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106th Congress                                                   Report
  1st Session           HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                 106-98

=======================================================================



 
   BEACHES ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, CLEANUP, AND HEALTH ACT OF 1999

                                _______
                                

 April 19, 1999.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______


 Mr. Shuster, from the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 999]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

  The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 999) to amend the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act to improve the quality of coastal 
recreation waters, and for other purposes, having considered 
the same, report favorably thereon with an amendment and 
recommend that the bill as amended do pass.
  The amendment is as follows:
  Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert in lieu 
thereof the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Beaches Environmental Assessment, 
Cleanup, and Health Act of 1999''.

SEC. 2. ADOPTION OF COASTAL RECREATION WATER QUALITY CRITERIA AND 
                    STANDARDS BY STATES.

  Section 303 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 
1313) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(i) Coastal Recreation Water Quality Criteria and Standards.--
          ``(1) Adoption by states.--
                  ``(A) Initial criteria and standards.--Not later than 
                3\1/2\ years after the date of enactment of this 
                subsection, each State having coastal recreation waters 
                shall adopt and submit to the Administrator water 
                quality criteria and standards for such waters for 
                those pathogens and pathogen indicators for which the 
                Administrator has published criteria under section 
                304(a).
                  ``(B) New or revised standards.--Not later than 3 
                years after the date of publication by the 
                Administrator of new or revised water quality criteria 
                under section 304(a)(9), each State having coastal 
                recreation waters shall adopt and submit to the 
                Administrator new or revised water quality standards 
                for such waters for all pathogens and pathogen 
                indicators for which the Administrator publishes new or 
                revised water quality criteria.
          ``(2) Failure of states to adopt.--If a State has not 
        complied with paragraph (1)(A) by the date specified in 
        paragraph (1)(A), the Administrator shall promptly prepare and 
        publish proposed regulations for the State setting forth 
        revised or new water quality standards for coastal recreation 
        waters for the pathogens and pathogen indicators subject to 
        paragraph (1)(A). If the Administrator prepares and publishes 
        such regulations under subsection (c)(4)(B) before the date 
        specified in paragraph (1)(A), the Administrator shall 
        promulgate any revised or new standard under this paragraph not 
        later than the date specified in paragraph (1)(A).
          ``(3) Savings clause.--Except as expressly provided by this 
        subsection, the requirements and procedures of subsection (c) 
        apply to this subsection.''.

SEC. 3. REVISIONS TO WATER QUALITY CRITERIA.

  (a) Studies.--Section 104 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act 
(33 U.S.C. 1254) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(v) Studies Concerning Pathogen Indicators in Coastal Recreation 
Waters.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this 
subsection, and after consultation and collaboration with appropriate 
Federal, State, and local officials (including local health officials) 
and other interested persons, the Administrator shall conduct, in 
cooperation with the heads of other Federal agencies, studies to 
provide additional information for use in developing--
          ``(1) a more complete determination of potential human health 
        risks resulting from exposure to pathogens in coastal 
        recreation waters, including effects to the upper respiratory 
        system;
          ``(2) appropriate and effective indicators for improving 
        detection in a timely manner in coastal recreation waters of 
        the presence of pathogens that are harmful to human health;
          ``(3) appropriate, accurate, expeditious, and cost-effective 
        methods (including predictive models) for detecting in a timely 
        manner in coastal recreation waters the presence of pathogens 
        that are harmful to human health; and
          ``(4) guidance for State application of the criteria for 
        pathogens and pathogen indicators to be issued under section 
        304(a)(9) to account for the diversity of geographic and 
        aquatic conditions.''.
  (b) Revised criteria.--Section 304(a) of such Act (33 U.S.C. 1314(a)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(9) Revised criteria for coastal recreation waters.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the 
                date of enactment of this paragraph, and after 
                consultation and collaboration with appropriate 
                Federal, State, and local officials (including local 
                health officials), the Administrator shall issue new or 
                revised water quality criteria for pathogens and 
                pathogen indicators (including a revised list of 
                testing methods, as appropriate) based on the results 
                of the studies conducted under section 104(v) for the 
                purpose of protecting human health in coastal 
                recreation waters.
                  ``(B) Reviews.--At least once every 5 years after the 
                date of issuance of water quality criteria under this 
                paragraph, the Administrator shall review and, as 
                necessary, revise the water quality criteria.''.

SEC. 4. COASTAL RECREATION WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND NOTIFICATION.

  Title IV of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341-
1345) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 406. COASTAL RECREATION WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND 
                    NOTIFICATION.

  ``(a) Monitoring and notification.--Not later than 18 months after 
the date of enactment of this section, after consultation and 
collaboration with appropriate Federal, State, and local officials 
(including local health officials), and after providing public notice 
and an opportunity for comment, the Administrator shall publish 
performance criteria for--
          ``(1) monitoring (including specifying available methods for 
        monitoring) coastal recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or 
        other points of access) that are open to the public for 
        attainment of applicable water quality standards for pathogens 
        and pathogen indicators and for protection of public safety 
        from floatable materials; and
          ``(2) promptly notifying the public, local governments, and 
        the Administrator of any exceedance of applicable water quality 
        standards for coastal recreation waters described in paragraph 
        (1) (or the immediate likelihood of such an exceedance).
The performance criteria shall provide for the activities described in 
paragraphs (1) and (2) to be carried out as necessary for the 
protection of public health and safety.
  ``(b) Program Development and Implementation Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall make grants to 
        States and local governments for the purpose of developing and 
        implementing programs for monitoring and notification, as 
        provided in paragraphs (2) and (3).
          ``(2) State programs.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall make 
                grants to a State for developing and implementing a 
                program for monitoring and notification to protect 
                public health and safety that meets the performance 
                criteria established under subsection (a) for coastal 
                recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or other points 
                of access) that are open to the public and are subject 
                to the jurisdiction of the State.
                  ``(B) Requirements.--The Administrator shall make 
                grants for implementation of a program of a State under 
                subparagraph (A) only if the Administrator determines 
                that--
                          ``(i) the program has been developed through 
                        a process that provides for public notice and 
                        an opportunity for comment;
                          ``(ii) the program meets the performance 
                        criteria under subsection (a), based on a 
                        review of the program, including information 
                        provided by the State under clause (iii); and
                          ``(iii) the program--
                                  ``(I) identifies coastal recreation 
                                waters within the jurisdiction of the 
                                State;
                                  ``(II) identifies those coastal 
                                recreation waters adjacent to beaches 
                                (or other points of access) that are 
                                open to the public and subject to the 
                                jurisdiction of the State and that are 
                                covered by the program;
                                  ``(III) identifies those coastal 
                                recreation waters covered by the 
                                program that would be given a priority 
                                for monitoring and notification if 
                                fiscal constraints prevent compliance 
                                at all coastal recreation waters 
                                covered by the program with the 
                                performance criteria established under 
                                subsection (a);
                                  ``(IV) identifies the process for 
                                making any delegation of responsibility 
                                for implementing the program to local 
                                governments, the local governments, if 
                                any, to which the State has delegated 
                                or intends to delegate such 
                                responsibility, and the coastal 
                                recreation waters covered by the 
                                program that are or would be the 
                                subject of such delegation;
                                  ``(V) specifies the frequency of 
                                monitoring based on the periods of 
                                recreational use of such waters and the 
                                nature and extent of use during such 
                                periods;
                                  ``(VI) specifies the frequency and 
                                location of monitoring based on the 
                                proximity of such waters to known point 
                                and nonpoint sources of pollution and 
                                in relation to storm events;
                                  ``(VII) specifies which methods will 
                                be used for detecting levels of 
                                pathogens and pathogen indicators that 
                                are harmful to human health and for 
                                identifying short-term increases in 
                                pathogens and pathogen indicators that 
                                are harmful to human health in coastal 
                                recreation waters, including in 
                                relation to storm events;
                                  ``(VIII) specifies measures for 
                                prompt communication of the occurrence, 
                                nature, location, pollutants involved, 
                                and extent of such an exceedance (or 
                                the immediate likelihood of such an 
                                exceedance) to the Administrator and a 
                                designated official of a local 
                                government having jurisdiction over 
                                land adjoining the coastal recreation 
                                waters covered by the State program for 
                                which an exceedance is identified; and
                                  ``(IX) specifies measures for posting 
                                of signs at the beach (or other point 
                                of access), or functionally equivalent 
                                communication measures, sufficient to 
                                give notice to the public of an 
                                exceedance (or the immediate likelihood 
                                of an exceedance) of applicable water 
                                quality criteria for pathogens and 
                                pathogen indicators for such waters and 
                                the potential risks associated with 
                                water contact activities in such 
                                waters.
          ``(3) Local programs.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall make a 
                grant to a local government for developing and 
                implementing a program for monitoring and notification 
                to protect public health and safety that meets the 
                performance criteria established under subsection (a) 
                for coastal recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or 
                other points of access) that are open to the public and 
                subject to the jurisdiction of the local government.
                  ``(B) Requirements.--The Administrator shall make 
                grants for implementation of a local government program 
                under subparagraph (A) only if the Administrator 
                determines that--
                          ``(i) the State in which the local government 
                        is located did not submit a grant application 
                        meeting the requirements of paragraph (2)(B) 
                        within one year following the date of 
                        publication of performance criteria under 
                        subsection (a);
                          ``(ii) the local government program has been 
                        developed through a process that provides for 
                        public notice and an opportunity for comment;
                          ``(iii) the local government program meets 
                        the performance criteria under subsection (a), 
                        based on a review of the local government 
                        program, including information provided by the 
                        local government under paragraph (2)(B)(iii); 
                        and
                          ``(iv) the local government program addresses 
                        the matters identified in paragraph (2)(B)(iii) 
                        with respect to such waters.
          ``(4) List of waters.--Following receipt of a grant under 
        this subsection, a State or local government shall apply the 
        prioritization established by the State or local government 
        under paragraph (2)(B)(iii)(III) and promptly submit to the 
        Administrator--
                  ``(A) a list of discrete areas of coastal recreation 
                waters that are subject to the program for monitoring 
                and notification for which the grant is provided where 
                the performance criteria under subsection (a) will be 
                met; and
                  ``(B) a list of discrete areas of coastal recreation 
                waters that are subject to the program for monitoring 
                and notification for which the grant is provided where 
                fiscal constraints will prevent compliance with the 
                performance criteria under subsection (a).
          ``(5) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of 
        developing and implementing a monitoring and notification 
        program under this subsection shall be not less than 50 percent 
        nor more than 100 percent, as determined by the Administrator. 
        The non-Federal share of such cost may be met through in-kind 
        contributions.
          ``(6) Delegation.--If a State delegates responsibility for 
        monitoring and notification under this subsection to a local 
        government, the State shall make a portion of any grant 
        received by the State under paragraph (2) available to the 
        local government in an amount commensurate with the 
        responsibilities delegated.
  ``(c) Information Database.--The Administrator shall establish, 
maintain, and make available to the public by electronic and other 
means a national coastal recreation water pollution occurrence database 
that provides information on exceedances of applicable water quality 
standards for pathogens and pathogen indicators for coastal recreation 
waters using information reported to the Administrator pursuant to a 
monitoring and notification program that meets the performance criteria 
established under subsection (a). The Administrator may include in the 
database information made available to the Administrator from other 
coastal water quality monitoring programs determined to be reliable by 
the Administrator. The database may provide information through 
electronic links to other databases determined to be reliable by the 
Administrator.
  ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Administrator shall provide 
technical assistance to States and local governments for the 
development of assessment and monitoring procedures for floatable 
materials to protect public health and safety in coastal recreation 
waters.
  ``(e) List of Waters.--Beginning not later than 18 months after the 
date of publication of performance criteria under subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall maintain a list of discrete areas of coastal 
recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or other points of access) that 
are open to the public and are not subject to a program for monitoring 
and notification meeting the performance criteria established under 
subsection (a) based on information made available to the 
Administrator. The list also shall identify discrete areas of coastal 
recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or other points of access) that 
are open to the public and are subject to a monitoring and notification 
program meeting the performance criteria established under subsection 
(a). The Administrator shall make the list available to the public 
through publication in the Federal Register and through electronic 
media. The Administrator shall update the list at least annually.
  ``(f) EPA Implementation.--After the last day of the 3-year period 
beginning on the date the Administrator identifies a discrete area of 
coastal recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or other points of 
access) that are open to the public and are not subject to a monitoring 
and notification program meeting the performance criteria established 
under subsection (a), the Administrator shall conduct such a monitoring 
and notification program for the discrete area using the funds 
appropriated for grants under subsection (b), including salaries, 
expenses, and travel. The Administrator's duties under this paragraph 
shall be limited to the activities that can be performed using such 
funds.
  ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for making grants to States and local governments under 
subsection (b), including implementation of monitoring and notification 
programs by the Administrator under subsection (f), $30,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2000 through 2004.''.

SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS.

  Section 502 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 
1362) is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(21) Coastal recreation waters.--The term `coastal 
        recreation waters' means the Great Lakes and marine coastal 
        waters, including estuaries, used by the public for swimming, 
        bathing, surfing, or other similar water contact activities.
          ``(22) Floatable materials.--The term `floatable materials' 
        means any foreign matter that may float or remain suspended in 
        the water column and includes plastic, aluminum cans, wood 
        products, bottles, and paper products.
          ``(23) Pathogen indicators.--The term `pathogen indicators' 
        means substances that indicate the potential for human 
        infectious disease.''.

SEC. 6. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, and within the succeeding 4-year period and periodically 
thereafter, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency 
shall transmit to Congress a report including--
          (1) recommendations concerning the need for additional water 
        quality criteria for pathogens and other actions needed to 
        improve the quality of coastal recreation waters;
          (2) an evaluation of Federal, State, and local efforts to 
        implement this Act, including the amendments made by this Act; 
        and
          (3) recommendations on improvements to methodologies and 
        techniques for monitoring of coastal recreation waters.
  (b) Coordination.--The Administrator may coordinate the report under 
this section with other reporting requirements under the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act.

SEC. 7. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  There are authorized to be appropriated for carrying out the 
provisions of this Act (including amendments made by this Act) for 
which amounts are not otherwise specifically authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 
2000 through 2004.

                          Summary and Purpose

    H.R. 999, the ``Beaches Environmental Assessment, Cleanup, 
and Health Act of 1999,'' provides for States to update their 
water quality standards to incorporate criteria for protecting 
human health from pathogens in coastal recreation waters. The 
bill also sets up a grant program to provide funding for States 
to develop and implement programs for monitoring for and 
notification to the public of exceedances of water quality 
standards for pathogens in coastal recreation waters.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Each year over 180 million people visit our nation's 
coastal waters for recreational purposes. This activity 
supports over 28 million jobs and leads to investments of over 
$50 billion in goods and services. It is important to give the 
public confidence in the quality of our nation's coastal 
waters. This confidence is important not only to each citizen 
who swims or surfs, but also to the tourism and recreation 
industries that rely on safe and swimmable coastal waters.
    Currently, there are several problems or potential problems 
with ensuring the safety of our coastal recreation waters. Only 
16 States have adopted the Environmental Protection Agency's 
(EPA's) 1986 criteria for pathogens in coastal recreation 
waters, and have incorporated these into their water quality 
standards. Other States may be using outdated criteria. EPA's 
1986 criteria need to be updated to improve the scientific 
basis for identifying pathogens in coastal recreation waters. 
Not all States monitor their coastal recreation waters to 
ensure compliance with water quality standards for pathogens. 
In addition, although EPA has established a public, electronic 
database of beach water quality, there is not currently 
available a comprehensive source of information about the 
quality of all our coastal recreation waters.

                  Water Quality Criteria and Standards

    Under current section 304(a) of the Clean Water Act, EPA 
has the responsibility to establish water quality criteria for 
all waters and uses, including human health criteria for 
recreational uses of coastal waters. Federal water quality 
criteria serve as guidance to States and Tribes in adopting and 
revising State and Tribal water quality criteria and water 
quality standards under section 303 of the Clean Water Act. 
Under current Clean Water Act regulations, States and Tribes 
may adopt the Federal criteria as their own, may modify the 
Federal criteria to reflect site-specific conditions, or may 
base their water quality criteria on other scientifically 
defensible methods. 40 C.F.R. 131.11(b)(1). If EPA determines 
that a State's or Tribe's water quality standards are not 
consistent with the applicable requirements of the Clean Water 
Act, EPA has the authority to promulgate Federal standards for 
that State or Tribe.
    In 1986, EPA revised its human health water quality 
criteria for bacteria in recreational waters. Not all States 
and Tribes with Clean Water Act authority have adopted these 
revised criteria. Moreover, the 1986 revised bacteria criteria 
are inadequate indicators for determining the human health risk 
from all microorganisms, including viruses or other pathogens 
such as giardia or cryptosporidium. In an Advanced Notice of 
Proposed Rulemaking dated July 7, 1998, EPA stated that it is 
currently evaluating how it may develop human health criteria 
for protection from these microorganisms. To do so, EPA is 
considering conducting additional research and is seeking 
public comment on these issues.

                        Water Quality Monitoring

    Coastal water quality monitoring is currently conducted by 
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 
EPA, and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and various 
state and local organizations. This monitoring is not uniform. 
For example, New Jersey, with its history of beach closings, 
conducts extensive monitoring of all of its coastal beaches. 
Some States do not conduct extensive monitoring.

              Public Information on Coastal Water Quality

    Currently, EPA, through its BEACH program, has an Internet 
web site that provides beach water quality information. 
However, this information is provided to EPA on a voluntary 
basis by State and local governments and is limited. EPA does 
not have a comprehensive picture of the status of coastal 
recreation waters.

                               Conclusion

    The bill addresses the problem of inconsistent State water 
quality standards by requiring States to incorporate water 
quality criteria for pathogens in coastal recreation waters 
into their water quality standards within 3\1/2\ years so that 
the State standards are consistent with the requirements of the 
Clean Water Act. This has been interpreted to mean that State 
water quality criteria must be at least as protective of human 
health as EPA's water quality criteria. EPA must promulgate 
water quality standards for the State if the State fails to 
meet this deadline.
    The bill addresses the problem of outdated water quality 
criteria by requiring EPA to conduct research and to issue 
updated criteria for pathogens within 4 years. States are then 
given an additional 3 years to incorporate these updated 
criteria into State water quality standards.
    The bill addresses the problem of the lack of coastal water 
quality monitoring, or inadequate monitoring, in some coastal 
areas, by setting up a program to provide States and local 
governments with grants to develop and implement programs to 
monitor for pathogens in coastal recreation waters and to 
notify the public, local government officials, and EPA, of 
exceedances of water quality criteria for pathogens. Only 
programs that meet the performance criteria, which are to be 
developed by EPA through a public process that includes 
consultation and collaboration with State and local officials, 
are eligible for Federal grants.
    Finally, the bill addresses the lack of information on 
beach water quality by requiring States and local governments 
that receive grants to report information on beach water 
quality to the Administrator, and by requiring EPA to make that 
information publicly available. The bill also requires EPA to 
maintain lists of coastal recreation waters where monitoring is 
necessary to protect public health and safety, and to identify 
discrete areas that are and are not covered by a monitoring and 
notification program that meets the national performance 
criteria.

      Discussion of Committee Bill and Section-by-Section Analysis


Section 1. Short title

    Provides that the Act may be cited as the ``Beaches 
Environmental Assessment, Cleanup, and Health Act of 1999.''

Section 2. Adoption of coastal recreation water quality criteria and 
        standards by states

    Amends section 303 of the Clean Water Act to add a new 
subsection (i) to require States to adopt coastal recreation 
water quality criteria published by EPA to protect human health 
from pathogens and incorporate these criteria into State 
standards in accordance with the requirements of section 303(c) 
(of current law) within 3\1/2\ years of the date of enactment. 
If a State fails to act, this provision requires EPA to 
promulgate standards for the State that incorporate these 
criteria. This section also provides a 3-year deadline for 
States to incorporate any new or revised criteria for pathogens 
and pathogen indicators in coastal recreation waters into their 
State water quality standards.
    The Committee intends that the legal standard for 
determining when a State water quality standard is consistent 
with the applicable requirements of the Clean Water Act be 
governed by the existing requirements of section 303(c) of the 
Clean Water Act, and the regulations implementing that section. 
This standard has been interpreted to mean that State water 
quality criteria must be at least as protective of human health 
as EPA's water quality criteria. Thus, a State must incorporate 
into its water quality standards water quality criteria for 
pathogens and pathogen indicators that are at least as 
protective as criteria EPA has published under section 304(a), 
including EPA's 1986 criteria for enterococcus and Escherichia 
coli.

Section 3. Revisions to water quality criteria

    Amends section 104 of the Clean Water Act to add a new 
subsection (v) to require EPA to conduct studies to improve the 
scientific basis for water quality criteria for pathogens and 
pathogen indicators and to provide guidance to States on the 
application of criteria for pathogens and pathogen indicators 
to account for the diversity of geographic and aquatic 
conditions.
    Amends section 304(a) of the Clean Water Act to require EPA 
to issue new and revised water quality criteria for pathogens 
and pathogen indicators within 4 years of enactment.

Section 4. Coastal recreation water quality monitoring and notification

    Amends title IV of the Clean Water Act to add a new section 
406, as follows:
    (a) Monitoring and Notification.--Requires EPA, within 18 
months of enactment, to publish performance criteria for 
monitoring coastal recreation waters and notifying the public, 
local governments, and the Administrator of exceedances (or the 
immediate likelihood of an exceedance) of applicable water 
quality standards for such waters, as necessary for the 
protection of public health and safety. EPA is required to 
develop these performance criteria through a public process 
that includes consultation and collaboration with appropriate 
Federal, State and local officials. The purpose of the 
performance criteria is to provide for a monitoring and 
notification program where necessary for the protection of 
public health and safety. The Committee expects EPA to include 
criteria for determining what discrete areas of coastal 
recreation waters do not need to be monitored to protect public 
health and safety. The Committee recognizes that monitoring 
will not be the same for all coastal recreation waters. For 
example, monitoring will be different in Maine than it is in 
Florida. The Committee expects the performance criteria 
published under section 406(a) to lead to uniform levels of 
protection, not uniform monitoring programs.
    (b) Program Development and Implementation Grants.--
Requires EPA to make grants to States and local governments for 
the purpose of developing and implementing programs for 
monitoring and notification that meet the performance criteria 
established under subsection (a) for coastal recreation waters 
adjacent to beaches that are open to the public and subject to 
the jurisdiction of the governmental entity seeking the grant. 
To be eligible for a Federal implementation grant, the 
monitoring and notification program submitted to EPA must 
provide specific information listing coastal recreation waters 
of a State or locality, the coastal recreation waters covered 
by the program, priorities for monitoring, any contemplated 
delegation to local governments, frequency of monitoring, 
location of monitoring, test methods, and measures for 
communicating to the public, the local government, and the 
Administrator to give notice of an exceedance of water quality 
standards (or immediate likelihood of an exceedance). If a 
State does not submit a program that meets the EPA performance 
criteria, a local government may develop and receive grants for 
a local program that meets such criteria. EPA is authorized to 
require a cost share of up to 50%. The Administrator may 
exercise discretion in establishing any cost share 
requirements. For example, it may be appropriate in certain 
instances, such as the early stages of program development and 
implementation, for EPA to provide 100% of program costs. The 
Committee intends EPA to allocate funds appropriated for these 
grants among coastal recreation waters adjacent to publicly 
owned beaches (or other access points) based on needs and the 
costs of monitoring these areas.
    (c) Information Database.--Requires EPA to establish and 
maintain a publicly available database of exceedances of water 
quality standards for coastal recreation waters. The Committee 
intends EPA to make this database readily accessible, including 
posting on the Internet.
    (d) Technical Assistance.--Requires EPA to provide 
technical assistance to States and local governments regarding 
assessment and monitoring procedures for floatable materials in 
coastal recreation waters.
    (e) List of Waters.--Requires EPA to maintain a publicly 
available list of discrete areas of coastal recreation waters 
that should be, but are not covered by a monitoring and 
notification program that meets the EPA performance criteria. 
The Committee intends EPA to include on this list those areas 
for which EPA cannot confirm the existence of a monitoring and 
notification program that meets the performance criteria, 
except for those areas where EPA has determined that monitoring 
is not necessary to protect public health and safety. EPA also 
is required to maintain a publicly available list of discrete 
areas that are covered by a monitoring and notification program 
that meets the performance criteria. In developing these lists, 
the Committee intends EPA to use reliable information provided 
by States, local governments, other Federal agencies, or any 
other person, as well as any information developed by EPA 
itself. EPA is required to publish such lists in the Federal 
Register and through electronic media. The Committee intends 
that EPA post these lists on the Internet.
    (f) EPA Implementation.--Requires EPA to implement a 
program for monitoring and notification that meets the 
performance criteria for discrete areas of coastal waters that 
should be covered by such a program, but for which no such 
program is being implemented by a State or local government. In 
identifying such discrete areas, EPA is to use reliable 
information provided by States, local governments, other 
Federal agencies, or any other person, as well as any 
information developed by EPA itself. Where EPA is implementing 
the program, the Committee intends EPA to use those funds that 
it had allocated for such discrete areas. EPA's duty to 
implement a program is limited to activities that can be 
performed using such funds.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--Authorizes 
$30,000,000 each year for fiscal years 2000 through 2004 for 
grants to States, tribes and local governments to implement 
monitoring and notification programs, or EPA implementation if 
a State, tribe, or local government fails to act.

Section 5. Definitions

    Amends section 502 of the Clean Water Act to add 
definitions for ``coastal recreation waters,'' ``floatable 
materials,'' and ``pathogen indicators.'' The term ``coastal 
recreation waters'' includes only waters that are adjacent to 
the coastline of the United States. It does not include any 
inland waters and does not extend beyond the mouth of any river 
or stream having unimpaired natural connection with open sea.

Section 6. Report to Congress

    Requires EPA to report to Congress on the implementation of 
this Act, recommendations for additional water quality criteria 
for pathogens, and recommendations for improvements in 
monitoring. Such reporting is required within 4 years of 
enactment, within 4 years thereafter, and periodically 
thereafter.

Section 7. Authorization of appropriations

    Authorizes such sums as may be necessary for EPA to carry 
out the provisions of this Act, other than the grant program 
authorized in new section 406 of the Clean Water Act.

                                Hearings

    On August 6, 1998, the Water Resources and Environment 
Subcommittee held a hearing on ``Beaches and Oceans 
Legislation.'' Testimony was given by, among others, 
Representative Bilbray (CA), Representative Pallone (NJ), 
Representative Saxton (NJ), and Representative Farr (CA); Mr. 
J. Charles Fox, Environmental Protection Agency; Ms. Sally 
Yozell, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, as 
well as representatives of State and local agencies, and the 
environmental community.

                        Committee Consideration

    On April 15, 1999, the Subcommittee on Water Resources and 
Environment adopted an amendment in the nature of a substitute 
offered by Representatives Sherwood Boehlert and Robert Borski 
and favorably reported the amended bill by unanimous voice 
vote. The amendment made technical and clarifying changes, 
moved specifications relating to monitoring and notification 
programs from the EPA performance criteria to the State program 
submissions, changed the cost share for grants to States and 
local governments to develop and implement monitoring and 
notification programs so as to allow between 50% and 100% 
Federal funding, and increased the authorization of 
appropriations for such grants to $30,000,000.
    On April 15, 1999, the Committee reported the bill, as 
amended by the Subcommittee, by unanimous voice vote.

                             Rollcall Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII requires each committee report to 
include the total number of votes cast for and against on each 
rollcall vote on a motion to report and on any amendment 
offered to the measure or matter, and the names of those 
members voting for and against. There were no recorded votes 
taken in connection with ordering H.R. 999 reported. A motion 
by Mr. Boehlert to order H.R. 999 reported to the House, 
without amendment, was unanimously agreed to by voice vote.

                        Cost of the Legislation

    Clause 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives does not apply where a cost estimate and 
comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974 has been timely submitted prior to the filing of the 
report and is included in the report. Such a cost estimate is 
included in this report.

                    Compliance With House Rule XIII

    1. Pursuant to clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, oversight findings and 
recommendations have been made by the Committee as reflected in 
this report.
    2. With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(2) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, and 
308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee 
references the report of the Congressional Budget Office 
included below.
    3. With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(4) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee has received no report of oversight findings and 
recommendations from the Committee on Government Reform and 
Oversight on the subject of H.R. 999.
    4. With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
Committee has received the following cost estimate for H.R. 999 
from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office.

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                    Washington, DC, April 19, 1999.
Hon. Bud Shuster,
Chairman, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 999, the Beaches 
Environmental Assessment, Cleanup, and Health Act of 1999.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contacts are Kim Cawley 
(for federal costs) and Lisa Cash Driskill (for the state and 
local impact).
            Sincerely,
                                          Barry B. Anderson
                                    (For Dan L. Crippen, Director).
    Enclosure.

H.R. 999--Beaches Environmental Assessment, Cleanup, and Health Act of 
        1999

    Summary: H.R. 999 would amend the Federal Water Pollution 
Control Act to require states to adopt water quality criteria 
for coastal recreation waters consistent with those developed 
by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the purpose of 
protecting human health in coastal recreation waters (beaches). 
The bill would authorize EPA to provide grants to states of $30 
million annually over the 2000-2004 period to implement 
programs to monitor the quality of coastal waters and to notify 
the public of any conditions where beach water does not meet 
the established standards. In addition, the legislation would 
require EPA to issue new water quality criteria for 
recreational coastal areas based on studies of potential human 
health risks in these areas, make available to the public a 
database of the water quality at coastal recreational areas, 
and report to the Congress on the efforts under this program.
    Because the bill would not affect direct spending or 
receipts, pay-as-you-go procedures would not apply. H.R. 999 
contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as 
defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) and would 
impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments.
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary impact of H.R. 999 is shown in the following table. 
The costs of this legislation fall within budget function 300 
(natural resources and environment).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     By fiscal years, in millions of dollars--
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
                                                                   1999    2000    2001    2002    2003    2004
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION

Spending Under Current Law:
  Budget Authority \1\..........................................       3       0       0       0       0       0
  Estimated Outlays.............................................       3       0       0       0       0       0
Proposed Changes:
  Estimated Authorization Level.................................       0      34      34      34      34      34
  Estimated Outlays.............................................       0      19      28      34      34      34
Spending Under H.R. 999:
  Estimated Authorization Level \1\.............................       3      34      34      34      34      34
  Estimated Outlays.............................................       3      19      28      34      34      34
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The 1999 level is the amount appropriated for that year.

    Basis of estimate: For purposes of this estimate, CBO 
assumes that the bill will be enacted before the start of 
fiscal year 2000 and that the full amounts authorized will be 
appropriated for each fiscal year. Estimated outlays are based 
on historical spending patterns of similar EPA programs.
    The bill authorizes the appropriation of $30 million a year 
for grants to states to implement programs to monitor and 
report on beach water quality. Based on information from EPA, 
CBO estimates that the agency would incur additional costs of 
about $4 million annually over the 2000-2004 period to study 
health hazards in coastal recreational waters, establish new 
criteria for monitoring water quality for these waters, develop 
a national database on pollution of beaches, and report to the 
Congress on the effectiveness of this program.
    Pay-as-you-go considerations: None.
    Intergovernmental and private-sector impact: H.R. 999 
contains no intergovernmental mandates as defined in UMRA and 
would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments. 
While the bill would require states to establish acceptable 
water quality standards for coastal areas within three and a 
half years, if states choose not to establish these standards, 
the EPA would do it for them. The bill would authorize $30 
million annually from 2000 through 2004 for states and local 
governments to implement eligible monitoring and notification 
programs. If they choose not to implement these programs, the 
EPA would be directed to use remaining money authorized by this 
bill to provide those programs for them. Any costs incurred by 
state and local governments to implement these programs would 
be voluntary and conditions of receiving grant assistance.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal Costs: Kim Cawley. Impact on 
State, Local, and Tribal Governments: Lisa Cash Driskill.
    Estimate approved by: Robert A. Sunshine, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, committee reports on a bill or joint 
resolution of a public character shall include a statement 
citing the specific powers granted to the Congress in the 
Constitution to enact the measure. The Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure finds that Congress has the 
authority to enact this measure pursuant to its powers granted 
under article I, section 8 of the Constitution.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                Applicability to the Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                  FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT


TITLE I--RESEARCH AND RELATED PROGRAMS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



          research, investigations, training, and information

    Sec. 104. (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (v) Studies Concerning Pathogen Indicators in Coastal 
Recreation Waters.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this subsection, and after consultation and 
collaboration with appropriate Federal, State, and local 
officials (including local health officials) and other 
interested persons, the Administrator shall conduct, in 
cooperation with the heads of other Federal agencies, studies 
to provide additional information for use in developing--
          (1) a more complete determination of potential human 
        health risks resulting from exposure to pathogens in 
        coastal recreation waters, including effects to the 
        upper respiratory system;
          (2) appropriate and effective indicators for 
        improving detection in a timely manner in coastal 
        recreation waters of the presence of pathogens that are 
        harmful to human health;
          (3) appropriate, accurate, expeditious, and cost-
        effective methods (including predictive models) for 
        detecting in a timely manner in coastal recreation 
        waters the presence of pathogens that are harmful to 
        human health; and
          (4) guidance for State application of the criteria 
        for pathogens and pathogen indicators to be issued 
        under section 304(a)(9) to account for the diversity of 
        geographic and aquatic conditions.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE III--STANDARDS AND ENFORCEMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


            Water quality standards and implementation plans

    Sec. 303. (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (i) Coastal Recreation Water Quality Criteria and 
Standards.--
          (1) Adoption by states.--
                  (A) Initial criteria and standards.--Not 
                later than 3\1/2\ years after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, each State having 
                coastal recreation waters shall adopt and 
                submit to the Administrator water quality 
                criteria and standards for such waters for 
                those pathogens and pathogen indicators for 
                which the Administrator has published criteria 
                under section 304(a).
                  (B) New or revised standards.--Not later than 
                3 years after the date of publication by the 
                Administrator of new or revised water quality 
                criteria under section 304(a)(9), each State 
                having coastal recreation waters shall adopt 
                and submit to the Administrator new or revised 
                water quality standards for such waters for all 
                pathogens and pathogen indicators for which the 
                Administrator publishes new or revised water 
                quality criteria.
          (2) Failure of states to adopt.--If a State has not 
        complied with paragraph (1)(A) by the date specified in 
        paragraph (1)(A), the Administrator shall promptly 
        prepare and publish proposed regulations for the State 
        setting forth revised or new water quality standards 
        for coastal recreation waters for the pathogens and 
        pathogen indicators subject to paragraph (1)(A). If the 
        Administrator prepares and publishes such regulations 
        under subsection (c)(4)(B) before the date specified in 
        paragraph (1)(A), the Administrator shall promulgate 
        any revised or new standard under this paragraph not 
        later than the date specified in paragraph (1)(A).
          (3) Savings clause.--Except as expressly provided by 
        this subsection, the requirements and procedures of 
        subsection (c) apply to this subsection.

                       information and guidelines

    Sec. 304. (a)(1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (9) Revised criteria for coastal recreation waters.--
                  (A) In general.--Not later than 4 years after 
                the date of enactment of this paragraph, and 
                after consultation and collaboration with 
                appropriate Federal, State, and local officials 
                (including local health officials), the 
                Administrator shall issue new or revised water 
                quality criteria for pathogens and pathogen 
                indicators (including a revised list of testing 
                methods, as appropriate) based on the results 
                of the studies conducted under section 104(v) 
                for the purpose of protecting human health in 
                coastal recreation waters.
                  (B) Reviews.--At least once every 5 years 
                after the date of issuance of water quality 
                criteria under this paragraph, the 
                Administrator shall review and, as necessary, 
                revise the water quality criteria.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE IV--PERMITS AND LICENSES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 406. COASTAL RECREATION WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND NOTIFICATION.

  (a) Monitoring and notification.--Not later than 18 months 
after the date of enactment of this section, after consultation 
and collaboration with appropriate Federal, State, and local 
officials (including local health officials), and after 
providing public notice and an opportunity for comment, the 
Administrator shall publish performance criteria for--
          (1) monitoring (including specifying available 
        methods for monitoring) coastal recreation waters 
        adjacent to beaches (or other points of access) that 
        are open to the public for attainment of applicable 
        water quality standards for pathogens and pathogen 
        indicators and for protection of public safety from 
        floatable materials; and
          (2) promptly notifying the public, local governments, 
        and the Administrator of any exceedance of applicable 
        water quality standards for coastal recreation waters 
        described in paragraph (1) (or the immediate likelihood 
        of such an exceedance).
The performance criteria shall provide for the activities 
described in paragraphs (1) and (2) to be carried out as 
necessary for the protection of public health and safety.
  (b) Program Development and Implementation Grants.--
          (1) In general.--The Administrator shall make grants 
        to States and local governments for the purpose of 
        developing and implementing programs for monitoring and 
        notification, as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3).
          (2) State programs.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administrator shall make 
                grants to a State for developing and 
                implementing a program for monitoring and 
                notification to protect public health and 
                safety that meets the performance criteria 
                established under subsection (a) for coastal 
                recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or other 
                points of access) that areopen to the public 
and are subject to the jurisdiction of the State.
                  (B) Requirements.--The Administrator shall 
                make grants for implementation of a program of 
                a State under subparagraph (A) only if the 
                Administrator determines that--
                          (i) the program has been developed 
                        through a process that provides for 
                        public notice and an opportunity for 
                        comment;
                          (ii) the program meets the 
                        performance criteria under subsection 
                        (a), based on a review of the program, 
                        including information provided by the 
                        State under clause (iii); and
                          (iii) the program--
                                  (I) identifies coastal 
                                recreation waters within the 
                                jurisdiction of the State;
                                  (II) identifies those coastal 
                                recreation waters adjacent to 
                                beaches (or other points of 
                                access) that are open to the 
                                public and subject to the 
                                jurisdiction of the State and 
                                that are covered by the 
                                program;
                                  (III) identifies those 
                                coastal recreation waters 
                                covered by the program that 
                                would be given a priority for 
                                monitoring and notification if 
                                fiscal constraints prevent 
                                compliance at all coastal 
                                recreation waters covered by 
                                the program with the 
                                performance criteria 
                                established under subsection 
                                (a);
                                  (IV) identifies the process 
                                for making any delegation of 
                                responsibility for implementing 
                                the program to local 
                                governments, the local 
                                governments, if any, to which 
                                the State has delegated or 
                                intends to delegate such 
                                responsibility, and the coastal 
                                recreation waters covered by 
                                the program that are or would 
                                be the subject of such 
                                delegation;
                                  (V) specifies the frequency 
                                of monitoring based on the 
                                periods of recreational use of 
                                such waters and the nature and 
                                extent of use during such 
                                periods;
                                  (VI) specifies the frequency 
                                and location of monitoring 
                                based on the proximity of such 
                                waters to known point and 
                                nonpoint sources of pollution 
                                and in relation to storm 
                                events;
                                  (VII) specifies which methods 
                                will be used for detecting 
                                levels of pathogens and 
                                pathogen indicators that are 
                                harmful to human health and for 
                                identifying short-term 
                                increases in pathogens and 
                                pathogen indicators that are 
                                harmful to human health in 
                                coastal recreation waters, 
                                including in relation to storm 
                                events;
                                  (VIII) specifies measures for 
                                prompt communication of the 
                                occurrence, nature, location, 
                                pollutants involved, and extent 
                                of such an exceedance (or the 
                                immediate likelihood of such an 
                                exceedance) to the 
                                Administrator and a designated 
                                official of a local government 
                                having jurisdiction over land 
                                adjoining the coastal 
                                recreation waters covered by 
                                the State program for which an 
                                exceedance is identified; and
                                  (IX) specifies measures for 
                                posting of signs at the beach 
                                (or other point of access), or 
                                functionally equivalent 
                                communication measures, 
                                sufficient to give notice to 
                                the public of an exceedance (or 
                                the immediate likelihood of an 
                                exceedance) of applicable water 
                                quality criteria for pathogens 
                                and pathogen indicators for 
                                such waters and the potential 
                                risks associated with water 
                                contact activities in such 
                                waters.
          (3) Local programs.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administrator shall make 
                a grant to a local government for developing 
                and implementing a program for monitoring and 
                notification to protect public health and 
                safety that meets the performance criteria 
                established under subsection (a) for coastal 
                recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or other 
                points of access) that are open to the public 
                and subject to the jurisdiction of the local 
                government.
                  (B) Requirements.--The Administrator shall 
                make grants for implementation of a local 
                government program under subparagraph (A) only 
                if the Administrator determines that--
                          (i) the State in which the local 
                        government is located did not submit a 
                        grant application meeting the 
                        requirements of paragraph (2)(B) within 
                        one year following the date of 
                        publication of performance criteria 
                        under subsection (a);
                          (ii) the local government program has 
                        been developed through a process that 
                        provides for public notice and an 
                        opportunity for comment;
                          (iii) the local government program 
                        meets the performance criteria under 
                        subsection (a), based on a review of 
                        the local government program, including 
                        information provided by the local 
                        government under paragraph (2)(B)(iii); 
                        and
                          (iv) the local government program 
                        addresses the matters identified in 
                        paragraph (2)(B)(iii) with respect to 
                        such waters.
          (4) List of waters.--Following receipt of a grant 
        under this subsection, a State or local government 
        shall apply the prioritization established by the State 
        or local government under paragraph (2)(B)(iii)(III) 
        and promptly submit to the Administrator--
                  (A) a list of discrete areas of coastal 
                recreation waters that are subject to the 
                program for monitoring and notification for 
                which the grant is provided where the 
                performance criteria under subsection (a) will 
                be met; and
                  (B) a list of discrete areas of coastal 
                recreation waters that are subject to the 
                program for monitoring and notification for 
                which the grant is provided where fiscal 
                constraints will prevent compliance with the 
                performance criteria under subsection (a).
          (5) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of 
        developing and implementing a monitoring and 
        notification program under this subsection shall be not 
        less than 50 percent nor more than 100 percent, as 
        determined by the Administrator. The non-Federal share 
        of such cost may be met through in-kind contributions.
          (6) Delegation.--If a State delegates responsibility 
        for monitoring and notification under this subsection 
        to a local government, the State shall make a portion 
        of any grant received by the State under paragraph (2) 
        available to the local government in an amount 
        commensurate with the responsibilities delegated.
  (c) Information Database.--The Administrator shall establish, 
maintain, and make available to the public by electronic and 
other means a national coastal recreation water pollution 
occurrence database that provides information on exceedances of 
applicable water quality standards for pathogens and pathogen 
indicators for coastal recreation waters using information 
reported to the Administrator pursuant to a monitoring and 
notification program that meets the performance criteria 
established under subsection (a). The Administrator may include 
in the database information made available to the Administrator 
from other coastal water quality monitoring programs determined 
to be reliable by the Administrator. The database may provide 
information through electronic links to other databases 
determined to be reliable by the Administrator.
  (d) Technical Assistance.--The Administrator shall provide 
technical assistance to States and local governments for the 
development of assessment and monitoring procedures for 
floatable materials to protect public health and safety in 
coastal recreation waters.
  (e) List of Waters.--Beginning not later than 18 months after 
the date of publication of performance criteria under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall maintain a list of 
discrete areas of coastal recreation waters adjacent to beaches 
(or other points of access) that are open to the public and are 
not subject to a program for monitoring and notification 
meeting the performance criteria established under subsection 
(a) based on information made available to the Administrator. 
The list also shall identify discrete areas of coastal 
recreation waters adjacent to beaches (or other points of 
access) that are open to the public and are subject to a 
monitoring and notification program meeting the performance 
criteria established under subsection (a). The Administrator 
shall make the list available to the public through publication 
in the Federal Register and through electronic media. The 
Administrator shall update the list at least annually.
  (f) EPA Implementation.--After the last day of the 3-year 
period beginning on the date the Administrator identifies a 
discrete area of coastal recreation waters adjacent to beaches 
(or other points of access) that are open to the public and are 
not subject to a monitoring and notification program meeting 
the performance criteria established under subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall conduct such a monitoring and notification 
program for the discrete area using the funds appropriated for 
grants under subsection (b), including salaries, expenses, and 
travel. The Administrator's duties under this paragraph shall 
be limited to the activities that can be performed using such 
funds.
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to 
be appropriated for making grants to States and local 
governments under subsection (b), including implementation of 
monitoring and notification programs by the Administrator under 
subsection (f), $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 
through 2004.

TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                          general definitions

    Sec. 502. Except as otherwise specifically provided, when 
used in this Act:
      (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (21) Coastal recreation waters.--The term ``coastal 
        recreation waters'' means the Great Lakes and marine 
        coastal waters, including estuaries, used by the public 
        for swimming, bathing, surfing, or other similar water 
        contact activities.
          (22) Floatable materials.--The term ``floatable 
        materials'' means any foreign matter that may float or 
        remain suspended in the water column and includes 
        plastic, aluminum cans, wood products, bottles, and 
        paper products.
          (23) Pathogen indicators.--The term ``pathogen 
        indicators'' means substances that indicate the 
        potential for human infectious disease.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *