Summary: H.R.2482 — 99th Congress (1985-1986)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
House agreed to Senate amendment with amendment (10/16/1986)

(House agreed to Senate amendment with an amendment)

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act Amendments of 1986 - Title I: Registration - Amends the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act to provide for public access to health and safety date submitted to support a registration application for a pesticide containing a new active ingredient, or to authorize the food use of a pesticide active ingredient. Provides criminal penalties for wrongful disclosure. Requires a person seeking such information to affirm that he or she is not working for a pesticide business.

Prohibits conditional registrations for additional uses unless in the public interest.

Requires the reregistration of active ingredient pesticides with outstanding data requirements registered before November 1, 1984.

Requires an inert ingredient priority list to be established.

Provides for the payment on registration fees based on active ingredients.

Title II: Information Disclosure - Requires pesticide producers to: (1) make health, safety, and environmental information available to the public; and (2) furnish annual reports to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Provides for data disclosure to States.

Title III: Review and Cancellation - Provides for a public administrative review of pesticide safety.

Provides expedited procedures for required label changes.

Provides for cancellation of registrations based on false or invalid data.

Title IV: Records and Inspections - Authorizes duly designated Federal and State officials or employees to inspect pesticide facilities.

Title V: Exports - Requires that specified precautionary information be placed on the labels of pesticides intended for export, unless such information is in conflict with the importing country's laws. Revises notification requirements.

Directs the Administrator to actively participate in international efforts to develop improved pesticide research and regulatory programs.

Title VI: Certification, Training, and Recordkeeping for Pesticide Applicators - Makes it a violation for any person to use any pesticide as a commercial applicator unless such person is a certified commercial applicator or a registered commercial applicator under the direct supervision of a certified commercial applicator. Requires commercial applicators to maintain records of pesticide applications.

Provides for the development of training materials and procedures, including standards for trainers and training programs. Provides for separate standards for commercial and private applicators. Requires refresher training.

Requires pesticide dealers to maintain sales and distribution records.

Title VII: Additional Data, Data Compensation, and Patents - Authorizes registrants to jointly develop, or share the development costs of required additional data for existing pesticides. Revises data compensation provisions.

Authorizes patent term restoration for certain agricultural and chemical products. Terminates such provision (with specified exceptions) 15 years after enactment of this Act.

Title VIII: General - Subtitle A: Amendments to the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act - Prohibits a State from forbidding the sale of certain home or garden pesticides for which a State registration application has been filed unless and until the State has acted pursuant to applicable State law.

Requires the Administrator of the EPA to establish criteria for disapproving special local needs registrations.

Authorizes cooperative EPA enforcement agreements with States and Indian tribes.

Makes the scientific advisory panel under such Act permanent.

Authorizes EPA action if a State fails to take appropriate investigative or enforcement measures.

Terminates State primary enforcement responsibility for pesticide violations as of January 1, 1990, unless the Administrator determines that the State has authority to impose civil and criminal penalties at least equal to those provided for in this Act. Requires congressional review of EPA regulations and rules.

Revises enforcement and penalty provisions under such Act.

Authorizes any person to obtain judicial review of EPA regulations.

Requires producers and other parties to notify EPA and the State regarding stored, cancelled, or suspended pesticides.

Requires EPA to: (1) provide indemnity reports to the appropriate congressional committees; (2) protect drinking and groundwater from pesticide contamination; (3) protect the health and safety of pesticide workers; (4) conduct research on the neurotoxic and behavioral effects of pesticides; (5) study pesticide container designs; and (6) develop antimicrobial standards, including standards for hospital disinfectants.

Authorizes FY 1987 through 1991 appropriations. Obligates specified amounts for research.

Subtitle B: Other Provisions - Requires the Secretary of Agriculture to provide support for the interregional project number 4 program (IR4 program).

Provides for the revocation or suspension of residue tolerances in cases where a pesticide's registration has been cancelled or withdrawn because of human risk.

Requires the Comptroller General to evaluate and report to the Congress concerning activities under this Act.

Requires EPA studies and reports to the Congress on the following: (1) pesticide risk rating; (2) nonagricultural pesticides; (3) dioxin residues in human milk; (4) pesticide drift; and (5) naturally occurring agents that act as pesticides.

Directs the Administrator to establish a Pesticide Resistance Management Program.

Authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to build a salinity laboratory at Riverside, California.

Authorizes the EPA, in cooperation with the Food and Drug Administration, to conduct a study of the health effects of DDT fish contamination in Santa Monica Bay, California.

Title IX: Clarifying and Technical Amendments - Makes technical amendments.

Title X: Effective Date - States that the provisions of this Act shall take effect 60 days after enactment, unless otherwise so provided.

Title XI: Homeless Eligibility Clarification Act - Homeless Eligibility Clarification Act - Subtitle A: Emergency Food for the Homeless - Amends the Food Stamp Act of 1977 to permit establishments that feed homeless persons to redeem food stamps through FY 1990.

Subtitle B: Job Training for the Homeless - Amends the Job Training Partnership Act to include homeless persons in the definition of economically disadvantaged.

Subtitle C: Entitlements Eligibility - Provides that the lack of a permanent address shall not make a person ineligible for assistance under: (1) the AFDC program; (2) the SSI program; (3) Medicaid; or (4) veteran's pension programs.

Provides for a single application for SSI and food stamp benefits by SSI pre-release persons.