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   104th Congress 1st            SENATE                 Report
         Session
                                                       104-152
_______________________________________________________________________



                                     

                                                       Calendar No. 198

                    CONVEYANCE OF THE C.S.S. HUNLEY

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

                  COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND
                             TRANSPORTATION

                                   on

                                S. 1084

 


  September 29 (legislative day, September 25), 1995.--Ordered to be 
                                printed
       SENATE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION
                      one hundred fourth congress
                             first session

  LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota, 
             Chairman
ERNEST F. HOLLINGS, South Carolina   BOB PACKWOOD, Oregon
DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii             TED STEVENS, Alaska
WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky            JOHN McCAIN, Arizona
J. JAMES EXON, Nebraska              CONRAD BURNS, Montana
JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER IV, West VirginiaSLADE GORTON, Washington
JOHN F. KERRY, Massachusetts         TRENT LOTT, Mississippi
JOHN B. BREAUX, Louisiana            KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON, Texas
RICHARD H. BRYAN, Nevada             OLYMPIA SNOWE, Maine
BRYON L. DORGAN, North Dakota        JOHN ASHCROFT, Missouri
  Patric G. Link, Chief of Staff
Kevin G. Curtin, Democratic Chief 
    Counsel and Staff Director
                                                       Calendar No. 198
104th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE

 1st Session                                                    104-152
_______________________________________________________________________


 
                  CONVEYANCE OF THE ``C.S.S. HUNLEY''

                                _______


   September 29 (legislative day September 25), 1995.--Ordered to be 
                                printed

      Mr. Pressler, from the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                         [To accompany S. 1084]

    The Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, to 
which was referred the bill (S. 1084) to provide for the 
conveyance of the C.S.S. Hunley to the State of South Carolina, 
and for other purposes, having considered the same, reports 
favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.

                          Purpose of the Bill

    S. 1084 provides for the conveyance of the C.S.S. Hunley to 
the State of South Carolina.
    This conveyance includes all rights, title, and interest of 
the United States in the C.S.S. Hunley.

                          Background and Needs

    In May 1995, divers from the South Carolina Institute of 
Archaeology and Anthropology and a private non-profit group, 
National Underwater and Marine Agency, discovered the intact 
wreckage of the C.S.S. Hunley, a 40-foot long Confederate 
submarine which sank near Charleston Harbor in 1864 during the 
Civil War. To prevent looting or unauthorized salvage, the 
Coast Guard, on July 31, 1995, established a temporary security 
zone in the vicinity of the Hunley.
    The C.S.S. Hunley is an important part of American and 
Civil War history. The submarine sank while defending 
Charleston, South Carolina, and has rested on the ocean floor 
since that time. The Charleston Museum currently displays a 
full-scale model of the Hunley, commemorating its valiant 
service and memorializing the lost crew. The State of South 
Carolina has expressed an interest in an exhibit of the 
submarine at the Charleston Museum.

                          Legislative History

    Senator Thurmond introduced S. 1084 on July 27, 1995. The 
bill is cosponsored by Senator Hollings.
    On August 10, 1995, in open executive session, the 
Committee, without objection, ordered the bill reported.

                      Summary of Major Provisions

    S. 1084, as reported, provides for the conveyance to the 
State of South Carolina, without consideration, of all rights, 
title, and interest of the United States in the C.S.S. Hunley, 
a sunken Confederate submarine located in close proximity to 
Charleston, South Carolina. Terms and conditions of the 
conveyance should ensure the proper preservation of the C.S.S. 
Hunley.

                            Estimated Costs

    In accordance with paragraph 11(a) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate and Section 403 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee provides the 
following cost estimate, prepared by the Congressional Budget 
Office.

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                   Washington, DC, August 30, 1995.
Hon. Larry Pressler,
Chairman, Committee on Commerce,
Science, and Transportation, Washington, D.C.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
reviewed S. 1084, a bill to provide for the conveyance of the 
C.S.S. Hunley to the State of South Carolina, and for other 
purposes, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation on August 10, 1995. We 
estimate that enacting S. 1084 would have no impact on the 
federal budget or on the budgets of state or local governments. 
This legislation would not affect direct spending or receipts; 
therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures would not apply.
    S. 1084 would direct the federal government to convey to 
South Carolina title and all rights to the Hunley, a 
Confederate submarine sunken in a harbor near Charleston. The 
United States would receive no compensation for the conveyance 
but would have the right to require any terms and conditions 
deemed necessary for preservation of the vessel.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Deborah Reis.
            Sincerely,
                                           Rosemary Manass,
                                             (For June E. O'Neill).

                      regulatory impact statement

    In accordance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee provides the 
following evaluation of the regulatory impact of the 
legislation, as reported.
    S. 1084, as reported, provides for the conveyance of the 
C.S.S. Hunley to the State of South Carolina. It will have no 
effect on the number of individuals regulated or on the 
personal privacy of such persons. Any additional amount of 
paperwork or regulatory requirements resulting from this 
legislation would be minimal.

                      section-by-section analysis

SEC. 1. CONVEYANCE OF C.S.S. HUNLEY.

    This section directs the President to have the appropriate 
Federal official convey to the State of South Carolina, without 
consideration, all rights, title and interest of the United 
States in the C.S.S. Hunley, a sunken Confederate submarine.
    The section also acknowledges that the terms of the 
conveyance may require certain conditions to be necessary to 
ensure the proper preservation of the submarine.

                        changes in existing law

    In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee states that the 
bill as reported would make no change in existing law.