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104th Congress                                            Rept. 104-107
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 1st Session                                                     Part 2
_______________________________________________________________________


 
                SIKES ACT IMPROVEMENT AMENDMENTS OF 1995

_______________________________________________________________________


  June 1, 1995.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______


 Mr. Spence,  from  the  Committee  on  National  Security,  submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 1141]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]
    The Committee on National Security, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 1141) to amend the Act popularly known as the 
``Sikes Act'' to enhance fish and wildlife conservation and 
natural resources management programs, having considered the 
same, report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend 
that the bill as amended do pass.

    The amendment is as follows:
    Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert in lieu 
thereof the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Sikes Act Improvement Amendments of 
1995''.

SEC. 2. AMENDMENT OF SIKES ACT.

  Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to 
be made to a section or other provision of the Act entitled ``An Act to 
promote effectual planning, development, maintenance, and coordination 
of wildlife, fish, and game conservation and rehabilitation in military 
reservations'', approved September 15, 1960 (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.), 
commonly referred to, and in this Act referred to, as the ``Sikes 
Act''.

SEC. 3. INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLANS GENERALLY.

  (a) In General.--Section 101(a) (16 U.S.C. 670a(a)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``is authorized to'' and inserting ``shall'';
          (2) by striking ``in each military reservation in accordance 
        with a cooperative plan'' and inserting the following: ``on 
        military installations. Under the program, the Secretary shall 
        prepare and implement for each military installation in the 
        United States an integrated natural resource management plan'';
          (3) by inserting after ``reservation is located'' the 
        following: ``, except that the Secretary is not required to 
        prepare such a plan for a military installation if the 
        Secretary determines that preparation of such a plan for the 
        installation is not appropriate''; and
          (4) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)'', and adding at the end 
        the following new paragraph:
          ``(2) Consistent with essential military requirements to 
        enhance the national security of the United States, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall manage each military installation to 
        provide--
                  ``(A) for the conservation of fish and wildlife on 
                the military installation and sustained multipurpose 
                uses of those resources, including hunting, fishing, 
                and trapping; and
                  ``(B) public access that is necessary or appropriate 
                for those uses.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--Title I, as amended by subsection (a) of 
this section, is further amended--
          (1) in section 101(b) (16 U.S.C. 670a(b)) in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``cooperative plan'' and 
        inserting ``integrated natural resource management plan'';
          (2) in section 101(b)(4) (16 U.S.C. 670a(b)(4)) by striking 
        ``cooperative plan'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``integrated natural resource management plan'';
          (3) in section 101(c) (16 U.S.C. 670a(c)) in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``a cooperative plan'' and 
        inserting ``an integrated natural resource management plan'';
          (4) in section 101(d) (16 U.S.C. 670a(d)) in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``cooperative plans'' and 
        inserting ``integrated natural resource management plans'';
          (5) in section 101(e) (16 U.S.C. 670a(e)) by striking 
        ``Cooperative plans'' and inserting ``Integrated natural 
        resource management plans'';
          (6) in section 102 (16 U.S.C. 670b) by striking ``a 
        cooperative plan'' and inserting ``an integrated natural 
        resource management plan'';
          (7) in section 103 (16 U.S.C. 670c) by striking ``a 
        cooperative plan'' and inserting ``an integrated natural 
        resource management plan'';
          (8) in section 106(a) (16 U.S.C. 670f(a)) by striking 
        ``cooperative plans'' and inserting ``integrated natural 
        resource management plans''; and
          (9) in section 106(c) (16 U.S.C. 670f(c)) by striking 
        ``cooperative plans'' and inserting ``integrated natural 
        resource management plans''.
  (c) Contents of Plans.--Section 101(b) (16 U.S.C. 670a(b)) is 
amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon;
                  (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking the semicolon at 
                the end and inserting a comma; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(E) wetland protection and restoration, and wetland 
                creation where necessary, for support of fish or 
                wildlife,
                  ``(F) consideration of conservation needs for all 
                biological communities, and
                  ``(G) the establishment of specific natural resource 
                management goals, objectives, and time-frames for 
                proposed actions;'';
          (2) by striking paragraph (3);
          (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
          (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) shall for the military installation for which it is 
        prepared--
                  ``(A) address the needs for fish and wildlife 
                management, land management, forest management, and 
                wildlife-oriented recreation;
                  ``(B) ensure the integration of, and consistency 
                among, the various activities conducted under the plan;
                  ``(C) ensure that there is no net loss in the 
                capability of installation lands to support the 
                military mission of the installation;
                  ``(D) provide for sustained use by the public of 
                natural resources, to the extent that such use is not 
                inconsistent with the military mission of the 
                installation or the needs of fish and wildlife 
                management;
                  ``(E) provide the public access to the installation 
                that is necessary or appropriate for that use, to the 
                extent that access is not inconsistent with the 
                military mission of the installation; and
                  ``(F) provide for professional enforcement of natural 
                resource laws and regulations;''; and
          (5) in paragraph (4)(A) by striking ``collect the fees 
        therfor,'' and inserting ``collect, spend, administer, and 
        account for fees therefor,''.
  (d) Public Comment.--Section 101 (16 U.S.C. 670a) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Public Comment.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide an 
opportunity for public comment on each integrated natural resource 
management plan prepared under subsection (a).''.

SEC. 4. REVIEW FOR PREPARATION OF INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCE 
                    MANAGEMENT PLANS.

  (a) Review of Military Installations.--
          (1) Review.--The Secretary of each military department shall, 
        by not later than 9 months after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act--
                  (A) review each military installation in the United 
                States that is under the jurisdiction of that Secretary 
                to determine the military installations for which the 
                preparation of an integrated natural resource 
                management plan under section 101 of the Sikes Act, as 
                amended by this Act, is appropriate; and
                  (B) submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on 
                those determinations.
          (2) Report to congress.--The Secretary of Defense shall, by 
        not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, submit to the Congress a report on the reviews 
        conducted under paragraph (1). The report shall include--
                  (A) a list of those military installations reviewed 
                under paragraph (1) for which the Secretary of Defense 
                determines the preparation of an integrated natural 
                resource management plan is not appropriate; and
                  (B) for each of the military installations listed 
                under subparagraph (A), an explanation of the reasons 
                such a plan is not appropriate.
  (b) Deadline for Integrated Natural Resource Management Plans.--Not 
later than 2 years after the date of the submission of the report 
required under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary of Defense shall, for 
each military installation for which the Secretary has not determined 
under subsection (a)(2)(A) that preparation of an integrated natural 
resource management plan is not appropriate--
          (1) prepare and begin implementing such a plan mutually 
        agreed to by the Secretary of the Interior and the head of the 
        appropriate State agencies under section 101(a) of the Sikes 
        Act, as amended by this Act; or
          (2) in the case of a military installation for which there is 
        in effect a cooperative plan under section 101(a) of the Sikes 
        Act on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        complete negotiations with the Secretary of the Interior and 
        the heads of the appropriate State agencies regarding changes 
        to that plan that are necessary for the plan to constitute an 
        integrated natural resource plan that complies with that 
        section, as amended by this Act.
  (c) Public Comment.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide an 
opportunity for the submission of public comments on--
          (1) integrated natural resource management plans proposed 
        pursuant to subsection (b)(1); and
          (2) changes to cooperative plans proposed pursuant to 
        subsection (b)(2).

SEC. 5. ANNUAL REVIEWS AND REPORTS.

  Section 101 (16 U.S.C. 670a) is further amended by adding after 
subsection (f) (as added by section 3(d) of this Act) the following:
  ``(g) Reviews and Reports.--
          ``(1) Secretary of defense.--The Secretary of Defense shall, 
        by not later than March 1 of each year, review the extent to 
        which integrated natural resource management plans were 
        prepared or in effect and implemented in accordance with this 
        Act in the preceding year, and submit a report on the findings 
        of that review to the committees. Each report shall include--
                  ``(A) the number of integrated natural resource 
                management plans in effect in the year covered by the 
                report, including the date on which each plan was 
                issued in final form or most recently revised;
                  ``(B) the amount of moneys expended on conservation 
                activities conducted pursuant to those plans in the 
                year covered by the report, including amounts expended 
                under the Legacy Resource Management Program 
                established under section 8120 of the Act of November 
                5, 1990 (Public Law 101-511; 104 Stat. 1905); and
                  ``(C) an assessment of the extent to which the plans 
                comply with the requirements of subsection (b)(1) and 
                (2), including specifically the extent to which the 
                plans ensure in accordance with subsection (b)(2)(C) 
                that there is no net loss of lands to support the 
                military missions of military installations.
          ``(2) Secretary of the interior.--The Secretary of the 
        Interior, by not later than March 1 of each year and in 
        consultation with State agencies responsible for conservation 
        or management of fish or wildlife, shall submit a report to the 
        committees on the amount of moneys expended by the Department 
        of the Interior and those State agencies in the year covered by 
        the report on conservation activities conducted pursuant to 
        integrated natural resource management plans.
          ``(3) Committees defined.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        the term `committees' means the Committees on Resources and 
        National Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committees on Armed Services and Environment and Public Works 
        of the Senate.''.
SEC. 6. FEDERAL ENFORCEMENT OF INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 
                    PLANS; ENFORCEMENT OF OTHER LAWS.

  Title I (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.) is amended--
          (1) by redesignating section 106 as section 110; and
          (2) by inserting after section 105 the following:

``SEC. 106. FEDERAL ENFORCEMENT OF OTHER LAWS.

  ``All Federal laws relating to the conservation of natural resources 
on Federal lands may be enforced by the Secretary of Defense with 
respect to violations of those laws which occur on military 
installations within the United States.''.

SEC. 7. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SERVICES.

  Title I (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
section 106 (as added by section 6 of this Act) the following:

``SEC. 107. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SERVICES.

  ``The Secretary of each military department shall ensure that 
sufficient numbers of professionally trained natural resource 
management personnel and natural resource law enforcement personnel are 
available and assigned responsibility to perform tasks necessary to 
comply with this Act, including the preparation and implementation of 
integrated natural resource management plans.''.

SEC. 8. DEFINITIONS.

  Title I (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.) is further amended by inserting 
after section 107 (as added by section 7 of this Act) the following:

``SEC. 108. DEFINITIONS.

  ``In this title:
          ``(1) Military department.--The term `military department' 
        means the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, 
        and the Department of the Air Force.
          ``(2) Military installation.--The term `military 
        installation'--
                  ``(A) means any land or interest in land owned by the 
                United States and administered by the Secretary of 
                Defense or the head of a military department; and
                  ``(B) includes all public lands withdrawn from all 
                forms of appropriation under public land laws and 
                reserved for use by the Secretary of Defense or the 
                head of a military department.
          ``(3) State fish and wildlife agency.--The term `State fish 
        and wildlife agency' means an agency of State government that 
        is responsible under State law for managing fish or wildlife 
        resources.
          ``(4) United states.--The term `United States' means the 
        States, the District of Columbia, and the territories and 
        possessions of the United States.''.

SEC. 9. SHORT TITLE.

  Title I (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.) is further amended by inserting 
after section 108 (as added by section 7 of this Act) the following:

``SEC. 109. SHORT TITLE.

  ``This title may be cited as the `Sikes Act'.''.

SEC. 10. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.

  (a) Cost Sharing.--Section 103a(b) (16 U.S.C. 670c-1(b)) is amended 
by striking ``matching basis'' each place it appears and inserting 
``cost-sharing basis''.
  (b) Accounting.--Section 103a(c) (16 U.S.C. 670c-1(c)) is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, and shall not 
be subject to section 1535 of that title''.

SEC. 11. REPEAL.

  Section 2 of the Act of October 27, 1986 (Public Law 99-651; 16 
U.S.C. 670a-1) is repealed.

SEC. 12. CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.

  Title I, as amended by this Act, is further amended--
          (1) in the heading for the title by striking ``military 
        reservations'' and inserting ``military installations'';
          (2) in section 101(a) (16 U.S.C. 670a(a)) by striking ``the 
        reservation'' and inserting ``the installation'';
          (3) in section 101(b)(4) (16 U.S.C. 670a(b)(4))--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``the 
                reservation'' and inserting ``the installation''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``the military 
                reservation'' and inserting ``the military 
                installation'';
          (4) in section 101(c) (16 U.S.C. 670a(c))--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``a military 
                reservation'' and inserting ``a military 
                installation''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``the reservation'' 
                and inserting ``the installation'';
          (5) in section 102 (16 U.S.C. 670b) by striking ``military 
        reservations'' and inserting ``military installations''; and
          (6) in section 103 (16 U.S.C. 670c) by striking ``military 
        reservations'' and inserting ``military installations''.

SEC. 13. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) Programs on Military Installations.--Subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 110 (as redesignated by section 6 of this Act) are each amended 
by striking ``1983'' and all that follows through ``1993,'' and 
inserting ``1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998,''.
  (b) Programs on Public Lands.--Section 209 (16 U.S.C. 670o) is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the sum of $10,000,000'' 
        and all that follows through ``to enable the Secretary of the 
        Interior'' and inserting ``$4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, to enable the Secretary of the 
        Interior''; and
          (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the sum of $12,000,000'' 
        and all that follows through ``to enable the Secretary of 
        Agriculture'' and inserting ``$5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, to enable the Secretary of 
        Agriculture''.
                          Purpose and Summary

    The purpose of H.R. 1141 is to amend the Act popularly 
known as the ``Sikes Act'' to enhance fish and wildlife 
conservation and natural resources management programs on 
military installations. The bill also authorizes appropriations 
for titles I and II of the Act through fiscal year 1998.

                               Background

    The Sikes Act was enacted by Congress in 1960 and amended 
in 1968, 1974, 1978, 1982, and 1986. Hearings were held in the 
103rd Congress by the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries 
Committee and a reauthorization bill, H.R. 3300, passed the 
House of Representatives on September 12, 1994, but no action 
on the bill was taken in the United States Senate before the 
end of the 103rd Congress.
    The Sikes Act originally authorized the Secretary of 
Defense to implement on military lands natural resource 
management plans mutually agreed upon by the Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, and the appropriate 
State agency where the military installation is located. In 
1968 the Act authorized appropriations for the first time to 
the Secretaries of Defense and Interior to carry out the 
purposes of the Act, and the Act was broadened to include 
public outdoor recreation programs on military installations. 
Congress amended the Act again in 1974 to require that the 
plans provide for fish and wildlife habitat management, range 
rehabilitation, and the control of off-road vehicle traffic. In 
1982 the Act was amended to provide adequate protection for 
threatened and endangered species of fish, wildlife, and 
plants. The Act was most recently amended in 1986 to require 
that the Department of Defense (DOD): (1) utilize a State/
Federal cooperative plan as the fish and wildlife component of 
each multi-use natural resource plan; (2) use professionals 
trained in fish and wildlife management; and (3) regularly 
review the fish and wildlife plans.
    DOD manages nearly 25 million acres of fish and wildlife 
habitat on approximately 900 military installations in the 
United States. In addition, the National Guard and Reserve 
components manage approximately one million acres on over 80 
sites in 54 States and Territories. These lands are vital for 
defense purposes and also contain valuable natural resources. 
The Sikes Act provides a mechanism for cooperative wildlife 
management on these military installations. Specifically, the 
Act authorizes the Secretary of Defense, pursuant to a 
``cooperative plan'' with the Secretary of the Interior and 
appropriate State fish and wildlife agencies, to carry out a 
program to plan, develop, maintain, and coordinate fish and 
wildlife conservation efforts on lands managed by DOD.
    Although current DOD regulations stipulate that fish and 
wildlife management plans be maintained for military 
installations where appropriate, natural resource management as 
envisioned in the Sikes Act is far from a reality on many 
military installations. Unlike many other environmental laws 
that affect DOD, failure to comply with the Sikes Act does not 
carry any penalties. As a result, resource management plans are 
not being fully prepared or implemented as envisioned in 
current law at some military installations. In some cases, 
resource management plans have not been properly coordinated 
with an installation's military mission, which has led to a 
diminution of the ability of the lands' suitability for 
military training.
    The committee is concerned about the often haphazard 
application of current law by the Department of Defense. This 
legislation will make a number of improvements in the Sikes Act 
which should result in improved conservation, enhancement, and 
utilization of vital fish, wildlife, and other natural 
resources that exist on military installations while ensuring 
the continuation of crucial military operations.

                          Legislative History

    H.R. 1141 was introduced on March 6, 1996 by Congressmen 
Don Young, Jim Saxton, and Gerry Studds and was referred to the 
Committee on Resources. On March 16, 1995 the Subcommittee on 
Fisheries, Wildlife and Oceans held a hearing on H.R. 1141. On 
March 30, 1995 the subcommittee considered H.R. 1141. An 
amendment was offered to ensure that the Secretary of Defense 
shall manage each installation to provide for the conservation 
of fish and wildlife, to allow multi-purpose uses of those 
resources, and to reduce by 50 percent certain authorization 
levels for the Department of Agriculture and Interior in the 
bill. This amendment was adopted by voice vote. The bill, as 
amended, was then approved by voice vote.
    The Committee on Resources met on April 5, 1995 to consider 
H.R. 1141. An amendment to restore the separate authorization 
of appropriations for programs on military installations that 
was inadvertently deleted by the Subcommittee on Fisheries, 
Wildlife and Oceans was adopted by voice vote. No other 
amendments were offered, and the bill as amended, a quorum 
being present, was then ordered favorably reported to the 
House.
    The Committee on National Security requested sequential 
referral of H.R. 1141, which was granted on May 1, 1995. On May 
17, 1995 the Subcommittee on Military Installations and 
Facilities met to consider H.R. 1141, as amended by the 
Committee on Resources. The subcommittee approved an amendment 
in the nature of a substitute to H.R. 1141 incorporating the 
amendments adopted by the Committee on Resources.
    On May 24, 1995 the Committee on National Security agreed 
by voice vote to favorably report H.R. 1141, as amended, to the 
House.
                         Departmental Position

    The committee understands the Department of Defense 
supports H.R. 1141

                           Committee Position

    On May 24, 1995, the Committee on National Security, a 
quorum being present, approved H.R. 1141, as amended, by voice 
vote.

                  Congressional Budget Office Estimate

    In compliance with clause 2(l)(3)(C) of rule XI of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, the cost estimate 
prepared by the Congressional Budget Office and submitted 
pursuant to section 403 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
is as follows:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, May 31, 1995.
Hon. Floyd D. Spence,
Chairman, Committee on National Security
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman:
    The Congressional Budget Office has prepared the enclosed 
cost estimate for H.R. 1141, the Sikes Act Improvement 
Amendments of 1995
    Enacting H.R. 1141 would not affect direct spending or 
receipts. Therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures would not apply 
to the bill.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them.
            Sincerely,
                                           June E. O'Neill,
                                                          Director.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    1. Bill number: H.R. 1141.
    2. Bill title: Sikes Act Improvement Amendments of 1995.
    3. Bill status: As ordered reported by the House Committee 
on National Security on May 24, 1995.
    4. Bill purpose: H.R. 1141 would reauthorize wildlife 
management programs carried out on military reservations and 
other public lands under the Sikes Act. For each of fiscal 
years 1995 through 1998, the bill would authorize 
appropriations of $13.5 million for this purpose, allocating 
$1.5 million to the Department of Defense, $7 million to the 
Department to the Interior, and $5 million to the Department of 
Agriculture.
    Other provisions of H.R. 1141 would amend various 
provisions of the Sikes Act, with no significant budget impact.
    5. Estimated cost to the Federal Government: Assuming that 
H.R. 1141 is enacted in fiscal year 1995 and that the full 
amounts authorized for each fiscal year are appropriated, $13.5 
million a year would be provided for Sikes Act programs through 
1998. Outlays have been estimated on the basis of historical 
spending for similar programs.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      1995     1996     1997     1998     1999     2000 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Authorization of                                                        
 appropriations...     13.5     13.5     13.5     13.5  .......  .......
Estimated outlays.        0     13.5     13.5     13.5     10.1      3.4
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The costs of this bill fall within budget function 300.
    6. Comparison with spending under current law: No funds 
have ever been appropriated specifically for Sikes Act 
programs, although agencies do receive funds under several 
other authorizing statutes for similar activities.
    7. Pay-as-you-go considerations: None.
    8. Estimated cost to State and local governments: None.
    9. Estimate Comparison: None.
    10. Previous CBO estimate: On April 6, 1995, CBO prepared 
an estimate for H.R. 1141 as ordered reported by the House 
Committee on Resources on April 5, 1995. The two estimates are 
identical.
    11. Estimate prepared by: Deborah Reis.
    12. Estimate approved by: Paul N. Van de Water, Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.
                        Committee Cost Estimate

    The committee generally concurs with the estimate as 
contained in the report of the Congressional Budget Office.

                       Inflation Impact Statement

    Pursuant to clause 2(l)(4) of rule XI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the committee concludes that the bill 
would have no significant inflationary impact.

                           Oversight Findings

    With reference to clause 2(l)(3)(A) of rule XI of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, this legislation results from 
hearings and other oversight activities conducted by the 
committee pursuant to clause 2(b)(1) of rule X.
    With respect to clause 2(l)(3)(B) of rule XI of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, this legislation does not 
include any new budget, spending, or credit authority, nor does 
it provide for any increase or decrease in tax revenues or 
expenditures.
    With respect to clause 2(l)(3)(D) of rule XI of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the committee has not received 
a report from the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight 
pertaining to the subject matter of H.R. 1141.

                            Roll Call Votes

    In accordance with clause 2(l)(2)(B) of rule XI of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, the committee notes that 
no rollcall votes were taken with respect to H.R. 1141.
    The committee ordered H.R. 1141 reported favorably to the 
House by voice vote.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3 of rule XIII of the Rules of he 
House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by the 
bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law proposed 
to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new matter is 
printed in italic, existing law in which no change is proposed 
is shown in roman):

                     THE ACT OF SEPTEMBER 15, 1960

               COMMONLY REFERRED TO AS THE ``SIKES ACT''

  AN ACT to promote effectual planning, development, maintenance, and 
       coordination of wildlife, fish, and game conservation and 
                rehabilitation in military reservations.

  TITLE I--CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ON [MILITARY RESERVATIONS] MILITARY 
                             INSTALLATIONS

    Sec. 101. (a)(1) The Secretary of Defense [is authorized 
to] shall carry out a program of planning for, and the 
development, maintenance, and coordination of, wildlife, fish, 
and game conservation and rehabilitation [in each military 
reservation in accordance with a cooperative plan] on military 
installations. Under the program, the Secretary shall prepare 
and implement for each military installation in the United 
States an integrated natural resource management plan mutually 
agreed upon by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the 
Interior, and the appropriate State agency designated by the 
State in which the [reservation] installation is located, 
except that the Secretary is not required to prepare such a 
plan for a military installation if the Secretary determines 
that preparation of such a plan for the installation is not 
appropriate.
          (2) Consistent with essential military requirements 
        to enhance the national security of the United States, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall manage each military 
        installation to provide--
                  (A) for the conservation of fish and wildlife 
                on the military installation and sustained 
                multipurpose uses of those resources, including 
                hunting, fishing, and trapping; and
                  (B) public access that is necessary or 
                appropriate for those uses.
    (b) Each [cooperative] integrated natural resource 
management plan entered into under subsection (a)--
          (1) shall provide for--
                  (A) fish and wildlife habitat improvements or 
                modifications,
                  (B) range rehabilitation where necessary for 
                support of wildlife,
                  (C) control of off-road vehicle traffic, 
                [and]
                  (D) specific habitat improvement projects and 
                related activities and adequate protection for 
                species of fish, wildlife, and plants 
                considered threatened or endangered[;],
                  (E) wetland protection and restoration, and 
                wetland creation where necessary, for support 
                of fish or wildlife,
                  (F) consideration of conservation needs for 
                all biological communities; and
                  (G) the establishment of specific natural 
                resource management goals, objectives, and 
                time-frames for proposed actions;
          (2) shall for the military installation for which it 
        is prepared--
                  (A) address the needs for fish and wildlife 
                management, land management, forest management, 
                and wildlife-oriented recreation;
                  (B) ensure the integration of, and 
                consistency among, the various activities 
                conducted under the plan;
                  (C) ensure that there is no net loss in the 
                capability of installation lands to support the 
                military mission of the installation;
                  (D) provide for sustained use by the public 
                of natural resources, to the extent that such 
                use is not inconsistent with the military 
                mission of the installation or the needs of 
                fish and wildlife management;
                  (E) provide the public access to the 
                installation that is necessary or appropriate 
                for that use, to the extent that access is not 
                inconsistent with the military mission of the 
                installation; and
                  (F) provide for professional enforcement of 
                natural resource laws and regulations;
          [(2)](3) must be reviewed as to operation and effect 
        by the parties thereto on a regular basis, but not less 
        often than every 5 years;
          [(3) shall, if a multiuse natural resources 
        management plan is applicable to the military 
        reservation, be treated as the exclusive component of 
        that management plan with respect to wildlife, fish, 
        and game conservation and rehabilitation; and]
          (4) may stipulate the issuance of special State 
        hunting and fishing permits to individuals and require 
        payment of nominal fees therefor, which fees shall be 
        utilized for the protection, conservation, and 
        management of fish and wildlife, including habitat 
        improvement and related activities in accordance with 
        the [cooperative] integrated natural resource 
        management plan; except that--
                  (A) the Commanding Officer of the 
                [reservation] installation or persons 
                designated by that Officer are authorized to 
                enforce such special hunting and fishing 
                permits and to [collect the fees therefor,] 
                collect, spend, administer, and account for 
                fees therefor, acting as agent or agents for 
                the State if the [cooperative] integrated 
                natural resource management plan so provides, 
                and
                  (B) the fees collected under this paragraph 
                may not be expended with respect to other than 
                the military [reservation] installation on 
                which collected.
    (c) After [a cooperative] an integrated natural resource 
management plan is agreed to under subsection (a)--
          (1) no sale of land, or forest products from land, 
        that is within a military [reservation] installation 
        covered by that plan may be made under section 2665 (a) 
        or (b) of title 10, United States Code; and
          (2) no leasing of land that is within the 
        [reservation] installation may be made under section 
        2667 of such title 10;
unless the effects of that sale or leasing are compatible with 
the purposes of the plan.
    (d) With regard to the implementation and enforcement of 
[cooperative] integrated natural resource management plans 
agreed to under subsection (a)--
          (1) neither Office of Management and Budget Circular 
        A-76 nor any successor circular thereto applies to the 
        procurement of services that are necessary for that 
        implementation and enforcement; and
          (2) priority shall be given to the entering into of 
        contracts for the procurement of such implementation 
        and enforcement services with Federal and State 
        agencies having responsibility for the conservation or 
        management of fish or wildlife.
    (e) [Cooperative] Integrated natural resource management 
plans agreed to under the authority of this section and section 
102 shall not be deemed to be, nor treated as, cooperative 
agreements to which the Federal Grant and Cooperative Agreement 
Act of 1977 (41 U.S.C. 501 et seq.) applies.
    (f) Public Comment.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
an opportunity for public comment on each integrated natural 
resource management plan prepared under subsection (a).
    (g) Reviews and Reports.--
          (1) Secretary of defense.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall, by not later than March 1 of each year, review 
        the extent to which integrated natural resource 
        management plans were prepared or in effect and 
        implemented in accordance with this Act in the 
        preceding year, and submit a report on the findings of 
        that review to the committees. Each report shall 
        include--
                  (A) the number of integrated natural resource 
                management plans in effect in the year covered 
                by the report, including the date on which each 
                plan was issued in final form or most recently 
                revised;
                  (B) the amount of moneys expended on 
                conservation activities conducted pursuant to 
                those plans in the year covered by the report, 
                including amounts expended under the Legacy 
                Resource Management Program established under 
                section 8120 of the Act of November 5, 1990 
                (Public Law 101-511; 104 Stat. 1905); and
                  (C) an assessment of the extent to which the 
                plans comply with the requirements of 
                subsection (b)(1) and (2), including 
                specifically the extent to which the plans 
                ensure in accordance with subsection (b)(2)(C) 
                that there is no net loss of lands to support 
                the military missions of military 
                installations.
          (2) Secretary of the interior.--The Secretary of the 
        Interior, by not later than March 1 of each year and in 
        consultation with State agencies responsible for 
        conservation or management of fish or wildlife, shall 
        submit a report to the committees on the amount of 
        moneys expended by the Department of the Interior and 
        those State agencies in the year covered by the report 
        on conservation activities conducted pursuant to 
        integrated natural resource management plans.
          (3) Committees defined.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term ``committees'' means the 
        Committees on Resources and National Security of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committees on Armed 
        Services and Environment and Public Works of the 
        Senate.
    Sec. 102. The Secretary of Defense in cooperation with the 
Secretary of Interior and the appropriate State agency is 
authorized to carry out a program for the conservation, 
restoration and management of migratory game birds on military 
[reservations] an integrated natural resource management, 
including the issuance of special hunting permits and the 
collection of fees therefor, in accordance with [a cooperative] 
installations plan mutually agreed upon by the Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary of the Interior and the appropriate 
State agency: Provided, That possession of a special permit for 
hunting migratory game birds issued pursuant to this title 
shall not relieve the permittee of the requirements of the 
Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act as amended nor of the 
requirements pertaining to State law set forth in Public Law 
85-337.
    Sec. 103. The Secretary of Defense is also authorized to 
carry out a program for the development, enhancement, 
operation, and maintenance of public outdoor recreation 
resources at military [reservations] installations in 
accordance with [a cooperative] an integrated natural resource 
management plan mutually agreed upon by the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with 
the appropriate State agency designated by the State in which 
such [reservations] installations are located.
    Sec. 103a.(a) The Secretary of Defense may enter into 
cooperative agreements with States, local governments, 
nongovernmental organizations, and individuals to provide for 
the maintenance and improvement of natural resources on, or to 
benefit natural and historic research on, Department of Defense 
installations.
    (b) A cooperative agreement shall provide for the Secretary 
of Defense and the other party or parties to the agreement--
          (1) to contribute funds on a [matching basis] cost-
        sharing basis to defray the cost of programs, projects, 
        and activities under the agreement; or
          (2) to furnish services on a [matching basis] cost-
        sharing basis to carry out such programs, projects, and 
        activities,
or to do both.
    (c) Cooperative agreements entered into under this section 
shall be subject to the availability of funds and shall not be 
considered, nor be treated as, cooperative agreements to which 
chapter 63 of title 31, United States Code, applies, and shall 
not be subject to section 1535 of that title.
          * * * * * * *
SEC. 106. FEDERAL ENFORCEMENT OF OTHER LAWS.

    All Federal laws relating to the conservation of natural 
resources on Federal lands may be enforced by the Secretary of 
Defense with respect to violations of those laws which occur on 
military installations within the United States.

SEC. 107. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SERVICES.

    The Secretary of each military department shall ensure that 
sufficient numbers of professionally trained natural resource 
management personnel and natural resource law enforcement 
personnel are available and assigned responsibility to perform 
tasks necessary to comply with this Act, including the 
preparation and implementation of integrated natural resource 
management plans.

SEC. 108. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
          (1) Military department.--The term ``military 
        department'' means the Department of the Army, the 
        Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air 
        Force.
          (2) Military installation.--The term ``military 
        installation''--
                  (A) means any land or interest in land owned 
                by the United States and administered by the 
                Secretary of Defense or the head of a military 
                department; and
                  (B) includes all public lands withdrawn from 
                all forms of appropriation under public land 
                laws and reserved for use by the Secretary of 
                Defense or the head of a military department.
          (3) State fish and wildlife agency.--The term ``State 
        fish and wildlife agency'' means an agency of State 
        government that is responsible under State law for 
        managing fish or wildlife resources.
          (4) United states.--The term ``United States'' means 
        the States, the District of Columbia, and the 
        territories and possessions of the United States.

SEC. 109. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Sikes Act''.
    Sec. [106] 110. (a) The Secretary of Defense shall expend 
such funds as may be collected in accordance with the 
[cooperative] integrated natural resource management plans 
agreed to under sections 101 and 102 and cooperative agreements 
agreed to under section 103a of this title and for no other 
purpose. All funds that are so collected shall remain available 
until expended.
    (b) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary of Defense not to exceed $1,500,000 for each of the 
fiscal years [1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 
1991, 1992, and 1993,] 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, to carry out 
this title, including the enhancement of fish and wildlife 
habitat and the development of public recreation and other 
facilities and to carry out such functions and responsibilities 
as the Secretary may have under cooperative agreements entered 
into under section 103a. The Secretary of Defense shall, to the 
greatest extent practicable, enter into agreements to utilize 
the services, personnel, equipment, and facilities, with or 
without reimbursement, of the Secretary of the Interior in 
carrying out the provisions of this section.
    (c) There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary of the Interior not to exceed $3,000,000 for each of 
the fiscal years [1983, 1994, 1995, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 
1990, 1991, 1992, and 1993,] 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, to 
carry out such functions and responsibilities as the Secretary 
may have under [cooperative] integrated natural resource 
management plans to which such Secretary is a party under this 
section, including those for the enhancement of fish and 
wildlife habitat and the development of public recreation and 
other facilities.

         TITLE II--CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ON CERTAIN PUBLIC LAND

          * * * * * * *
    Sec. 209. (a) There are authorized to be appropriated [the 
sum of $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1983, 1984, 
1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, and 1993, to 
enable the Secretary of the Interior] $4,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, to enable the 
Secretary of the Interior to carry out his functions and 
responsibilities under this title, including data collection, 
research, planning, and conservation and rehabilitation 
programs on public lands. Such funds shall be in addition to 
those authorized for wildlife, range, soil, and water 
management pursuant to section 318 of the Federal Land Policy 
and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1748), or other 
provisions of law.
    (b) There are authorized to be appropriated [the sum of 
$12,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1983, 1984, 1985, 
1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, and 1993, to enable 
the Secretary of Agriculture] $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, to enable the Secretary of 
Agriculture to carry out his functions and responsibilities 
under this title. Such funds shall be in addition to those 
provided under other provisions of law. In requesting funds 
under this subsection the Secretary shall take into account 
fish and wildlife program needs, including those for projects, 
identified in the State comprehensive plans as contained in the 
program developed pursuant to the Forest and Rangeland 
Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974, as amended (16 U.S. 
1601-1610).

                SECTION 2 OF THE ACT OF OCTOBER 27, 1986

[SEC. 2. NATURAL RESOURCES AND FISH AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ON MILITARY 
                    RESERVATIONS; REPORT ON MILITARY EXPENDITURES FOR 
                    FISH AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT.

    [(a) Natural Resources Management.--The Secretary of each 
military department shall manage the natural resources of each 
military reservation within the United States that is under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary--
        [(1) so as to provide for sustained multipurpose uses 
        of those resources; and
        [(2) to provide the public access that is necessary or 
        appropriate for those uses;
to the extent that those uses and that access are not 
inconsistent with the military mission of the reservation.
    [(b) Fish and Wildlife Management Service.--The Secretary 
of each military department shall ensure, to the extent 
feasible, that the services necessary for the development, 
implementation, and enforcement of fish and wildlife management 
on each military reservation within the United States under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary are provided by the Department of 
Defense personnel who have professional training in those 
services.
    [(c) Fish and Wildlife Management Report.--The Secretary of 
each military department shall submit to each House of the 
Congress, before the close of the 180-day period occurring 
after the close of fiscal year 1986, a detailed report setting 
forth the amount and purpose of all expenditures made during 
fiscal year 1986 for fish and wildlife management on each 
military reservation in the United States under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    [(d) Definitions.--As used in this section--
        [(1) The term ``military department'' means the 
        Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and 
        the Department of the Air Force.
        [(2) The term ``United States'' means the States, the 
        District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
        and the territories and possessions of the United 
        States.]