administration, the district courts of the United 
        States, the United States District Court for the 
        District of Columbia, and the United States courts of 
        any territory or other place subject to the 
        jurisdiction of the United States, shall have 
        jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus commanding any 
        person to comply with the provisions of this title or 
        any order of the Administration.
  (c) Intervention in Civil Actions.--
          (1) In general.--The Administration, on behalf of the 
        public interest, may intervene of right as provided 
        under rule 24(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil 
        Procedure in any civil action relating to professional 
        boxing filed in a United States district court.
          (2) Amicus filing.--The Administration may file a 
        brief in any action filed in a court of the United 
        States on behalf of the public interest in any case 
        relating to professional boxing.
  (d) Hearings by Administration.--Hearings conducted by the 
Administration under this title shall be public and may be held 
before any officer of the Administration or before a boxing 
commission that is a member of the Association of Boxing 
Commissions. The Administration shall keep appropriate records 
of the hearings.

SEC. 208. NONINTERFERENCE WITH LOCAL BOXING AUTHORITIES.

  (a) Noninterference.--Nothing in this title prohibits any 
local boxing authority from exercising any of its powers, 
duties, or functions with respect to the regulation or 
supervision of professional boxing or professional boxing 
matches to the extent not inconsistent with the provisions of 
this title.
  (b) Minimum Standards.--Nothing in this title prohibits any 
local boxing authority from enforcing local standards or 
requirements that exceed the minimumstandards or requirements 
promulgated by the Administration under this title.

SEC. 209. ASSISTANCE FROM OTHER AGENCIES.

  Any employee of any executive department, agency, bureau, 
board, commission, office, independent establishment, or 
instrumentality may be detailed to the Administration, upon the 
request of the Administration, on a reimbursable or 
nonreimbursable basis, with the consent of the appropriate 
authority having jurisdiction over the employee. While so 
detailed, an employee shall continue to receive the 
compensation provided pursuant to law for the employee's 
regular position of employment and shall retain, without 
interruption, the rights and privileges of that employment.

SEC. 210. REPORTS.

  (a) Annual Report.--The Administration shall submit a report 
on its activities to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee 
on Commerce each year. The annual report shall include the 
following:
          (1) A detailed discussion of the activities of the 
        Administration for the year covered by the report.
          (2) A description of the local boxing authority of 
        each State and Indian tribe.
  (b) Public Report.--The Administration shall annually issue 
and publicize a report of the Administration on the progress 
made at Federal and State levels and on Indianlands in the 
reform of professional boxing, which shall include comments on issues 
of continuing concern to the Administration.
  (c) First Annual Report on the Administration.--The first 
annual report under this title shall be submitted not later 
than 2 years after the effective date of this title.

SEC. 211. INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION.

  (a) Temporary exemption.--The requirements for licensing 
under this title do not apply to a person for the performance 
of an activity as a boxer, boxing judge, or referee, or the 
performance of any other professional activity in relation to a 
professional boxing match, if the person is licensed by a 
boxing commission to perform that activity as of the effective 
date of this title.
  (b) Expiration.--The exemption under subsection (a) with 
respect to a license issued by a boxing commission expires on 
the earlier of--
                  (A) the date on which the license expires; or
                  (B) the date that is 2 years after the date 
                of the enactment of the Professional Boxing 
                Amendments Act of 2002.

SEC. 212. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated for 
the Administration for each fiscal year such sums as may be 
necessary for the Administration to perform its functions for 
that fiscal year.
  (b) Receipts Credited as Offsetting Collections.--
Notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, United States Code, 
any fee collected under this title--
          (1) shall be credited as offsetting collections to 
        the account that finances the activities and services 
        for which the fee is imposed;
          (2) shall be available for expenditure only to pay 
        the costs of activities and services for which the fee 
        is imposed; and
          (3) shall remain available until expended.

             TITLE 5. GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

                          PART III. EMPLOYEES

                     SUBPART D. PAY AND ALLOWANCES

                   CHAPTER 53. PAY RATES AND SYSTEMS

              SUBCHAPTER II. EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE PAY RATES

Sec. 5315. Positions at level IV

  Level IV of the Executive Schedule applies to the following 
positions, for which the annual rate of basic pay shall be the 
rate determined with respect to such level under chapter 11 of 
title 2, as adjusted by section 5318 of this title:
          Deputy Administrator of General Services.
          Associate Administrator of the National Aeronautics 
        and Space Administration.
          Assistant Administrators, Agency for International 
        Development (6).
          Regional Assistant Administrators, Agency for 
        International Development (4).
          Under Secretary of the Air Force.
          Under Secretary of the Army.
          Under Secretary of the Navy.
          Assistant Secretaries of Agriculture (3).
          Assistant Secretaries of Commerce (11).
          Assistant Secretaries of Defense (8).
          Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force (4).
          Assistant Secretaries of the Army (5).
          Assistant Secretaries of the Navy (4).
          Assistant Secretaries of Health and Human Services 
        (6).
          Assistant Secretaries of the Interior (6).
          Assistant Attorneys General (10).
          Assistant Secretaries of Labor (10), one of whom 
        shall be the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' 
        Employment and Training.
          24 Assistant Secretaries of State and 4 other State 
        Department officials to be appointed by the President, 
        by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
          Assistant Secretaries of the Treasury (7).
          Members, United States International Trade Commission 
        (5).
          Assistant Secretaries of Education (10).
          General Counsel, Department of Education.
          Inspector General, Department of Education.
          Director of Civil Defense, Department of the Army.
          Deputy Director of the Office of Emergency Planning.
          Deputy Director of the Office of Science and 
        Technology.
          Deputy Director of the Peace Corps.
          
          Assistant Directors of the Office of Management and 
        Budget (3).
          General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture.
          General Counsel of the Department of Commerce.
          General Counsel of the Department of Defense.
          General Counsel of the Department of Health and Human 
        Services.
          Solicitor of the Department of the Interior.
          Solicitor of the Department of Labor.
          General Counsel of the National Labor Relations 
        Board.
          
          General Counsel of the Department of the Treasury.
          First Vice President of the Export-Import Bank of 
        Washington [Export-Import Bank of the United States].
          Members, Council of Economic Advisers.
          Members, Board of Directors of the Export-Import Bank 
        of Washington [Export-Import Bank of the United 
        States].
          Members, Federal Communications Commission.
          Member, Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit 
        Insurance Corporation.
          Directors, Federal Housing Finance Board
          Members, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
          Members, Federal Trade Commission.
          Members, Surface Transportation Board.
          Members, National Labor Relations Board.
          Members, Securities and Exchange Commission.
          Members, Board of Directors of the Tennessee Valley 
        Authority.
          Members, Merit Systems Protection Board.
          Members, Federal Maritime Commission.
          Members, National Mediation Board.
          Members, Railroad Retirement Board.
          Director of Selective Service.
          Associate Director of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation, Department of Justice.
          Members, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (4).
          
          Director, Community Relations Service.
          Members, National Transportation Safety Board.
          General Counsel, Department of Transportation.
          Deputy Administrator, Federal Aviation 
        Administration.
          Assistant Secretaries of Transportation (4).
          Deputy Federal Highway Administrator.
          Administrator of the Saint Lawrence Seaway 
        Development Corporation.
          Assistant Secretary for Science, Smithsonian 
        Institution.
          Assistant Secretary for History and Art, Smithsonian 
        Institution.
          Deputy Administrator of the Small Business 
        Administration.
          Assistant Secretaries of Housing and Urban 
        Development (8).
          General Counsel of the Department of Housing and 
        Urban Development.
          Commissioner of Interama.
          Federal Insurance Administrator, Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency.
          Executive Vice President, Overseas Private Investment 
        Corporation.
          Members, National Credit Union Administration Board 
        (2).
          Members, Postal Rate Commissions (4).
          Members, Occupational Safety and Health Review 
        Commission.
          Deputy Under Secretaries of the Treasury (or 
        Assistant Secretaries of the Treasury) (2)
          Members, Consumer Product Safety Commission (4).
          
          
          Members, Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
          Director of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, Nuclear 
        Regulatory Commission.
          Director of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, 
        Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
          Director of Nuclear Regulatory Research, Nuclear 
        Regulatory Commission.
          Executive Director for Operations, Nuclear Regulatory 
        Commission.
          President, Government National Mortgage Association, 
        Department of Housing and Urban Development.
          Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and 
        Atmosphere, the incumbent of which also serves as 
        Deputy Administrator of the National Oceanic and 
        Atmospheric Administration.
          Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, 
        Department of Justice.
          Director, Bureau of Prisons, Department of Justice.
          Assistant Secretaries of Energy (6).
          General Counsel of the Department of Energy.
          Administrator, Economic Regulatory Administration, 
        Department of Energy.
          Administrator, Energy Information Administration, 
        Department of Energy.
          Inspector General, Department of Energy.
          Director, Office of Science, Department of Energy.
          Assistant Secretary of Labor for Mine Safety and 
        Health.
          Members, Federal Mine Safety and Health Review 
        Commission.
          President, National Consumer Cooperative Bank.
          
          Inspector General, Department of Health and Human 
        Services.
          Inspector General, Department of Agriculture.
          Special Counsel of the Merit Systems Protection 
        Board.
          Inspector General, Department of Housing and Urban 
        Development.
          Chairman, Federal Labor Relations Authority.
          Inspector General, Department of Labor.
          Inspector General, Department of Transportation.
          Inspector General, Department of Veterans Affairs
          Deputy Director, Institute for Scientific and 
        Technological Cooperation.
          Director of the National Institute of Justice.
          Director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
          Chief Counsel for Advocacy, Small Business 
        Administration.
          Inspector General, Department of Defense.
          Assistant Administrator for Toxic Substances, 
        Environmental Protection Agency.
          Assistant Administrator, Office of Solid Waste, 
        Environmental Protection Agency.
          Assistant Administrators, Environmental Protection 
        Agency (8).
          Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, 
        Department of Defense.
          Special Representatives of the President for arms 
        control, nonproliferation, and disarmament matters, 
        Department of State.
          Administrator of the Health Care Financing 
        Administration.
          Director, National Institute of Standards and 
        Technology, Department of Commerce.
          Inspector General, Department of State.
          Director of Defense Research and Engineering.
          Ambassadors at Large.
          Commissioner, National Center for Education 
        Statistics.
          Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Director General 
        of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service.
          Inspector General, Department of Commerce.
          Inspector General, Department of the Interior.
          Inspector General, Department of Justice.
          Inspector General, Department of the Treasury.
          Inspector General, Agency for International 
        Development.
          Inspector General, Environmental Protection Agency.
          Inspector General, Federal Emergency Management 
        Agency.
          Inspector General, General Services Administration.
          Inspector General, National Aeronautics and Space 
        Administration.
          Inspector General, Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
          Inspector General, Office of Personnel Management.
          Inspector General, Railroad Retirement Board.
          Inspector General, Small Business Administration.
          Inspector General, Tennessee Valley Authority.
          Inspector General, Federal Deposit Insurance 
        Corporation.
          Assistant Secretaries, Department of Veterans Affairs 
        (6).
          General Counsel, Department of Veterans Affairs.
          Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Department of Health 
        and Human Services.
          Chairman, Board of Veterans' Appeals.
          Administrator, Office of Juvenile Justice and 
        Delinquency Prevention.
          Director, United States Marshals Service.
          Inspector General, Resolution Trust Corporation.
          Chairman, United States Parole Commission.
          Director, Bureau of the Census, Department of 
        Commerce.
          Director of the Institute of Museum and Library 
        Services.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Agriculture.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Commerce.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Education.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Energy.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Health and 
        Human Services.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Housing and 
        Urban Development.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of the Interior.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Justice.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Labor.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of State.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of 
        Transportation.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of the Treasury.
          Chief Financial Officer, Department of Veterans 
        Affairs.
          Chief Financial Officer, Environmental Protection 
        Agency.
          Chief Financial Officer, National Aeronautics and 
        Space Administration.
          Commissioner, Office of Navajo and Hopi Indian 
        Relocation.
          Inspector General, Central Intelligence Agency.
          Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
          Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness.
          General Counsel of the Department of the Army.
          General Counsel of the Department of the Navy.
          General Counsel of the Department of the Air Force.
          Liaison for Community and Junior Colleges, Department 
        of Education.
          Director of the Office of Educational Technology.
          Director of the International Broadcasting Bureau
          Inspector General, Social Security Administration.
          The Commissioner of Labor Statistics, Department of 
        Labor.
          Administrator, Rural Utilities Service, Department of 
        Agriculture.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Agriculture.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Commerce.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Defense 
        (unless the official designated as the Chief 
        Information Officer of the Department of Defense is an 
        official listed under section 5312, 5313, or 5314 of 
        this title).
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Education.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Energy.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Health and 
        Human Services.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Housing and 
        Urban Development.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of the 
        Interior.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Justice.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Labor.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of State.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of 
        Transportation.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of the 
        Treasury.
          Chief Information Officer, Department of Veterans 
        Affairs.
          Chief Information Officer, Environmental Protection 
        Agency.
          Chief Information Officer, National Aeronautics and 
        Space Administration.
          Chief Information Officer, Agency for International 
        Development.
          Chief Information Officer, Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency.
          Chief Information Officer, General Services 
        Administration.
          Chief Information Officer, National Science 
        Foundation.
          Chief Information Officer, Nuclear Regulatory Agency.
          Chief Information Officer, Office of Personnel 
        Management.
          Chief Information Officer, Small Business 
        Administration.
          Inspector General, United States Postal Service.
          Assistant Directors of Central Intelligence (3).
          General Counsel of the Central Intelligence Agency.
          Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual 
        Property and Deputy Director of the United States 
        Patent and Trademark Office.
          Principal Deputy Administrator, National Nuclear 
        Security Administration.
          Additional Deputy Administrators of the National 
        Nuclear Security Administration (3), but if the Deputy 
        Administrator for Naval Reactors is an officer of the 
        Navy on active duty, (2).
          The Administrator of the Untied States Boxing 
        Administration.