Report text available as:

  • TXT
  • PDF   (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip ?
104th Congress                                            Rept. 104-123
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 1st Session                                                     Part 2
_______________________________________________________________________


 
                   NATIONAL SEA GRANT COLLEGE PROGRAM

                                _______


 July 11, 1995.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

_______________________________________________________________________


   Mr. Walker, from the Committee on Science, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

THE TRANSCRIPT FROM THE LEGISLATIVE MARKUP OF THE SCIENCE COMMITTEE AND 
                             MINORITY VIEW

                        [To accompany H.R. 1175]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]
    The Committee on Science, to whom was referred the bill 
(H.R. 1175) to amend Public Law 89-454 to provide for the 
reauthorization of appropriations, having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that 
the bill as amended do pass.
                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
   I. Amendment.......................................................2
  II. Purpose of the Bill.............................................2
 III. Background and Need for Legislation.............................3
  IV. Summary of Hearing..............................................4
   V. Committee Actions...............................................4
  VI. Summary of Major Provisions of the Bill.........................5
 VII. Section-by-Section Analysis.....................................5
          Section 1. National Sea Grant College Program..........     5
          Section 2. Limitation on Appropriations................     5
          Section 3. Prohibition of Lobbying Activities..........     5
          Section 4. Eligibility for Awards......................     6
VIII. Committee Views.................................................6
  IX. Program Criteria...............................................14
   X. Congressional Budget Office Analysis and Cost Estimates........14
  XI. Effect of Legislation on Inflation.............................15
 XII. Oversight Findings and Recommendations.........................15
XIII. Oversight Findings and Recommendations by the Committee on 
      Government Reform and Oversight................................15
 XIV. Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported..........16
  XV. Committee Recommendations......................................18
 XVI. Reports to Congress............................................18
XVII. Minority View..................................................19
XVIII.Proceedings From Full Committee Markup of H.R. 1175............20

                              I. Amendment

    The amendment is as follows:
    Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert in lieu 
there-of the following:
SECTION 1. NATIONAL SEA GRANT COLLEGE PROGRAM.

    (a) National Sea Grant College Program.--(1) Section 212(a) of the 
National Sea Grant College Program Act (33 U.S.C. 1131(a)) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(a) Grants and Contracts; Fellowships.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out sections 205 and 208, $34,500,000 for 
fiscal year 1996.''
    (2) Section 212(b)(1) of the National Sea Grant College Program Act 
(33 U.S.C. 1131(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``an amount'' and all 
that follows through ``not to exceed $2,900,000'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``$1,500,000 for fiscal year 1996''.
    (3) Section 203(4) of the National Sea Grant College Program Act 
(33 U.S.C. 1122(4)) is amended by striking ``discipline or field'' and 
all that follows through ``public administration)'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``field or discipline involving scientific research''.
    (b) Repeal of Sea Grant Programs.--
          (1) Repeals.--(A) Section 208(b) of the National Sea Grant 
        College Program Act (33 U.S.C. 1127(b)) is repealed.
          (B) Section 3 of the Sea Grant Program Improvement Act of 
        1976 (33 U.S.C. 1124a) is repealed.
          (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 209 of the National Sea 
        Grant College Program Act (33 U.S.C. 1128(b)(1)) is amended by 
        striking ``and section 3 of the Sea Grant Program Improvement 
        Act of 1976''.

SEC. 2. LIMITATION ON APPROPRIATIONS.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds are authorized 
to be appropriated for any fiscal year after fiscal year 1996 for 
carrying out the programs for which funds are authorized by the 
amendments made by this Act.

SEC. 3. PROHIBITION OF LOBBYING ACTIVITIES.

    None of the funds authorized by the amendments made by this Act 
shall be available for any activity whose purpose is to influence 
legislation pending before the Congress.

SEC. 4. ELIGIBILITY FOR AWARDS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration shall exclude from consideration for awards 
of financial assistance made under the National Sea Grant College 
Program Act after fiscal year 1995 any person who received funds, other 
than those described in subsection (b), appropriated for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 1995, from any Federal funding source for a project 
that was not subjected to a competitive, merit-based award process. Any 
exclusion from consideration pursuant to this section shall be 
effective for a period of 5 years after the person receives such 
Federal funds.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to awards to persons 
who are members of a class specified by law for which assistance is 
awarded to members of the class according to a formula provided by law.
                        II. Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of H.R. 1175 is to reauthorize the National Sea 
Grant College Program Act (33 U.S.C. 1121 et seq.) for Fiscal 
Year 1996, to terminate low priority elements of the program, 
and make certain improvements to refocus the program on 
scientific research.

              III. Background and Need for the Legislation

    The National Sea Grant College Program Act (33 U.S.C. 1121-
1131) was passed in 1966 to increase our understanding of 
marine resources in order to improve their management, 
utilization and conservation. The program was originally 
patterned on the Land Grant College Program and was run by the 
National Science Foundation (NSF). In 1970, Sea Grant was 
transferred from NSF to the newly created National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
    Sea Grant is housed in NOAA's Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Research (OAR) program. OAR is responsible for the majority of 
NOAA's oceanic and atmospheric research. The National Sea Grant 
College Program is one of two extramural ocean research 
programs within OAR. Sea Grant accounts for roughly twenty 
percent of OAR's annual expenditure.
    Currently, there are twenty-six Sea Grant Colleges, which 
include both single institutions and consortia of two or more 
institutions. The Sea Grant Program also includes three smaller 
institutional programs. The twenty-nine Sea Grant College and 
institutional programs manage a network of over three hundred 
universities and affiliated institutions. Federal funding for 
Sea Grant Colleges and institutional programs must be matched 
with at least one-third non-Federal funds.
    The Sea Grant program includes three basic components, 
research, education, and outreach. These components form the 
nucleus or ``core'' of the Sea Grant program and are each 
geared to improve the understanding, utilization, and 
conservation of ocean and coastal resources.
    Sea Grant research includes the study of fields of marine 
science, technology, resource management, economics, sociology, 
and law. The Sea Grant educational programs include training 
for marine scientists and technicians, marine sciences 
education for elementary through high school students, and a 
Congressional/Federal Agency fellowship program for graduate 
students in marine sciences and resource management.
    Sea Grant's outreach programs include public awareness, 
education, technical assistance, instruction, dissemination of 
research, and local outreach in areas related to marine 
science, conservation, and utilization. Two other Sea Grant 
programs, the international program and the postdoctoral 
fellowship, are authorized but have never been funded. The law 
also authorizes a Sea Grant Review Panel to advise the 
Secretary of Commerce on the Sea Grant Program.
    Authorized separately by the Act since 1990 is priority 
oyster disease research. Authorization for all sea grant 
programs including oyster disease research expires on September 
30, 1995.
    The core Sea Grant Program was funded at $49,000,000 in 
Fiscal Year 1995. Of that total $2,900,000 was used for 
administration of the national program. An additional 
$1,500,000 was appropriated for oyster disease research and 
$2,800,000 for zebra mussel research, which is authorized under 
a separate statute.
    The Administration requested $49,400,000 for the Sea Grant 
program in Fiscal Year 1996. The Administration recommended no 
funding for the Sea Grant zebra mussel and oyster disease 
programs.

                         IV. Summary of Hearing

    On February 21, 1995, the Subcommittee on Energy and 
Environment held a hearing on NOAA's Fiscal Year 1996 budget. 
The Administration's Fiscal Year 1996 budget request included 
$49,400,000 for the National Sea Grant College Program. As 
indicated in the hearing briefing memo distributed to all 
Members of the Subcommittee, the Administration's request for 
Sea Grant represented almost a $5 million decrease from Fiscal 
Year 1995. Testifying on NOAA's budget before the Subcommittee 
was Dr. James Baker, Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere, 
Department of Commerce and Administrator of NOAA.
    In his testimony, Dr. Baker outlined the priorities within 
NOAA's $2,195,400,000 Fiscal Year 1996 budget request. Of these 
funds, approximately $1.8 billion fall under the jurisdiction 
of the Energy and Environment Subcommittee of the Committee on 
Science. Within the Subcommittee's jurisdiction, the Fiscal 
Year 1996 request represents an increase of $179 million over 
Fiscal Year 1995 appropriations.
    Dr. Baker emphasized the importance of NOAA's strategic 
plan which creates the ``vision'' for the agency through the 
year 2005, enabling NOAA's environmental stewardship assessment 
and prediction programs to become ``keystones to enhancing 
economic prosperity.''
    In his testimony, Dr. Baker stated that Sea Grant falls 
within NOAA's ``Environmental Stewardship'' strategic plan 
mission. He indicated that the Administration supports funding 
Sea Grant at $49,400,000 for fiscal year 1996. The level 
represents a decrease from the appropriated totals in Fiscal 
Year 1995. The decrease contrasts with the requested increase 
of over $10 million for OAR as a whole.
    Dr. Baker went on to praise Sea Grant for providing an 
excellent working relationship between NOAA and ``both the 
academic research community and the individuals that ensure the 
technology that exists is transferred to the user.'' Users in 
this case include the commercial fishing industry and other 
marine resource dependant industries. Dr. Baker, however, did 
not highlight Sea Grant as one of the agency's top priority 
programs. Instead, Dr. Baker noted that the National Weather 
Service Modernization program was NOAA's top priority in Fiscal 
Year 1996.

                          V. Committee Actions

    Representative Don Young (R-AK) introduced H.R. 1175 on 
March 8, 1995. It was referred to the Committee on Resources 
and reported, as amended, on May 16, 1995.
    H.R. 1175 was referred to the Committee on Science on May 
17, 1995 for a period ending no later than June 30, 1995, and 
extended for a period ending no later than July 11, 1995.

                         full committee markup

    The full Science Committee held a mark-up of H.R. 1175 on 
June 28, 1995. Mr. Walker offered an amendment in the nature of 
a substitute to incorporate the Sea Grant related provisions of 
H.R. 1815, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Authorization Act of 1995, into H.R. 1175. The substitute 
authorizes appropriations of $36,000,000 for Fiscal Year 1996 
for the National Sea Grant College Program. It eliminates the 
Dean John Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship Program and the Sea 
Grant International Program. The substitute refocuses the Sea 
Gant program on scientific research by amending the definition 
of ``fields related to ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes 
resources.'' The substitute also bans the use of Federal Sea 
Grant funds for lobbying activities, and restricts future 
funding for institutions which receive appropriations earmarks. 
The amendment in the nature of a substitute was adopted by 
voice vote.
    H.R. 1175 was ordered reported, as amended, to the full 
House for consideration by voice vote.

              VI. Summary of Major Provisions of the Bill

    The bill authorizes appropriations of $36,000,000 for 
Fiscal Year 1996 for the National Sea Grant College Program. It 
eliminates the Dean John Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship 
Program and the Sea Grant International Program. The bill 
refocuses the Sea Gant program on scientific research by 
amending the definition of ``fields related to ocean, coastal, 
and Great Lakes resources.'' The bill also bans the use of 
Federal Sea Grant funds for lobbying activities, and restricts 
future funding for institutions which receive appropriations 
earmarks.

                    VII. Section-by-Section Analysis

             section 1--national sea grant college program

    (a) Amends the National Sea Grant College Program Act to 
authorize $36,000,000 to be appropriated in Fiscal Year 1996 
for the National Sea Grant College Program of which (1) 
$34,500,000 is authorized for Sea Grant core programs and (2) 
$1,500,000 is authorized for NOAA's administration of the 
National Sea Grant Program. (3) Narrows the definition of 
``fields related to ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resource'' 
to fields or disciplines involving ``scientific research.''
    (b) Repeals (1) the Dean John Knauss Marine Policy 
Fellowship and (2) the Sea Grant International Program.

                section 2--limitation on appropriations

    Clarifies that no funds are authorized to be appropriated 
for Sea Grant programs after Fiscal Year 1996.

             section 3--prohibition of lobbying activities

    Prohibits the use of funds authorized by the bill for 
lobbying Congress.

                   section 4--eligibility for awards

    (a) Prohibits from consideration for financial assistance 
by any National Sea Grant College Program any person who has 
received Federal funding which is not based on a merit-reviewed 
awards process. Beginning in Fiscal Year 1996, individuals 
receiving such earmarked funding will be excluded from 
consideration for National Sea Grant College Program funding 
for five years. (b) The funding restriction does not apply to 
persons who are members of a class specified by law for which 
assistance is awarded based on a formula established by law.

                         VIII. Committee Views

             section 1--national sea grant college program

    The National Sea Grant College Program is one of three 
largely extramural grant programs funded in NOAA's budget. The 
Committee feels that the funding level for Sea Grant should be 
viewed within the overall context of the NOAA budget. In 
justifying $275 million in reductions to NOAA funding, the 
House-passed Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal 
Year 1996, H. Con. Res. 67, referenced the fact that NOAA's 
growth ``has been fueled by Congressional add-ons [and] 
regional grant program [Sea Grant]. . .''. The Budget 
Resolution Conference Report ``assumes the House reductions for 
NOAA.''
    The Committee has passed H.R. 1815, the National Oceanic 
and Atmospheric Administration Act of 1995, which authorizes 
all unauthorized NOAA programs within the Committee's 
jurisdiction for Fiscal Year 1996. H.R. 1815 holds NOAA's 
overall authorization to the totals included in the Budget 
Resolution Conference Report.
    The Committee has incorporated the provisions from H.R. 
1815 relevant to Sea Grant into this bill. The funding levels 
for NOAA as passed by the Committee are listed below:
 AUTHORIZATION LEVELS FROM H.R. 1815, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC 
ADMINISTRATION AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 1995 AS ADOPTED BY THE COMMITTEE ON 
                 SCIENCE, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION SUMMARY                            
                                     [Fiscal years; in thousands of dollars]                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Mark compared with(+ or -
                                                                                                    )           
                                                     1995         1996      1996 mark  -------------------------
                                                   adjusted     request                     1995         1996   
                                                                                          adjusted     request  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Ocean Service:                                                                                         
    Mapping, Charting, and Geodesy.............       49,816       53,513       49,076         -740       -4,437
    Observation and Assessment.................       66,591       74,091       42,732      -23,859      -31,359
    Ocean and Coastal Management...............       63,811       71,222       10,927      -52,884      -60,295
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Ocean Service............      180,218      198,826      102,735      -77,483      -96,091
                                                ================================================================
Oceanic and Atmospheric Research:                                                                               
    Climate and Air Quality Research...........      119,542      159,528       93,757      -25,785      -65,771
    Atmospheric Programs.......................       46,946       46,909       39,894       -7,052       -7,015
    Ocean & Great Lakes Programs...............       92,091       64,384       49,763      -42,328      -14,621
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Oceanic and Atmospheric Research..      258,579      270,821      183,414      -75,165      -87,407
                                                ================================================================
National Weather Service:                                                                                       
    Operations and Research....................      513,269      487,289      472,338      -40,931      -14,951
    Systems Acquisition........................      145,429      137,043      132,369      -13,060       -4,674
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Weather Service..........      658,698      624,332      604,707      -53,991      -19,625
                                                ================================================================
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and                                                                     
 Information Service (NESDIS):                                                                                  
    Satellite Observing Systems................      351,741      508,837      435,421      +83,680      -73,416
    Environmental Data Management Systems......       35,665       43,664       35,665            0       -7,999
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, NESDIS............................      387,406      552,501      471,086      +83,680      -81,415
                                                ================================================================
Program Support:                                                                                                
    Administration and Services................       72,847       91,127       58,338      -14,509      -32,789
    Marine Services............................       62,011       62,202       60,689       -1,322       -1,513
    Aircraft Services..........................       13,153       10,248        9,548       -3,605         -700
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Program Support...................      148,011      163,577      128,575      -19,436      -35,002
                                                ================================================================
National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) \1\...      268,650      315,828      210,651      -57,999     -105,177
                                                ================================================================
General reduction to Operations, Research and                                                                   
 Facilities....................................  ...........  ...........       -8,698  ...........  ...........
                                                ================================================================
      Total, Operations, Research and                                                                           
       Facilities..............................    1,901,562    2,125,885    1,692,470     -209,092     -433,415
                                                ================================================================
Construction...................................       97,254       52,299       32,731      -64,523      -19,568
NOAA fleet modernization.......................       22,936       23,347            0      -22,936      -23,347
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      TOTAL, NOAA..............................    2,021,752    2,201,531    1,725,201     -296,551     -476,330
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Illustrative. Not in Science Committee jurisdiction or bill.                                                


  NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES, NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE 
                                     [Fiscal years; in thousands of dollars]                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Mark compared with (+ or
                                                                                                   -)           
                                                     1995         1996      1996 mark  -------------------------
                                                   adjusted     request                     1995         1996   
                                                                                          adjusted     request  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mapping, Charting, and Geodesy:                                                                                 
    Mapping and Charting.......................       27,899       31,086       27,899            0       -3,187
    Automated Nautical Charting System II......        1,250        2,500        1,250            0       -1,250
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Mapping and Charting..............       29,149       33,586       29,149            0       -4,437
                                                ================================================================
    Geodesy:                                                                                                    
        National Spatial Reference System                                                                       
         (including LIS).......................       19,667       19,927       19,927         +260            0
        South Carolina Cooperative Geodetic                                                                     
         Survey................................        1,000            0            0       -1,000            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Geodesy.......................       20,667       19,927       19,927         -740            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
            Total, Mapping, Charting, and                                                                       
           Geodesy.............................       49,816       53,513       49,076         +260       -4,437
                                                ================================================================
Observation and Assessment:                                                                                     
    Observation and Prediction.................       12,358       12,899       11,279       -1,079       -1,620
        Circulatory Survey Program.............          700          700          695           -5           -5
        Chesapeake Bay Observation Buoys.......          400            0            0         -400            0
        Ocean Services.........................        4,418        4,451        4,231         -187         -220
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Observation and Prediction....       17,876       18,050       16,205       -1,671       -1,845
                                                ================================================================
    Estuarine and Coastal Assessment...........        2,674        3,130        1,171       -1,503       -1,959
        Ocean Assessment Program...............       24,528       21,925        8,401      -16,127      -13,524
        Damage Assessment......................        1,200        4,500          585         -615       -3,915
        Transfer from Damage Assessment Fund                                                                    
         \1\...................................        6,770        6,550        6,550         -220            0
        Oil Pollution Act of 1990 \1\..........        1,300        1,395          662         -638         -733
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Estuarine and Coastal                                                                          
           Assessment..........................       36,472       37,500       17,369      -19,103      -20,131
                                                ================================================================
    Coastal Ocean Science:                                                                                      
        Coastal Ocean Program..................       10,943       18,541        9,158       -1,785       -9,383
        Oil Spill Research.....................          800            0            0         -800            0
        National Institute of Environmental                                                                     
         Renewal...............................          500            0            0         -500            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Coastal Ocean Science.........       12,243       18,541        9,158       -3,085       -9,383
                                                ================================================================
            Total, Observation and Assessment..       66,591       74,091       42,732      -23,859      -31,359
Ocean and Coastal Management \1\...............       63,811       71,222       10,927      -52,884      -60,295
      Total, National Ocean Service............      180,218      198,826      102,735      -77,483      -96,091
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Illustrative. Not in Science Committee jurisdiction or bill.                                                

National Ocean Service (NOS): -$96,091,000 to FY 1996 request

    -$4,437,000 from Mapping, Charting and Geodesy, including 
-$3,187,000 from Mapping and Charting, and -$1,250,000 from 
Automated Nautical Charting System II.
    -$31,359,000 from Observation and Assessment, including 
-$1,845,000 from Observation and Prediction, -$20,131,000 from 
Estuarine and Coastal Assessment, -$31,359,000 from the Ocean 
Assessment Program, -$3,915,000 from Damage Assessment, 
-$733,000 from the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, and -$9,383,000 
from Coastal Ocean Program to fund at the FY 1994 levels for 
each.
    -$60,295,000 from Ocean and Coastal Management.\1\
    \1\ Illustrative. Not in Science Committee jurisdiction or bill.

 NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES, OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC 
                                                    RESEARCH                                                    
                                     [Fiscal years; in thousands of dollars]                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Mark compared with(+ or -
                                                                                                    )           
                                                     1995         1996      1996 mark  -------------------------
                                                   adjusted     request                     1995         1996   
                                                                                          adjusted     request  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Climate and Air Quality Research:                                                                               
    Interannual & Seasonal Climate Research....        7,933        8,284       59,883         -396         -747
    Long-Term Climate and Air Quality Research.       27,272       39,144       25,874       -1,398      -13,270
    High Performance Computing.................        6,500       15,558        1,000       -5,500      -14,558
    Climate and Global Change..................       70,837       89,542        (\1\)      -18,491      -37,196
    GLOBE......................................        7,000        7,000        7,000            0            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Climate and Air Quality Research..      119,542      159,528       93,757      -25,785      -65,771
                                                ================================================================
Atmospheric Programs:                                                                                           
    Weather Research...........................       33,613       34,720       30,325       -3,288       -4,395
        Wind Profiler..........................        4,350        4,350        4,350            0            0
        Federal/State Weather Modification                                                                      
         Grants................................        3,100            0            0       -3,100            0
        Southeastern Storm Research............          400            0            0         -400            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Weather Research..............       41,463       39,070       34,675       -6,788       -4,395
    Solar-Terrestrial Services and Research....        5,483        7,839        5,219         -264       -2,620
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Atmospheric Programs..............       46,946       46,909       39,894       -7,052       -7,015
                                                ================================================================
Ocean and Great Lakes Programs:                                                                                 
    Marine Prediction Research.................       15,175       14,984       13,763       -1,412       -1,221
        VENTS..................................        2,496            0            0       -2,496            0
        Southeast Fisheries Oceanographic                                                                       
         Coordinated Investigations............          450            0            0         -450            0
        Lake Champlain Study...................          150            0            0         -150            0
        Pacific Island Technical Assistance....          190            0            0         -190            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Marine Prediction Research....       18,461       14,984       13,763       -4,698       -1,221
                                                ================================================================
Sea Grant:                                                                                                      
    Sea Grant College Program..................       51,698       49,400       36,000      -15,698      -13,400
    Sea Grant-Oyster Disease...................        1,500            0            0       -1,500            0
    National Coastal R&D; Institute.............        1,000            0            0       -1,000            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Sea Grant.........................       54,198       49,400       36,000      -18,198      -13,400
                                                ================================================================
Undersea Research Program:                                                                                      
    NOAA Undersea Research Program (NURP)......       17,932            0            0      -17,932            0
    Maine Marine Research Center...............        1,500            0            0       -1,500            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Undersea Research Program.........       19,432            0            0      -19,432            0
                                                ================================================================
        Total, Ocean and Great Lakes Programs..       92,091       64,384       49,763      -42,328      -14,621
          Total, Oceanic and Atmospheric                                                                        
           Research............................      258,579      270,821      183,414      -75,165      -87,407
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ See above.                                                                                                  

Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR): -$75,165,000 to FY 1996 request

    -$65,771,000 from Climate and Air Quality Research, 
including -$747,000 from Interannual & Seasonal Climate 
Research, -$13,270,000 from Long-Term Climate and Air Quality 
Research, and -$14,558,000 from the High Performance Computing 
Account to fund at the FY 1994 levels for each.
    -$37,196,000 from the Climate and Global Change account 
which has been rolled into the Interannual & Seasonal Climate 
Research line to ensure research is relevant to near- to mid-
term climatic events such as El Nino, including -$1,407,000 
from Economic and Human Interactions research to fund at the FY 
1994 level, and -$2,496,000 from eliminating monies for the 
study of underseas vents and their impact on global climate 
change.
    -$7,015,000 from the Atmospheric Programs, including 
-$4,395,000 from the Weather Research Account to fund at the 
1994 level, and -$2,620,000 from Solar-Terrestrial Services and 
Research.
    -$14,621,000 from the Ocean and Great Lakes Programs, 
including -$1,221,000 from Marine Prediction Research which is 
funded at the FY 1994 level. The National Sea Grant College 
Program is reduced by -$13,400,000, including -$1,589,000 from 
increased outreach, -$4,881,000 from education (fellowship 
programs, etc.) and reductions to administrative funding. The 
SE US/Caribbean FOCI program, the Lake Champlain study, and 
Pacific Island technical assistance are all eliminated in 
keeping with the Administration's FY 1996 request. VENTS is 
moved to Global Climate Change in the Administration's FY 1996 
budget request.
    The National Undersea Research Program (NURP) is 
eliminated, including the Maine Marine Research Center, in 
keeping with the Administration's FY 1996 request.

 NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES, NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
                                                      (NWS)                                                     
                                     [Fiscal years; in thousands of dollars]                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Mark compared with (+ or
                                                                                                   -)           
                                                     1995         1996      1996 mark  -------------------------
                                                   adjusted     request                     1995         1996   
                                                                                          adjusted     request  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operations and Research:                                                                                        
    Local Warnings and Forecasts...............      323,579      418,567      405,689      -34,417      -12,878
        Modernization and Restructuring                                                                         
         Demonstration and Implementation                                                                       
         (MARDI)...............................      115,946        (\1\)        (\1\)  ...........  ...........
        Agricultural & Fruit Frost Program.....        2,316            0            0       -2,316            0
        Fire Weather Services..................          449            0            0         -449            0
        Aviation Forecasts.....................       35,596       35,596       35,596            0            0
        Samoa..................................          100            0            0         -100            0
        Regional Climate Centers...............        3,200            0            0       -3,200            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Local Warnings and Forecasts..      481,767      454,163      441,285      -40,482      -12,878
    Central Forecast Guidance..................       29,015       30,457       29,015            0       -1,382
    Atmospheric and Hydrological Research......        2,487        2,669        2,038         -449         -631
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Operations and Research...........      513,269      487,289      472,338      -40,931      -14,951
                                                ================================================================
Systems Acquisition:                                                                                            
    Public Warning and Forecast Systems:                                                                        
        Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD).       82,982       55,249       53,335      -29,647       -1,914
        Automated Surface Observing System                                                                      
         (ASOS)................................       17,515       16,952       16,952         -563            0
        Advanced Weather Interactive Processing                                                                 
         System (AWIPS)/NOAA Port..............       34,947       52,097       52,097      +17,150            0
        Computer Facility Upgrades.............        9,985       12,745        9,985            0       -2,760
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Systems Acquisition...........      145,429      137,043      132,369      -13,060       -4,674
                                                ================================================================
            Total, National Weather Service....      658,698      624,332      604,707      -53,991      -19,625
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ See above.                                                                                                  

National Weather Service (NWS): -$19,625,000 to FY 1996 request

    -$14,951,000 from NWS Operations and Research, including 
-$12,878,000 (or 3% below the Administration's request) from 
the Local Warnings and Forecast account (since MARDI is 
basically complete, the account has been rolled into this line) 
savings will be generated for reduced administrative costs and 
closure of duplicative or unneeded non-modernized weather 
offices; Agricultural Fruit Frost, Fire Weather Services, 
Samoa, and Regional Climate Centers are all eliminated in 
keeping with the Administration's FY 1996 request; also Central 
Forecast Guidance is funded at FY 1995 level, and -$631,000 
from Atmospheric and Hydrological Research is funded at the FY 
1994 level.
    -$4,674,000 from System Acquisition, including -$2,760,000 
from Computer Facility Upgrades to fund at the FY 1995 level; 
and -$1,914,000 from elimination of Planned Product 
Improvements for NEXRAD.

  NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES, NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL 
                                SATELLITE, DATA, AND INFORMATION SERVICE (NESDIS)                               
                                    [Fiscal years; in thousdands of dollars]                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Mark compared with (+ or
                                                                                                   -)           
                                                     1995         1996      1996 mark  -------------------------
                                                   adjusted     request                     1995         1996   
                                                                                          adjusted     request  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Satellite Observing Systems:                                                                                    
    Polar Spacecraft and Launching.............      146,228      198,824      184,425      +38,197      -14,399
    Polar Convergence/Joint Program Office.....       16,000       54,000       39,500      +23,500      -14,500
    Geostationary Spacecraft and Launching.....      132,242      186,501      162,273      +30,031      -24,228
    Ocean Remote Sensing.......................        6,000        1,600            0       -6,000       -1,600
    Environmental Observing Services...........       51,271       55,912       49,223       -2,048       -6,689
    LandSat Operations.........................            0       12,000            0            0      -12,000
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Satellite Observing Systems.......      351,741      508,837      435,421      +83,680      -73,416
                                                ================================================================
Environmental Data Management Systems:                                                                          
    Data and Information Services..............       24,365       28,564       24,365            0       -4,199
    Environmental Services Data and Information                                                                 
     Management (ESDIM)........................       11,300       15,100       11,300            0       -3,800
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Environmental Data Management                                                                      
       Systems.................................       35,665       43,664       35,665            0       -7,999
                                                ================================================================
        Total, NESDIS..........................      387,406      552,501      471,086      +83,680      -81,415
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service: 
        -$81,415,000 to FY 1996 request

    -$73,416,000 from Satellite Observing Systems, including 
-$24,228,000 from GOES (construction of three GOES Next 
satellites, GOES I-M funding reduced by 5%), elimination of 
Ocean Remote Sensing, and -$6,689,000 from Environmental 
Observing Systems to fund at the FY 1994 level. No LandSat 7 
funding (-$12,000,000). -$14,500,000 from Polar Convergence is 
reduced by requiring a 50/50 split with the Department of 
Defense.
    Environmental Data Management Systems (EDMS) is funded at 
the FY 1995 level. Data and Information Service is funded at FY 
1995 level.

     NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES, PROGRAM SUPPORT     
                                     [Fiscal years, in thousands of dollars]                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Mark compared with(+ or -
                                                                                                    )           
                                                     1995         1996      1996 mark  -------------------------
                                                   adjusted     request                     1995         1996   
                                                                                          adjusted     request  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Administration and Services:                                                                                    
    Executive Direction and Administration.....       27,288       28,489       20,632       -6,656       -7,857
    Central Administrative Support.............       37,853       54,749       30,000       -4,104      -24,749
    Retired Pay Commissioned Officers..........        7,706        7,889        7,706            0         -183
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Administration and Services.......       72,847       91,127       58,338      -14,509      -32,789
Marine Services................................       62,011       62,202       60,689       -1,322       -1,513
                                                ================================================================
Aircraft Services:                                                                                              
    Aircraft Services..........................        9,153        9,853        9,153            0         -700
    Critical Safety & Instrumentation..........        4,000          395          395       -3,605            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Aircraft Services.................       13,153       10,248        9,548       -3,605         -700
                                                ================================================================
        Total, Program Support.................      148,011      163,577      128,575      -19,436      -35,002
National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) \1\...      268,650      315,828      210,651      -57,999     -105,177
                                                ================================================================
General Reductions to Operations, Research and                                                                  
 Facilities....................................  ...........  ...........       -8,698  ...........  ...........
      Total, Operations, Research and                                                                           
       Facilities..............................    1,901,562    2,125,885    1,692,470     -209,092     -433,415
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Illustrative. Not in Science Committee jurisdiction or bill.                                                

Program Support: -$35,002,000 to FY 1996 request

    -$32,789,000 from Administration and Services, including 
-$7,857,000 from Executive Direction and Administration, and 
-$24,749,000 from Central Administrative Support.
    -$183,000 from Retired Pay Commissioned Officers funded at 
the FY 1995 level.
    -$1,513,000 from Marine Services to fund at the FY 1994 
level and the Navigational Data Products and Services item is 
eliminated in keeping with the Administration's FY 1996 
request.
    -$700,000 from Aircraft Services to fund at FY 1994 level.

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS): -$105,177,000 to FY 1996 
        request

    -$105,177,000 from NMFS Total to fund at the FY 1994 level, 
including elimination of all FY 1994 Congressional add-ons.\2\
    \2\ Illustrative. Not in Science Committee jurisdiction or bill.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

General Reductions: -$8,698,000 from NOAA travel budget.

    Reduce to $20,000,000 for agency. This represents a 
reduction of $8,698,000 from FY 1995 or $11,069,00 from FY 
1996.

                                 NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION                                
                                     [Fiscal years; in thousands of dollars]                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Mark compared with(+ or -
                                                                                                    )           
                                                     1995         1996      1996 mark  -------------------------
                                                   adjusted     request                     1995         1996   
                                                                                          adjusted     request  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Construction:                                                                                                   
    NWS Modernization & WFO Maintenance........       20,226       20,628       20,628         +402            0
    Facilities Repairs & Renovations...........        7,374       11,207        7,374            0       -3,833
    Environmental Compliance\1\................        5,979       16,024        4,729       -1,250      -11,295
    New Construction...........................       63,675        4,440            0      -63,675       -4,400
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Construction......................       97,254       52,299       32,731      -64,523      -19,568
NOAA FLEET MOD.................................       22,936       23,347            0      -22,936      -23,347
                                                ================================================================
      NOAA TOTAL...............................    2,021,752    2,201,531    1,725,201     -296,551     -476,330
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Illustrative. Not in Science Committee jurisdiction or bill.                                                

Other Accounts: -$42,915,000 to FY 1996 request

    The NOAA fleet modernization account is eliminated.
    -$19,568,000 from the Construction account, including 
eliminating New Construction (-$4,400,000), reducing 
Environmental Compliance (-$11,295,000, FY 1995 funding less 
reprogramming request) and Facility Repairs and Renovations 
(-$3,833,000) to FY 1995 levels.
    The Committee believes that viewing Sea Grant outside the 
context of an overall NOAA authorization bill may lead to an 
injudicious allocation of resources. The Committee notes that 
inevitably money authorized for Sea Grant above the levels 
outlined in H.R. 1815 will have to be drawn from other NOAA 
programs.
    The Committee further notes that under the provisions of 
H.R. 1815, OAR's authorization has been reduced by thirty-two 
percent from the Administration's request. Proportionally, H.R. 
1815 and this bill reduce the Sea Grant funding level less than 
the funding level for the rest of OAR.
    The Committee believes that the National Sea Grant College 
Program's strongest component is the pursuit of scientific 
knowledge of the marine environment. The Committee supports 
making scientific research the primary focus of the National 
Sea Grant College Program. The Committee recommends maintaining 
funding for Sea Grant marine research while reducing funding 
for Sea Grant education, outreach and national program 
administration.
    The Committee supports termination of both the Dean John A. 
Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship and the Sea Grant International 
Program.

                SECTION 2--LIMITATION ON APPROPRIATIONS

    Due to the uncertainty about the future of both NOAA and 
the Department of Commerce, it is the Committee's view that 
this bill should not authorize the National Sea Grant College 
Program beyond Fiscal Year 1996.

              SECTION 3--PROHIBITION ON LOBBYING ACTIVITY

    The Committee believes that no Federal funding should be 
used to lobby Congress.

                   SECTION 4--ELIGIBILITY FOR AWARDS

    The Committee only supports Federal research grants awarded 
through a competitive merit-based process.

                          IX. Program Criteria

    The Committee states that the activities authorized by this 
Act are consistent with the criteria listed below and intends 
they be implemented accordingly.
    All research programs should be relevant and tightly 
focused to the agency's stated mission; those that are not 
should be terminated. All research programs should disseminate 
the results of the programs to potential users.

       X. Congressional Budget Office Analysis and Cost Estimates

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                     Washington, DC, July 10, 1995.
Hon. Robert S. Walker,
Chairman, Committee on Science,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1175, a bill to 
amend Public Law 89-454 to provide for the reauthorization of 
appropriations.
    Enactment of H.R. 1175 would not affect direct spending or 
receipts. Therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures would not apply 
to the bill.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them.
            Sincerely,
                                         June E. O'Neill, Director.
    Enclosure.
               congressional budget office cost estimate

    1. Bill number: H.R. 1175.
    2. Bill title: A bill to amend Public Law 89-454 to provide 
for the reauthorization of appropriations.
    3. Bill status: As ordered reported by the House Committee 
on Science on June 28, 1995.
    4. Bill purpose: The bill would authorized a fiscal year 
1996 appropriation of $36 million for grants, contracts, 
fellowships, and program administration for the National Sea 
Grant College Program.
    H.R. 1175 also would revise several sections of the 
National Sea Grant College Program Act. These changes include 
modifications in funding guidelines and a prohibition on the 
use of appropriated funds for the purpose of lobbying the 
Congress. The bill would eliminate the Sea Grant International 
Program and the John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship.
    5. Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The bill would 
authorized appropriations of $36 million for fiscal year 1996 
and proscribe appropriations for any fiscal year thereafter. 
Other provisions in the bill would have no budgetary impact. 
The following table assumes that the full amount authorized for 
fiscal year 1996 would be appropriated. Outlays are based on 
the historical spending pattern for this program.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      1995     1996     1997     1998     1999     2000 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Spending under                                                          
 current law:                                                           
    Budget                                                              
     authority \1\     54.3  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......
    Estimated                                                           
     outlays......     51.1     20.6      6.6      3.3  .......  .......
Proposed changes:                                                       
    Authorization                                                       
     level........  .......     36.0  .......  .......  .......  .......
    Estimated                                                           
     outlays......  .......     21.6      9.7      2.5      2.2  .......
Spending under                                                          
 H.R. 1175:                                                             
    Authorization                                                       
     level \1\....     54.3     36.0  .......  .......  .......  .......
    Estimated                                                           
     outlays......     51.1     42.2     16.3      5.8      2.2  .......
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The 1995 level is the amount actually appropriated for that year.   

    6. Pay-as-you-go considerations: None.
    7. Estimated cost to state and local governments: None.
    8. Estimate Comparison: None.
    9. Previous CBO estimate: None.
    10. Estimate prepared by: Gary Brown.
    11. Estimate approved by: Paul N. Van de Water, Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                 XI. Effect of Legislation on Inflation

    In accordance with rule XI, clause 2(l)(4) of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, this legislation is assumed to 
have no inflationary effect on prices and costs in the 
operation of the national economy.

              XII. Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Clause 2(l)(3)(A) of rule XI requires each committee report 
to contain oversight findings and recommendations required 
pursuant to clause 2(b)(1) of rule X. The committee has no 
oversight findings.

   XIII. Oversight Findings and Recommendations by the Committee on 
                    Government Reform and Oversight

    Clause 2(l)(3)(D) of rule XI requires each committee report 
to contain a summary of the oversight findings and 
recommendations made by the Government Reform and Oversight 
Committee pursuant to clause 4(c)(2) of rule X, whenever such 
findings have been timely submitted. The Committee on Science 
has received no such findings or recommendations from the 
Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.
       XIV. Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3 of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                 NATIONAL SEA GRANT COLLEGE PROGRAM ACT

              TITLE II--NATIONAL SEA GRANT COLLEGE PROGRAM

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``National Sea Grant College 
Program Act''.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 203. DEFINITIONS.

  As used in this title--
          (1) * * *
          (4) The term ``field related to ocean, coastal, and 
        Great Lakes resources'' means any [discipline or field 
        (including marine science (and the physical, natural, 
        and biological sciences, and engineering, included 
        therein), marine technology, education, marine affairs 
        and resource management, economics, sociology, 
        communications, planning, law, international affairs, 
        and public administration)] field or discipline 
        involving scientific research which is concerned with 
        or likely to improve the understanding, assessment, 
        development, utilization, or conservation of ocean, 
        coastal, and Great Lakes resources.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 208. FELLOWSHIPS.

  (a) * * *
  [(b) Dean John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship.--The Under 
Secretary may award marine policy fellowships to support the 
placement of individuals at the graduate level of education in 
fields related to ocean, coastal and Great Lakes resources in 
positions with the executive and legislative branches of the 
United States Government. A fellowship awarded under this 
subsection shall be for a period of not more than 1 year.]
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 209. SEA GRANT REVIEW PANEL.

  (a) * * *
  The Panel shall advise the Secretary, the Under Secretary, 
and the Director concerning--
          (1) applications or proposals for, and performance 
        under, grants and contracts awarded under section 205 
        [and section 3 of the Sea Grant Program Improvement Act 
        of 1976];
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 212. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  [(a) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the 
provisions of sections 205 and 208 of this Act, and section 3 
of the Sea Grant Program Improvement Act of 1976 (33 U.S.C. 
1124a), an amount--
          [(1) for fiscal year 1991, not to exceed $44,398,000;
          [(2) for fiscal year 1992, not to exceed $46,014,000;
          [(3) for fiscal year 1993, not to exceed $47,695,000;
          [(4) for fiscal year 1994, not to exceed $49,443,000; 
        and
          [(5) for fiscal year 1995, not to exceed 
        $51,261,000.]
  (a) Grants and Contracts; Fellowships.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out sections 205 and 208, 
$34,500,000 for fiscal year 1996.
  (b)(1) There is authorized to be appropriated for 
administration of this Act, including section 209, by the 
National Sea Grant Office and the Administration, [an amount--
          [(A) for fiscal year 1991, not to exceed $2,500,000;
          [(B) for fiscal year 1992, not to exceed $2,600,000;
          [(C) for fiscal year 1993, not to exceed $2,700,000;
          [(D) for fiscal year 1994, not to exceed $2,800,000; 
        and
          [(E) for fiscal year 1995, not to exceed $2,900,000] 
        $1,500,000 for fiscal year 1996.
  (2) Sums appropriated under the authority of subsections (a) 
and (c) shall not be available for administration of this Act 
by the National Sea Grant Office, or for Administration program 
or administrative expenses.
          * * * * * * *
                              ----------                              


       SECTION 3 OF THE SEA GRANT PROGRAM IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1976

 H4  deg.[SEC. 3. SEA GRANT INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM.

  [(a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans 
and Atmosphere may enter into contracts and make grants under 
this section to--
          [(1) enhance cooperative international research and 
        educational activities on ocean, coastal and Great 
        Lakes resources;
          [(2) promote shared marine activities with 
        universities in countries with which the United States 
        has sustained mutual interest in ocean, coastal, and 
        Great Lakes resources;
          [(3) encourage technology transfer that enhances wise 
        use of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources in 
        other countries and in the United States;
          [(4) promote the exchange among the United States and 
        foreign nations of information and data with respect to 
        the assessment, development, utilization, and 
        conservation of such resources;
          [(5) use the national sea grant college program as a 
        resource in other Federal civilian agency international 
        initiatives whose purposes are fundamentally related to 
        research, education, technology transfer and public 
        service programs concerning the understanding and wise 
        use of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources; and
          [(6) enhance regional collaboration between foreign 
        nations and the United States with respect to marine 
        scientific research, including activities which improve 
        understanding of global oceanic and atmospheric 
        processes, undersea minerals resources within the 
        exclusive economic zone, and productivity and 
        enhancement of living marine resources in--
                  [(A) the Caribbean and Latin American 
                regions;
                  [(B) the Pacific Islands region;
                  [(C) the Arctic and Antartic regions;
                  [(D) the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; and
                  [(E) the Great Lakes.
  [(b) Eligibility, Procedures, and Requirements.--Any sea 
grant college, sea grant program, or sea grant regional 
consortium, and any institution of higher education, 
laboratory, or institute (if the institution, laboratory, or 
institute is located within a State, as defined in section 
203(14) of the National Sea Grant College Program Act (33 
U.S.C. 1122(14)), may apply for and receive financial 
assistance under this section. The Under Secretary shall 
prescribe rules and regulations, in consultation with the 
Secretary of State, to carry out this section. Before approving 
an application for a grant or contract under this section, the 
Under Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of State. A 
grant made, or contract entered into, under this section is 
subject to section 205(d) (2) and (4) of the National Sea Grant 
College Program Act (33 U.S.C. 1124(d) (2) and (4)) and to any 
other requirements that the Under Secretary considers necessary 
and appropriate.]
                     XV. Committee Recommendations

    On June 28, 1995, a quorum being present, the Committee on 
Science favorably reported H.R. 1175, the National Sea Grant 
College Program Act, and recommends its enactment.

                        XVI. Reports to Congress

    If enacted, this bill would not require the National Sea 
Grant College Program to submit additional reports to Congress.
                          XVII. MINORITY VIEWS

    The process used to bring H.R. 1175 before the Committee is 
a prime example of a misguided attempt to bypass the oversight 
process in favor of expedited and ill-informed decision-making. 
This bill addresses policy and funding changes for the Sea 
Grant program, which is in the shared jurisdiction of the 
Science Committee and the Resources Committee.
    There were no public hearings to support the amendments to 
H.R. 1175 adopted by the Science Committee. It is true, as the 
Chairman noted at the markup, that the Committee held a hearing 
on NOAA programs on February 21. However, neither the hearing 
charter nor a hearing briefing memo prepared for Members 
indicated that Sea Grant was an issue to be addressed in that 
hearing. Further, the transcript of that hearing reveals no 
discussion of the Sea Grant program--neither in the testimony 
of witnesses nor in questions from Members. Finally, although 
H.R. 1175 was referred to the Committee on May 16, no hearings 
were held during the following month before markup and no 
backup or explanatory materials were requested of the 
Administration. In sum, oversight of this program constitutes 
an empty set.
    During the markup of H.R. 1175, the Chair defended this 
lack of an oversight record by indicating that since the Sea 
Grant program was a part of the President's request, the 
hearing on February 21--three months before the bill was 
referred to the Committee--provided an adequate opportunity for 
any Member to anticipate that the Committee might make a 
decision about this program and hence to ask specific questions 
about the Sea Grant program. This logic places an unreasonable 
burden on all Committee Members to anticipate an infinite range 
of potential decisions in order to develop an adequate 
understanding of the issues.
    It is far more appropriate for the Chair to identify the 
specific issues that will be addressed in legislation and 
ensure that an adequate hearing record exists to support 
Committee action. The practical effect of proceeding in the 
manner chosen for H.R. 1175 is to deny Members on both sides of 
the aisle any real role in the legislative and oversight 
process, and to leave the Committee open to the charge of 
acting in an arbitrary and capricious manner.
    Committee Members have received ample correspondence 
related to the Sea grant program and the decisions made at the 
Committee markup. It is doubtful that any Member of the 
Committee has a sufficient understanding of what was done and 
why it was done to respond to these public inquiries.
                                   Hon. Lloyd Doggett.
                                   Hon. George E. Brown, Jr.
                                   Hon. John W. Olver.
                                   Hon. Lynn N. Rivers.
              XVIII. Proceeding From Full Committee Markup



 FULL COMMITTEE MARKUP--H.R. 1175, THE MARINE RESOURCES REVITALIZATION 
                              ACT OF 1995

                              ----------                              


                        WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1995

                     U.S. House of Representatives,
                                      Committee on Science,
                                                    Washington, DC.
    The Committee met at 12:10 p.m. in Room 2318 of the Rayburn 
House Office Building, the Honorable Robert S. Walker, Chairman 
of the Committee, presiding.
    The Chairman. Good afternoon.
    We will now consider the measure HR 1175, the Marine 
Resources Revitalization Act of 1995.
    [The bill follows:]
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    The Chairman. I ask unanimous consent the bill be 
considered as read and open to amendment at any point.
    And the Chair will begin with an opening statement and then 
we'll recognize the gentleman from California.
    The Committee will now consider the Bill HR 1175. This Act 
funds the National Sea Grant College Program, which is formed 
to promote research, education, training and advisory service 
activities in the fields related to the ocean, coastal, and 
Great Lakes resources.
    I will offer an amendment in the nature of a substitute to 
the bill, containing the relevant provisions of HR 1815, the 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Authorization 
Act of 1995.
    HR 1815 authorizes $36 million for Sea Grant as a part of 
the overall NOAA Authorization Act. The funding level in my 
substitute is in keeping with the budget resolution and the 
Science Committee's spending caps.
    Currently, HR 1175 is over budget. It authorizes a Sea 
Grant at $52.7 million in fiscal 1996. The funding level is 
over the President's request and above the level in the Brown 
substitute to HR 1815.
    HR 1175 refocuses NOAA's Sea Grant program to place more 
concentration on scientific research and less on social and 
economic policy. The bill reduces Sea Grant's overhead costs 
and terminates the Sea Grant International Program and the 
NOAA's fellowship program.
    The NOAA's fellowship program finances fellows to work on 
Capitol Hill and within other Government agencies. There is no 
reason NOAA should supply staff for the Hill and for other 
Federal bureaucracies.
    This substitute bill reflects the provisions of HR 1815 and 
is consistent with the Committee's spending caps for NOAA. I 
urge my colleagues to vote in favor of the substitute.
    I would now recognize Mr. Brown for his opening statement.
    Mr. Brown. Mr. Chairman, I respectfully disagree with a 
number of the assumptions contained in your statement that this 
authorization breaks any spending caps.
    But this is a matter which I have already pursued to no 
avail, and I will not belabor it at this particular time.
    I do not intend to support this legislation because of the 
defects that I've seen in it, but I do not also plan to ask for 
a roll call vote on it.
    The Chairman. I thank the gentleman.
    I ask that members would proceed with amendments in the 
order on the roster.
    The amendment on the roster is the Chairman's substitute 
amendment. And I would state that that's the amendment that I 
just described. That is in the members' package.
    And is there further discussion on the substitute?
    [The amendment in the nature of a substitute offered by Mr. 
Walker follows:]






    Mrs. Morella. Mr. Chairman?
    The Chairman. The gentlelady from Maryland.
    Mrs. Morella. Does it need to be distributed?
    The Chairman. I'm sorry, I thought it was in the members' 
packet.
    The Clerk will distribute the amendment.
    [Pause.]
    And then I will recognize the gentlelady from Maryland, 
after we've had a chance to have the Members get the 
substitute.
    The gentlelady from Maryland is recognized.
    Mrs. Morella. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
    I'm a supporter of the Sea Grant program. It helps 
Maryland, it helps a lot of the coastal states, and as a matter 
of fact, Mr. Chairman, I'm a cosponsor of the bill that's 1175, 
which would give $53.3 million and fully fund the Sea Grant 
program.
    I notice in your amendment, it's $34.5 million.
    Now, I certainly would hope that maybe the Appropriations 
Committee, during the course of events, that we would be able 
to fully fund Sea Grant.
    But in a brief discussion I had with you, and maybe you'd 
like to reiterate it, you indicated, as I recall, that frankly 
the budget assumption had zero for Sea Grant and in order to 
keep with the budget cap that this Committee has, that the best 
you could do, the Subcommittee could do, was to put it at that 
particular amount.
    Is that correct?
    The Chairman. I would say to the gentlelady that the 
underlying assumption on which the number is based in the 
budget was a zero for the Sea Grant program. That number was 
not reflected specifically zeroing out the program, but it was 
a part of the underlying assumptions in the budget.
    We have since had a number of people come to us and suggest 
that there were, that that would in fact create a problem and 
so we made adjustments within 1815, within the overall bill. 
And we're simply taking the action that we just completed on 
1815 and transferring it into this Act which we share 
jurisdiction with on the Resources Committee.
    That's what we're doing.
    But indeed, the underlying assumption on the budget was at 
a zero level, and so this is an attempt to assure that we do 
have moneys available in this program.
    Mrs. Morella. And the program is so valuable that maybe if 
more moneys are available, more could be done before it finally 
becomes law.
    Would you agree that's a possibility?
    The Chairman. There's a possibility of what?
    Mrs. Morella. Possibility of more funding as it goes 
through the various stages?
    The Chairman. Well, I think that that may be the case. I 
mean, there's no doubt the Natural Resources Committee is 
somewhat higher than we are, but I will simply say to you that 
one of the things that we're doing is trying to adjust to 
things that the Budget Committee had recognized were problems.
    The expansion, according to this, has been fueled by 
Congressional add-ons, regional grant programs, and inefficient 
weather service office restructuring according to the material 
that was in the Budget Resolution.
    We are attempting to take some of those add-on programs and 
some of the things that we think have gone wrong, and lowered 
the amount by that much.
    And you know, there may be a different accommodation.
    Mrs. Morella. Well, I respect the fact that you cared 
enough about the program to make sure that it has that kind of 
funding in the program, and yet this Committee, it does not 
want to relinquish jurisdiction which we justly have over this.
    So I just wanted to point out my support for the Sea Grant 
program, and my recognition of why you offered the amendment.
    Thank you.
    The Chairman. I thank the gentlelady.
    Are there other members that wish to be recognized on the 
substitute?
    [No response.]
    The Chairman. If not, the Chair will put the question on 
the substitute.
    Those in favor will say aye.
    [Chorus of ayes.]
    The Chairman. Those opposed will say no.
    [Chorus of nays.]
    The Chairman. In the opinion of the Chair, the ayes have 
it. The ayes have it, and the substitute is agreed to.
    Are there further amendments?
    [No response.]
    The Chairman. If not, the Chair will, hearing none, the 
question is on the Bill HR 1175, the Marine Resources 
Revitalization Act of 1995.
    Those in favor will say aye.
    [Chorus of ayes.]
    The Chairman. Those opposed will say no.
    [Chorus of nays.]
    The Chairman. In the opinion of the Chair, the ayes have 
it.
    Mr. Sensenbrenner. Mr. Chairman?
    The Chairman. Mr. Sensenbrenner?
    Mr. Sensenbrenner. Mr. Chairman, I move that the Committee 
report the Bill HR 1175 as amended. Furthermore, I move to 
instruct the staff to prepare the legislative report to make 
technical and conforming amendments and that the Chairman take 
all necessary steps to bring the bill before the House for 
consideration.
    And I also ask for three days for anybody to put whatever 
additional views they want to in the Committee report.
    The Chairman. The Committee has heard the motion.
    Those in favor will say aye.
    [Chorus of ayes.]
    The Chairman. Those opposed will say no.
    [No response.]
    The Chairman. The ayes have it.
    I recognize Mr. Ehlers for a motion.
    Mr. Ehlers. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
    I move, pursuant to Clause 1 of Rule 20 of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, that the Committee authorize the 
Chairman to offer such motions as may be necessary in the House 
to go to conference with the Senate on the Bill HR 1175, or a 
similar Senate bill.
    The Chairman. The Committee has heard the motion.
    The Chair will put the question.
    Those in favor will say aye.
    [Chorus of ayes.]
    The Chairman. Those opposed will say no.
    [No response.]
    The Chairman. The ayes have it.
    That concludes the markup on our measure----
    Mr. Hayes. Mr. Chairman, I had waited to the conclusion of 
this markup. Would it be appropriate at this time to enter into 
a short colloquy concerning this bill, but not as part of the 
text or amendment to it, with Mr. Rohrabacher.
    The Chairman. The gentleman is recognized.
    Mr. Hayes. Thank you.
    Mr. Rohrabacher, it's my understanding that our staffs have 
discussed the concerns over the impact that proposed reductions 
to the National Sea Grant program would have on critical marine 
research done in places, including coastal Louisiana.
    And given that the House Committee on Resources reported, 
under their jurisdiction, HR 1175, with an authorization of 
close to $55 million, I would merely like to have an informal 
agreement for discussion with you to work on reconciling that 
level with the Chairman's mark, and within the appropriate 
Subcommittee caps as assigned by Chairman Walker before the 
floor consideration.
    Mr. Rohrabacher. As the esteemed Ranking Member knows, we 
will have to enter into negotiations with the Resources 
Committee on this issue, and I would be pleased to work to 
reconcile the Science Committee's number with that of the 
Resource Committee, obviously staying within the budget cap.
    Mr. Hayes. Thank you very much.
    I appreciate both the Chair and Subcommittee Chair's views.
    The Chairman. That concludes the markup on the measure HR 
1175, Marine Resources Revitalization Act of 1995.
    That also concludes the bills that were reported from the 
Subcommittee of Chairman Rohrabacher of California and Mr. 
Hayes. I want to congratulate those two gentlemen on the good 
work that they did. They managed to move those four bills in 
one day. It took this Committee four days to move those bills.
    And I am particularly impressed by the work they did, given 
the situation we had here.
    [Additional material follows:]