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104th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 1st Session                                                    104-268
_______________________________________________________________________

 
MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FOOD AND DRUG 
   ADMINISTRATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES PROGRAMS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 
           ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 1996, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

                                _______


               September 28, 1995.--Ordered to be printed

_______________________________________________________________________


  Mr. Skeen, from the committee of conference, submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                        [To accompany H.R. 1976]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill 
(H.R. 1976) ``making appropriations for Agriculture, Rural 
Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies 
programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1996, and for 
other purposes,'' having met, after full and free conference, 
have agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective 
Houses as follows:
      That the Senate recede from its amendments numbered 1, 3, 
4, 9, 11, 14, 21, 39, 45, 50, 55, 61, 69, 70, 71, 74, 75, 81, 
84, 85, 86, 90, 94, 95, 98, 99, 102, 106, 111, 113, 116, 123, 
127, 129, 130, 132, 139, 144, 145, 147, 148, 151, 153, 155, 
156, 157, 158, and 159.
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendments of the Senate numbered 5, 6, 7, 10, 13, 19, 22, 24, 
27, 30, 46, 52, 53, 54, 56, 58, 60, 63, 64, 66, 67, 73, 76, 77, 
79, 80, 82, 83, 88, 97, 101, 110, 112, 115, 120, 133, 138, 140, 
141, 142, 143, 146, 149, 150, 154, and agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 2:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 2, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum named in said amendment, insert: 
$7,500,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 8:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 8, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In  lieu  of  the  matter  stricken  and  the matter 
inserted by said amendment, insert: $3,797,000: Provided, That 
no other funds appropriated to the Department in this Act shall 
be available to the Department for support of activities of 
congressional relations: Provided further, That not less than 
$2,355,000 shall be transferred to agencies funded in this Act 
to maintain personnel at the agency level; and the Senate agree 
to the same.
      Amendment numbered 12:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 12, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$710,000,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 15:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 15, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$168,734,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 16:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 16, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$20,497,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 17:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 17, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$27,735,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 18:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 18, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$49,846,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 20:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 20, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$96,735,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 23:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 23, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$650,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 25:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 25, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$8,100,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 26:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 26, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum named in said amendment, insert: 
$9,200,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 28:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 28, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$10,337,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 29:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 29, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$421,929,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 31:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 31, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$268,493,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 32:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 32, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$60,510,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 33:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 33, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$2,943,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 34:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 34, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$7,782,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 35:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 35, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$936,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 36:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 36, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$11,065,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 37:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 37, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$1,203,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 38:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 38, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$9,850,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 40:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 40, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$2,438,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 41:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 41, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$3,291,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 42:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 42, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$1,724,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 43:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 43, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum named in said amendment, insert: 
$2,709,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 44:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 44, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$25,090,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 47:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 47, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$12,209,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 48:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 48, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed, insert: $427,750,000; and
      On page 15, line 22 of the House engrossed bill, H.R. 
1976, strike ``$10,947,000'' and insert in lieu thereof 
$10,783,000, and
      On page 15, line 26 of the House engrossed bill, H.R. 
1976, strike ``$3,363,000'' and insert in lieu thereof 
$3,313,000, and
      On page 16, line 17 of the House engrossed bill, H.R. 
1976, strike ``$3,463,000'' and insert in lieu thereof 
$3,411,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 49:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 49, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed, insert $331,667,000, and
      On page 19, line 16 of the House engrossed bill, H.R. 
1976, after the word ``building'' insert : Provided further, 
That of the funds provided, the Secretary of Agriculture may 
provide for the funding of all fees or charges under sec. 2509 
of Public Law 101-624, codified at 21 U.S.C. 136(a)(c), for any 
service related to the cost of providing import, entry, 
diagnostic and quarantine services in connection with the 1996 
Summer Olympic Games to be held in Atlanta, Georgia; and the 
Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 51:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 51, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$8,757,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 57:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 57, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$544,906,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 59:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 59, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$795,000,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 62:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 62, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$1,000,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 65:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 65, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      Delete the sum stricken and the sum proposed by said 
amendment, and
      On page 27, line 17 of the House engrossed bill, H.R. 
1976, strike all after ``disasters'' down to and including 
``property,'', and
      On page 28, line 3 of the House engrossed bill. H.R. 
1976, strike all after ``asters'' down to and including 
``property,''; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 68:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 68, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      Delete the sum stricken and the sum proposed by said 
amendment; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 72:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 72, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum named in said amendment, insert: 
$629,986,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 78:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 78, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the first sum named in said amendment, insert: 
$29,000,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 87:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 87, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$46,583,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 89:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 89, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      Delete the sum stricken and the sum proposed by said 
amendment, and
      On page 39, of the House engrossed bill, H.R. 1976, 
strike all after ``loans'' on line 25 down to and including 
``property'' on line 26, and
      On page 40 of the House engrossed bill, H.R. 1976, strike 
all after ``1996'' on line 14 down to and including 
``property,'' on line 15; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 91:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 92, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$148,723,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 92:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 92, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert:  : 
Provided, That no funds for new construction may be available 
for fiscal year 1996 until the program is authorized; and the 
Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 93:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 93, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      Delete the sum stricken and the sum proposed by said 
amendment; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 96:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 96, and agree to the same with 
an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$372,897,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 100:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 100, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$2,000,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 103:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 103, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the matter stricken and the matter inserted by 
said amendment, insert:
      For the cost of direct loans, $22,395,000, as authorized 
by the Rural Development Loan Fund (42 U.S.C. 9812(a)): 
Provided, That such costs, including the cost of modifying such 
loans, shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974: Provided further, That these funds are 
available to subsidize gross obligations for the principal 
amount of direct loans of $37,544,000: Provided further, That 
through June 30, 1996, of these amounts, $4,322,000 shall be 
available for the cost of direct loans, for empowerment zones 
and enterprise communities, as authorized by title XIII of the 
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, to subsidize gross 
obligations for the principal amount of direct loans, 
$7,246,000.
      In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to 
carry out the direct loan programs, $1,476,000, of which 
$1,470,000 shall be transferred to and merged with the 
appropriation for ``Salaries and Expenses''.
      And the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 104:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 104, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$654,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 105:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 105, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$6,500,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 107:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 107, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the matter stricken and the matter inserted by 
said amendment, insert: $2,300,000, of which up to $1,300,000 
may be available for the appropriate technology transfer for 
rural areas program; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 108:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 108, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$525,000,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 109:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 109, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$56,858,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 114: That the House recede from its 
disagreement to the amendment of the Senate numbered 114, and 
agree to the same with an amendment, as follows:
      Restore the matter stricken by said amendment, amended to 
read as follows:

                   Rural Utilities Assistance Program


                     (including transfers of funds)


      For the cost of direct loans, loan guarantees and grants, 
as authorized by 7 U.S.C. 1926, 1928, and 1932, $487,868,000, 
to remain available until expended, to be available for loans 
and grants for rural water and waste disposal and solid waste 
management grants: Provided, That the costs of direct loans and 
loan guarantees, including the cost of modifying such loans, 
shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget 
Act of 1974: Provided further, That of the total amount 
appropriated, not to exceed $4,500,000 shall be available for 
contracting with the National Rural Water Association or 
equally qualified national organizations for a circuit rider 
program to provide technical assistance for rural water 
systems: Provided further, That of the total amount 
appropriated, not to exceed $18,700,000 shall be available for 
water and waste disposal systems to benefit the Colonials along 
the United States/Mexico border, including grants pursuant to 
section 306C: Provided further, That of the total amount 
appropriated, $18,688,000 shall be for empowerment zones and 
enterprise communities, as authorized by Public Law 103-66: 
Provided further, That if such funds are not obligated for 
empowerment zones and enterprise communities by June 30, 1996, 
they shall remain available for other authorized purposes under 
this head.
      In addition, for administrative expenses necessary to 
carry out direct loans, loan guarantees, and grants, 
$12,740,000, of which $12,623,000 shall be transferred to and 
merged with ``Rural Utilities Service, Salaries and Expenses''.
      And the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 117:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 117, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the matter stricken and inserted by said 
amendment, insert: section 21 of the National School Lunch Act 
and sections 17 and 19; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 118:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 118, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$7,946,024,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 119:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 119, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$2,348,166,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 121:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 121, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed by said amendment, insert 
the following: : Provided further, That once the amount for 
fiscal year 1995 carryover funds has been determined by the 
Secretary, any funds in excess of $100,000,000 may be 
transferred by the Secretary of Agriculture to the Rural 
Utilities Assistance Program and shall remain available until 
expended; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 122:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 122, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed by said amendment, insert: 
: Provided further, That none of the funds in this account 
shall be available for the purchase of infant formula except in 
accordance with the cost containment and competitive bidding 
requirements specified in section 17 of the Child Nutrition Act 
of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1786); and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 124:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 124, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$27,597,828,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 125:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 125, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum named in said amendment, insert: 
$500,000,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 126:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 126, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      Restore the matter stricken by said amendment, amended to 
read as follows:


                      commodity assistance program


      For necessary expenses to carry out the commodity 
supplemental food program as authorized by section 4(a) of the 
Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 
612c(note)), the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983, as 
amended, and section 110 of the Hunger Prevention Act of 1988, 
$166,000,000, to remain available through September 30, 1997: 
Provided, That none of these funds shall be available to 
reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for commodities 
donated to the program: Provided further, That none of the 
funds in this Act or any other Act may be used for 
demonstration projects in the emergency food assistance 
program.
      And the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 128:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 128, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      Retain the matter proposed, amended as follows:
      After ``That'' in said amendment, insert: hereafter; and 
the Senate agree to same.
      Amendment numbered 131:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 131, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$107,769,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 134:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 134, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed by said amendment, insert: 
: Provided further, That none of the funds made available by 
this Act may be used to carry out activities of the market 
promotion program (U.S.C. 5623) which provides direct grants to 
any for-profit corporation that is not recognized as a small 
business concern under section 3(a) of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 632(a)), excluding cooperatives and associations as 
described in 7 U.S.C. 291 and non-profit trade associations: 
Provided further, That funds available to trade associations, 
cooperatives, and small businesses may be used for individual 
branded promotions; with the beneficiaries having matched the 
cost of such promotions; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 135:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 135, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      Delete the matter proposed by said amendment, and
      On page 57, line 21 of the House engrossed bill, H.R. 
1976, after ``Act'' insert: , of which $60,000,000 shall be 
financed from funds credited to the Commodity Credit 
Corporation pursuant to section 426 of Public Law 103-465; and 
the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 136:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 136, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$12,150,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 137:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 137, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the sum proposed by said amendment, insert: 
$53,601,000; and the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 152:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 152, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed by said amendment, insert 
the following:
      Sec. 730. None of the funds appropriated or made 
available to the Food and Drug Administration by this Act shall 
be used to operate the Board of Tea Experts.
      And the Senate agree to the same.
      Amendment numbered 160:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate numbered 160, and agree to the same 
with an amendment, as follows:
      Retain the matter proposed, amended as follows:
      Strike ``immediately withdraw'' and in lieu thereof 
insert: not enforce; and the Senate agree to same.
                                   Joe Skeen,
                                   John T. Myers,
                                   James T. Walsh,
                                   Jay Dickey,
                                   Jack Kingston,
                                   Frank Riggs,
                                   George R. Nethercutt, Jr.,
                                   Bob Livingston,
                                   Richard J. Durbin,
                                   Marcy Kaptur (except for amendments 
                                       30 and 150 and the provision on 
                                       APHIS quarantine exemption),
                                   Ray Thornton,
                                   Nita M. Lowey,
                                   David R. Obey (except for amendment 
                                       150),
                                 Managers on the Part of the House.

                                   Thad Cochran,
                                   Arlen Specter,
                                   Kit Bond,
                                   Slade Gorton,
                                   Mitch McConnell,
                                   Conrad Burns,
                                   Mark Hatfield,
                                   Dale Bumpers,
                                   Tom Harkin,
                                   J. Robert Kerrey,
                                   J. Bennett Johnston,
                                   Herb Kohl,
                                   Robert Byrd,
                                Managers on the Part of the Senate.
       JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF CONFERENCE

      The managers on the part of the House and Senate at the 
conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the 
amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 1976) making 
appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and 
Drug Administration, and Related Agencies programs for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 1996, and for other purposes, 
submit the following joint statement to the House and Senate in 
explanation of the effect of the action agreed upon by the 
managers and recommended in the accompanying conference report.

                        congressional directives

      The conferees agree that executive branch wishes cannot 
substitute for Congress' own statements as to the best evidence 
of congressional intentions--that is, the official reports of 
the Congress. The conferees further point out that funds in 
this Act must be used for the purposes for which appropriated, 
as required by section 1301 of title 31 of the United States 
Code, which provides: ``Appropriations shall be applied only to 
the objects for which the appropriations were made except as 
otherwise provided by law.''
      Report language included by the House which is not 
changed by the report of the Senate, and Senate report language 
which is not changed by the conference are approved by the 
committee of conference. The statement of the managers, while 
repeating some report language for emphasis, does not intend to 
negate the language referred to above unless expressly provided 
herein.

                     TITLE I--AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS

                 Production, Processing, and Marketing

                        office of the Secretary

      Amendment No. 1: Appropriates $10,227,000 for the Office 
of the Secretary as proposed by the House instead of 
$12,801,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 2: Provides $7,500,000 for InfoShare as 
proposed by the House instead of $10,000,000 as proposed by the 
Senate. The conference agreement also provides that these funds 
remain available until expended as proposed by the Senate.

                          Executive Operations

                            chief economist

      Amendment No. 3: Appropriates $3,948,000 for the Office 
of the Chief Economist as proposed by the House instead of 
$3,814,000 as proposed by the Senate.

                        chief financial officer

      Amendment No. 4: Restores House language requiring a 
cost-benefit analysis of commercial software systems and 
related work at the National Finance Center with commercial 
systems.

        agriculture buildings and facilities and rental payments

      Amendment No. 5: Adds the United States Code citation 
providing for the delegation of authority from the 
Administrator of the General Services Administration to the 
Secretary of Agriculture as proposed by the Senate. The House 
bill contained no similar provision.

                       advisory committees (usda)

      Amendment No. 6: Appropriates $650,000 for USDA Advisory 
Committees as proposed by the Senate instead of $800,000 as 
proposed by the House.

                       hazardous waste management

      Amendment No. 7: Makes a technical correction by adding 
the word ``and'' to the bill language as proposed by the 
Senate.

     office of the assistant Secretary for congressional relations

      Amendment No. 8: Restores House language consolidating 
all funding for congressional affairs activities into a single 
account and appropriating $3,797,000 for such activities. The 
conferees agree that this consolidation of funds will result in 
greater efficiencies and oversight of overall departmental 
activities. The conferees also agree that congressional affairs 
efforts are more effective if personnel are retained at the 
agency level. Therefore, the conference agreement includes 
language transferring not less than $2,355,000 to agencies 
funded in this Act to maintain personnel at the agency level.
      The following table reflects the conference agreement:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Conference
                                                 1995 level   agreement 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Headquarters..................................   $1,289,000     $967,000
Office of the Chief Economist.................       66,000       49,000
Office of the Inspector General...............       65,000       49,000
Agricultural Research Service.................      172,000      129,000
Cooperative State Research, Education, and                              
 Extension Service............................      160,000      120,000
Foreign Agricultural Service..................      251,000      188,000
Consolidated Farm Service Agency..............      474,000      355,000
Rural Utilities Service.......................      189,000      142,000
Rural Business and Cooperative Development                              
 Service......................................       69,000       52,000
Rural Housing and Community Development                                 
 Service......................................      335,000      251,000
Natural Resources Conservation Service........      197,000      148,000
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service....      135,000      101,000
Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards                                
 Administration...............................       21,000       16,000
Agricultural Marketing Service................      234,000      176,000
Food Safety and Inspection Service............      412,000      309,000
Food and Consumer Service.....................      360,000      270,000
Intergovernmental Affairs.....................      475,000      475,000
                                               -------------------------
      Total...................................    4,904,000    3,797,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

      Amendment No. 9: Provides $95,000 for confidential 
operational expenses of the Office of the Inspector General as 
proposed by the House instead of $125,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
      Amendment No. 10: Provides the Office of the Inspector 
General with authority to use funds transferred through 
forfeiture proceedings for authorized law enforcement 
activities as proposed by the Senate. The House bill contained 
no similar provision.

                       Economic Research Service

      Amendment No. 11: Appropriates $53,131,000 for the 
Economic Research Service as proposed by the House instead of 
$53,526,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      The conference agreement provides for the continuation of 
the rice modeling project under the special grants program of 
the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension 
Service.

                     Agricultural Research Service

      Amendment No. 12: Appropriates $710,000,000 instead of 
$707,000,000 as proposed by the Senate and $705,610,000 as 
proposed by the House.
      The conference agreement includes the following 
increases:

Nutrition Intervention (Delta Initiative)...............        $900,000
National Agricultural Library...........................       1,462,000
Rural Development (Alcorn State University).............         167,000
Citrus Root Weevil......................................         400,000
Alternatives to Methyl Bromide..........................         750,000
Horticultural Research, National Arboretum..............         350,000
Animal Improvement Laboratory (BARC)....................         300,000
Joranado Rangeland Management...........................         500,000
Citrus Tristeza Virus...................................         500,000
Pine Bluff, AR (Staffing)...............................          40,000
Arkansas Children's Hospital............................         300,000
Fish Farming Experimental Laboratory, AR................         500,000
Small Fruit Laboratory, OR..............................         485,000
Agroforestry, AR/MO.....................................         475,000
Livestock and Range Research, MT........................          80,000
Cereal Crops, WI........................................         175,000
Wheat Virology, NE......................................         260,000
Warmwater Aquaculture, MS...............................         630,000
Southern Insect Management Laboratory, MS...............          50,000
Geriatric Nutrition Research, PA........................         200,000

      Amendment No. 13: Makes a technical correction to 
properly identify the American Sugar Cane League Foundation as 
proposed by the Senate.

                        buildings and facilities

      Amendment No. 14: Deletes Senate language providing that 
not less than $1,000,000 of the funds made available for the 
National Center for Agriculture Utilization Research be 
available for the Grain Marketing Laboratory in Manhattan, 
Kansas. The House bill contained no similar provision.
      The following table reflects the conference agreement:

                         BUILDING AND FACILITIES                        
                        [In thousands of dollars]                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            House    Senate   Conference
                                            bill      bill     agreement
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arkansas: National Rice Research Center,                                
 Stuttgart..............................  ........     1,000      1,000 
Florida: Horticultural Research                                         
 Laboratory, Ft. Pierce.................     1,500     1,500      1,500 
France: European Biological Control                                     
 Laboratory, Montpellier................     2,600  ........  ..........
Illinois: National Center for                                           
 Agricultural Utilization Research,                                     
 Peoria.................................     9,700     3,900      3,900 
Kansas: Grain Marketing Research                                        
 Laboratory, Manhattan..................  ........     1,000      1,000 
Louisiana: Southern Regional Research                                   
 Center, New Orleans....................       900       900        900 
Maryland: Agricultural Research Center,                                 
 Beltsville.............................     8,000     8,000      8,000 
  Mississippi:                                                          
  National Center for Natural Products,                                 
   Oxford...............................  ........     1,500      1,500 
  National Center for Warmwater                                         
   Aquaculture, Stoneville..............  ........     1,900      1,900 
New York: Plum Island Animal Disease                                    
 Center.................................     5,000     5,000      5,000 
South Carolina: U.S. Vegetable                                          
 Laboratory.............................  ........     4,000      3,000 
  Texas:                                                                
  Plant Stress and Water Conservation                                   
   Laboratory, Lubbock..................     1,500     1,500      1,500 
  Subtropical Research Laboratory,                                      
   Weslaco..............................     1,000  ........      1,000 
                                         -------------------------------
      Total, buildings and facilities...    30,200    30,200     30,200 
------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extensive Service

                   Research and Education Activities

      Amendment No. 15: Provides $168,734,000 for payments 
under the Hatch Act instead of $166,165,000 as proposed by the 
House and $171,304,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 16: Provides $20,497,000 for cooperative 
forestry research instead of $20,185,000 as proposed by the 
House and $20,809,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 17: Provides $27,735,000 for payments to 
1890 land-grant colleges and Tuskegee University instead of 
$27,313,000 as proposed by the House and $28,157,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 18: Provides $49,846,000 for special 
research grants instead of $31,930,000 as proposed by the House 
and $42,670,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      The conference agreement does not provide any earmark for 
the global change special grant.
      Amendment No. 19: Provides $9,769,000 for improved pest 
control as proposed by the Senate instead of $11,599,000 as 
proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 20: Provides $96,735,000 for competitive 
research grants instead of $98,165,000 as proposed by the House 
and $99,582,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 21: Provides $5,051,000 for animal health 
and disease programs as proposed by the House instead of 
$5,551,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 22: Makes a technical correction to the 
United States Code citation as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 23: Provides $650,000 for alternative crops 
instead of $1,150,000 as proposed by the House and $500,000 as 
proposed by the Senate. The conference agreement includes 
$500,000 for research on canola as proposed by both the House 
and the Senate, and $150,000 for research on hesperaloe as 
proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 24: Provides $500,000 for the Critical 
Agricultural Materials Act as proposed by the Senate. The House 
bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 25: Provides $8,100,000 for low-input 
agriculture instead of $8,000,000 as proposed by the House and 
$8,112,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 26: Provides $9,200,000 for capacity 
building grants instead of $9,207,000 as proposed by the 
Senate. The House bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 27: Provides $1,450,000 for payments to the 
1994 Institutions as proposed by the Senate. The House bill 
contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 28: Provides $10,337,000 for Federal 
Administration instead of $6,289,000 as proposed by the House 
and $10,686,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 29: Appropriates $421,929,000 for 
Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, 
Research and Education Activities instead of $389,172,000 as 
proposed by the House and $421,622,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
      The following table reflects the conference agreement:

                   COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH SERVICE                   
                        [In thousands of dollars]                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Conference
                                    House bill  Senate bill   agreement 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Payments Under Hatch Act.........      166,165      171,304      168,734
Cooperative forestry research                                           
 (McIntire-Stennis)..............       20,185       20,809       20,497
Payments to 1890 colleges and                                           
 Tuskegee........................       27,313       28,157       27,735
  Special Research Grants (P.L.                                         
 89-106):                                                               
    Aflatoxin (IL)...............          113          113          133
    Agricultural diversification                                        
     (HI)........................  ...........          131          131
    Agricultural management                                             
     systems (MA)................  ...........          221          221
    Alfalfa (KS).................          106          106          106
    Alliance for food protection                                        
     (NE, GA)....................          300  ...........          300
    Alternative cropping systems                                        
     (Southeast).................  ...........          235          235
    Alternative crops (ND).......  ...........          550          550
    Alternative crops for arid                                          
     lands (TX)..................           85  ...........           85
    Alternative Marine and Fresh                                        
     Water Species (MS)..........  ...........          308          308
    Alternative to pesticides and                                       
     critical issues.............        2,000        2,000        2,000
    Aquaculture (CT).............          181  ...........          181
    Aquaculture (IL).............          169          169          169
    Aquaculture (LA).............          330          330          330
    Aquaculture (MS).............  ...........          592          592
    Asian Products Lab (OR)......  ...........          212          212
    Babcock Institute (WI).......  ...........          312          312
    Barley feed for rangeland                                           
     cattle (MT).................  ...........          250          250
    Biodiesel research (MO)......  ...........          152          152
    Biotechnology (OR)...........  ...........          217          217
    Broom snakeweed (NM).........          169          169          169
    Canola (KS)..................           85           85           85
    Center for animal health and                                        
     productivity (PA)...........          113  ...........          113
    Center for innovative food                                          
     technology (OH).............          181  ...........          181
    Center for rural studies (VT)  ...........           32           32
    Chesapeake Bay aquaculture...          370          370          370
    Competitiveness of                                                  
     agricultural products (WA)..          500          677          677
    Cool season legume research                                         
     (ID, WA)....................          103          329          329
    Cranberry/blueberry disease                                         
     and breeding (NJ)...........  ...........          220          220
    Dairy and meat goat research                                        
     (TX)........................           63           63           63
    Delta rural revitalization                                          
     (MS)........................  ...........          148          148
    Dried bean (ND)..............           85           85           85
    Drought mitigation (NE)......          200          200          200
    Environmental research (NY)..          486  ...........          486
    Expanded wheat pasture (OK)..  ...........          285          285
    Farm and rural business                                             
     finance (IL, AR)............  ...........          106          106
    Floriculture (HI)............  ...........          250          250
    Food and Agriculture Policy                                         
     Institute (IA, MO)..........          850          850          850
    Food irradiation (IA)........  ...........          201          201
    Food marketing policy center                                        
     (CT)........................          332          332          332
    Food processing center (NE)..  ...........           42           42
    Food safety consortium (AR,                                         
     KS, IA).....................        1,743        1,743        1,743
    Food systems research group                                         
     (WI)........................          221          221          221
    Forestry (AR)................  ...........          523          523
Fruit and vegetable market                                              
 analysis (AZ, MO)...............          296  ...........          296
Generic commodity promotion                                             
 research and evaluation (NY)....          212  ...........          212
Global change....................        1,625        1,615        1,615
Global marketing support service                                        
 (AR)............................  ...........           92           92
Grass seed cropping systems for a                                       
 sustainable agriculture (WA, OR,                                       
 ID).............................          423          423          423
Human nutrition (AR).............          425  ...........          425
Human nutrition (IA).............  ...........          473          473
Human nutrition (LA).............          752          752          752
Human nutrition (NY).............          622  ...........          622
Illinois-Missouri Alliance for                                          
 Biotechnology...................        1,357        1,357        1,357
Improved dairy management                                               
 practices (PA)..................          296  ...........          296
Improved fruit practices (MI)....          445          445          445
Institute for Food Science and                                          
 Engineering (AR)................  ...........        1,184          750
Integrated production systems                                           
 (OK)............................  ...........          161          161
Intenational arid lands                                                 
 consortium......................          329  ...........          329
Iowa biotechnology consortium....  ...........        1,792        1,792
Jointed goatgrass (WA)...........          296          296          296
Landscaping for water quality                                           
 (GA)............................          300  ...........          300
Livestock and dairy policy (NY,                                         
 TX).............................          445          445          445
Lowbush blueberry research (ME)..  ...........          220          220
Maple research (VT)..............  ...........           84           84
Michigan biotechnology consortium        1,000  ...........          750
Midwest advanced food                                                   
 manufacturing alliance..........          423          423          423
Midwest agricultural products                                           
 (IA)............................  ...........          592          592
Milk safety (PA).................  ...........          268          268
Minor use animal drug............          550          550          550
Molluscan shellfish (OR).........  ...........          300          300
Multi-commodity research (OR)....  ...........          364          364
Multi-cropping strategies for                                           
 aquaculture (HI)................  ...........          127          127
National biological impact                                              
 assessment......................          254  ...........          254
Nematode resistance genetic                                             
 engineering (NM)................          127          127          127
Non-food agricultural products                                          
 (NE)............................  ...........           64           64
North central biotechnology                                             
 initiative......................        2,000  ...........        2,000
Oil resources from desert plants                                        
 (NM)............................          169          169          169
Organic waste utilization (NW)...          150  ...........          150
Peach tree short life (SC).......  ...........          162          162
Pest control alternatives (SC)...  ...........          106          106
Phytophthora root rot (NM).......          127          127          127
Potato research..................          638        1,214        1,214
Preharvest food safety (KS)......  ...........          212          212
Preservation and processing                                             
 research (OK)...................  ...........          226          226
Red River Corridor (MN, ND)......          169          169          169
Regional barley gene mapping                                            
 project.........................          348          348          348
Regionalized implications of farm                                       
 programs (MO, TX)...............          294          294          294
Rice Modeling (AR)...............  ...........  ...........          395
Rural development centers (PA,                                          
 IA, (ND), MS, OR)...............          400          423          423
Rural policies institute (NE, MO)          322          644          644
Russian wheat aphid (WA, OR, CO,                                        
 CA, ID).........................  ...........          455          455
Seafood and aquaculture                                                 
 harvesting, processing, and                                            
 marketing (MS)..................  ...........          305          305
Small fruit research (OR, MA, ID)          212          212          212
Southwest consortium for plant                                          
 genetics and water resources....          338          338          338
Soybean cyst nematode (MO).......          303          303          303
STEEP II--water quality in                                              
 Northwest.......................          500          829          500
Sunflower insects (ND)...........  ...........          127          127
Sustainable agriculture (MI).....          445          445          445
Sustainable agriculture and                                             
 natural resources (PA)..........  ...........           94           94
Sustainable agriculture systems                                         
 (NE)............................  ...........           59           59
Tillage, silviculture, waste                                            
 management (LA).................          212          212          212
Tropical and subtropical.........        2,809        2,809        2,809
Urban pests (GA).................           64  ...........           64
Viticulture consortium (NY, CA)..          500  ...........          500
Water conservation (KS)..........           79           79           79
Water quality....................        2,500        2,757        2,757
Weed control (ND)................  ...........          423          423
Wheat genetic research (KS)......          177          176          176
Wood utilization research (OR,                                          
 MS, NC, MN, ME, MI).............  ...........        3,758        3,758
Wool research (TX, MT, WY).......          212          212          212
                                  --------------------------------------
      Total, Special Research                                           
       Grants....................       31,930       42,670       49,846
                                  ======================================
  Improved pest control:                                                
    Integrated pest management...        3,093        2,731        2,731
    Pesticide clearance (IR-4)...        6,711        5,711        5,711
    Pesticide impact assessment..        1,795        1,327        1,327
                                  --------------------------------------
      Total, Improved pest                                              
       control...................       11,599        9,769        9,769
                                  ======================================
  Competitive research grants:                                          
    Plant systems................       37,355       37,000       37,000
    Animal systems...............       24,125       23,750       23,750
    Nutrition, food quality and                                         
     health......................        7,400        7,400        7,400
    Natural resources and the                                           
     environment.................       17,650       20,497       17,650
    Processes and new products...        6,935        6,935        6,935
    Markets, trade and policy....        4,700        4,000        4,000
                                  --------------------------------------
      Total, Competitive research                                       
       grants....................       98,165       99,582       96,735
                                  ======================================
Animal Health and Disease (Sec.                                         
 1433)...........................        5,051        5,551        5,051
Advanced materials...............        1,150          500  ...........
Critical Agricultural Materials                                         
 Act.............................  ...........          500          500
Aquaculture Centers (Sec. 1475)..        4,000        4,000        4,000
Rangeland Research Grants (Sec.                                         
 1480)...........................          475          475          475
Alternative Crops................  ...........  ...........          650
Low-input agriculture............        8,000        8,112        8,100
Higher Education.................        8,850        8,850        8,850
Capacity building grants.........  ...........        9,207        9,200
Native American Institutions                                            
 Endowment Fund..................      (4,600)      (4,600)      (4,600)
Payments to the 1994 Institutions  ...........        1,450        1,450
                                  ======================================
  Federal Administration:                                               
    Agricultural biotechnology...  ...........          394  ...........
    Agriculture development in                                          
     American Pacific............          564          564          564
    Alternative fuels                                                   
     characterization lab (ND)...  ...........          218          218
    Center for Agricultural and                                         
     Rural Development (IA)......  ...........          655          655
    Center for North American                                           
     Studies (TX)................           87           87           87
    Geographic information system  ...........          939          939
    Herd management (TN).........  ...........          535          535
    Mississippi Valley State                                            
     University..................  ...........          583          583
    Office of grants and program                                        
     systems.....................          314          314          314
    Pay costs and FERS (prior)...          451          551          551
    Peer panels..................          300          350          350
    PM-10 study (CA, WA).........          873          873          873
    Rural partnership (NE).......  ...........          250          250
    Shrimp aquaculture (AZ, HI,                                         
     MS, MA, SC).................        3,000        3,054        3,054
    Vocational aquaculture                                              
     education...................  ...........          436          436
    Water quality (IL)...........          700          492          492
    Water quality (ND)...........  ...........          436          436
                                  --------------------------------------
      Total, Federal                                                    
       Administration............        6,289       10,686       10,337
                                  ======================================
        Total, Cooperative State                                        
         Research Service........      389,172      421,622      421,929
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        buildings and facilities

      Amendment No. 30: Appropriates $57,838,000 for Buildings 
and Facilities of the Cooperative State Research, Education, 
and Extension Service as proposed by the Senate. The House bill 
contained no similar provision.
      The conference agreement has included funding for this 
program with the understanding that it will be terminated after 
fiscal year 1997. The conferees expect that projects funded by 
this appropriation will be based on a matching formula of not 
to exceed 50 percent Federal and not less than 50 percent non-
Federal funding. Matching requirements must be based on cash 
rather than in-kind contribution for any facility except for 
projects started prior to fiscal year 1994. Federal funding 
will be based on firm indications of local cost sharing. The 
research programs to be carried out at these facilities must be 
complimentary to the overall programs of the Department of 
Agriculture.
      The following table reflects the conference agreement:

                        BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES                        
                        [In thousands of dollars]                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            House    Senate   Conference
                                            bill      bill     agreement
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama: Poultry science facility,                                      
 Auburn University......................  ........     1,338      1,338 
Arkansas: Alternative Pest Control                                      
 Center, Carnall Hall...................  ........     1,000      1,000 
California: Alternative Pest Control                                    
 Containment and Quarantine Facility,                                   
 University of California\1\............  ........     1,876      3,057 
Connecticut: Agricultural biotechnology                                 
 building, University of Connecticut....  ........     1,347      1,347 
Delaware: Poultry Biocontainment                                        
 Laboratory\1\..........................  ........     1,751      1,751 
Florida: Aquatic Research Facility,                                     
 University of Florida\1\...............  ........     1,500      1,500 
Idaho: Biotechnology Facility,                                          
 University of Idaho....................  ........     1,181  ..........
Illinois: Biotechnology Center,                                         
 Northwestern University................  ........     1,366      1,366 
Louisiana: Southeast Research Station,                                  
 Franklinton\1\.........................  ........     1,280      1,280 
Maryland: Institute for Natural                                         
 Resources and Environmental Science,                                   
 University of Maryland.................  ........     2,288      2,288 
Massachusetts: Center for Hunger,                                       
 Poverty and Nutrition Policy, Tufts                                    
 University.............................  ........     1,641      1,641 
Mississippi:............................                                
    Center for Water and Wetland                                        
     Resources, University of                                           
     Mississippi\1\.....................  ........     1,555      1,555 
    National Food Service Management                                    
     Institute\1\.......................  ........     3,000      3,000 
Missouri: Center for Plant Biodiversity,                                
 St. Louis..............................  ........     3,995      3,995 
New Jersey: Plant Bioscience Facility,                                  
 Rutgers University.....................  ........     2,262      2,262 
New Mexico: Center for Arid Land                                        
 Studies, New Mexico State University...  ........     1,464      1,464 
New York: New York Botanical Garden\1\..  ........     1,665      1,665 
North Carolina: Bowman-Gray Center, Wake                                
 Forest.................................  ........     3,000      3,000 
Oklahoma: Grain Storage Research and                                    
 Extension Center, Oklahoma State                                       
 University\1\..........................  ........       495        495 
Oregon: Forest Ecosystem Research Lab,                                  
 Oregon State University................  ........     5,000      5,000 
Pennsylvania: Center for Food Marketing,                                
 St. Joseph's University\1\.............  ........     2,438      2,438 
Rhode Island: Coastal Institute on                                      
 Naragansett Bay, University of Rhode                                   
 Island\1\..............................  ........     3,854      3,854 
South Dakota: Animal Resource Wing,                                     
 South Dakota State University..........  ........     2,700      2,700 
Tennessee: Agricultural, Biological and                                 
 Environmental Research Complex,                                        
 University of Tennessee in Knoxville...  ........     1,928      1,928 
Texas: Southern crop improvement, Texas                                 
 A & M..................................  ........     1,400      1,400 
Vermont: Rural Community Interactive                                    
 Learning Center, University of Vermont.  ........     2,000      2,000 
Washington:.............................                                
    Animal Disease Biotechnology                                        
     Facility, Washington State                                         
     University.........................  ........     1,263      1,263 
    Wheat research facility, Washington                                 
     State University\1\................  ........     3,251      3,251 
                                         -------------------------------
      Total, buildings and facilities...  ........    57,838    57,838  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Completed.                                                          

                          Extension Activities

      Amendment No. 31: Provides $268,493,000 for sections 3(b) 
and 3(c) of the Smith-Lever Act instead of $264,405,000 as 
proposed by the House and $272,582,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
      Amendment No. 32: Provides $60,510,000 for the Food and 
Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) instead of $59,588,000 as 
proposed by the House and $61,431,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
      Amendment No. 33: Provides $2,943,000 for farm safety 
instead of $2,898,000 as proposed by the House and $2,988,000 
as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 34: Provides $7,782,000 for 1890 facilities 
grants instead of $7,664,000 as proposed by the House and 
$7,901,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 35: Provides $936,000 for rural development 
centers instead of $921,000 as proposed by the House and 
$950,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 36: Provides $11,065,000 for water quality 
instead of $10,897,000 as proposed by the House and $11,234,000 
as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 37: Provides $1,203,000 for agricultural 
telecommunications instead of $1,184,000 as proposed by the 
House and $1,221,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 38: Provides $9,850,000 for youth-at-risk 
programs instead of $9,700,000 as proposed by the House and 
$10,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 39: Deletes Senate language providing 
$4,265,000 for the nutrition education initiative. The House 
bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 40: Provides $2,438,000 for food safety 
instead of $2,400,000 as proposed by the House and $2,475,000 
as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 41: Provides $3,291,000 for the Renewable 
Resources Extension Act instead of $3,241,000 as proposed by 
the House and $3,341,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 42: Provides $1,724,000 for Indian 
reservation agents instead of $1,697,000 as proposed by the 
House and $1,750,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 43: Provides $2,709,000 for rural health 
and safety education instead of $2,750,000 as proposed by the 
Senate. The House bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 44: Provides $25,090,000 for the 1890 
colleges and Tuskegee University instead of $24,708,000 as 
proposed by the House and $25,472,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
      Amendment No. 45: Deletes Senate language providing 
$2,550,000 for payments to the 1994 Institutions. The House 
bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 46: Makes a technical correction to the 
United States Code citation as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 47: Provides $12,209,000 for Federal 
administration of Extension Activities instead of $6,181,000 as 
proposed by the House and $10,998,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
      The following table reflects the conference agreement:

                          EXTENSION ACTIVITIES                          
                        [In thousands of dollars]                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Fiscal                                 
                                  year      House    Senate   Conference
                                  1995      bill      bill     agreement
                                 enacted                                
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Smith Lever: 3(d)                                                     
Smith Lever 3(b) & 3(c).......   272,582   264,405   272,582    268,493 
    Pest management...........    10,947    10,947    10,947     10,783 
    Water quality.............    11,234    10,897    11,234     11,065 
    Farm safety...............     2,988     2,898     2,988      2,943 
    Food and nutrition                                                  
     education (EFNEP)........    61,431    59,588    61,431     60,510 
    Pesticide impact                                                    
     assessment...............     3,363     3,363     3,363      3,313 
    Rural development centers.       950       921       950        936 
    Sustainable agriculture...     3,463     3,463     3,463      3,411 
    Food safety...............     2,475     2,400     2,475      2,438 
    Youth at risk.............    10,000     9,700    10,000      9,850 
    Indian reservation agent..     1,750     1,697     1,750      1,724 
    Nutrition education                                                 
     initiative...............     4,265  ........     4,265  ..........
1890's Colleges and Tuskegee..    25,472    24,708    25,472     25,090 
1890's facilities grants......     7,901     7,664     7,901      7,782 
Renewable Resources Extension                                           
 Act..........................     3,341     3,241     3,341      3,291 
Agricultural                                                            
 telecommunications...........     1,221     1,184     1,221      1,203 
Rural health and safety                                                 
 education....................     2,750  ........     2,750      2,709 
Payments to the 1994                                                    
 Institutions.................  ........  ........     2,550  ..........
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................   426,133   407,076   428,683    415,541 
                               =========================================
  Federal Administration and                                            
 special grants:                                                        
    General administration....     5,241     4,924     5,102      5,162 
    Pilot tech. transfer (OK,                                           
     MS)......................       331  ........       331        326 
    Pilot tech. transfer (WI).       165       160  ........        163 
    Rural rehabilitation (GA).       250  ........       250        246 
    Income enhancement                                                  
     demonstration (OH).......       250       243  ........        246 
    Rural development (NM)....       230       223       230        227 
    Rural development (NE)....       392  ........       200        386 
    Rural development (OK)....       300  ........       300        296 
    Chinch bug/Russian wheat                                            
     aphid project (NE).......        67  ........  ........  ..........
    Beef producers'                                                     
     improvement (AR).........       200  ........       200        197 
    Integrated cow/calf                                                 
     resources management (IA)       350  ........       350        345 
    Extension specialist (AR).       100  ........       100         99 
    Rural center for the study                                          
     and promotion of HIV/STD                                           
     prevention (IN)..........       250       243  ........        246 
    Cranberry development (ME)        50  ........  ........  ..........
    Delta teachers academy....     3,935  ........     3,935      3,876 
    Wood biomass as an                                                  
     alternative farm product                                           
     (NY).....................       200       194  ........        197 
    Range improvement (NM)....       200       194  ........        197 
    Agricultural Plastics (VT)       100  ........  ........  ..........
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Federal                                                    
       Administration.........    12,611     6,181    10,998     12,209 
                               =========================================
        Total, Extension                                                
         Activities...........   438,744   413,257   439,681    427,750 
------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Amendment No. 48: Appropriates $427,750,000 for Extension 
Activities instead of $413,257,000 as proposed by the House and 
$439,681,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      The conference agreement also provides $10,783,000 for 
pest management instead of $10,947,000 as proposed by both the 
House and the Senate; $3,313,000 for pesticide impact 
assessment instead of $3,363,000 as proposed by both the House 
and the Senate; and $3,411,000 for sustainable agriculture 
instead of $3,463,000 as proposed by both the House and the 
Senate.

               Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

                         salaries and expenses

      Amendment No. 49: Appropriates $331,667,000 for Animal 
and Plant Health Inspection Service, Salaries and Expenses 
instead of $333,410,000 as proposed by the House and 
$329,125,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      The following table reflects the conference agreement:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Fiscal                                 
                                  year      House    Senate   Conference
                                  1995      bill      bill     agreement
                                 enacted                                
------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Pest and Disease Exclusion                                           
                                                                        
Agricultural quarantine                                                 
 inspection...................    25,140    24,914    24,914     24,914 
    User fees.................    96,660   100,254   100,254    100,254 
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Agricultural                                            
       quarantine inspection..   121,800   125,168   125,168    125,168 
                               =========================================
Foot-and-mouth disease........     3,995     3,991     3,991      3,991 
Import-export inspection......     6,535     6,528     6,528      6,528 
International programs........     6,106     6,100     6,100      6,100 
Mediterranean fruit fly                                                 
 exclusion....................    10,089    10,079    10,079     10,079 
Mexican fruit fly exclusion...     2,156     2,153     2,153      2,153 
Screwworm.....................    34,029    33,969    33,969     33,969 
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Pest and disease                                           
       exclusion..............   184,710   187,988   187,988    187,988 
                               =========================================
                                                                        
     Plant and Animal Health                                            
          Monitoring                                                    
                                                                        
Animal health monitoring and                                            
 surveillance.................    59,381    59,276    59,276     59,276 
Animal and plant health                                                 
 regulatory enforcement.......     5,865     5,855     5,855      5,855 
Fruit fly detection...........     3,923     3,919     3,923      3,919 
Pest detection................     4,206     4,202     4,206      4,202 
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Plant and animal                                           
       health monitoring......    73,375    73,252    73,260     73,252 
                               =========================================
                                                                        
   Pest and Disease Management                                          
           Programs                                                     
                                                                        
Animal damage control--                                                 
 operations...................    26,592    26,566    26,642     26,642 
Aquaculture...................       493       413       493        470 
Biocontrol....................     7,504     7,497     6,290      6,290 
Boll weevil...................    18,084    18,066    18,084     18,084 
Brucellosis eradication.......    27,781    24,663    21,580     23,360 
Cattle ticks..................     4,578     3,837     4,537      4,537 
Golden nematode...............       615       435       435        435 
Gypsy moth....................     5,177     4,367     4,367      4,367 
Imported fire ant.............     1,500     1,000     1,000      1,000 
Miscellaneous plant diseases..     1,988     1,516     1,516      1,516 
Noxious weeds.................       404       338       338        338 
Pink bollworm.................     1,069     1,068     1,069      1,069 
Pre-harvest program...........     2,800  ........  ........  ..........
Pseudorabies..................     4,543     4,543     4,543      4,543 
Salmonella enteritidis........     3,384  ........  ........  ..........
Scrapie.......................     2,969     2,967     2,172      2,967 
Sweet potato whitefly.........     2,400     2,398     2,400      2,398 
Tropical bont tick............       537       537       452        452 
Tuberculosis..................     5,499     4,609     4,609      4,609 
Witchweed.....................     1,975     1,663     1,663      1,663 
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Pest and disease                                           
       management programs....   119,892   106,483   102,190    104,740 
                               =========================================
                                                                        
           Animal Care                                                  
                                                                        
Animal welfare................     9,262     9,185     9,185      9,185 
Horse protection..............       362       362       362        362 
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Animal care......     9,624     9,547     9,547      9,547 
                               =========================================
                                                                        
    Scientific and Technical                                            
           Services                                                     
                                                                        
ADC methods development.......     9,681     9,665     9,665      9,665 
Biotechnology/environmental                                             
 protection...................     7,690     7,677     7,677      7,677 
Integrated systems acquisition                                          
 project......................     3,500     4,055     4,055      4,055 
Plant methods development                                               
 laboratories.................     5,059     5,053     5,053      5,053 
Veterinary biologics..........    10,371    10,360    10,360     10,360 
Veterinary diagnostics........    14,811    14,785    14,785     14,785 
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Scientific and                                             
       technical services.....    51,112    51,595    51,595     51,595 
                               -----------------------------------------
Contingency fund..............     4,938     4,799     4,799      4,799 
                               =========================================
      Total, Salaries and                                               
       expenses...............   443,651   433,664   429,379    431,921 
------------------------------------------------------------------------

      The conferees are aware of a recent boll weevil outbreak 
in New Mexico. This outbreak has potentially devastating 
consequences. The conferees expect the Animal and Plant Health 
Inspection Service to monitor the situation and keep the 
Committees on Appropriations advised.
      The conferees concur with the House report language 
regarding the regulation of importation of Mexican avocados.
      The conference agreement includes language allowing the 
Secretary of Agriculture to fund all costs for agricultural 
equine quarantine inspection services in connection with the 
1996 Summer Olympic Games.

                        buildings and facilities

      Amendment No. 50: Deletes Senate language adding the word 
``modernization'' to the list of authorized uses of Animal and 
Plant Health Inspection Service, Buildings and Facilities 
funds. The House bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 51: Appropriates $8,757,000 for Animal and 
Plant Health Inspection Service, Buildings and Facilities 
instead of $12,541,000 as proposed by the House and $4,973,000 
as proposed by the Senate.

                     Agricultural Marketing Service

                           marketing services

      Amendment No. 52: Appropriates $46,517,000 for Marketing 
Services of the Agricultural Marketing Service as proposed by 
the Senate instead of $46,662,000 as proposed by the House. The 
conferees expect the agency to continue with the implementation 
of the organic certification program.

                   payments to states and possessions

      Amendment No. 53: Makes a technical correction changing 
the year of the Agricultural Marketing Act as proposed by the 
Senate.
      Amendment No. 54: Appropriates $1,200,000 for Payments to 
States and Possessions as proposed by the Senate instead of 
$1,000,000 as proposed by the House.

        Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration

                         salaries and expenses

      Amendment No. 55: Appropriates $23,058,000 for Grain 
Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration, Salaries and 
Expenses as proposed by the House instead of $23,289,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.

             Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety

      Amendment No. 56: Appropriates $440,000 for the Office of 
the Under Secretary for Food Safety as proposed by the Senate 
instead of $450,000 as proposed by the House.

                   Food Safety and Inspection Service

      Amendment No. 57: Appropriates $544,906,000 for the Food 
Safety and Inspection Service instead of $540,365,000 as 
proposed by the House and $563,004,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
      The conference agreement does not include funding to 
continue the Salmonella enteritidis program.

                    Consolidated Farm Service Agency

                         salaries and expenses

      Amendment No. 58: Makes a technical correction and 
provides for the administration and implementation of programs 
that are administered by the Consolidated Farm Service Agency 
as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 59: Appropriates $795,000,000 for Salaries 
and Expenses of the Consolidated Farm Service Agency instead of 
$788,388,000 as proposed by the House and $805,888,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 60: Provides $1,000,000 for employment 
under the Organic Act of 1944 as proposed by the Senate instead 
of $500,000 as proposed by the House.

                         state mediation grants

      Amendment No. 61: Appropriates $2,000,000 for State 
Mediation Grants as proposed by the House instead of $3,000,000 
as proposed by the Senate.

              outreach for socially disadvantaged farmers

      Amendment No. 62: Appropriates $1,000,000 for Outreach 
for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers instead of $2,000,000 as 
proposed by the Senate. The House bill contained no similar 
provision. The conferees expect the Secretary to submit to the 
Committees on Appropriations a detailed report on grantees and 
results of the program.

           agricultural credit insurance fund program account

      Amendment No. 63: Provides a total of $610,000,000 for 
farm ownership loans as proposed by the Senate instead of 
$585,000,000 as proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 64: Provides a total of $2,450,000,000 for 
farm operating loans as proposed by the Senate instead of 
$2,300,000,000 as proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 65: Deletes funding for credit sales of 
acquired property instead of $22,500,000 as proposed by the 
House and $21,696,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 66: Appropriates a total of $34,053,000 for 
the subsidy cost of farm ownership loans as proposed by the 
Senate instead of $28,206,000 as proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 67: Appropriates a total of $111,505,000 
for the subsidy cost of farm operating loans as proposed by the 
Senate instead of $91,000,000 as proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 68: Deletes funding for the subsidy cost of 
credit sales of acquired property instead of $4,113,000 as 
proposed by the House and $3,966,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 69: Appropriates $221,541,000 for 
administrative expenses as proposed by the House instead of 
$227,258,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 70: Provides for a transfer of $208,446,000 
in administrative expenses to Salaries and Expenses as proposed 
by the House instead of $214,163,000 as proposed by the Senate.

                    TITLE II--CONSERVATION PROGRAMS

  Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment

      Amendment No. 71: Restores House language and deletes 
language inserted by the Senate. The conference agreement 
provides $677,000 for the Office of the Under Secretary for 
Natural Resources and Environment as proposed by the House.
      The conferees have agreed to delete the Senate amendment 
transferring jurisdiction of the United States Forest Service 
from the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment 
to the Office of the Secretary. The conferees note the concerns 
resulting in the Senate's adoption of this amendment and agree 
that the Under Secretary should conduct policy and procedural 
affairs in a manner that promotes communication with the 
legislative branch and those members of the community affected 
by his decisions. The Under Secretary should carry out the 
functions of this office in a manner that properly reflects 
adherence to statutory direction, legislative history, and 
judicial interpretation. It is important that proper notice of 
changes in administration policy and other matters is afforded 
all interested parties as a means to best serve the comity of 
public policy debate and avoid unnecessary and potentially 
harmful misunderstandings and misdirections. The Senate 
decision to recede to the House is based on personal assurances 
from the Secretary that he will take steps to address the 
issues raised by the Senate. The Secretary should review the 
concerns and recommendations outlined by the Senate during its 
consideration of this matter.

                 Natural Resources Conservation Service

                        conservation operations

      Amendment No. 72: Appropriates $629,986,000 for Natural 
Resources Conservation Service, Conservation Operations as 
proposed by the House instead of $637,860,000 as proposed by 
the Senate. The conference agreement also provides for the 
funds to remain available until expended as proposed by the 
Senate.
      The conference agreement includes $350,000 for Great 
Lakes Basin Program for Soil and Erosion Sediment Control as 
proposed by the House instead of $250,000 as proposed by the 
Senate. The conference agreement also provides for the 
continuation, at the fiscal year 1995 level, of technical 
assistance for a rural recycling and water resource protection 
initiative in the Mississippi Delta region of Louisiana, 
Arkansas, and Mississippi; and existing groundwater projects in 
eastern Arkansas, including Bayou Meto an Beouf/Tensas.
      Amendment No. 73: Adds the United States Code citation 
allowing for the temporary employment of qualified local 
engineers as proposed by the Senate. The House bill contained 
no similar provision.

                 river basin surveys and investigations

      Amendment No. 74: Deletes language proposed by the Senate 
providing $8,369,000 for River Basin Surveys and 
Investigations. The conferees address this issue in Amendment 
No. 81.

                           watershed planning

      Amendment No. 75: Deletes language proposed by the Senate 
providing $5,630,000 for Watershed Planning. The conferees 
address this issue in Amendment No. 81.

               watershed and flood prevention operations

      Amendment No. 76: Deletes House language providing that 
only-high-priority authorized Public Law 534 projects be 
funded. The conferees address this issue in Amendment No. 77.
      Amendment No. 77: Provides $15,000,000 for authorized 
Public Law 534 projects as proposed by the Senate. The House 
bill did not provide a specific dollar amount for these 
projects.

                 resource conservation and development

      Amendment No. 78: Adds language proposed by the Senate 
and appropriates $29,000,000 for Resource Conservation and 
Development. The House bill provided funding for this program 
as part of Amendment No. 82.

                      forestry incentives program

      Amendment No. 79: Adds language proposed by the Senate 
and appropriates $6,325,000 for the Forestry Incentives 
Program. The House bill provided funding for this program as 
part of Amendment No. 82.
      The conference agreement provides for the continuation of 
assistance in the replanting of harvested pine trees in Texas 
at the fiscal year 1995 funding level.

             colorado river basin salinity control program

      Amendment No. 80: Adds language proposed by the Senate 
and appropriates $2,681,000 for the Colorado River Basin 
Salinity Control Program. The House bill provided funding for 
this program as part of Amendment No. 82.

                     watershed surveys and planning

      Amendment No. 81: Restores House language providing 
$14,000,000 for Watershed Surveys and Planning.

                         conservation programs

      Amendment No. 82: Deletes language proposed by the House 
consolidating the funding for Resource Conservation and 
Development, the Forestry Incentives Program, and the Colorado 
River Basin Salinity Control Program into a single 
appropriation. The conference agreement continues to fund these 
programs as separate appropriations as proposed by the Senate.

                        wetlands reserve program

      Amendment No. 83: Appropriates $77,000,000 for the 
Wetlands Reserve Program as proposed by the Senate instead of 
$210,000,000 as proposed by the House.
      The conferees are aware that under the Wetlands Reserve 
Program the Secretary of Agriculture as the authority to 
purchase easements through partnerships, private landowners, 
and entities. The conferees encourage the Secretary to explore 
all options available as a way to achieve a more cost-effective 
and environmentally beneficial program.

                    Consolidated Farm Service Agency

                   agricultural conservation program

      Amendment No. 84: Appropriates $75,000,000 for the 
Agricultural Conservation Program as proposed by the House 
instead of $50,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 85: Provides $11,000,000 for the Water 
Quality Incentives Programs as proposed by the House instead of 
$15,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      The conference agreement includes the fiscal year 1995 
level to continue a demonstration project to reduce atrazine 
levels in the lakes of Macoupin County, Illinois. The 
conference agreement also includes the fiscal year 1995 level 
to continue to provide cost-shared financial assistance to 
farmers and local communities in support of rural recycling and 
water resource protection initiative in the Mississippi Delta 
region of Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi. The conferees 
urge the Department to provide assistance to Lake Springfield 
in an effort to reduce atrazine levels.

      TITLE III--RURAL ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

                  RURAL COMMUNITY ADVANCEMENT PROGRAM

      Amendment No. 86: Deletes Senate language establishing a 
Rural Community Advancement Program. The House bill contained 
no similar provision.

            Rural Housing and Community Development Service

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

      Amendment No. 87: Appropriates $46,583,000 for Rural 
Housing and Community Development Service, Salaries and 
Expenses instead of $42,820,000 as proposed by the House and 
$50,346,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      The conferees agree that the Secretary may use his 
authority to allocate unobligated fiscal year 1995 section 504 
funds for Hurricane Marilyn relief efforts in the Virgin 
Islands.

              RURAL HOUSING INSURANCE FUND PROGRAM ACCOUNT

      Amendment No. 88: Provides a total loan level of 
$2,700,000,000 for section 502 loans as proposed by the Senate 
instead of $2,250,000,000 as proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 89: Deletes the loan level for credit sales 
of acquired property instead of providing a program level of 
$35,000,000 as proposed by the House and $42,484,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 90: Restores House language providing that 
the Pine View West Subdivision in Gibsonville, North Carolina, 
be eligible for section 502 loans.
      Amendment No. 91: Appropriates a total of $148,723,000 
for the subsidy cost of section 502 loans instead of 
$118,335,000 as proposed by the House and $212,790,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 92: Restores and amends House language 
providing that funds for the section 515 rental housing program 
be available only for rehabilitation of existing units and 
related costs and funds for new construction be available upon 
reauthorization instead of making all funds for the program 
contingent on reauthorization as proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 93: Deletes funds for the subsidy cost of 
credit sales of acquired property instead of providing 
$6,100,000 as proposed by the House and $7,405,000 as proposed 
by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 94: Restores House language establishing a 
$1,000,000 demonstration program of loan guarantees for 
multifamily housing in rural areas to be funded from the 
section 515 program, if authorized.
      Amendment No. 95: Appropriates $385,889,000 for Rural 
Housing Insurance Fund Program Account administrative expenses 
as proposed by the House instead of $389,818,000 as proposed by 
the Senate.
      Amendment No. 96: Provides for the transfer of 
$372,897,000 from administrative expenses to Rural Housing and 
Community Development Service, Salaries and Expenses instead of 
$372,897,506 as proposed by the House and $376,860,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.

                       RENTAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

      Amendment No. 97: Appropriates $540,900,000 for the 
Rental Assistance Program as proposed by the Senate instead of 
$535,900,000 as proposed by the House.

                COMMUNITY FACILITY LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

      Amendment No. 98: Restores House language appropriating a 
subsidy cost of $34,880,000 to support a loan level of 
$200,000,000 in direct loans and a subsidy cost of $3,555,000 
to support a loan level of $75,000,000 in guaranteed loans. The 
conference agreement includes a subsidy cost of $1,208,000 to 
support a loan level of $6,930,000 for empowerment zones and 
enterprise communities. The conference agreement also provides 
an appropriation of $8,836,000 for administrative expenses, of 
which $8,731,000 shall be transferred to Salaries and Expenses. 
The Senate bill provided for these programs in the Rural 
Community Advancement Program.

              Supervisory and Technical Assistance Grants

      Amendment No. 99: Deletes Senate language providing 
$1,000,000 for Supervisory and Technical Assistance Grants. The 
House bill contained no similar provision.

                 Rural Community Fire Protection Grants

      Amendment No. 100: Appropriates $2,000,000 for Rural 
Community Fire Protection Grants instead of $1,000,000 as 
proposed by the House and $3,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.

           Rural Business and Cooperative Development Service

                         Salaries and Expenses

      Amendment No. 101: Appropriates $9,013,000 for Rural 
Business and Cooperative Development Service, Salaries and 
Expenses as proposed by the Senate instead of $9,520,000 as 
proposed by the House.

           Rural Business and Industry Loans Program Account

      Amendment No. 102: Restores House language appropriating 
a subsidy cost of $6,437,000 to support a loan level of 
$500,000,000. The conference agreement includes a subsidy cost 
of $148,000 to support a loan level of $10,842,000 for 
empowerment zones and enterprise communities. The conference 
agreement also appropriates $14,868,000 for administrative 
expenses, of which $14,747,000 shall be transferred to Salaries 
and Expenses. The Senate bill provided for these programs in 
the Rural Community Advancement Program.

              Rural Development Loan Fund Program Account

      Amendment No. 103: Deletes House language and inserts 
Senate language appropriating a subsidy cost of $22,395,000 to 
support a loan level of $37,544,000. The conference agreement 
provides a subsidy cost of $4,322,000 for empowerment zones and 
enterprise communities as proposed by the House instead of 
$6,484,000 as proposed by the Senate. The conference agreement 
also appropriates $1,476,000 in administrative expenses as 
proposed by the Senate. The House bill contained no funds for 
administrative expenses.

            Rural Economic Development Loans Program Account

      Amendment No. 104: Appropriates $654,000 for 
administrative expenses of the Rural Economic Development Loans 
Program Account instead of $584,000 as proposed by the House 
and $724,000 as proposed by the Senate.

 Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Revolving Fund

      Amendment No. 105: Appropriates $6,500,000 for the 
Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization 
Revolving Fund instead of $5,000,000 as proposed by the House 
and $10,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      The conferees expect the Secretary to provide a report to 
the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations on steps 
taken to resolve the problems in this program identified by the 
Inspector General in his Semiannual Report to Congress (Fiscal 
Year 1995--First Half). Specifically, the report should address 
issues relating to conflict-of-interest in board decisions, 
failure to file financial disclosure reports, and exceeding the 
authorized terms of Board Members.

                    rural business enterprise grants

      Amendment No. 106: Restores House language appropriating 
$45,000,000 for Rural Business Enterprise Grants. The Senate 
bill provided for this program in the Rural Community 
Advancement Program.
      The House and Senate reports include lists of projects to 
be considered by the Department under the Rural Business 
Enterprise Grants program. The conferees believe that there 
will be other commendable applications to the Department in 
addition to those mentioned in the reports. The conferees 
expect the Department to approve only those applications judged 
meritorious when subjected to the established review process.
      The conferees urge the Department to consider the 
following projects which were not mentioned in the House and 
Senate reports. The conferees expect the Department to apply 
the same criteria of review to these projects as are applied to 
other applications.
      Health care facility, Clay City, Indiana.
      Nebraska Department of Economic Development and Partners, 
Lincoln, Nebraska.
      Rural Opportunities, Inc., Rochester, New York.
      Estranosa Water Cooperative, New Mexico.
      Southern Kentucky Rural Development Center, Somerset, 
Kentucky.

          rural technology and cooperative development grants

      Amendment No. 107: Appropriates $2,300,000 for Rural 
Technology and Cooperative Development Grants instead of 
$1,500,000 as proposed by the House and $3,000,000 as proposed 
by the Senate. The conferees agree that up to $1,300,000 of 
these funds may be used for the Appropriate Technology Transfer 
for Rural Areas program as proposed by the Senate.

                        Rural Utilities Service

       rural electrification and telephone loans program account

      Amendment No. 108: Establishes a loan level of 
$525,000,000 for municipal rate rural electric loans instead of 
$500,000,000 as proposed by the House and $550,000,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
      Amendent No. 109: Appropriates a subsidy cost of 
$56,858,000 for municipal rate loans instead of $54,150,000 as 
proposed by the House and $59,565,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.
      Amendment No. 110: Deletes House language permitting 
borrower interest rates for electric loans to exceed 7 percent 
per year as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 111: Appropriates $29,982,000 for 
administrative expenses as proposed by the House instead of 
$32,183,000 as proposed by the Senate.

                  rural telephone bank program account

      Amendment No. 112: Appropriates a subsidy cost of 
$5,023,000 for Rural Telephone Bank loans as proposed by the 
Senate instead of $770,000 as proposed by the House.
      Amendment No. 113: Appropriates $3,541,000 for 
administrative expenses as proposed by the House instead of 
$6,167,000 as proposed by the Senate.

                   rural utilities assistance program

      Amendment No. 114: Restores House language providing a 
single account for rural water and waste disposal grants and 
loans and for solid waste management grants, and appropriates 
$487,868,000 for the Rural Utilities Assistance Program instead 
of $435,000,000 as proposed by the House. The agreement also 
provides $12,740,000 for administrative expenses. The Senate 
bill provided for these programs in the Rural Community 
Advancement Program.
      The conference agreement also includes $18,700,000 for 
Colonias, $18,688,000 for empowerment zones and enterprise 
communities, and $4,500,000 for a circuit rider program.
      The conferees expect the Secretary to continue multi-
state regional rural community assistance programs to provide 
solid waste management technical assistance at a rate not less 
than that of fiscal year 1995. The conferees also expect the 
Secretary to continue grants for technical assistance 
authorized under section 306(16)(c) of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act, as amended, at a rate not less than 
that of fiscal year 1995.
      The conferees agree to change the name of the program 
from the Rural Development Performance Partnerships Program to 
the Rural Utilities Assistance Program.

                         salaries and expenses

      Amendment No. 115: Appropriates $18,449,000 for Rural 
Utilities Service, Salaries and Expenses as proposed by the 
Senate instead of $19,211,000 as proposed by the House.

                    TITLE IV--DOMESTIC FOOD PROGRAMS

Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services

      Amendment No. 116: Appropriates $440,000 for the Office 
of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer 
Services as proposed by the House instead of $540,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.

                       Food and Consumer Service

                        child nutrition programs

      Amendment No. 117: Provides for the exemption of sections 
17 and 19 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and section 21 of 
the National School Lunch Act instead of section 17 of the 
Child Nutrition Act of 1966 as proposed by the House and 
sections 17, 19, and 21 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 as 
proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 118: Provides a total of $7,946,024,000 for 
Child Nutrition Programs instead of $7,952,424,000 as proposed 
by the House and $7,952,610,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 119: Provides that $2,348,166,000 for Child 
Nutrition Programs is hereby appropriated instead of 
$2,354,566,000 as proposed by the House and $2,354,752,000 as 
proposed by the Senate.
      The conference agreement provides for the Child Nutrition 
Programs at the following annual rates:



Total obligational authority

                         [Dollars in thousands]

                                                    Conference agreement
Child Nutrition Programs:
    School lunch program................................      $4,433,690
    School breakfast program............................       1,160,454
    State administrative expenses.......................         101,607
    Summer food service program.........................         280,303
    Child and adult care food program...................       1,657,493
    Special milk program................................          18,652
    Commodity procurement...............................         275,199
    Nutrition studies and surveys.......................           4,162
    Nutrition education and training....................           (\1\)
    Coordinated review system...........................           3,964
    Food Service Management Institute...................           (\1\)
    School meals initiative.............................          10,500
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
          Total.........................................       7,946,024

(\1\) Funds provided by Public Law 103-448, Healthy Meals for Healthy 
Americans Act of 1994, for 1996 are $10,000,000 for nutrition education 
and training and $2,000,000 for the Food Service Management Institute.

      Amendment No. 120: Deletes language proposed by the House 
providing funds for the Nutrition Education and Training 
Program and the Food Service Management Institution through 
this Act. The conference agreement provides for the funding of 
these two programs through a permanent appropriation 
established in the Healthy Meals for Healthy Americans Act of 
1994.

special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children 
                                 (wic)

      Amendment No. 121: Provides that once the amount of 
fiscal year 1995 carryover funds has been determined by the 
Secretary of Agriculture, he may transfer any amount in excess 
of $100,000,000 to the Rural Utilities Assistance Program. The 
Senate bill contained similar language, but did not allow for 
this transfer until on or after July 1, 1996. The House bill 
contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 122: Provides that none of the funds 
provided in this account shall be available to purchase infant 
formula except in accordance with cost-containment and 
competitive bidding requirements specified in section 17 of the 
Child Nutrition Act of 1966 as proposed by the Senate. The 
House bill contained no similar provision.

                  commodity supplemental food program

      Amendment No. 123: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate providing $86,000,000 for the Commodity Supplemental 
Food Program. The House bill contained no similar provision. 
The conference agreement addresses this program in Amendment 
No. 126.

                           food stamp program

      Amendment No. 124: Appropriates $27,597,828,000 for the 
Food Stamp Program instead of $27,097,828,000 as proposed by 
the House and $28,097,828,000 as proposed by the Senate. The 
conferees concur with House report language regarding the 
acceleration of pilot projects on productivity enhancers.
      Amendment No. 125: Provides $500,000,000 for a food stamp 
contingency reserve instead of $1,000,000,000 as proposed by 
the Senate. The House bill contained no similar provision.

                      commodity assistance program

      Amendment No. 126: Restores and modifies House language 
providing $166,000,000 to the Department of Agriculture to 
carry out three commodity assistance programs--Commodity 
Supplemental Food Program, The Emergency Food Assistance 
Program (TEFAP), and Soup Kitchens. The conference agreement 
also allows for TEFAP commodity purchases.

              food donations programs for selected groups

      Amendment No. 127: Appropriates $215,000,000 for the Food 
Donations Programs for Selected Groups as proposed by the House 
instead of $217,250,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 128: Adds language proposed by the Senate 
establishing a maximum rate of reimbursement to states, subject 
to reduction if obligations exceed available funds. The 
conference agreement also makes this provision permanent law. 
The House bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 129: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate providing $40,000,000 for Soup Kitchens. The House bill 
and the conference agreement address this program in Amendment 
No. 126.

                 the emergency food assistance program

      Amendment No. 130: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate providing $40,000,000 for The Emergency Food Assistance 
Program. The House bill and the conference agreement address 
this program in Amendment No. 126.

                      food program administration

      Amendment No. 131: Appropriates $107,769,000 for Food 
Program Administration instead of $108,323,000 as proposed by 
the House and $107,215,000 as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 132: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate earmarking $750,000 for an automated data processing 
infrastructure. The House bill contained no similar provision.

            TITLE V--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE AND RELATED PROGRAMS

                      Foreign Agricultural Service

      Amendment No. 133: Appropriates $124,775,000 for the 
Foreign Agricultural Service as proposed by the Senate instead 
of $123,520,000 as proposed by the House. The conference 
agreement includes the budget request for the Cochran 
Fellowship Program.
      Amendment No. 134: Provides a limitation on activities of 
the Market Promotion Program which will prohibit the granting 
of Federal funds to for-profit corporations that are not 
described under the Small Business Act. The conferees agree, 
however, that funds would continue to be available to farmer-
owned cooperatives and trade associations. The conferees also 
recognize the important role of trade associations in directing 
branded promotional activities in emerging foreign markets. The 
conferees also agree that the Department of Agriculture should 
not discriminate between cooperatives and small businesses in 
allocating Market Promotion Program funds.

               public law 480 program and grant accounts

      Amendment No. 135: Provides that $60,000,000 in savings 
resulting from Public Law 103-465 be used to finance title II 
of Public Law 480 funding. The Senate bill proposes that 
$50,000,000 in credited savings be used for title III. The 
House bill contained no similar provision.

      TITLE VI--RELATED AGENCIES AND FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION

                DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

                      Food and Drug Administration

                        buildings and facilities

      Amendment No. 136: Appropriates $12,150,000 for Food and 
Drug Administration, Buildings and Facilities instead of 
$15,350,000 as proposed by the House and $8,350,000 as proposed 
by the Senate.
      The conferees agree that the Senate language regarding 
the Food and Drug Administration's field office restructuring 
is not intended to impede consolidation efforts.

                          Independent Agencies

                  commodity futures trading commission

      Amendment No. 137: Appropriates $53,601,000 for the 
Commodity Futures Trading Commission instead of $49,144,000 as 
proposed by the House and $54,058,000 as proposed by the 
Senate.

                       farm credit administration

                        Administrative Provision

      Amendment No. 138: Adds language proposed by the Senate 
allowing employees of the Farm Credit Administration to reenter 
the Federal Employees Health Benefits Plan. The House bill 
contains no similar provision.

                     TITLE VII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

      Amendment No. 139: Deletes the word ``and'' which was 
added by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 140: Adds language proposed by the Senate 
which adds that Consolidated Farm Service Agency, Salaries and 
Expenses funds made available to county committees remain 
available until expended. The House bill contained no similar 
provision.
      Amendment No. 141: Makes a technical correction updating 
the fiscal year citation as proposed by the Senate.
      Amendment No. 142: Adds language proposed by the Senate 
that exempts Small Business Innovation Development grants from 
a 14 percent overhead cap. The House bill contained no similar 
provision.
      Amendment No. 143: Makes a technical correction changing 
the word ``Agriculture'' to ``Agricultural'' as proposed by the 
Senate.
      Amendment No. 144: Restores House language prohibiting an 
increase in full-time equivalent positions in certain offices 
of the Food and Drug Administration above the fiscal year 1995 
level.
      Amendment No. 145: Restores House language prohibiting 
the use of Market Promotion Program funds for assistance to the 
U.S. Mink Export Development Council or any mink industry trade 
association. The Senate bill addresses this issue in Amendment 
No. 157.
      Amendment No. 146: Limits the acreage enrollment in the 
Wetlands Reserve Program to not more than 100,000 acres in 
fiscal year 1996 as proposed by the Senate. The House bill 
contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 147: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate limiting the Export Enhancement Program to $795,556,000. 
The House bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 148: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate prohibiting disaster payments to livestock producers for 
feed if crop insurance is available. The House bill contained 
no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 149: Prohibits the enrollment of additional 
acres into the Conservation Reserve Program in fiscal year 1996 
and requires 1,579,000 new acres to be enrolled in the year 
beginning on January 1, 1997, as proposed by the Senate. The 
House bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 150: Provides that none of the funds in 
this Act may be used to develop guidelines, implement, or 
enforce the poultry labeling regulations promulgated on August 
25, 1995, until legislation is enacted directing the Secretary 
of Agriculture to promulgate such a regulation, or the House 
and Senate authorizing committees receive and approve a revised 
proposal as proposed by the Senate. The House bill contained no 
similar provision.
      Amendment No. 151: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate prohibiting funds from being used for the salaries and 
expenses of the Board of Tea Experts. The House bill contained 
no similar provision. The conference agreement addresses this 
issue in Amendment No. 152.
      Amendment No. 152: Provides that none of the funds 
appropriated or made available to the Food and Drug 
Administration in this Act shall be used to operate the Board 
of Tea Experts as proposed by the Senate. The conference 
agreement does not repeal the Tea Importation Act as proposed 
by the Senate. The House bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 153: Deletes the sense of the Senate 
language providing that the marketing assessment statute for 
the Tobacco program be amended to cover the administrative 
costs of the tobacco program. The House bill contained no 
similar provision.
      Amendment No. 154: Provides that none of the funds shall 
be used for any action that results in a loss or restriction 
and use of water from existing water supply facilities located 
on National Forest lands as proposed by the Senate. The House 
bill contained no similar provision.
      Amendment No. 155: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate providing for energy savings at Federal facilities. The 
House bill contained no similar provisions.
      Amendment No. 156: Deletes the sense of the Senate 
language providing that the marketing assessment statute for 
the peanut program be amended to cover the administrative costs 
of the peanut program. The House bill contained no similar 
provision.
      Amendment No. 157: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate prohibiting the funds made available in the Market 
Promotion Program from being used to carry out mink exports. 
The House bill and the conferees address this issue in 
Amendment No. 145.
      Amendment No. 158: Deletes the sense of the Senate 
language on United States-Canadian cooperation concerning an 
outlet to relieve flooding at Devils Lake in North Dakota. The 
House bill contained no similar provision. The conferees expect 
the Natural Resources Conservation Service to participate in a 
technical committee to address the problem.
      Amendment No. 159: Deletes language proposed by the 
Senate repealing the Swine Health Advisory Committee and the 
Global Climate Change Technical Advisory Committee. The House 
bill contained no similar provisions.
      Amendment No. 160: Amends language proposed by the Senate 
directing the Secretary of Agriculture to not enforce final 
regulations promulgated on September 8, 1995, to implement the 
Forest Resources Conservation and Shortage Relief Act of 1990. 
The conferees expect the Secretary to take notice and public 
comment on these final regulations and make the appropriate 
revisions based upon that public comment. Such revisions should 
be directed at provisions in the regulations, including but not 
limited to, excessive log painting requirements, substitution 
and sourcing regulations, the transportation of private timber 
into or through sourcing areas; and provisions that discourage 
domestic use of private timber; among other provisions of the 
regulation.

                   Conference Total--With Comparisons

      The total new budget (obligational) authority for the 
fiscal year 1996 recommended by the Committee of Conference, 
with comparisons to the fiscal year 1995 amount, the 1996 
budget estimates, and the House and Senate bills for 1996 
follow:

New budget (obligations) authority, fiscal year 1995.... $68,991,361,000
Budget estimates for new (obligational) authority, 
    fiscal year 1996....................................  66,421,993,000
House bill, fiscal year 1996............................  62,579,232,000
Senate bill, fiscal year 1996...........................  63,825,150,000
Conference agreement, fiscal year 1996..................  63,194,564,000
Conference agreement compared with:.....................
    New budget (obligational) authority, fiscal year 
      1995..............................................  -5,796,797,000
    Budget estimates of new (obligational) authority, 
      fiscal year 1996..................................  -3,227,429,000
    House bill, fiscal year 1996........................    +615,332,000
    Senate bill, fiscal year 1996.......................    -630,586,000

                                   Joe Skeen,
                                   John T. Myers,
                                   James T. Walsh,
                                   Jay Dickey,
                                   Jack Kingston,
                                   Frank Riggs,
                                   George R. Nethercutt, Jr.,
                                   Bob Livingston,
                                   Richard J. Durbin,
                                   Marcy Kaptur, (except for amendments 
                                       30 and 150 and the provision on 
                                       APHIS quarantine exemption),
                                   Ray Thornton,
                                   Nita M. Lowey,
                                   David R. Obey, (except for amendment 
                                       150),
                                 Managers on the Part of the House.

                                   Thad Cochran,
                                   Arlen Specter,
                                   Kit Bond,
                                   Slade Gorton,
                                   Mitch McConnell,
                                   Conrad Burns,
                                   Mark Hatfield,
                                   Dale Bumpers,
                                   Tom Harkin,
                                   J. Robert Kerrey,
                                   J. Bennett Johnston,
                                   Herb Kohl,
                                   Robert Byrd,
                                Managers on the Part of the Senate.