Text: S.3 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Enrolled Bill

 
 
--S.3--
S.3
One Hundred Second Congress of the United States of America
AT THE SECOND SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Friday, the third day of January,
one thousand nine hundred and ninety-two
An Act
To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to provide for a voluntary
system of spending limits and benefits for congressional election campaigns,
and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; AMENDMENT OF CAMPAIGN ACT; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
 (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the `Congressional Campaign
 Spending Limit and Election Reform Act of 1992'.
 (b) AMENDMENT OF FECA- When used in this Act, the term `FECA' means the
 Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431 et seq.).
 (c) Table of Contents-
Sec. 1. Short title; amendment of Campaign Act; table of contents.
TITLE I--CONTROL OF CONGRESSIONAL CAMPAIGN SPENDING
Subtitle A--Senate Election Campaign Spending Limits and Benefits
Sec. 101. Senate spending limits and benefits.
Sec. 102. Restrictions on activities of political action and candidate
committees in Federal elections.
Sec. 103. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 104. Disclosure by noneligible candidates.
Subtitle B--Expenditure Limitations, Contribution Limitations, and Matching
Funds for Eligible House of Representatives Candidates
Sec. 121. Provisions applicable to eligible House of Representatives
candidates.
Sec. 122. Limitations on political committee and large donor contributions
that may be accepted by House of Representatives candidates.
Sec. 123. Excess funds of incumbents who are candidates for the House of
Representatives.
Subtitle C--General Provisions
Sec. 131. Broadcast rates and preemption.
Sec. 132. Extension of reduced third-class mailing rates to eligible House
of Representatives and Senate candidates.
Sec. 133. Reporting requirements for certain independent expenditures.
Sec. 134. Campaign advertising amendments.
Sec. 135. Definitions.
Sec. 136. Provisions relating to franked mass mailings.
TITLE II--INDEPENDENT EXPENDITURES
Sec. 201. Clarification of definitions relating to independent expenditures.
TITLE III--EXPENDITURES
Subtitle A--Personal Loans; Credit
Sec. 301. Personal contributions and loans.
Sec. 302. Extensions of credit.
Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Soft Money of Political Parties
Sec. 311. Contributions to political party committees.
Sec. 312. Provisions relating to national, State, and local party committees.
Sec. 313. Restrictions on fundraising by candidates and officeholders.
Sec. 314. Reporting requirements.
TITLE IV--CONTRIBUTIONS
Sec. 401. Contributions through intermediaries and conduits.
Sec. 402. Contributions by dependents not of voting age.
Sec. 403. Contributions to candidates from State and local committees of
political parties to be aggregated.
Sec. 404. Limited exclusion of advances by campaign workers from the definition
of the term `contribution'.
TITLE V--REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
Sec. 501. Change in certain reporting from a calendar year basis to an
election cycle basis.
Sec. 502. Personal and consulting services.
Sec. 503. Reduction in threshold for reporting of certain information by
persons other than political committees.
Sec. 504. Computerized indices of contributions.
TITLE VI--FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION
Sec. 601. Use of candidates' names.
Sec. 602. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 603. Provisions relating to the general counsel of the Commission.
Sec. 604. Enforcement.
Sec. 605. Penalties.
Sec. 606. Random audits.
Sec. 607. Prohibition of false representation to solicit contributions.
Sec. 608. Regulations relating to use of non-Federal money.
TITLE VII--BALLOT INITIATIVE COMMITTEES
Sec. 701. Definitions relating to ballot initiatives.
Sec. 702. Amendment to definition of contribution.
Sec. 703. Amendment to definition of expenditure.
Sec. 704. Organization of ballot initiative committees.
Sec. 705. Ballot initiative committee reporting requirements.
Sec. 706. Enforcement amendment.
Sec. 707. Prohibition of contributions in the name of another.
Sec. 708. Limitation on contribution of currency.
TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS
Sec. 801. Prohibition of leadership committees.
Sec. 802. Polling data contributed to candidates.
Sec. 803. Debates by general election candidates who receive amounts from
the Presidential Election Campaign Fund.
Sec. 804. Prohibition of certain election-related activities of foreign
nationals.
Sec. 805. Amendment to FECA section 316.
Sec. 806. Telephone voting by persons with disabilities.
Sec. 807. Prohibition of use of Government aircraft in connection with
elections for Federal office.
Sec. 808. Sense of the Congress.
TITLE IX--EFFECTIVE DATES; AUTHORIZATIONS
Sec. 901. Effective date.
Sec. 902. Budget neutrality.
Sec. 903. Severability.
Sec. 904. Expedited review of constitutional issues.
TITLE I--CONTROL OF CONGRESSIONAL CAMPAIGN SPENDING
Subtitle A--Senate Election Campaign Spending Limits and Benefits
SEC. 101. SENATE SPENDING LIMITS AND BENEFITS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- FECA is amended by adding at the end thereof the following
 new title:
`TITLE V--SPENDING LIMITS AND BENEFITS FOR SENATE ELECTION CAMPAIGNS
`SEC. 501. CANDIDATES ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE BENEFITS.
 `(a) IN GENERAL- For purposes of this title, a candidate is an eligible
 Senate candidate if the candidate--
 `(1) meets the primary and general election filing requirements of subsections
 (b) and (c);
 `(2) meets the primary and runoff election expenditure limits of subsection
 (d); and
 `(3) meets the threshold contribution requirements of subsection (e).
 `(b) PRIMARY FILING REQUIREMENTS- (1) The requirements of this subsection
 are met if the candidate files with the Secretary of the Senate a declaration
 that--
 `(A) the candidate and the candidate's authorized committees--
 `(i) will meet the primary and runoff election expenditure limits of
 subsection (d); and
 `(ii) will only accept contributions for the primary and runoff elections
 which do not exceed such limits;
 `(B) the candidate and the candidate's authorized committees will meet the
 general election expenditure limit under section 502(b); and
 `(C) the candidate and the candidate's authorized committees will meet the
 limitation on expenditures from personal funds under section 502(a).
 `(2) The declaration under paragraph (1) shall be filed not later than the
 date the candidate files as a candidate for the primary election.
 `(c) GENERAL ELECTION FILING REQUIREMENTS- (1) The requirements of this
 subsection are met if the candidate files a certification with the Secretary
 of the Senate under penalty of perjury that--
 `(A) the candidate and the candidate's authorized committees--
 `(i) met the primary and runoff election expenditure limits under subsection
 (d); and
 `(ii) did not accept contributions for the primary or runoff election in
 excess of the primary or runoff expenditure limit under subsection (d),
 whichever is applicable, reduced by any amounts transferred to this election
 cycle from a preceding election cycle;
 `(B) the candidate met the threshold contribution requirement under
 subsection (e), and that only allowable contributions were taken into
 account in meeting such requirement;
 `(C) at least one other candidate has qualified for the same general election
 ballot under the law of the State involved;
 `(D) such candidate and the authorized committees of such candidate--
 `(i) except as otherwise provided by this title, will not make expenditures
 which exceed the general election expenditure limit under section 502(b);
 `(ii) will not accept any contributions in violation of section 315;
 `(iii) except as otherwise provided by this title, will not accept any
 contribution for the general election involved to the extent that such
 contribution would cause the aggregate amount of such contributions to
 exceed the sum of the amount of the general election expenditure limit
 under section 502(b) and the amounts described in subsections (c) and (d)
 of section 502, reduced by--
 `(I) the amount of voter communication vouchers issued to the candidate; and
 `(II) any amounts transferred to this election cycle from a previous election
 cycle and not taken into account under subparagraph (A)(ii);
 `(iv) will deposit all payments received under this title in an account
 insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation from which funds may
 be withdrawn by check or similar means of payment to third parties;
 `(v) will furnish campaign records, evidence of contributions, and other
 appropriate information to the Commission; and
 `(vi) will cooperate in the case of any audit and examination by the
 Commission under section 506; and
 `(E) the candidate intends to make use of the benefits provided under
 section 503.
 `(2) The declaration under paragraph (1) shall be filed not later than 7
 days after the earlier of--
 `(A) the date the candidate qualifies for the general election ballot under
 State law; or
 `(B) if, under State law, a primary or runoff election to qualify for the
 general election ballot occurs after September 1, the date the candidate
 wins the primary or runoff election.
 `(d) PRIMARY AND RUNOFF EXPENDITURE LIMITS- (1) The requirements of this
 subsection are met if:
 `(A) The candidate or the candidate's authorized committees did not make
 expenditures for the primary election in excess of the lesser of--
 `(i) 67 percent of the general election expenditure limit under section
 502(b); or
 `(ii) $2,750,000.
 `(B) The candidate and the candidate's authorized committees did not make
 expenditures for any runoff election in excess of 20 percent of the general
 election expenditure limit under section 502(b).
 `(2) The limitations under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1)
 with respect to any candidate shall be increased by the aggregate amount
 of independent expenditures in opposition to, or on behalf of any opponent
 of, such candidate during the primary or runoff election period, whichever
 is applicable, which are required to be reported to the Secretary of the
 Senate with respect to such period under section 304(c).
 `(3)(A) If the contributions received by the candidate or the candidate's
 authorized committees for the primary election or runoff election exceed
 the expenditures for either such election, such excess contributions shall
 be treated as contributions for the general election and expenditures for
 the general election may be made from such excess contributions.
 `(B) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to the extent that such treatment of
 excess contributions--
 `(i) would result in the violation of any limitation under section 315; or
 `(ii) would cause the aggregate contributions received for the general
 election to exceed the limits under subsection (c)(1)(D)(iii).
 `(e) THRESHOLD CONTRIBUTION REQUIREMENTS- (1) The requirements of this
 subsection are met if the candidate and the candidate's authorized committees
 have received allowable contributions during the applicable period in an
 amount at least equal to the lesser of--
 `(A) 10 percent of the general election expenditure limit under section
 502(b); or
 `(B) $250,000.
 `(2) For purposes of this section and section 503(b)--
 `(A) The term `allowable contributions' means contributions which are
 made as gifts of money by an individual pursuant to a written instrument
 identifying such individual as the contributor.
 `(B) The term `allowable contributions' shall not include--
 `(i) contributions made directly or indirectly through an intermediary or
 conduit which are treated as made by such intermediary or conduit under
 section 315(a)(8)(B);
 `(ii) contributions from any individual during the applicable period to
 the extent such contributions exceed $250; or
 `(iii) contributions from individuals residing outside the candidate's
 State to the extent such contributions exceed 50 percent of the aggregate
 allowable contributions (without regard to this clause) received by the
 candidate during the applicable period.
Clauses (ii) and (iii) shall not apply for purposes of section 503(b).
 `(3) For purposes of this subsection and section 503(b), the term `applicable
 period' means--
 `(A) the period beginning on January 1 of the calendar year preceding the
 calendar year of the general election involved and ending on--
 `(i) the date on which the certification under subsection (c) is filed by
 the candidate; or
 `(ii) for purposes of section 503(b), the date of such general election; or
 `(B) in the case of a special election for the office of United States
 Senator, the period beginning on the date the vacancy in such office occurs
 and ending on the date of the general election involved.
 `(f) INDEXING- The $2,750,000 amount under subsection (d)(1) shall be
 increased as of the beginning of each calendar year based on the increase in
 the price index determined under section 315(c), except that, for purposes
 of subsection (d)(1), the base period shall be calendar year 1992.
`SEC. 502. LIMITATIONS ON EXPENDITURES.
 `(a) LIMITATION ON USE OF PERSONAL FUNDS- (1) The aggregate amount of
 expenditures which may be made during an election cycle by an eligible
 Senate candidate or such candidate's authorized committees from the sources
 described in paragraph (2) shall not exceed the lesser of--
 `(A) 10 percent of the general election expenditure limit under subsection
 (b); or
 `(B) $250,000.
 `(2) A source is described in this paragraph if it is--
 `(A) personal funds of the candidate and members of the candidate's immediate
 family; or
 `(B) personal debt incurred by the candidate and members of the candidate's
 immediate family.
 `(b) GENERAL ELECTION EXPENDITURE LIMIT- (1) Except as otherwise provided
 in this title, the aggregate amount of expenditures for a general election
 by an eligible Senate candidate and the candidate's authorized committees
 shall not exceed the lesser of--
 `(A) $5,500,000; or
 `(B) the greater of--
 `(i) $950,000; or
 `(ii) $400,000; plus
 `(I) 30 cents multiplied by the voting age population not in excess of
 4,000,000; and
 `(II) 25 cents multiplied by the voting age population in excess of 4,000,000.
 `(2) In the case of an eligible Senate candidate in a State which has
 no more than 1 transmitter for a commercial Very High Frequency (VHF)
 television station licensed to operate in that State, paragraph (1)(B)(ii)
 shall be applied by substituting--
 `(A) `80 cents' for `30 cents' in subclause (I); and
 `(B) `70 cents' for `25 cents' in subclause (II).
 `(3) The amount otherwise determined under paragraph (1) for any calendar
 year shall be increased by the same percentage as the percentage increase
 for such calendar year under section 501(f) (relating to indexing).
 `(c) LEGAL AND ACCOUNTING COMPLIANCE FUND- (1) The limitation under subsection
 (b) shall not apply to qualified legal and accounting expenditures made by a
 candidate or the candidate's authorized committees or a Federal officeholder
 from a legal and accounting compliance fund meeting the requirements of
 paragraph (2).
 `(2) A legal and accounting compliance fund meets the requirements of this
 paragraph if--
 `(A) the only amounts transferred to the fund are amounts received in
 accordance with the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements
 of this Act;
 `(B) the aggregate amounts transferred to, and expenditures made from,
 the fund do not exceed the sum of--
 `(i) the lesser of--
 `(I) 15 percent of the general election expenditure limit under subsection
 (b) for the general election for which the fund was established; or
 `(II) $300,000; plus
 `(ii) the amount determined under paragraph (4); and
 `(C) no funds received by the candidate pursuant to section 503(a)(3)
 may be transferred to the fund.
 `(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term `qualified legal and accounting
 expenditures' means the following:
 `(A) Any expenditures for costs of legal and accounting services provided
 in connection with--
 `(i) any administrative or court proceeding initiated pursuant to this Act
 during the election cycle for such general election; or
 `(ii) the preparation of any documents or reports required by this Act or
 the Commission.
 `(B) Any expenditures for legal and accounting services provided in
 connection with the general election for which the legal and accounting
 compliance fund was established to ensure compliance with this Act with
 respect to the election cycle for such general election.
 `(4)(A) If, after a general election, a candidate determines that the
 qualified legal and accounting expenditures will exceed the limitation
 under paragraph (2)(B)(i), the candidate may petition the Commission by
 filing with the Secretary of the Senate a request for an increase in such
 limitation. The Commission shall authorize an increase in such limitation
 in the amount (if any) by which the Commission determines the qualified
 legal and accounting expenditures exceed such limitation. Such determination
 shall be subject to judicial review under section 506.
 `(B) Except as provided in section 315, any contribution received or
 expenditure made pursuant to this paragraph shall not be taken into account
 for any contribution or expenditure limit applicable to the candidate under
 this title.
 `(5) Any funds in a legal and accounting compliance fund shall be treated for
 purposes of this Act as a separate segregated fund, except that any portion
 of the fund not used to pay qualified legal and accounting expenditures, and
 not transferred to a legal and accounting compliance fund for the election
 cycle for the next general election, shall be treated in the same manner
 as other campaign funds.
 `(d) PAYMENT OF TAXES- The limitation under subsection (b) shall not apply
 to any expenditure for Federal, State, or local taxes with respect to a
 candidate's authorized committees.
 `(e) EXPENDITURES- For purposes of this title, the term `expenditure' has
 the meaning given such term by section 301(9), except that in determining
 any expenditures made by, or on behalf of, a candidate or a candidate's
 authorized committees, section 301(9)(B) shall be applied without regard
 to clause (ii) or (vi) thereof.
`SEC. 503. BENEFITS ELIGIBLE CANDIDATE ENTITLED TO RECEIVE.
 `(a) IN GENERAL- An eligible Senate candidate shall be entitled to--
 `(1) the broadcast media rates provided under section 315(b) of the
 Communications Act of 1934;
 `(2) the mailing rates provided in section 3626(e) of title 39, United
 States Code;
 `(3) payments in the amounts determined under subsection (b); and
 `(4) voter communication vouchers in the amount determined under subsection
 (c).
 `(b) AMOUNT OF PAYMENTS- (1) For purposes of subsection (a)(3), the amounts
 determined under this subsection are--
 `(A) the independent expenditure amount; and
 `(B) in the case of an eligible Senate candidate who has an opponent in
 the general election who receives contributions, or makes (or obligates
 to make) expenditures, for such election in excess of the general election
 expenditure limit under section 502(b), the excess expenditure amount.
 `(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the independent expenditure amount is
 the total amount of independent expenditures made, or obligated to be made,
 during the general election period by 1 or more persons in opposition to,
 or on behalf of an opponent of, an eligible Senate candidate which are
 required to be reported by such persons under section 304(c) with respect
 to the general election period and are certified by the Commission under
 section 304(c).
 `(3) For purposes of paragraph (1), the excess expenditure amount is the
 amount determined as follows:
 `(A) In the case of a major party candidate, an amount equal to the sum of--
 `(i) if the excess described in paragraph (1)(B) is not greater than 133
 1/3  percent of the general election expenditure limit under section 502(b),
 an amount equal to one-third of such limit applicable to the eligible Senate
 candidate for the election; plus
 `(ii) if such excess equals or exceeds 133 1/3  percent but is less than 166
 2/3  percent of such limit, an amount equal to one-third of such limit; plus
 `(iii) if such excess equals or exceeds 166 2/3  percent of such limit,
 an amount equal to one-third of such limit.
 `(B) In the case of an eligible Senate candidate who is not a major party
 candidate, an amount equal to the lesser of--
 `(i) the allowable contributions of the eligible Senate candidate during
 the applicable period in excess of the threshold contribution requirement
 under section 501(e); or
 `(ii) 50 percent of the general election expenditure limit applicable to
 the eligible Senate candidate under section 502(b).
 `(c) VOTER COMMUNICATION VOUCHERS- (1) The aggregate amount of voter
 communication vouchers issued to an eligible Senate candidate shall be equal
 to 20 percent of the general election expenditure limit under section 502(b)
 (10 percent of such limit if such candidate is not a major party candidate).
 `(2) Voter communication vouchers shall be used by an eligible Senate
 candidate to purchase broadcast time during the general election period in
 the same manner as other broadcast time may be purchased by the candidate.
 `(d) WAIVER OF EXPENDITURE AND CONTRIBUTION LIMITS- (1) An eligible Senate
 candidate who receives payments under subsection (a)(3) which are allocable
 to the independent expenditure or excess expenditure amounts described in
 paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (b) may make expenditures from such
 payments to defray expenditures for the general election without regard to
 the general election expenditure limit under section 502(b).
 `(2)(A) An eligible Senate candidate who receives benefits under this
 section may make expenditures for the general election without regard to
 clause (i) of section 501(c)(1)(D) or subsection (a) or (b) of section
 502 if any one of the eligible Senate candidate's opponents who is not an
 eligible Senate candidate either raises aggregate contributions, or makes or
 becomes obligated to make aggregate expenditures, for the general election
 that exceed 200 percent of the general election expenditure limit applicable
 to the eligible Senate candidate under section 502(b).
 `(B) The amount of the expenditures which may be made by reason of
 subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 100 percent of the general election
 expenditure limit under section 502(b).
 `(3)(A) A candidate who receives benefits under this section may receive
 contributions for the general election without regard to clause (iii)
 of section 501(c)(1)(D) if--
 `(i) a major party candidate in the same general election is not an eligible
 Senate candidate; or
 `(ii) any other candidate in the same general election who is not an
 eligible Senate candidate raises aggregate contributions, or makes or
 becomes obligated to make aggregate expenditures, for the general election
 that exceed 75 percent of the general election expenditure limit applicable
 to such other candidate under section 502(b).
 `(B) The amount of contributions which may be received by reason of
 subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 100 percent of the general election
 expenditure limit under section 502(b).
 `(e) USE OF PAYMENTS- Payments received by a candidate under subsection
 (a)(3) shall be used to defray expenditures incurred with respect to the
 general election period for the candidate. Such payments shall not be used--
 `(1) except as provided in paragraph (4), to make any payments, directly
 or indirectly, to such candidate or to any member of the immediate family
 of such candidate;
 `(2) to make any expenditure other than expenditures to further the general
 election of such candidate;
 `(3) to make any expenditures which constitute a violation of any law of
 the United States or of the State in which the expenditure is made; or
 `(4) subject to the provisions of section 315(k), to repay any loan to any
 person except to the extent the proceeds of such loan were used to further
 the general election of such candidate.
`SEC. 504. CERTIFICATION BY COMMISSION.
 `(a) IN GENERAL- (1) The Commission shall certify to any candidate meeting
 the requirements of section 502 that such candidate is an eligible Senate
 candidate entitled to benefits under this title. The Commission shall revoke
 such certification if it determines a candidate fails to continue to meet
 such requirements.
 `(2) No later than 48 hours after an eligible Senate candidate files a request
 with the Secretary of the Senate to receive benefits under section 505,
 the Commission shall issue a certification stating whether such candidate
 is eligible for payments under this title or to receive voter communication
 vouchers and the amount of such payments or vouchers to which such candidate
 is entitled. The request referred to in the preceding sentence shall contain--
 `(A) such information and be made in accordance with such procedures as
 the Commission may provide by regulation; and
 `(B) a verification signed by the candidate and the treasurer of the principal
 campaign committee of such candidate stating that the information furnished
 in support of the request, to the best of their knowledge, is correct and
 fully satisfies the requirements of this title.
 `(b) DETERMINATIONS BY COMMISSION- All determinations (including
 certifications under subsection (a)) made by the Commission under this title
 shall be final and conclusive, except to the extent that they are subject
 to examination and audit by the Commission under section 505 and judicial
 review under section 506.
`SEC. 505. EXAMINATION AND AUDITS; REPAYMENTS; CIVIL PENALTIES.
 `(a) EXAMINATION AND AUDITS- (1) After each general election, the Commission
 shall conduct an examination and audit of the campaign accounts of 10 percent
 of all candidates for the office of United States Senator to determine, among
 other things, whether such candidates have complied with the expenditure
 limits and conditions of eligibility of this title, and other requirements
 of this Act. Such candidates shall be designated by the Commission through
 the use of an appropriate statistical method of random selection. If the
 Commission selects a candidate, the Commission shall examine and audit the
 campaign accounts of all other candidates in the general election for the
 office the selected candidate is seeking.
 `(2) The Commission may conduct an examination and audit of the campaign
 accounts of any candidate in a general election for the office of United
 States Senator if the Commission determines that there exists reason to
 believe that such candidate may have violated any provision of this title.
 `(b) EXCESS PAYMENTS; REVOCATION OF STATUS- (1) If the Commission determines
 that payments or vouchers were made to an eligible Senate candidate under
 this title in excess of the aggregate amounts to which such candidate was
 entitled, the Commission shall so notify such candidate, and such candidate
 shall pay an amount equal to the excess.
 `(2) If the Commission revokes the certification of a candidate as an
 eligible Senate candidate under section 504(a)(1), the Commission shall
 notify the candidate, and the candidate shall pay an amount equal to the
 payments and vouchers received under this title.
 `(c) MISUSE OF BENEFITS- If the Commission determines that any amount of
 any benefit made available to an eligible Senate candidate under this title
 was not used as provided for in this title, the Commission shall so notify
 such candidate and such candidate shall pay the amount of such benefit.
 `(d) EXCESS EXPENDITURES- If the Commission determines that any eligible
 Senate candidate who has received benefits under this title has made
 expenditures which in the aggregate exceed--
 `(1) the primary or runoff expenditure limit under section 501(d); or
 `(2) the general election expenditure limit under section 502(b),
the Commission shall so notify such candidate and such candidate shall pay
an amount equal to the amount of the excess expenditures.
 `(e) CIVIL PENALTIES FOR EXCESS EXPENDITURES AND CONTRIBUTIONS- (1) If the
 Commission determines that a candidate has committed a violation described
 in subsection (c), the Commission may assess a civil penalty against such
 candidate in an amount not greater than 200 percent of the amount involved.
 `(2)(A) LOW AMOUNT OF EXCESS EXPENDITURES- Any eligible Senate candidate
 who makes expenditures that exceed any limitation described in paragraph
 (1) or (2) of subsection (d) by 2.5 percent or less shall pay an amount
 equal to the amount of the excess expenditures.
 `(B) MEDIUM AMOUNT OF EXCESS EXPENDITURES- Any eligible Senate candidate who
 makes expenditures that exceed any limitation described in paragraph (1) or
 (2) of subsection (d) by more than 2.5 percent and less than 5 percent shall
 pay an amount equal to three times the amount of the excess expenditures.
 `(C) LARGE AMOUNT OF EXCESS EXPENDITURES- Any eligible Senate candidate who
 makes expenditures that exceed any limitation described in paragraph (1)
 or (2) of subsection (d) by 5 percent or more shall pay an amount equal to
 three times the amount of the excess expenditures plus a civil penalty in
 an amount determined by the Commission.
 `(f) UNEXPENDED FUNDS- Any amount received by an eligible Senate candidate
 under this title may be retained for a period not exceeding 120 days after
 the date of the general election for the liquidation of all obligations
 to pay expenditures for the general election incurred during the general
 election period. At the end of such 120-day period, any unexpended funds
 received under this title shall be promptly repaid.
 `(g) LIMIT ON PERIOD FOR NOTIFICATION- No notification shall be made by the
 Commission under this section with respect to an election more than three
 years after the date of such election.
`SEC. 506. JUDICIAL REVIEW.
 `(a) JUDICIAL REVIEW- Any agency action by the Commission made under the
 provisions of this title shall be subject to review by the United States
 Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit upon petition filed
 in such court within thirty days after the agency action by the Commission
 for which review is sought. It shall be the duty of the Court of Appeals,
 ahead of all matters not filed under this title, to advance on the docket
 and expeditiously take action on all petitions filed pursuant to this title.
 `(b) APPLICATION OF TITLE 5- The provisions of chapter 7 of title 5,
 United States Code, shall apply to judicial review of any agency action by
 the Commission.
 `(c) AGENCY ACTION- For purposes of this section, the term `agency action' has
 the meaning given such term by section 551(13) of title 5, United States Code.
`SEC. 507. PARTICIPATION BY COMMISSION IN JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS.
 `(a) APPEARANCES- The Commission is authorized to appear in and defend
 against any action instituted under this section and under section 506
 either by attorneys employed in its office or by counsel whom it may
 appoint without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code,
 governing appointments in the competitive service, and whose compensation
 it may fix without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter
 III of chapter 53 of such title.
 `(b) INSTITUTION OF ACTIONS- The Commission is authorized, through attorneys
 and counsel described in subsection (a), to institute actions in the district
 courts of the United States to seek recovery of any amounts determined
 under this title to be payable to the Secretary.
 `(c) INJUNCTIVE RELIEF- The Commission is authorized, through attorneys and
 counsel described in subsection (a), to petition the courts of the United
 States for such injunctive relief as is appropriate in order to implement
 any provision of this title.
 `(d) APPEALS- The Commission is authorized on behalf of the United States
 to appeal from, and to petition the Supreme Court for certiorari to review,
 judgments or decrees entered with respect to actions in which it appears
 pursuant to the authority provided in this section.
`SEC. 508. REPORTS TO CONGRESS; REGULATIONS.
 `(a) REPORTS- The Commission shall, as soon as practicable after each
 election, submit a full report to the Senate setting forth--
 `(1) the expenditures (shown in such detail as the Commission determines
 appropriate) made by each eligible Senate candidate and the authorized
 committees of such candidate;
 `(2) the amounts certified by the Commission under section 504 as benefits
 available to each eligible Senate candidate; and
 `(3) the amount of repayments, if any, required under section 505 and the
 reasons for each repayment required.
Each report submitted pursuant to this section shall be printed as a Senate
document.
 `(b) RULES AND REGULATIONS- The Commission is authorized to prescribe such
 rules and regulations, in accordance with the provisions of subsection
 (c), to conduct such examinations and investigations, and to require the
 keeping and submission of such books, records, and information, as it deems
 necessary to carry out the functions and duties imposed on it by this title.
 `(c) STATEMENT TO SENATE- Thirty days before prescribing any rules or
 regulation under subsection (b), the Commission shall transmit to the Senate
 a statement setting forth the proposed rule or regulation and containing
 a detailed explanation and justification of such rule or regulation.
`SEC. 509. CLOSED CAPTIONING REQUIREMENT FOR TELEVISION COMMERCIALS OF
ELIGIBLE SENATE CANDIDATES.
 `No eligible Senate candidate may receive amounts under section 503(a)(3)
 unless such candidate has certified that any television commercial prepared
 or distributed by the candidate will be prepared in a manner that contains,
 is accompanied by, or otherwise readily permits closed captioning of the
 oral content of the commercial to be broadcast by way of line 21 of the
 vertical blanking interval, or by way of comparable successor technologies.'.
 (b) EFFECTIVE DATES- (1) Except as provided in this subsection, the amendment
 made by subsection (a) shall apply to elections occurring after December
 31, 1993.
 (2) For purposes of any expenditure or contribution limit imposed by the
 amendment made by subsection (a)--
 (A) no expenditure made before January 1, 1993, shall be taken into account,
 except that there shall be taken into account any such expenditure for
 goods or services to be provided after such date; and
 (B) all cash, cash items, and Government securities on hand as of January 1,
 1993, shall be taken into account in determining whether the contribution
 limit is met, except that there shall not be taken into account amounts
 used during the 60-day period beginning on January 1, 1993, to pay for
 expenditures which were incurred (but unpaid) before such date.
 (c) EFFECT OF INVALIDITY ON OTHER PROVISIONS OF ACT- If section 501, 502,
 or 503 of title V of FECA (as added by this section), or any part thereof,
 is held to be invalid, all provisions of, and amendments made by, this Act
 shall be treated as invalid.
SEC. 102. RESTRICTIONS ON ACTIVITIES OF POLITICAL ACTION AND CANDIDATE
COMMITTEES IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS.
 (a) CONTRIBUTIONS- Section 315 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a) is amended by adding
 at the end the following new subsection:
 `(i) CONTRIBUTIONS BY POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES TO SENATE CANDIDATES-
 (1) In the case of a candidate for election, or nomination for election,
 to the United States Senate (and such candidate's authorized committees),
 subsection (a)(2)(A) shall be applied by substituting `$2,500' for `$5,000'.
 `(2) It shall be unlawful for a multicandidate political committee to make
 a contribution to a candidate for election, or nomination for election,
 to the United States Senate (or an authorized committee) to the extent
 that the making of the contribution will cause the amount of contributions
 received by the candidate and the candidate's authorized committees from
 multicandidate political committees to exceed the lesser of--
 `(A) $825,000; or
 `(B) the greater of--
 `(i) $375,000; or
 `(ii) 20 percent of the sum of the general election spending limit under
 section 502(b) plus the primary election spending limit under section
 501(d)(1)(A) (without regard to whether the candidate is an eligible Senate
 candidate).
 `(3) In the case of an election cycle in which there is a runoff election,
 the limit determined under paragraph (2) shall be increased by an amount
 equal to 20 percent of the runoff election expenditure limit under section
 501(d)(1)(B) (without regard to whether the candidate is such an eligible
 Senate candidate).
 `(4) The $825,000 and $375,000 amounts in paragraph (2) shall be increased
 as of the beginning of each calendar year based on the increase in the price
 index determined under section 315(c), except that for purposes of paragraph
 (2), the base period shall be calendar year 1992.
 `(5) A candidate or authorized committee that receives a contribution from
 a multicandidate political committee in excess of the amount allowed under
 paragraph (2) shall return the amount of such excess contribution to the
 contributor.'.
SEC. 103. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
 Title III of FECA is amended by adding after section 304 the following
 new section:
`REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR SENATE CANDIDATES
 `SEC. 304A. (a) CANDIDATE OTHER THAN ELIGIBLE SENATE CANDIDATE- (1) Each
 candidate for the office of United States Senator who does not file a
 certification with the Secretary of the Senate under section 501(c) shall
 file with the Secretary of the Senate a declaration as to whether such
 candidate intends to make expenditures for the general election in excess
 of the general election expenditure limit applicable to an eligible Senate
 candidate under section 502(b). Such declaration shall be filed at the time
 provided in section 501(c)(2).
 `(2) Any candidate for the United States Senate who qualifies for the ballot
 for a general election--
 `(A) who is not an eligible Senate candidate under section 501; and
 `(B) who either raises aggregate contributions, or makes or obligates
 to make aggregate expenditures, for the general election which exceed 75
 percent of the general election expenditure limit applicable to an eligible
 Senate candidate under section 502(b),
shall file a report with the Secretary of the Senate within 24 hours after
such contributions have been raised or such expenditures have been made
or obligated to be made (or, if later, within 24 hours after the date
of qualification for the general election ballot), setting forth the
candidate's total contributions and total expenditures for such election
as of such date. Thereafter, such candidate shall file additional reports
(until such contributions or expenditures exceed 200 percent of such limit)
with the Secretary of the Senate within 24 hours after each time additional
contributions are raised, or expenditures are made or are obligated to be
made, which in the aggregate exceed an amount equal to 10 percent of such
limit and after the total contributions or expenditures exceed 133 1/3 ,
166 2/3 , and 200 percent of such limit.
 `(3) The Commission--
 `(A) shall, within 24 hours of receipt of a declaration or report under
 paragraph (1) or (2), notify each eligible Senate candidate in the election
 involved about such declaration or report; and
 `(B) if an opposing candidate has raised aggregate contributions, or made or
 has obligated to make aggregate expenditures, in excess of the applicable
 general election expenditure limit under section 502(b), shall certify,
 pursuant to the provisions of subsection (d), such eligibility for payment
 of any amount to which such eligible Senate candidate is entitled under
 section 503(a).
 `(4) Notwithstanding the reporting requirements under this subsection, the
 Commission may make its own determination that a candidate in a general
 election who is not an eligible Senate candidate has raised aggregate
 contributions, or made or has obligated to make aggregate expenditures,
 in the amounts which would require a report under paragraph (2). The
 Commission shall, within 24 hours after making each such determination,
 notify each eligible Senate candidate in the general election involved
 about such determination, and shall, when such contributions or expenditures
 exceed the general election expenditure limit under section 502(b), certify
 (pursuant to the provisions of subsection (d)) such candidate's eligibility
 for payment of any amount under section 503(a).
 `(b) REPORTS ON PERSONAL FUNDS- (1) Any candidate for the United States
 Senate who during the election cycle expends more than the limitation under
 section 502(a) during the election cycle from his personal funds, the funds
 of his immediate family, and personal loans incurred by the candidate and
 the candidate's immediate family shall file a report with the Secretary
 of the Senate within 24 hours after such expenditures have been made or
 loans incurred.
 `(2) The Commission within 24 hours after a report has been filed under
 paragraph (1) shall notify each eligible Senate candidate in the election
 involved about each such report.
 `(3) Notwithstanding the reporting requirements under this subsection, the
 Commission may make its own determination that a candidate for the United
 States Senate has made expenditures in excess of the amount under paragraph
 (1). The Commission within 24 hours after making such determination shall
 notify each eligible Senate candidate in the general election involved
 about each such determination.
 `(c) CANDIDATES FOR OTHER OFFICES- (1) Each individual--
 `(A) who becomes a candidate for the office of United States Senator;
 `(B) who, during the election cycle for such office, held any other Federal,
 State, or local office or was a candidate for such other office; and
 `(C) who expended any amount during such election cycle before becoming a
 candidate for the office of United States Senator which would have been
 treated as an expenditure if such individual had been such a candidate,
 including amounts for activities to promote the image or name recognition
 of such individual,
shall, within 7 days of becoming a candidate for the office of United States
Senator, report to the Secretary of the Senate the amount and nature of
such expenditures.
 `(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any expenditures in connection with a
 Federal, State, or local election which has been held before the individual
 becomes a candidate for the office of United States Senator.
 `(3) The Commission shall, as soon as practicable, make a determination as
 to whether the amounts included in the report under paragraph (1) were made
 for purposes of influencing the election of the individual to the office
 of United States Senator.
 `(d) CERTIFICATIONS- Notwithstanding section 505(a), the certification
 required by this section shall be made by the Commission on the basis of
 reports filed in accordance with the provisions of this Act, or on the
 basis of such Commission's own investigation or determination.
 `(e) COPIES OF REPORTS AND PUBLIC INSPECTION- The Secretary of the Senate
 shall transmit a copy of any report or filing received under this section
 or of title V (whenever a 24-hour response is required of the Commission)
 as soon as possible (but no later than 4 working hours of the Commission)
 after receipt of such report or filing, and shall make such report or
 filing available for public inspection and copying in the same manner as
 the Commission under section 311(a)(4), and shall preserve such reports
 and filings in the same manner as the Commission under section 311(a)(5).
 `(f) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section, any term used in this
 section which is used in title V shall have the same meaning as when used
 in title V.'.
SEC. 104. DISCLOSURE BY NONELIGIBLE CANDIDATES.
 Section 318 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441d), as amended by section 133, is amended
 by adding at the end thereof the following:
 `(e) If a broadcast, cablecast, or other communication is paid for or
 authorized by a candidate in the general election for the office of United
 States Senator who is not an eligible Senate candidate, or the authorized
 committee of such candidate, such communication shall contain the following
 sentence: `This candidate has not agreed to voluntary campaign spending
 limits.'.'.
Subtitle B--Expenditure Limitations, Contribution Limitations, and Matching
Funds for Eligible House of Representatives Candidates
SEC. 121. PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO ELIGIBLE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
CANDIDATES.
 (a) IN GENERAL- FECA, as amended by section 101(a), is amended by adding
 at the end the following new title:
`TITLE VI--EXPENDITURE LIMITATIONS, CONTRIBUTION LIMITATIONS, AND MATCHING
FUNDS FOR ELIGIBLE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES CANDIDATES
`SEC. 601. EXPENDITURE LIMITATIONS.
 `(a) IN GENERAL- An eligible House of Representatives candidate may not,
 in an election cycle, make expenditures aggregating more than $600,000, of
 which not more than $500,000 may be expended in the general election period.
 `(b) RUNOFF ELECTION AND SPECIAL ELECTION AMOUNTS-
 `(1) RUNOFF ELECTION AMOUNT- In addition to the expenditures under subsection
 (a), an eligible House of Representatives candidate who is a candidate in a
 runoff election may make expenditures aggregating not more than 20 percent
 of the general election period limit under subsection (a).
 `(2) SPECIAL ELECTION AMOUNT- An eligible House of Representatives candidate
 who is a candidate in a special election may make expenditures aggregating
 not more than $500,000 with respect to the special election.
 `(c) CLOSELY CONTESTED PRIMARY- If, as determined by the Commission,
 an eligible House of Representatives candidate in a contested primary
 election wins that primary election by a margin of 10 percentage points or
 less, subject to the general election period limitation in subsection (a),
 the candidate may make additional expenditures of not more than $150,000
 in the general election period. The additional expenditures shall be from
 contributions described in section 603(h) and payments described in section
 604(f).
 `(d) NONPARTICIPATING OPPONENT PROVISIONS-
 `(1) LIMITATION EXCEPTION- The limitations imposed by subsections (a) and (b)
 do not apply in the case of an eligible House of Representatives candidate
 if any other candidate seeking nomination or election to that office--
 `(A) is not an eligible House of Representatives candidate; and
 `(B) makes expenditures in excess of 80 percent of the general election
 period limitation specified in subsection (a).
 `(2) CONTINUED ELIGIBILITY AND ADDITIONAL MATCHING FUNDS- An eligible House
 of Representatives candidate referred to in paragraph (1)--
 `(A) shall continue to be eligible for all benefits under this title; and
 `(B) shall receive matching funds without regard to the ceiling under
 section 604(a).
 `(3) REPORTING REQUIREMENT- A candidate for the office of Representative in,
 or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress--
 `(A) who is not an eligible House of Representatives candidate; and
 `(B) who--
 `(i) receives contributions in excess of 50 percent of the general election
 period limitation specified in subsection (a)(1); or
 `(ii) makes expenditures in excess of 80 percent of such limit;
shall report that the threshold has been reached to the Clerk of the House
of Representatives not later than 48 hours after reaching the threshold. The
Clerk shall transmit a report received under this paragraph to the Commission
as soon as possible (but no later than 4 working hours of the Commission)
after such receipt, and the Commission shall transmit a copy to each other
candidate in the election within 48 hours of receipt.
 `(e) EXEMPTION FOR CERTAIN COSTS AND TAXES- Payments for legal and accounting
 compliance costs, and Federal, State, or local taxes with respect to a
 candidate's authorized committees, shall not be considered in the computation
 of amounts subject to limitation under this section.
 `(f) EXEMPTION FOR FUNDRAISING COSTS-
 `(1) Any costs incurred by an eligible House of Representatives candidate
 or his or her authorized committee in connection with the solicitation of
 contributions on behalf of such candidate shall not be considered in the
 computation of amounts subject to limitation under this section to the
 extent that the aggregate of such costs does not exceed 5 percent of the
 limitation under subsection (a) or subsection (b).
 `(2) An amount equal to 5 percent of salaries and overhead expenditures of
 an eligible House of Representatives candidate's campaign headquarters and
 offices shall not be considered in the computation of amounts subject to
 limitation under this section. Any amount excluded under this paragraph shall
 be applied against the fundraising expenditure exemption under paragraph (1).
 `(g) CIVIL PENALTIES-
 `(1) LOW AMOUNT OF EXCESS EXPENDITURES- Any eligible House of Representatives
 candidate who makes expenditures that exceed a limitation under subsection
 (a) or subsection (b) by 2.5 percent or less shall pay to the Commission
 an amount equal to the amount of the excess expenditures.
 `(2) MEDIUM AMOUNT OF EXCESS EXPENDITURES- Any eligible House of
 Representatives candidate who makes expenditures that exceed a limitation
 under subsection (a) or subsection (b) by more than 2.5 percent and less
 than 5 percent shall pay to the Commission an amount equal to three times
 the amount of the excess expenditures.
 `(3) LARGE AMOUNT OF EXCESS EXPENDITURES- Any eligible House of
 Representatives candidate who makes expenditures that exceed a limitation
 under subsection (a) or subsection (b) by 5 percent or more shall pay to
 the Commission  an amount equal to three times the amount of the excess
 expenditures plus a civil penalty in an amount determined by the Commission.
 `(h) INDEXING- The dollar amounts specified in subsections (a), (b), (c),
 and (e) shall be adjusted at the beginning of each calendar year based on the
 increase in the price index determined under section 315(c), except that, for
 the purposes of such adjustment, the base period shall be calendar year 1992.
`SEC. 602. STATEMENT OF PARTICIPATION; CONTINUING ELIGIBILITY.
 `(a) IN GENERAL- The Commission shall determine whether a candidate is in
 compliance with this title and, by reason of such compliance, is eligible
 to receive benefits under this title. Such determination shall--
 `(1) in the case of an initial determination, be based on a statement of
 participation submitted by the candidate; and
 `(2) in the case of a determination of continuing eligibility, be based on
 relevant additional information submitted in such form and manner as the
 Commission may require.
 `(b) FILING- The statement of participation referred to in subsection (a)
 shall be filed with the Clerk of the House of Representatives not later
 than January 31 of the election year or on the date on which the candidate
 files a statement of candidacy, whichever is later. The Clerk of the House
 of Representatives shall transmit a statement received under this section
 to the Commission as soon as possible.
`SEC. 603. CONTRIBUTION LIMITATIONS.
 `(a) ELIGIBLE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES CANDIDATE LIMITATION- An eligible
 House of Representatives candidate may not, with respect to an election
 cycle, accept contributions aggregating in excess of $600,000.
 `(b) NONPARTICIPATING OPPONENT PROVISIONS- The limitations imposed
 by subsection (a) do not apply in the case of an eligible House of
 Representatives candidate if any other candidate seeking nomination or
 election to that office--
 `(1) is not an eligible House of Representatives candidate; and
 `(2) receives contributions in excess of 50 percent of the general election
 period limitation specified in section 601(a).
 `(c) TRANSFER PROVISIONS-
 `(1) If an eligible House of Representatives candidate transfers any amount
 from an election cycle to a later election cycle, the limitation with
 respect to the candidate under subsection (a) for the later cycle shall
 be an amount equal to the difference between the amount specified in that
 subsection and the amount transferred.
 `(2) If an eligible House of Representatives candidate transfers any amount
 from an election cycle to a later election cycle, each limitation with
 respect to the candidate under section 315(j) for the later cycle shall
 be one-third of the difference between the applicable amount specified in
 subsection (a) and the amount transferred.
 `(d) RUNOFF AMOUNT- In addition to the contributions under subsection (a),
 an eligible House of Representatives candidate who is a candidate in a runoff
 election may accept contributions aggregating not more than 20 percent of
 the general election expenditure limit under section 601(a) in the general
 election period. Of such contributions, one-half may be from political
 committees and one-half may be from persons referred to in section 315(j)(2).
 `(e) PERSONAL CONTRIBUTIONS-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- An eligible House of Representatives candidate may not, with
 respect to an election cycle, make contributions to his or her own campaign
 totaling more than $50,000 from the personal funds of the candidate. The
 amount that the candidate may accept from persons referred to in section
 315(j)(2) shall be reduced by the amount of contributions made under the
 preceding sentence. Contributions from the personal funds of a candidate
 may not be matched under section 604.
 `(2) LIMITATION EXCEPTION- The limitation imposed by paragraph (1) does not
 apply in the case of an eligible House of Representatives candidate if any
 other candidate--
 `(A) is not an eligible House of Representatives candidate; and
 `(B) receives contributions in excess of 50 percent of the general election
 period limitation specified in section 601(a).
 `(3) TRIPLE MATCH- An eligible House of Representatives candidate, whose
 opponent makes contributions to his or her own campaign in excess of 50
 percent of the general election period limitation specified in section
 601(a), shall receive $3 in matching funds for each $1 certified by the
 Commission as matchable for the eligible candidate.
 `(f) CIVIL PENALTIES-
 `(1) LOW AMOUNT OF EXCESS CONTRIBUTIONS- Any eligible House of Representatives
 candidate who accepts contributions that exceed the limitation under
 subsection (a) by 2.5 percent or less shall refund the excess contributions
 to the persons who made the contributions.
 `(2) MEDIUM AMOUNT OF EXCESS CONTRIBUTIONS- Any eligible House
 of Representatives candidate who accepts contributions that exceed a
 limitation under subsection (a) by more than 2.5 percent and less than
 5 percent shall pay to the Commission an amount equal to three times the
 amount of the excess contributions.
 `(3) LARGE AMOUNT OF EXCESS CONTRIBUTIONS- Any eligible House of
 Representatives candidate who accepts contributions that exceed a limitation
 under subsection (a) by 5 percent or more shall pay to the Commission  an
 amount equal to three times the amount of the excess contributions plus a
 civil penalty in an amount determined by the Commission.
 `(g) EXEMPTION FOR CERTAIN COSTS- (1) Any amount--
 `(A) accepted by a candidate for the office of Representative in, or Delegate
 or Resident Commissioner to the Congress; and
 `(B) used for legal and accounting compliance costs, or used to pay Federal,
 State, or local taxes with respect to a candidate's authorized committees
 shall not be considered in the computation of amounts subject to limitation
 under subsection (a).
 `(2) The balance of funds maintained for legal and accounting compliance
 costs by the authorized committees of an eligible House of Representatives
 candidate shall not exceed 20 percent of the limit under subsection (a)
 at any time.
 `(3) No funds received by a candidate under section 604 may be transferred
 to a separate legal and accounting compliance fund.
 `(h) CLOSELY CONTESTED PRIMARY- If, as determined by the Commission, an
 eligible House of Representatives candidate in a contested primary election
 wins that primary election by a margin of 10 percentage points or less,
 notwithstanding the limitation in subsection (a), the candidate may, in
 the general election period, accept additional contributions of not more
 than $150,000, consisting of--
 `(1) not more than $50,000 from political committees; and
 `(2) not more than $50,000 from individuals referred to in section 315(j)(2).
 `(i) INDEXING- The dollar amounts specified in subsections (a), (d), (e),
 and (h) shall be adjusted at the beginning of the calendar year based on the
 increase in the price index determined under section 315(c), except that, for
 the purposes of such adjustment, the base period shall be calendar year 1992.
`SEC. 604. MATCHING FUNDS.
 `(a) IN GENERAL- An eligible House of Representatives candidate shall be
 entitled to receive, with respect to the general election, an amount equal
 to the amount of contributions from individuals received by the candidate,
 but not more than $200,000, and not to the extent that contributions from
 any individual during the election cycle exceed $250 in the aggregate.
 `(b) INDEPENDENT EXPENDITURE PROVISION- If, with respect to a general election
 involving an eligible House of Representatives candidate, independent
 expenditures totaling $10,000 are made against the eligible House of
 Representatives candidate or in favor of another candidate, the eligible
 House of Representatives candidate shall be entitled, in addition to any
 amount received under subsection (a), to a matching payment of $10,000
 and additional matching payments equal to the amount of such independent
 expenditures above $10,000, and expenditures may be made from such payments
 without regard to the limitations in section 601.
 `(c) SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS- A candidate for the office of Representative in,
 or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress may receive matching
 funds under subsection (a) only if the candidate--
 `(1) in an election cycle, has received $60,000 in contributions from
 individuals, with not more than $250 to be taken into account per individual;
 `(2) qualifies for the general election ballot;
 `(3) has an opponent on the general election ballot; and
 `(4) files a statement of participation in which the candidate agrees to--
 `(A) comply with the limitations under sections 601 and 603;
 `(B) cooperate in the case of any audit by the Commission by furnishing
 such campaign records and other information as the Commission may require; and
 `(C) comply with any repayment requirement under section 605.
 `(d) WRITTEN INSTRUMENT REQUIREMENT- No contribution in any form other than
 a gift of money made by a written instrument that identifies the individual
 making the contribution may be used as a basis for any matching payment
 under this section.
 `(e) CERTIFICATION AND PAYMENT-
 `(1) CERTIFICATION- Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), not later
 than 5 days after receiving a request for payment, the Commission shall
 certify for payment the amount requested under subsection (a) or (b).
 `(2) PAYMENTS- The initial payment under subsection (a) to an eligible
 candidate shall be $60,000. All payments shall be--
 `(A) made not later than 48 hours after certification under paragraph (1); and
 `(B) subject to proportional reduction in the case of insufficient funds.
 `(3) INCORRECT REQUEST- If the Commission determines that any portion of
 a request is incorrect, the Commission shall withhold the certification
 for that portion only and inform the candidate as to how the candidate may
 correct the request.
 `(f) CLOSELY CONTESTED PRIMARY- If, as determined by the Commission, an
 eligible House of Representatives candidate in a contested primary election
 wins that primary election by a margin of 10 percentage points or less,
 the candidate shall be entitled to matching funds totaling not more than
 $50,000, in addition to any other amount received under this section.
 `(g) CONVERSIONS TO PERSONAL USE- A candidate may not convert any amount
 received under this section to personal use other than for reimbursement
 of verifiable prior campaign expenditures.
 `(h) INDEXING- The dollar amounts specified in subsections (a), (b),
 (c) (other than the amount in subsection (c) to be taken into account per
 individual), and (f) shall be adjusted at the beginning of the calendar year
 based on the increase in the price index determined under section 315(c),
 except that, for the purposes of such adjustment, the base period shall be
 calendar year 1992.
`SEC. 605. EXAMINATION AND AUDITS; REPAYMENTS.
 `(a) GENERAL ELECTION- After each general election, the Commission shall
 conduct an examination and audit of the campaign accounts of 10 percent
 of the eligible House of Representatives candidates, as designated by the
 Commission through the use of an appropriate statistical method of random
 selection, to determine whether such candidates have complied with the
 conditions of eligibility and other requirements of this title. No other
 factors shall be considered in carrying out such an examination and audit.
 In selecting the accounts to be examined and audited, the Commission shall
 select all eligible candidates from a congressional district where any
 eligible candidate is selected for examination and audit.
 `(b) SPECIAL ELECTION- After each special election, the Commission shall
 conduct an examination and audit of the campaign accounts of all eligible
 candidates in the election to determine whether the candidates have complied
 with the conditions of eligibility and other requirements of this title.
 `(c) AFFIRMATIVE VOTE- The Commission may conduct an examination and audit of
 the campaign accounts of any eligible House of Representatives candidate in
 a general election if the Commission, by an affirmative vote of 4 members,
 determines that there exists reason to believe that such candidate may have
 violated any provision of this title.
 `(d) PAYMENTS- If the Commission determines that any amount of a payment
 to a candidate under this title was in excess of the aggregate payments
 to which such candidate was entitled, the Commission shall so notify the
 candidate, and the candidate shall pay an amount equal to the excess.
`SEC. 606. JUDICIAL REVIEW.
 `(a) JUDICIAL REVIEW- Any agency action by the Commission made under the
 provisions of this title shall be subject to review by the United States
 Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit upon petition filed
 in such court within 30 days after the agency action by the Commission
 for which review is sought. It shall be the duty of the Court of Appeals,
 ahead of all matters not filed under this title, to advance on the docket
 and expeditiously take action on all petitions filed pursuant to this title.
 `(b) APPLICATION OF TITLE 5- The provisions of chapter 7 of title 5,
 United States Code, shall apply to judicial review of any agency action by
 the Commission.
 `(c) AGENCY ACTION- For purposes of this section, the term `agency action' has
 the meaning given such term by section 551(13) of title 5, United States Code.
`SEC. 607. PARTICIPATION BY COMMISSION IN JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS.
 `(a) APPEARANCES- The Commission is authorized to appear in and defend
 against any action instituted under this section and under section 606
 either by attorneys employed in its office or by counsel whom it may
 appoint without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code,
 governing appointments in the competitive service, and whose compensation
 it may fix without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter
 III of chapter 53 of such title.
 `(b) INSTITUTION OF ACTIONS- The Commission is authorized, through attorneys
 and counsel described in subsection (a), to institute actions in the district
 courts of the United States to seek recovery of any amounts determined
 under this title to be payable to the Secretary.
 `(c) INJUNCTIVE  RELIEF- The Commission is authorized, through attorneys and
 counsel described in subsection (a), to petition the courts of the United
 States for such injunctive relief as is appropriate in order to implement
 any provision of this title.
 `(d) APPEALS- The Commission is authorized on behalf of the United States
 to appeal from, and to petition the Supreme Court for certiorari to review,
 judgments or decrees entered with respect to actions in which it appears
 pursuant to the authority provided in this section.
`SEC. 608. REPORTS TO CONGRESS; CERTIFICATIONS; REGULATIONS.
 `(a) REPORTS- The Commission shall, as soon as practicable after each
 election, submit a full report to the House of Representatives setting forth--
 `(1) the expenditures (shown in such detail as the Commission determines
 appropriate) made by each eligible candidate and the authorized committees
 of such candidate;
 `(2) the aggregate amount of matching fund payments certified by the
 Commission under section 604 for each eligible candidate; and
 `(3) the amount of repayments, if any, required under section 605, and the
 reasons for each repayment required.
Each report submitted pursuant to this section shall be printed as a House
document.
 `(b) DETERMINATIONS BY COMMISSION- All determinations (including
 certifications under section 604) made by the Commission under this title
 shall be final and conclusive, except to the extent that they are subject
 to examination and audit by the Commission under section 605 or judicial
 review under section 606.
 `(c) RULES AND REGULATIONS- The Commission is authorized to prescribe such
 rules and regulations, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (d),
 to conduct such audits, examinations and investigations, and to require the
 keeping and submission of such books, records, and information, as it deems
 necessary to carry out the functions and duties imposed on it by this title.
 `(d) REPORT OF PROPOSED REGULATIONS- The Commission shall submit to the
 House of Representatives a report containing a detailed explanation and
 justification of each rule, regulation, and form of the Commission under this
 title. No such rule, regulation, or form may take effect until a period of
 30 legislative days has elapsed after the report is received. As used in
 this subsection--
 `(1) the term `legislative day' means any calendar day on which the House
 of Representatives is in session; and
 `(2) the terms `rule' and `regulation' mean a provision or series of
 interrelated provisions stating a single, separable rule of law.
`SEC. 609. CLOSED CAPTIONING REQUIREMENT FOR TELEVISION COMMERCIALS OF
ELIGIBLE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES CANDIDATES.
 `No eligible House of Representatives candidate may receive amounts under
 section 604 unless such candidate has certified that any television commercial
 prepared or distributed by the candidate will be prepared in a manner that
 contains, is accompanied by, or otherwise readily permits closed captioning
 of the oral content of the commercial to be broadcast by way of line 21 of the
 vertical blanking interval, or by way of comparable successor technologies.'.
 (b) EFFECT OF INVALIDITY ON OTHER PROVISIONS OF ACT- If title VI of FECA
 (as added by this section), or any part thereof, is held to be invalid, all
 provisions of, and amendments made by, this Act, shall be treated as invalid.
SEC. 122. LIMITATIONS ON POLITICAL COMMITTEE AND LARGE DONOR CONTRIBUTIONS
THAT MAY BE ACCEPTED BY HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES CANDIDATES.
 Section 315 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a),
 as amended by section 102, is amended by adding at the end the following
 new subsection:
 `(j)(1) A candidate for the office of Representative in, or Delegate or
 Resident Commissioner to, the Congress may not, with respect to an election
 cycle, accept contributions from political committees aggregating in excess
 of $200,000.
 `(2) A candidate for the office of Representative in, or Delegate or Resident
 Commissioner to, the Congress may not, with respect to an election cycle,
 accept contributions aggregating in excess of $200,000 from persons other
 than political committees whose contributions total more than $250.
 `(3) In addition to the contributions under paragraphs (1) and (2), a House
 of Representatives candidate who is a candidate in a runoff election may
 accept contributions aggregating not more than $100,000 with respect to
 the runoff election. Of such contributions, one-half may be from political
 committees and one-half may be from persons referred to in paragraph (2).
 `(4) Any amount--
 `(A) accepted by a candidate for the office of Representative in, or Delegate
 or Resident Commissioner to the Congress; and
 `(B) used for legal and accounting compliance costs, Federal, State, and
 local taxes,
shall not be considered in the computation of amounts subject to limitation
under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), but shall be subject to the other
limitations of this Act.
 `(5) In addition to any other contributions under this subsection, if, as
 determined by the Commission, an eligible House of Representatives candidate
 in a contested primary election wins that primary election by a margin of
 10 percentage points or less, the candidate may, in the general election
 period, accept contributions of not more than $150,000, consisting of--
 `(A) not more than $50,000 from political committees; and
 `(B) not more than $50,000 from persons referred to in paragraph (2).
 `(6) The dollar amounts specified in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (5)
 (other than the amounts in paragraphs (2) and (5) relating to contribution
 totals) shall be adjusted in the manner provided in section 315(c), except
 that, for the purposes of such adjustment, the base period shall be calendar
 year 1992.'.
SEC. 123. EXCESS FUNDS OF INCUMBENTS WHO ARE CANDIDATES FOR THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES.
 An individual who--
 (1) is a candidate for the office of Representative in, or Delegate or
 Resident Commissioner to, the Congress in an election cycle to which title
 VI of FECA (as enacted by section 121 of this Act) applies;
 (2) is an incumbent of that office; and
 (3) as of the date of the first statement of participation submitted by the
 individual under section 502 of FECA, has campaign accounts containing in
 excess of $600,000;
shall deposit such excess in a separate account subject to the provision of
section 304 of FECA. The amount so deposited shall be available for any lawful
purpose other than use, with respect to the individual, for an election for
the office of Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to,
the Congress.
Subtitle C--General Provisions
SEC. 131. BROADCAST RATES AND PREEMPTION.
 (a) BROADCAST RATES- Section 315(b) of the Communications Act of 1934
 (47 U.S.C. 315(b)) is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (1)--
 (A) by striking out `forty-five' and inserting in lieu thereof `30';
 (B) by striking out `sixty' and inserting in lieu thereof `45'; and
 (C) by striking out `lowest unit charge of the station for the same class
 and amount of time for the same period' and insert `lowest charge of the
 station for the same amount of time for the same period on the same date'; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence:
`In the case of an eligible Senate candidate (as defined in section 301(19)
of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971), the charges during the general
election period (as defined in section 301(21) of such Act) shall not exceed
50 percent of the lowest charge described in paragraph (1).'.
 (b) PREEMPTION; ACCESS- Section 315 of such Act (47 U.S.C. 315) is
 amended by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (e) and
 (f), respectively, and by inserting immediately after subsection (b) the
 following new subsection:
 `(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a licensee shall not preempt
 the use, during any period specified in subsection (b)(1), of a broadcasting
 station by a legally qualified candidate for public office who has purchased
 and paid for such use pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b)(1).
 `(2) If a program to be broadcast by a broadcasting station is preempted
 because of circumstances beyond the control of the broadcasting station,
 any candidate advertising spot scheduled to be broadcast during that program
 may also be preempted.
 `(d) In the case of a legally qualified candidate for the United States
 Senate, a licensee shall provide broadcast time without regard to the rates
 charged for the time.'.
SEC. 132. EXTENSION OF REDUCED THIRD-CLASS MAILING RATES TO ELIGIBLE HOUSE
OF REPRESENTATIVES AND SENATE CANDIDATES.
 Section 3626(e) of title 39, United States Code, is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (2)(A)--
 (A) by striking out `and the National' and inserting in lieu thereof `the
 National'; and
 (B) by striking out `Committee;' and inserting in lieu thereof `Committee,
 and, subject to paragraph (3), the principal campaign committee of an
 eligible House of Representatives or Senate candidate;';
 (2) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking out `and' after the semicolon;
 (3) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking out the period and inserting in lieu
 thereof `; and';
 (4) by adding after paragraph (2)(C) the following new subparagraph:
 `(D) the terms `eligible House of Representatives candidate', `eligible
 Senate candidate', and `principal campaign committee' have the meanings given
 those terms in section 301 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971.'; and
 (5) by adding after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:
 `(3) The rate made available under this subsection with respect to an
 eligible House of Representatives or Senate candidate shall apply only to--
 `(A) the general election period (as defined in section 301 of the Federal
 Election Campaign Act of 1971); and
 `(B) that number of pieces of mail equal to the number of individuals in
 the voting age population (as certified under section 315(e) of such Act)
 of the congressional district or State, whichever is applicable.'.
SEC. 133. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN INDEPENDENT EXPENDITURES.
 Section 304(c) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 434(c)) is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out the undesignated matter after
 subparagraph (C);
 (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (5); and
 (3) by inserting after paragraph (2), as amended by paragraph (1), the
 following new paragraphs:
 `(3)(A) Any independent expenditure (including those described in subsection
 (b)(6)(B)(iii) of this section) aggregating $1,000 or more made after the
 20th day, but more than 24 hours, before any election shall be reported
 within 24 hours after such independent expenditure is made.
 `(B) Any independent expenditure aggregating $10,000 or more made at any
 time up to and including the 20th day before any election shall be reported
 within 48 hours after such independent expenditure is made. An additional
 statement shall be filed each time independent expenditures aggregating
 $10,000 are made with respect to the same election as the initial statement
 filed under this section.
 `(C) Such statement shall be filed with the Clerk of the House of
 Representatives or the Secretary of the Senate, whichever is applicable,
 and the Secretary of State of the State involved and shall contain the
 information required by subsection (b)(6)(B)(iii) of this section, including
 whether the independent expenditure is in support of, or in opposition to,
 the candidate involved. The Clerk of the House of Representatives and the
 Secretary of the Senate shall as soon as possible (but not later than 4
 working hours of the Commission) after receipt of a statement transmit it
 to the Commission. Not later than 48 hours after the Commission receives a
 report, the Commission shall transmit a copy of the report to each candidate
 seeking nomination or election to that office.
 `(D) For purposes of this section, the term `made' includes any action
 taken to incur an obligation for payment.
 `(4)(A) If any person intends to make independent expenditures totaling
 $5,000 during the 20 days before an election, such person shall file a
 statement no later than the 20th day before the election.
 `(B) Such statement shall be filed with the Clerk of the House of
 Representatives or the Secretary of the Senate, whichever is applicable,
 and the Secretary of State of the State involved, and shall identify each
 candidate whom the expenditure will support or oppose. The Clerk of the House
 of Representatives and the Secretary of the Senate shall as soon as possible
 (but not later than 4 working hours of the Commission) after receipt of a
 statement transmit it to the Commission. Not later than 48 hours after the
 Commission receives a statement under this paragraph, the Commission shall
 transmit a copy of the statement to each candidate identified.
 `(5) The Commission may make its own determination that a person has made,
 or has incurred obligations to make, independent expenditures with respect
 to any Federal election which in the aggregate exceed the applicable amounts
 under paragraph (3) or (4). The Commission shall notify each candidate in
 such election of such determination within 24 hours of making it.
 `(6) At the same time as a candidate is notified under paragraph (3),
 (4), or (5) with respect to expenditures during a general election period,
 the Commission shall certify eligibility to receive benefits under section
 504(a) or section 604(b).
 `(7) The Clerk of the House of Representatives and the Secretary of the
 Senate shall make any statement received under this subsection available
 for public inspection and copying in the same manner as the Commission
 under section 311(a)(4), and shall preserve such statements in the same
 manner as the Commission under section 311(a)(5).'.
SEC. 134. CAMPAIGN ADVERTISING AMENDMENTS.
 Section 318 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441d) is amended--
 (1) in the matter before paragraph (1) of subsection (a), by striking
 `an expenditure' and inserting `a disbursement';
 (2) in the matter before paragraph (1) of subsection (a), by striking
 `direct';
 (3) in paragraph (3) of subsection (a), by inserting after `name' the
 following `and permanent street address'; and
 (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
 `(c) Any printed communication described in subsection (a) shall be--
 `(1) of sufficient type size to be clearly readable by the recipient of
 the communication;
 `(2) contained in a printed box set apart from the other contents of the
 communication; and
 `(3) consist of a reasonable degree of color contrast between the background
 and the printed statement.
 `(d)(1) Any broadcast or cablecast communication described in subsection
 (a)(1) or subsection (a)(2) shall include, in addition to the requirements
 of those subsections an audio statement by the candidate that identifies
 the candidate and states that the candidate has approved the communication.
 `(2) If a broadcast or cablecast communication described in paragraph (1)
 is broadcast or cablecast by means of television, the statement required
 by paragraph (1) shall--
 `(A) appear in a clearly readable manner with a reasonable degree of color
 contrast between the background and the printed statement, for a period of
 at least 4 seconds; and
 `(B) be accompanied by a clearly identifiable photographic or similar image
 of the candidate.
 `(e) Any broadcast or cablecast communication described in subsection (a)(3)
 shall include, in addition to the requirements of those subsections, in a
 clearly spoken manner, the following statement--
 `             is responsible for the content of this advertisement.'
with the blank to be filled in with the name of the political committee or
other person paying for the communication and the name of any connected
organization of the payor; and, if broadcast or cablecast by means of
television, shall also appear in a clearly readable manner with a reasonable
degree of color contrast between the background and the printed statement,
for a period of at least 4 seconds.'.
SEC. 135. DEFINITIONS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Section 301 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431) is amended by striking
 paragraph (19) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
 `(19) The term `eligible Senate candidate' means a candidate who is eligible
 under section 502 to receive benefits under title V.
 `(20) The term `general election' means any election which will directly
 result in the election of a person to a Federal office, but does not include
 an open primary election.
 `(21) The term `general election period' means, with respect to any candidate,
 the period beginning on the day after the date of the primary or runoff
 election for the specific office the candidate is seeking, whichever is
 later, and ending on the earlier of--
 `(A) the date of such general election; or
 `(B) the date on which the candidate withdraws from the campaign or otherwise
 ceases actively to seek election.
 `(22) The term `immediate family' means--
 `(A) a candidate's spouse;
 `(B) a child, stepchild, parent, grandparent, brother, half-brother, sister
 or half-sister of the candidate or the candidate's spouse; and
 `(C) the spouse of any person described in subparagraph (B).
 `(23) The term `major party' has the meaning given such term in section
 9002(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, except that if a candidate
 qualified under State law for the ballot in a general election in an open
 primary in which all the candidates for the office participated and which
 resulted in the candidate and at least one other candidate qualifying for
 the ballot in the general election, such candidate shall be treated as a
 candidate of a major party for purposes of title V.
 `(24) The term `primary election' means an election which may result in
 the selection of a candidate for the ballot in a general election for a
 Federal office.
 `(25) The term `primary election period' means, with respect to any candidate,
 the period beginning on the day following the date of the last election for
 the specific office the candidate is seeking and ending on the earlier of--
 `(A) the date of the first primary election for that office following the
 last general election for that office; or
 `(B) the date on which the candidate withdraws from the election or otherwise
 ceases actively to seek election.
 `(26) The term `runoff election' means an election held after a primary
 election which is prescribed by applicable State law as the means for
 deciding which candidate will be on the ballot in the general election for
 a Federal office.
 `(27) The term `runoff election period' means, with respect to any candidate,
 the period beginning on the day following the date of the last primary
 election for the specific office such candidate is seeking and ending on
 the date of the runoff election for such office.
 `(28) The term `voting age population' means the resident population,
 18 years of age or older, as certified pursuant to section 315(e).
 `(29) The term `eligible House of Representatives candidate' means a candidate
 for election to the office of Representative in, or Delegate or Resident
 Commissioner to, the Congress, who, as determined by the Commission under
 section 602, is eligible to receive matching payments and other benefits
 under title VI by reason of filing a statement of participation and complying
 with the continuing eligibility requirements under section 602.
 `(30) The term `election cycle' means--
 `(A) in the case of a candidate or the authorized committees of a candidate,
 the term beginning on the day after the date of the most recent general
 election for the specific office or seat which such candidate seeks and
 ending on the date of the next general election for such office or seat; or
 `(B) for all other persons, the term beginning on the first day following
 the date of the last general election and ending on the date of the next
 general election.'.
 (b) IDENTIFICATION- Section 301(13) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(13)) is amended
 by striking `mailing address' and inserting `permanent residence address'.
SEC. 136. PROVISIONS RELATING TO FRANKED MASS MAILINGS.
  (a) MASS MAILINGS OF SENATORS- Section 3210(a)(6) of title 39, United
  States Code, is amended--
  (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking `It is the intent of Congress that
  a Member of, or a Member-elect to, Congress' and inserting `A Member of,
  or Member-elect to, the House'; and
  (2) in subparagraph (C)--
  (A) by striking `if such mass mailing is postmarked fewer than 60 days
  immediately before the date' and inserting `if such mass mailing is
  postmarked during the calendar year'; and
  (B) by inserting `or reelection' immediately before the period.
  (b) MASS MAILINGS OF HOUSE MEMBERS- Section 3210 of title 39, United States
  Code, is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)(7), by striking `, except that--' and all that
  follows through the end of subparagraph (B) and inserting a period; and
  (2) in subsection (d)(1), by striking `delivery--' and all that follows
  through the end of subparagraph (B) and inserting `delivery within that
  area constituting the congressional district or State from which the Member
  was elected.'.
  (c) PROHIBITION ON USE OF OFFICIAL FUNDS- The Committee on House
  Administration of the House of Representatives may not approve any payment,
  nor may a Member of the House of Representatives make any expenditure from,
  any allowance of the House of Representatives or any other official funds
  if any portion of the payment or expenditure is for any cost related to
  a mass mailing by a Member of the House of Representatives outside the
  congressional district of the Member.
TITLE II--INDEPENDENT EXPENDITURES
SEC. 201. CLARIFICATION OF DEFINITIONS RELATING TO INDEPENDENT EXPENDITURES.
 (a) INDEPENDENT EXPENDITURE DEFINITION AMENDMENT- Section 301 of FECA (2
 U.S.C. 431) is amended by striking paragraphs (17) and (18) and inserting
 the following:
 `(17)(A) The term `independent expenditure' means an expenditure for an
 advertisement or other communication that--
 `(i) contains express advocacy; and
 `(ii) is made without the participation or cooperation of a candidate or
 a candidate's representative.
 `(B) The following shall not be considered an independent expenditure:
 `(i) An expenditure made by a political committee of a political party.
 `(ii) An expenditure made by a person who, during the election cycle, has
 communicated with or received information from a candidate or a representative
 of that candidate regarding activities that have the purpose of influencing
 that candidate's election to Federal office, where the expenditure is
 in support of that candidate or in opposition to another candidate for
 that office.
 `(iii) An expenditure if there is any arrangement, coordination, or direction
 with respect to the expenditure between the candidate or the candidate's
 agent and the person making the expenditure.
 `(iv) An expenditure if, in the same election cycle, the person making the
 expenditure is or has been--
 `(I) authorized to raise or expend funds on behalf of the candidate or the
 candidate's authorized committees; or
 `(II) serving as a member, employee, or agent of the candidate's authorized
 committees in an executive or policymaking position.
 `(v) An expenditure if the person making the expenditure has advised
 or counseled the candidate or the candidate's agents at any time on the
 candidate's plans, projects, or needs relating to the candidate's pursuit
 of nomination for election, or election, to Federal office, in the same
 election cycle, including any advice relating to the candidate's decision
 to seek Federal office.
 `(vi) An expenditure if the person making the expenditure retains the
 professional services of any individual or other person also providing
 those services in the same election cycle to the candidate in connection
 with the candidate's pursuit of nomination for election, or election, to
 Federal office, including any services relating to the candidate's decision
 to seek Federal office.
 `(vii) An expenditure if the person making the expenditure has consulted
 at any time during the same election cycle about the candidate's plans,
 projects, or needs relating to the candidate's pursuit of nomination for
 election, or election, to Federal office, with--
 `(I) any officer, director, employee or agent of a party committee that
 has made or intends to make expenditures or contributions, pursuant
 to subsections (a), (d), or (h) of section 315 in connection with the
 candidate's campaign; or
 `(II) any person whose professional services have been retained by a
 political party committee that has made or intends to make expenditures or
 contributions pursuant to subsections (a), (d), or (h) of section 315 in
 connection with the candidate's campaign.
For purposes of this subparagraph, the person making the expenditure shall
include any officer, director, employee, or agent of such person.
 `(18) The term `express advocacy' means, when a communication is taken as a
 whole, an expression of support for or opposition to a specific candidate,
 to a specific group of candidates, or to candidates of a particular political
 party, or a suggestion to take action with respect to an election, such as
 to vote for or against, make contributions to, or participate in campaign
 activity.'.
 (b) CONTRIBUTION DEFINITION AMENDMENT- Section 301(8)(A) of FECA (2
 U.S.C. 431(8)(A)) is amended--
 (1) in clause (i), by striking  `or' after the semicolon at the end;
 (2) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and inserting `;
 or'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
 `(iii) any payment or other transaction referred to in paragraph (17)(A)(i)
 that does not qualify as an independent expenditure under paragraph
 (17)(A)(ii).'.
TITLE III--EXPENDITURES
Subtitle A--Personal Loans; Credit
SEC. 301. PERSONAL CONTRIBUTIONS AND LOANS.
 Section 315 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a), as amended by section 122, is amended
 by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(k) LIMITATIONS ON PAYMENTS TO CANDIDATES- (1) If a candidate or a member
 of the candidate's immediate family made any loans to the candidate or
 to the candidate's authorized committees during any election cycle, no
 contributions after the date of the general election for such election
 cycle may be used to repay such loans.
 `(2) No contribution by a candidate or member of the candidate's immediate
 family may be returned to the candidate or member other than as part of a
 pro rata distribution of excess contributions to all contributors.'.
SEC. 302. EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT.
 Section 301(8)(A) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(8)(A)), as amended by section 201(b),
 is amended--
 (1) by striking `or' at the end of clause (ii);
 (2) by striking the period at the end of clause (iii) and inserting `;
 or'; and
 (3) by inserting at the end the following new clause:
 `(iv) with respect to a candidate and the candidate's authorized committees,
 any extension of credit for goods or services relating to advertising
 on broadcasting stations, in newspapers or magazines, or by mailings, or
 relating to other similar types of general public political advertising,
 if such extension of credit is--
 `(I) in an amount of more than $1,000; and
 `(II) for a period greater than the period, not in excess of 60 days, for
 which credit is generally extended in the normal course of business after
 the date on which such goods or services are furnished or the date of the
 mailing in the case of advertising by a mailing.'.
Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Soft Money of Political Parties
SEC. 311. CONTRIBUTIONS TO POLITICAL PARTY COMMITTEES.
 (a) INDIVIDUAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO STATE PARTY- Paragraph (1) of section 315(a)
 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(1)) is amended by striking `or' at the end of
 subparagraph (B), by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D),
 and by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraph:
 `(C) to political committees established and maintained by a State committee
 of a political party in any calendar year which, in the aggregate, exceed
 $10,000; or'.
 (b) MULTICANDIDATE COMMITTEE CONTRIBUTIONS TO STATE PARTY- Paragraph (2) of
 section 315(a) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(2)) is amended by striking `or' at
 the end of subparagraph (B), by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph
 (D), and by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraph:
 `(C) to political committees established and maintained by a State committee
 of a political party in any calendar year which, in the aggregate, exceed
 $10,000; or'.
 (c) INCREASE IN OVERALL LIMIT- Paragraph (3) of section 315(a) of FECA (2
 U.S.C. 441a(a)(3)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following
 new sentence: `The limitation under this paragraph shall be increased
 (but not by more than $5,000) by the amount of contributions made by an
 individual during a calendar year to political committees which are taken
 into account for purposes of paragraph (1)(C).'.
SEC. 312. PROVISIONS RELATING TO NATIONAL, STATE, AND LOCAL PARTY COMMITTEES.
 (a) EXPENDITURES BY STATE COMMITTEES IN CONNECTION WITH PRESIDENTIAL
 CAMPAIGNS- Section 315(d) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a(d)) is amended by inserting
 at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
 `(4) A State committee of a political party, including subordinate committees
 of that State committee, shall not make expenditures in connection with the
 general election campaign of a candidate for President of the United States
 who is affiliated with such party which, in the aggregate, exceed an amount
 equal to 4 cents multiplied by the voting age population of the State,
 as certified under subsection (e). This paragraph shall not authorize a
 committee to make expenditures for audio broadcasts (including television
 broadcasts) in excess of the amount which could have been made without
 regard to this paragraph.'.
 (b) CONTRIBUTION AND EXPENDITURE EXCEPTIONS- (1) Section 301(8)(B) of FECA
 (2 U.S.C. 431(8)(B)) is amended--
 (A) in clause (xi), by striking `direct mail' and inserting `mail'; and
 (B) by repealing clauses (x) and (xii).
 (2) Section 301(9)(B) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(9)(B)) is amended by repealing
 clauses (viii) and (ix).
 (c) SOFT MONEY OF COMMITTEES OF POLITICAL PARTIES- (1) Title III of FECA
 is amended by inserting after section 323 the following new section:
`POLITICAL PARTY COMMITTEES
 `SEC. 324. (a) Any amount solicited, received, or expended directly or
 indirectly by a national, State, district, or local committee of a political
 party (including any subordinate committee) with respect to an activity
 which, in whole or in part, is in connection with an election to Federal
 office shall be subject in its entirety to the limitations, prohibitions,
 and reporting requirements of this Act.
 `(b) For purposes of subsection (a)--
 `(1) Any activity which is solely for the purpose of influencing an election
 for Federal office is in connection with an election for Federal office.
 `(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3), any of the following activities
 during a Federal election period shall be treated as in connection with an
 election for Federal office:
 `(A) Voter registration and get-out-the-vote activities.
 `(B) Campaign activities, including broadcasting, newspaper, magazine,
 billboard, mass mail, and newsletter communications, and similar kinds of
 communications or public advertising that--
 `(i) are generic campaign activities; or
 `(ii) identify a Federal candidate regardless of whether a State or local
 candidate is also identified.
 `(C) The preparation and dissemination of campaign materials that are
 part of a generic campaign activity or that identify a Federal candidate,
 regardless of whether a State or local candidate is also identified.
 `(D) Development and maintenance of voter files.
 `(E) Any other activity affecting (in whole or in part) an election for
 Federal office.
 `(3) The following shall not be treated as in connection with a Federal
 election:
 `(A) Any amount described in section 301(8)(B)(viii).
 `(B) Any amount contributed to a candidate for other than Federal office.
 `(C) Any amount received or expended in connection with a State or local
 political convention.
 `(D) Campaign activities, including broadcasting, newspaper, magazine,
 billboard, mass mail, and newsletter communications, and similar kinds of
 communications or public advertising that are exclusively on behalf of State
 or local candidates and are not activities described in paragraph (2)(A).
 `(E) Administrative expenses of a State or local committee of a political
 party, including expenses for--
 `(i) overhead;
 `(ii) staff (other than individuals devoting a substantial portion of their
 activities to elections for Federal office);
 `(iii) meetings; and
 `(iv) conducting party elections or caucuses.
 `(F) Research pertaining solely to State and local candidates and issues.
 `(G) Development and maintenance of voter files other than during a Federal
 election period.
 `(H) Activities described in paragraph (2)(A) which are conducted other
 than during a Federal election period.
 `(I) Any other activity which is solely for the purpose of influencing,
 and which solely affects, an election for non-Federal office.
 `(4) For purposes of this subsection, the term `Federal election period'
 means the period--
 `(A) beginning on June 1, of any even-numbered calendar year (April 1 if
 an election to the office of President occurs in such year), and
 `(B) ending on the date during such year on which regularly scheduled
 general elections for Federal office occur.
In the case of a special election, the Federal election period shall include
at least the 60-day period ending on the date of the election.
 `(c) SOLICITATION OF COMMITTEES- (1) A national committee of a political
 party may not solicit or accept contributions not subject to the limitations,
 prohibitions, and reporting requirements of this Act.
 `(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to contributions that--
 `(A) are to be transferred to a State committee of a political party for
 use directly for activities described in subsection (b)(3); or
 `(B) are to be used by the committee primarily to support such activities.
 `(d) AMOUNTS RECEIVED FROM STATE AND LOCAL CANDIDATE COMMITTEES- (1)
 For purposes of subsection (a), any amount received by a national, State,
 district, or local committee of a political party (including any subordinate
 committee) from a State or local candidate committee shall be treated as
 meeting the requirements of subsection (a) and section 304(d) if--
 `(A) such amount is derived from funds which meet the requirements of this
 Act with respect to any limitation or prohibition as to source or dollar
 amount, and
 `(B) the State or local candidate committee--
 `(i) maintains, in the account from which payment is made, records of
 the sources and amounts of funds for purposes of determining whether such
 requirements are met, and
 `(ii) certifies to the other committee that such requirements were met.
 `(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), any committee receiving any contribution
 described in paragraph (1) from a State or local candidate committee shall
 be required to meet the reporting requirements of this Act with respect to
 receipt of the contribution from such candidate committee.
 `(3) For purposes of this subsection, a State or local candidate committee is
 a committee established, financed, maintained, or controlled by a candidate
 for other than Federal office.'.
 (2) Section 315(d) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a(d)), as amended by subsection
 (a), is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
 `(5)(A) The national committee of a political party, the congressional
 campaign committees of a political party, and a State or local committee
 of a political party, including a subordinate committee of any of the
 preceding committees, shall not make expenditures during any calendar year
 for activities described in section 324(b)(2) with respect to such State
 which, in the aggregate, exceed an amount equal to 30 cents multiplied by
 the voting age population of the State (as certified under subsection (e)).
 `(B) Expenditures authorized under this paragraph shall be in addition to
 other expenditures allowed under this subsection, except that this paragraph
 shall not authorize a committee to make expenditures to which paragraph
 (3) or (4) applies in excess of the limit applicable to such expenditures
 under paragraph (3) or (4).
 `(C) No adjustment to the limitation under this paragraph shall be made
 under subsection (c) before 1992 and the base period for purposes of any
 such adjustment shall be 1990.
 `(D) For purposes of this paragraph--
 `(i) a local committee of a political party shall only include a committee
 that is a political committee (as defined in section 301(4)); and
 `(ii) a State committee shall not be required to record or report under this
 Act the expenditures of any other committee which are made independently
 from the State committee.'.
 (3) Section 301(4) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(4)) is amended by adding at the
 end the following new sentence:
`For purposes of subparagraph (C), any payments for get-out-the-vote activities
on behalf of candidates for office other than Federal office shall be treated
as payments exempted from the definition of expenditure under paragraph (9)
of this section.'.
 (d) GENERIC ACTIVITIES- Section 301 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431), as amended
 by section 135, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following
 new paragraph:
 `(31) The term `generic campaign activity' means a campaign activity the
 preponderant purpose or effect of which is to promote a political party
 rather than any particular Federal or non-Federal candidate.'.
SEC. 313. RESTRICTIONS ON FUNDRAISING BY CANDIDATES AND OFFICEHOLDERS.
 (a) STATE FUNDRAISING ACTIVITIES- Section 315 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a),
 as amended by section 301, is amended by adding at the end thereof the
 following new subsection:
 `(l) LIMITATIONS ON FUNDRAISING ACTIVITIES OF FEDERAL CANDIDATES AND
 OFFICEHOLDERS AND CERTAIN POLITICAL COMMITTEES- (1) For purposes of this Act,
 a candidate for Federal office (or an individual holding Federal office)
 may not solicit funds to, or receive funds on behalf of, any Federal or
 non-Federal candidate or political committee--
 `(A) which are to be expended in connection with any election for Federal
 office unless such funds are subject to the limitations, prohibitions,
 and requirements of this Act; or
 `(B) which are to be expended in connection with any election for other
 than Federal office unless such funds are not in excess of amounts permitted
 with respect to Federal candidates and political committees under this Act,
 and are not from sources prohibited by this Act with respect to elections
 to Federal office.
 `(2)(A) The aggregate amount which a person described in subparagraph (B)
 may solicit from a multicandidate political committee for State  committees
 described in subsection (a)(1)(C) (including subordinate committees) for any
 calendar year shall not exceed the dollar amount in effect under subsection
 (a)(2)(B) for the calendar year.
 `(B) A person is described in this subparagraph if such person is a
 candidate for Federal office, an individual holding Federal office, or
 any national, State, district, or local committee of a political party
 (including subordinate committees).
 `(3) The appearance or participation by a candidate or individual in any
 activity (including fundraising) conducted by a committee of a political
 party or a candidate for other than Federal office shall not be treated as
 a solicitation for purposes of paragraph (1) if--
 `(A) such appearance or participation is otherwise permitted by law; and
 `(B) such candidate or individual does not solicit or receive, or make
 expenditures from, any funds resulting from such activity.
 `(4) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the solicitation or receipt of funds,
 or disbursements, by an individual who is a candidate for other than Federal
 office if such activity is permitted under State law.
 `(5) For purposes of this subsection, an individual shall be treated as
 holding Federal office if such individual is described in section 101(f)
 of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.'.
 (b) TAX-EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS- Section 315 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a), as
 amended by subsection (a), is amended by adding at the end thereof the
 following new subsection:
 `(m) TAX-EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS- (1) If during any period an individual is
 a candidate for, or holds, Federal office, such individual may not during
 such period solicit contributions to, or on behalf of, any organization
 which is described in section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986
 if a significant portion of the activities of such organization include
 voter registration or get-out-the-vote campaigns.
 `(2) For purposes of this subsection, an individual shall be treated as
 holding Federal office if such individual is described in section 101(f)
 of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.'.
SEC. 314. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
 (a) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS- Section 304 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 434) is amended
 by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:
 `(d) POLITICAL COMMITTEES- (1) The national committee of a political party
 and any congressional campaign committee, and any subordinate committee of
 either, shall report all receipts and disbursements during the reporting
 period, whether or not in connection with an election for Federal office.
 `(2) A political committee (not described in paragraph (1)) to which section
 324 applies shall report all receipts and disbursements in connection with
 a Federal election (as determined under section 324).
 `(3) Any political committee to which section 324 applies shall include in
 its report under paragraph (1) or (2) the amount of any transfer described
 in section 324(c) and the reason for the transfer.
 `(4) Any political committee to which paragraph (1) or (2) does not apply
 shall report any receipts or disbursements which are used in connection
 with a Federal election.
 `(5) If any receipt or disbursement to which this subsection applies exceeds
 $200, the political committee shall include identification of the person
 from whom, or to whom, such receipt or disbursement was made.
 `(6) Reports required to be filed by this subsection shall be filed for the
 same time periods required for political committees under subsection (a).'.
 (b) REPORT OF EXEMPT CONTRIBUTIONS- Section 301(8) of the Federal Election
 Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431(8)) is amended by inserting at the end
 thereof the following:
 `(C) The exclusions provided in clauses (v) and (viii) of subparagraph (B)
 shall not apply for purposes of any requirement to report contributions under
 this Act, and all such contributions in excess of $200 shall be reported.'.
  (c) REPORTING OF EXEMPT EXPENDITURES- Section 301(9) of the Federal Election
  Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431(9)) is amended by inserting at the end
  thereof the following:
 `(C) The exclusions provided in clause (iv) of subparagraph (B) shall not
 apply for purposes of any requirement to report expenditures under this Act,
 and all such expenditures in excess of $200 shall be reported.'.
 (d) CONTRIBUTIONS AND EXPENDITURES OF POLITICAL COMMITTEES- Section 301(4)
 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
 `For purposes of this paragraph, the receipt of contributions or the
 making of, or obligating to make, expenditures shall be determined by the
 Commission on the basis of facts and circumstances, in whatever combination,
 demonstrating a purpose of influencing any election for Federal office,
 including, but not limited to, the representations made by any person
 soliciting funds about their intended uses; the identification by name of
 individuals who are candidates for Federal office or of any political party,
 in general public political advertising; and the proximity to any primary,
 runoff, or general election of general public political advertising designed
 or reasonably calculated to influence voter choice in that election.'.
 (e) REPORTS BY STATE COMMITTEES- Section 304 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 434), as
 amended by subsection (a), is amended by adding at the end thereof the
 following new subsection:
 `(e) FILING OF STATE REPORTS- In lieu of any report required to be filed by
 this Act, the Commission may allow a State committee of a political party
 to file with the Commission a report required to be filed under State law
 if the Commission determines such reports contain substantially the same
 information.'.
TITLE IV--CONTRIBUTIONS
SEC. 401. CONTRIBUTIONS THROUGH INTERMEDIARIES AND CONDUITS.
 Section 315(a)(8) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(8)) is amended to read as follows:
 `(8) For the purposes of this subsection:
 `(A) Contributions made by a person, either directly or indirectly, to or
 on behalf of a particular candidate, including contributions that are in any
 way earmarked or otherwise directed through an intermediary or conduit to a
 candidate, shall be treated as contributions from the person to the candidate.
 `(B) Contributions made directly or indirectly by a person to or on behalf
 of a particular candidate through an intermediary or conduit, including
 contributions made or arranged to be made by an intermediary or conduit,
 shall be treated as contributions from the intermediary or conduit to the
 candidate if--
 `(i) the contributions made through the intermediary or conduit are in
 the form of a check or other negotiable instrument made payable to the
 intermediary or conduit rather than the intended recipient; or
 `(ii) the intermediary or conduit is--
 `(I) a political committee with a connected organization;
 `(II) an officer, employee, or agent of such a political committee;
 `(III) a political party;
 `(IV) a partnership or sole proprietorship;
 `(V) a person required to register under section 308 of the Federal Regulation
 of Lobbying Act (2 U.S.C. 267) or the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938
 (22 U.S.C. 611 et seq.); or
 `(VI) an organization prohibited from making contributions under section
 316, or an officer, employee, or agent of such an organization acting on
 the organization's behalf.
 `(C)(i)  The term `intermediary or conduit' does not include--
 `(I) a candidate or representative of a candidate receiving contributions
 to the candidate's principal campaign committee or authorized committee;
 `(II) a professional fundraiser compensated for fundraising services at
 the usual and customary rate;
 `(III) a volunteer hosting a fundraising event at the volunteer's home,
 in accordance with section 301(8)(B); or
 `(IV) an individual who transmits a contribution from the individual's spouse.
 `(ii) The term `representative' means an individual who is expressly
 authorized by the candidate to engage in fundraising, and who occupies a
 significant position within the candidate's campaign organization, provided
 that the individual is not described in subparagraph (B)(ii).
 `(iii) The term `contributions made or arranged to be made' includes--
 `(I) contributions delivered to a particular candidate or the candidate's
 authorized committee or agent; and
 `(II) contributions directly or indirectly arranged to be made to a
 particular candidate or the candidate's authorized committee or agent,
 in a manner that identifies directly or indirectly to the candidate or
 authorized committee or agent the person who arranged the making of the
 contributions or the person on whose behalf such person was acting.
 `(iv) The term `acting on the organization's behalf' includes the following
 activities by an officer, employee or agent of a person described in
 subparagraph (B)(ii)(IV):
 `(I) Soliciting or directly or indirectly arranging the making of a
 contribution to a particular candidate in the name of, or by using the name
 of, such a person.
 `(II) Soliciting or directly or indirectly arranging the making of a
 contribution to a particular candidate using other than incidental resources
 of such a person.
 `(III) Soliciting contributions for a particular candidate by substantially
 directing the solicitations to other officers, employees, or agents of such
 a person.
 `(D) Nothing in this paragraph shall prohibit--
 `(i) bona fide joint fundraising efforts conducted solely for the purpose
 of sponsorship of a fundraising reception, dinner, or other similar event,
 in accordance with rules prescribed by the Commission, by--
 `(I) 2 or more candidates;
 `(II) 2 or more national, State, or local committees of a political party
 within the meaning of section 301(4) acting on their own behalf; or
 `(III) a special committee formed by 2 or more candidates, or a candidate
 and a national, State, or local committee of a political party acting on
 their own behalf; or
 `(ii) fundraising efforts for the benefit of a candidate that are conducted
 by another candidate.
 `(iii) bona fide fundraising efforts conducted by and solely on behalf of
 an individual for the purpose of sponsorship of a fundraising reception,
 dinner, or other similar event, but only if all contributions are made
 directly to a candidate or a representative of a candidate.
When a contribution is made to a candidate through an intermediary or
conduit, the intermediary or conduit shall report the original source and
the intended recipient of the contribution to the Commission and to the
intended recipient.'.
SEC. 402. CONTRIBUTIONS BY DEPENDENTS NOT OF VOTING AGE.
 Section 315 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a), as amended by section 313(b), is
 amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(n) For purposes of this section, any contribution by an individual who--
 `(1) is a dependent of another individual; and
 `(2) has not, as of the time of such contribution, attained the legal
 age for voting for elections to Federal office in the State in which such
 individual resides,
shall be treated as having been made by such other individual. If such
individual is the dependent of another individual and such other individual's
spouse, the contribution shall be allocated among such individuals in the
manner determined by them.'.
SEC. 403. CONTRIBUTIONS TO CANDIDATES FROM STATE AND LOCAL COMMITTEES OF
POLITICAL PARTIES TO BE AGGREGATED.
 Section 315(a) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)) is amended by adding at the end
 the following new paragraph:
 `(9) A candidate for Federal office may not accept, with respect to an
 election, any contribution from a State or local committee of a political
 party (including any subordinate committee of such committee), if such
 contribution, when added to the total of contributions previously accepted
 from all such committees of that political party, exceeds a limitation on
 contributions to a candidate under this section.'.
SEC. 404. LIMITED EXCLUSION OF ADVANCES BY CAMPAIGN WORKERS FROM THE DEFINITION
OF THE TERM `CONTRIBUTION'.
 Section 301(8)(B) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(8)(B)) is amended--
 (1) in clause (xiii), by striking  `and' after the semicolon at the end;
 (2) in clause (xiv), by striking  the period at the end and inserting:
 `; and'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
 `(xv) any advance voluntarily made on behalf of an authorized committee
 of a candidate by an individual in the normal course of such individual's
 responsibilities as a volunteer for, or employee of, the committee, if
 the advance is reimbursed by the committee within 10 days after the date
 on which the advance is made, and the value of advances on behalf of a
 committee does not exceed $500 with respect to an election.'.
TITLE V--REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
SEC. 501. CHANGE IN CERTAIN REPORTING FROM A CALENDAR YEAR BASIS TO AN
ELECTION CYCLE BASIS.
 Paragraphs (2) through (7) of section 304(b) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 434(b) (2)-(7))
 are amended by inserting after `calendar year' each place it appears the
 following: `(election cycle, in the case of an authorized committee of a
 candidate for Federal office)'.
SEC. 502.  PERSONAL AND CONSULTING SERVICES.
 Section 304(b)(5)(A) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 434(b)(5)(A)) is amended by
 adding before the semicolon at the end the following: `, except that if
 a person to whom an expenditure is made is merely providing personal or
 consulting services and is in turn making expenditures to other persons
 (not including employees) who provide goods or services to the candidate or
 his or her authorized committees, the name and address of such other person,
 together with the date, amount and purpose of such expenditure shall also
 be disclosed'.
SEC. 503. REDUCTION IN THRESHOLD FOR REPORTING OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY
PERSONS OTHER THAN POLITICAL COMMITTEES.
 Section 304(b)(3)(A) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 434(b)(3)(A)) is amended by striking
 `$200' and inserting `$50'.
SEC. 504. COMPUTERIZED INDICES OF CONTRIBUTIONS.
 Section 311(a) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 438(a)) is amended--
 (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (9);
 (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (10) and inserting `;
 and'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(11) maintain computerized indices of contributions of $50 or more.'.
TITLE VI--FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION
SEC. 601. USE OF CANDIDATES' NAMES.
 Section 302(e)(4) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 432(e)(4)) is amended to read as follows:
 `(4)(A) The name of each authorized committee shall include the name of
 the candidate who authorized the committee under paragraph (1).
 `(B) A political committee that is not an authorized committee shall
 not include the name of any candidate in its name or use the name of any
 candidate in any activity on behalf of such committee in such a context as
 to suggest that the committee is an authorized committee of the candidate or
 that the use of the candidate's name has been authorized by the candidate.'.
SEC. 602. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
 (a) OPTION TO FILE MONTHLY REPORTS- Section 304(a)(2) of FECA (2
 U.S.C. 434(a)(2)) is amended--
 (1) in subparagraph (A) by striking `and' at the end;
 (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting `;
 and'; and
 (3) by inserting the following new subparagraph at the end:
 `(C) in lieu of the reports required by subparagraphs (A) and (B), the
 treasurer may file monthly reports in all calendar years, which shall be
 filed no later than the 15th day after the last day of the month and shall
 be complete as of the last day of the month, except that, in lieu of filing
 the reports otherwise due in November and December of any year in which
 a regularly scheduled general election is held, a pre-primary election
 report and a pre-general election report shall be filed in accordance
 with subparagraph (A)(i), a post-general election report shall be filed in
 accordance with subparagraph (A)(ii), and a year end report shall be filed
 no later than January 31 of the following calendar year.'.
 (b) FILING DATE- Section 304(a)(4)(B) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 434(a)(4)(B))
 is amended by striking `20th' and inserting `15th'.
SEC. 603. PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE COMMISSION.
 (a) VACANCY IN THE OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL- Section 306(f) of FECA (2
 U.S.C. 437c(f)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(5) In the event of a vacancy in the office of general counsel, the next
 highest ranking enforcement official in the general counsel's office shall
 serve as acting general counsel with full powers of the general counsel
 until a successor is appointed.'.
 (b) PAY OF THE GENERAL COUNSEL- Section 306(f)(1) of FECA (2
 U.S.C. 437c(f)(1)) is amended--
 (1) by inserting `and the general counsel' after `staff director' in the
 second sentence; and
 (2) by striking the third sentence.
SEC. 604. ENFORCEMENT.
 (a) BASIS FOR ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDING- Section 309(a)(2) of FECA (2
 U.S.C. 437g(a)(2)) is amended by striking `it has reason to believe that
 a person has committed, or is about to commit' and inserting `facts have
 been alleged or ascertained that, if true, give reason to believe that a
 person may have committed, or may be about to commit'.
 (b) AUTHORITY TO SEEK INJUNCTION- (1) Section 309(a) of FECA (2
 U.S.C. 437g(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(13)(A) If, at any time in a proceeding described in paragraph (1), (2),
 (3), or (4), the Commission believes that--
 `(i) there is a substantial likelihood that a violation of this Act or of
 chapter 95 or chapter 96 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is occurring
 or is about to occur;
 `(ii) the failure to act expeditiously will result in irreparable harm to
 a party affected by the potential violation;
 `(iii) expeditious action will not cause undue harm or prejudice to the
 interests of others; and
 `(iv) the public interest would be best served by the issuance of an
 injunction,
the Commission may initiate a civil action for a temporary restraining order
or a temporary injunction pending the outcome of the proceedings described
in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4).
 `(B) An action under subparagraph (A) shall be brought in the United States
 district court for the district in which the defendant resides, transacts
 business, or may be found.'.
 (2) Section 309(a) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 437g(a)) is amended--
 (A) in paragraph (7) by striking `(5) or (6)' and inserting `(5), (6), or
 (13)'; and
 (B) in paragraph (11) by striking `(6)' and inserting `(6) or (13)'.
SEC. 605. PENALTIES.
 (a) PENALTIES PRESCRIBED IN CONCILIATION AGREEMENTS- (1) Section 309(a)(5)(A)
 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 437g(a)(5)(A)) is amended by striking `which does not
 exceed the greater of $5,000 or an amount equal to any contribution or
 expenditure involved in such violation' and inserting `which is--
 `(i) not less than 50 percent of all contributions and expenditures involved
 in the violation (or such lesser amount as the Commission provides if
 necessary to ensure that the penalty is not unjustly disproportionate to
 the violation); and
 `(ii) not greater than all contributions and expenditures involved in
 the violation'.
 (2) Section 309(a)(5)(B) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 437g(a)(5)(B)) is amended by
 striking `which does not exceed the greater of $10,000 or an amount equal to
 200 percent of any contribution or expenditure involved in such violation'
 and inserting `which is--
 `(i) not less than all contributions and expenditures involved in the
 violation; and
 `(ii) not greater than 150 percent of all contributions and expenditures
 involved in the violation'.
 (b) PENALTIES WHEN VIOLATIONS ARE ADJUDICATED IN COURT- (1) Section
 309(a)(6)(A) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 437g(a)(6)(A)) is amended by striking all
 that follows `appropriate order' and inserting `, including an order for
 a civil penalty in the amount determined under subparagraph (A) or (B)
 in the district court of the United States for the district in which the
 defendant resides, transacts business, or may be found.'.
 (2) Section 309(a)(6)(B) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 437g(a)(6)(B)) is amended by
 striking all that follows `other order' and inserting `, including an order
 for a civil penalty which is--
 `(i) not less than all contributions and expenditures involved in the
 violation; and
 `(ii) not greater than 200 percent of all contributions and expenditures
 involved in the violation,
upon a proper showing that the person involved has committed, or is about
to commit (if the relief sought is a permanent or temporary injunction or a
restraining order), a violation of this Act or chapter 95 or chapter 96 of
the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.'.
 (3) Section 309(a)(6)(C) of FECA (29 U.S.C. 437g(6)(C)) is amended by
 striking `a civil penalty' and all that follows and inserting `a civil
 penalty which is--
 `(i) not less than 200 percent of all contributions and expenditures involved
 in the violation; and
 `(ii) not greater than 250 percent of all contributions and expenditures
 involved in the violation.'.
SEC. 606. RANDOM AUDITS.
 Section 311(b) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 438(b)) is amended--
 (1) by inserting `(1)' before `The Commission'; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Commission may from time to time
 conduct random audits and investigations to ensure voluntary compliance
 with this Act. The subjects of such audits and investigations shall be
 selected on the basis of criteria established by vote of at least 4 members
 of the Commission to ensure impartiality in the selection process. This
 paragraph does not apply to an authorized committee of an eligible Senate
 candidate subject to audit under section 505(a) or an authorized committee
 of an eligible House of Representatives candidate subject to audit under
 section 605(a).'.
SEC. 607. PROHIBITION OF FALSE REPRESENTATION TO SOLICIT CONTRIBUTIONS.
 Section 322 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441h) is amended--
 (1) by inserting after `SEC. 322.' the following: `(a)'; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following:
 `(b) No person shall solicit contributions by falsely representing himself
 as a candidate or as a representative of a candidate, a political committee,
 or a political party.'.
SEC. 608. REGULATIONS RELATING TO USE OF NON-FEDERAL MONEY.
 Section 306 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 437c) is amended by adding at the end the
 following new subsection:
 `(g) The Commission shall promulgate rules to prohibit devices or arrangements
 which have the purpose or effect of undermining or evading the provisions
 of this Act restricting the use of non-Federal money to affect Federal
 elections.'.
TITLE VII--BALLOT INITIATIVE COMMITTEES
SEC. 701. DEFINITIONS RELATING TO BALLOT INITIATIVES.
 Section 301 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431), as amended by section 312(d), is amended
 by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
 `(32) The term `ballot initiative political committee' means any committee,
 club, association, or other group of persons which makes ballot initiative
 expenditures or receives ballot initiative contributions in excess of $1,000
 during a calendar year.
 `(33) The term `ballot initiative contribution' means any gift, subscription,
 loan, advance, or deposit of money or anything of value made by any person
 for the purpose of influencing the outcome of any referendum or other ballot
 initiative voted on at the State, commonwealth, territory, or District of
 Columbia level which involves--
 `(A) interstate commerce;
 `(B) the election of candidates for Federal office and the permissible
 terms of those so elected;
 `(C) Federal taxation of individuals, corporations, or other entities; or
 `(D) the regulation of speech or press, or any other right guaranteed under
 the United States Constitution.
 `(34) The term `ballot initiative expenditure' means any purchase, payment,
 distribution, loan, advance, deposit or gift of money or anything of
 value made by any person for the purpose of influencing the outcome of any
 referendum or other ballot initiative voted on at the state, commonwealth,
 territory, or District of Columbia level which involves--
 `(A) interstate commerce;
 `(B) the election of candidates for Federal office and the permissible
 terms of those so elected;
 `(C) Federal taxation of individuals, corporations, or other entities; or
 `(D) the regulation of speech or press, or any other right guaranteed under
 the United States Constitution.'.
SEC. 702. AMENDMENT TO DEFINITION OF CONTRIBUTION.
 Section 301(8)(B) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(8)(B)), as amended by section 404,
 is amended--
 (1) in clause (xiv), by striking `and' after the semicolon;
 (2) in clause (xv), by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
 `(xvi) a ballot initiative contribution.'.
SEC. 703. AMENDMENT TO DEFINITION OF EXPENDITURE.
 Section 301(9)(B) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(9)(B)) is amended--
 (1) in clause (ix)(3), by striking `and' after the semicolon;
 (2) in clause (x), by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
 `(xi) a ballot initiative expenditure.'.
SEC. 704. ORGANIZATION OF BALLOT INITIATIVE COMMITTEES.
 Title III of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431 et seq.) is amended by inserting after
 section 302 (2 U.S.C. 432) the following new section:
`ORGANIZATION OF BALLOT INITIATIVE COMMITTEES
 `SEC. 302A. (a) Every ballot initiative political committee shall have a
 treasurer. No ballot initiative contribution shall be accepted or ballot
 initiative expenditure shall be made by or on behalf of a ballot initiative
 political committee during any period in which the office of treasurer
 is vacant.
 `(b)(1) Every person who receives a ballot initiative contribution for a
 ballot initiative political committee shall--
 `(A) if the amount is $50 or less, forward to the treasurer such contribution
 no later than 30 days after receiving the contribution; and
 `(B) if the amount of the ballot initiative contribution is in excess of
 $50, forward to the treasurer such contribution, the name, address, and
 occupation of the person making such contribution, and the date of receiving
 such contribution, no later than 10 days after receiving such contribution.
 `(2) All funds of a ballot initiative political committee shall be segregated
 from, and may not be commingled with, the personal funds of any individual.
 `(3) The treasurer of a ballot initiative political committee shall keep
 an account for--
 `(A) all ballot initiative contributions received by or on behalf of such
 ballot initiative political committee;
 `(B) the name and address of any person who makes a ballot initiative
 contribution in excess of $50, together with the date and amount of such
 ballot initiative contribution by any person;
 `(C) the identification of any person who makes a ballot initiative
 contribution or ballot initiative contributions aggregating more than
 $200 during a calendar year, together with the date and amount of any
 such contribution;
 `(D) the identification of any political committee or ballot initiative
 political committee which makes a ballot initiative contribution, together
 with the date and amount of any such contribution; and
 `(E) the name and address of every person to whom any ballot initiative
 expenditure is made, the date, amount and purpose of such ballot initiative
 expenditure, and the name of the ballot initiative(s) to which the ballot
 initiative expenditure pertained.
 `(c) The treasurer shall preserve all records required to be kept by this
 section 3 years after the report is filed.'.
SEC. 705. BALLOT INITIATIVE COMMITTEE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
 Title III of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431 et seq.), as amended by section 103,
 is amended by inserting after section 30A (2 U.S.C. 434) the following
 new section:
`BALLOT INITIATIVE COMMITTEE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
 `SEC. 304B. (a)(1) Each treasurer of a ballot initiative political committee
 shall file reports of receipts and disbursements in accordance with the
 provisions of this subsection. The treasurer shall sign each such report.
 `(2) All ballot initiative political committees shall file either--
 `(A)(i) quarterly reports in each calendar year when a ballot initiative
 is slated regarding which the ballot initiative committee plans to make
 or makes a ballot initiative expenditure or plans to receive or receives a
 ballot initiative contribution, which shall be filed no later than the 15th
 day after the last day of each calendar quarter: except that the report for
 the quarter ending on December 31 of such calendar year shall be filed no
 later than January 31 of the following calendar year; and
 `(ii) preballot initiative reports, which shall be filed 5 days before
 the occurrence of each ballot initiative in which the ballot initiative
 committee plans to make or has made a ballot initiative expenditure or
 plans to receive or has received a ballot initiative contribution; or
 `(B) monthly reports in all calendar years which shall be filed no later
 than the 15th day after the last day of the month and shall be complete as
 of the last day of the month.
 `(3) If a designation, report, or statement filed pursuant to this section
 (other than under paragraph (2)(A)(ii)) is sent by registered or certified
 mail, the United States postmark shall be considered the date of filing of
 the designation, report, or statement.
 `(4) The reports required to be filed by this section shall be cumulative
 during the calendar year to which they relate, but where there has been no
 change in an item reported in a previous report during each year, only the
 amount need be carried forward.
 `(b) Each report under this section shall disclose--
 `(1) the amount of cash on hand at the beginning of the reporting period;
 `(2) for the reporting period and the calendar year, the total amount of all
 receipts, and the total amount of all receipts in the following categories:
 `(A) ballot initiative contributions from persons other than political
 committees;
 `(B) ballot initiative contributions from political party committees;
 `(C) ballot initiative contributions from other political committees and
 ballot initiative political committees;
 `(D) transfers from affiliated political committees;
 `(E) loans;
 `(F) rebates, refunds, and other offsets to operating expenditures; and
 `(G) dividends, interest, and other forms of receipts;
 `(3) the identification of each--
 `(A) person (other than a political committee or ballot initiative political
 committee) who makes a ballot initiative contribution to the reporting
 committee during the reporting period, whose ballot initiative contribution or
 ballot initiative contributions have an aggregate amount or value in excess
 of $50 within the calendar year, or in any lesser amount if the reporting
 committee should so elect, together with the date and amount of any such
 contribution and the address and occupation (if an individual) of the person;
 `(B) political committee or ballot initiative political committee which
 makes a ballot initiative contribution to the reporting committee during the
 reporting period, together with the date and amount of any such contribution;
 `(C) affiliated political committee or affiliated ballot initiative political
 committee which makes a transfer to the reporting committee during the
 reporting period;
 `(D) person who makes a loan to the reporting committee during the reporting
 period, together with the identification of any endorser or guarantor of
 such loan, and the date and amount or value of such loan and the address
 and occupation (if an individual) of the person;
 `(E) person who provides a rebate, refund, or other offset to operating
 expenditures to the reporting committee in an aggregate amount or value
 in excess of $200 within the calendar year, together with the date and
 amount of such receipt and the address and occupation (if an individual)
 of the person; and
 `(F) person who provides any dividend, interest, or other receipt to the
 reporting committee in an aggregate value or amount in excess of $200 within
 the calendar year, together with the date and amount of any such receipt
 and the address and occupation (if an individual) of the person;
 `(4) for the reporting period and the calendar year, the total amount of
 disbursements, and all disbursements in the following categories:
 `(A) ballot initiative expenditures;
 `(B) transfers to affiliated political committees or ballot initiative
 political committees;
 `(C) ballot initiative contribution refunds and other offsets to ballot
 initiative contributions;
 `(D) loans made by the reporting committee and the name of the person
 receiving the loan together with the date of the loan and the address and
 occupation (if an individual) of the person; and
 `(E) independent expenditures; and
 `(5) the total sum of all ballot initiative contributions to such ballot
 initiative political committee.'.
SEC. 706. ENFORCEMENT AMENDMENT.
 Section 309 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 437g) is amended by adding at the end the
 following new subsection:
 `(e) The civil penalties of this Act shall apply to the organization,
 recordkeeping, and reporting requirements of a ballot initiative political
 committee under section 302A or 304B, insofar as such committee conducts
 activities solely for the purpose of influencing a ballot initiative and
 not for the purpose of influencing any election for Federal office.'.
SEC. 707. PROHIBITION OF CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE NAME OF ANOTHER.
 Section 320 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441f) is amended to read as follows:
`PROHIBITION OF CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE NAME OF ANOTHER
 `SEC. 320. No person shall make a contribution or ballot initiative
 contribution in the name of another person or knowingly permit his name to
 be used to effect such a contribution or ballot initiative contribution,
 and no person shall knowingly accept a contribution or ballot initiative
 contribution made by one person in the name of another person.'.
SEC. 708. LIMITATION ON CONTRIBUTION OF CURRENCY.
 Section 321 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441g) is amended to read as follows:
`LIMITATION ON CONTRIBUTION OF CURRENCY
 `SEC. 321. No person shall make contributions or ballot initiative
 contributions of currency of the United States or currency of any foreign
 country which in the aggregate, exceed $100, to or for the benefit of--
 `(1) any candidate for nomination for election, or for election, to Federal
 office;
 `(2) any political committee (other than a ballot initiative political
 committee) for the purpose of influencing an election for Federal office; or
 `(3) any ballot initiative political committee for the purpose of influencing
 a ballot initiative.'.
TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS
SEC. 801. PROHIBITION OF LEADERSHIP COMMITTEES.
 Section 302(e) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 432(e)) is amended--
 (1) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
 `(3) No political committee that supports or has supported more than one
 candidate may be designated as an authorized committee, except that--
 `(A) a candidate for the office of President nominated by a political
 party may designate the national committee of such political party as
 the candidate's principal campaign committee, but only if that national
 committee maintains separate books of account with respect to its functions
 as a principal campaign committee; and
 `(B) a candidate may designate a political committee established solely
 for the purpose of joint fundraising by such candidates as an authorized
 committee.'; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(6)(A) A candidate for Federal office or any individual holding Federal
 office may not establish, maintain, or control any political committee other
 than a principal campaign committee of the candidate, authorized committee,
 party committee, or other political committee designated in accordance with
 paragraph (3). A candidate for more than one Federal office may designate
 a separate principal campaign committee for each Federal office.
 `(B) For one year after the effective date of this paragraph,   any such
 political committee may continue to make contributions. At the end of that
 period such political committee shall disburse all funds by one or more
 of the following means: making contributions to an entity qualified under
 section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; making a contribution
 to the treasury of the United States; contributing to the national, State
 or local committees of a political party; or making contributions not to
 exceed $1,000 to candidates for elective office.'.
SEC. 802. POLLING DATA CONTRIBUTED TO CANDIDATES.
 Section 301(8) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431(8)), as amended by section 314(b),
 is amended by inserting at the end the following new subparagraph:
 `(D) A contribution of polling data to a candidate shall be valued at
 the fair market value of the data on the date the poll was completed,
 depreciated at a rate not more than 1 percent per day from such date to
 the date on which the contribution was made.'.
SEC. 803. DEBATES BY GENERAL ELECTION CANDIDATES WHO RECEIVE AMOUNTS FROM
THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN FUND.
 Section 315(b) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441a(b)) is amended by adding at the end
 the following new paragraph:
 `(3)(A) The candidates of a political party for the offices of President and
 Vice President who are eligible under section 9003 of the Internal Revenue
 Code of 1986 to receive payments from the Secretary of the Treasury shall
 not receive such payments unless both of such candidates agree in writing--
 `(i) that the candidate for the office of President will participate in at
 least 4 debates, sponsored by a nonpartisan or bipartisan organization, with
 all other candidates for that office who are eligible under that section; and
 `(ii) that the candidate of the party for the office of Vice President will
 participate in at least 1 debate, sponsored by a nonpartisan or bipartisan
 organization, with all other candidates for that office who are eligible
 under that section.
 `(B) If the Commission determines that either of the candidates of a
 political party failed to participate in a debate under subparagraph (A)
 and was responsible at least in part for such failure, the candidate of
 the party involved shall--
 `(i) be ineligible to receive payments under section 9006 of the Internal
 Revenue Code of 1986; and
 `(ii) pay to the Secretary of the Treasury an amount equal to the amount
 of the payments made to the candidate under that section.'.
SEC. 804. PROHIBITION OF CERTAIN ELECTION-RELATED ACTIVITIES OF FOREIGN
NATIONALS.
 Section 319 of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441e) is amended by adding at the end the
 following new subsections:
 `(c) A foreign national shall not directly or indirectly direct, control,
 influence or participate in any person's election-related activities,
 such as the making of contributions or expenditures in connection with
 elections for any local, State, or Federal office or the administration of
 a political committee.
 `(d) A nonconnected political committee or the separate segregated fund
 established in accordance with section 316(b)(2)(C) or any other organization
 or committee involved in the making of contributions or expenditures in
 connection with elections for any Federal, State, or local office shall
 include the following statement on all printed materials produced for the
 purpose of soliciting contributions:
 `It is unlawful for a foreign national to make any contribution of money
 or other thing of value to a political committee.'.'.
SEC. 805. AMENDMENT TO FECA SECTION 316.
 Section 316(b) of FECA (2 U.S.C. 441b(b)) is amended--
 (1) by inserting `(A)' at the beginning of paragraph (2) and redesignating
 subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), respectively;
 (2) at the beginning of the first sentence in subparagraph (A), by inserting
 the following: `Except as provided in subparagraph (B),'; and
 (3) by adding at the end of paragraph (2) the following:
 `(B) Expenditures by a corporation or labor organization for candidate
 appearances, candidate debates and voter guides directed to the general
 public shall be considered contributions unless--
 `(i) in the case of a candidate appearance, the appearance takes place on
 corporate or labor organization premises or at a meeting or convention of
 the corporation or labor organization, and all candidates for election to
 that office are notified that they may make an appearance under the same
 or similar conditions;
 `(ii) in the case of a candidate debate, the organization staging the
 debate is either an organization described in section 301 whose broadcasts
 or publications are supported by commercial advertising, subscriptions or
 sales to the public, including a noncommercial educational broadcaster, or a
 nonprofit organization exempt from Federal taxation under section 501(c)(3)
 or 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that does not endorse,
 support, oppose candidates or political parties; and
 `(iii) in the case of a voter guide, the guide is prepared and distributed
 by a corporation or labor organization and consists of questions posed to
 at least two candidates for election to that office,
except that no communication made by a corporation or labor organization
in connection with the candidate appearance, candidate debate or voter
guide contains express advocacy, or that no candidate is favored through
the structure or format of the candidate appearance, candidate debate or
voter guide.'.
SEC. 806. TELEPHONE VOTING BY PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES.
 (a) STUDY OF SYSTEMS TO PERMIT PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES TO VOTE BY TELEPHONE-
 (1) IN GENERAL- The Federal Election Commission shall conduct a study to
 determine the feasibility of developing a system or systems by which persons
 with disabilities may be permitted to vote by telephone.
 (2) CONSULTATION- The Federal Election Commission shall conduct the study
 described in paragraph (1) in consultation with State and local election
 officials, representatives of the telecommunications industry, representatives
 of persons with disabilities, and other concerned members of the public.
 (3) CRITERIA- The system or systems developed pursuant to paragraph (1)
 shall--
 (A) propose a description of the kinds of disabilities that impose such
 difficulty in travel to polling places that a person with a disability who
 may desire to vote is discouraged from undertaking such travel;
 (B) propose procedures to identify persons who are so disabled; and
 (C) describe procedures and equipment that may be used to ensure that--
 (i) only those persons who are entitled to use the system are permitted to
 use it;
 (ii) the votes of persons who use the system are recorded accurately and
 remain secret;
 (iii) the system minimizes the possibility of vote fraud; and
 (iv) the system minimizes the financial costs that State and local governments
 would incur in establishing and operating the system.
 (4) REQUESTS FOR PROPOSALS- In developing a system described in paragraph (1),
 the Federal Election Commission may request proposals from private contractors
 for the design of procedures and equipment to be used in the system.
 (5) PHYSICAL ACCESS- Nothing in this section is intended to supersede or
 supplant efforts by State and local governments to make polling places
 physically accessible to persons with disabilities.
 (6) DEADLINE- The Federal Election Commission shall submit to Congress
 the study required by this section not later than 1 year after the date of
 enactment of this Act.
SEC. 807. PROHIBITION OF USE OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT IN CONNECTION WITH
ELECTIONS FOR FEDERAL OFFICE.
 Title III of FECA (2 U.S.C. 431 et seq.), as amended by section 312(c)
 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
`PROHIBITION OF USE OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT IN CONNECTION WITH ELECTIONS FOR
FEDERAL OFFICE
 `SEC.  325. (a) No aircraft that is owned or operated by the Government
 (including any aircraft that is owned or operated by the Department of
 Defense) may be used in connection with an election for Federal office.
 `(b)(1) Subsection (a) shall not apply to travel provided to the President
 or Vice President.
 `(2) The portion of the cost of any travel provided to the President
 or Vice President that is allocable to activities in connection with an
 election for Federal office shall be paid by the authorized committee of
 the President. Such portion shall be paid within 10 days of the travel.
 For purposes of this section, travel which is in any part related to campaign
 activity, shall be treated as in connection with an election for Federal
 office, and the payment for such travel shall be sufficient to reflect that
 portion which is campaign-related.
 `(3) The actual costs and payment for costs of any travel provided to
 the President and Vice President shall be disclosed in accordance with
 section 304.'.
SEC. 808. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.
 The Congress should consider legislation that would provide for an amendment
 to the Constitution to set reasonable limits on campaign expenditures in
 Federal elections.
TITLE IX--EFFECTIVE DATES; AUTHORIZATIONS
SEC. 901. EFFECTIVE DATE.
 Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the amendments made by, and the
 provisions of, this Act shall take effect on the date of the enactment of
 this Act but shall not apply with respect to activities in connection with
 any election occurring before January 1, 1993.
SEC. 902. BUDGET NEUTRALITY.
 (a) DELAYED EFFECTIVENESS- The provisions of this Act (other than this
 section) shall not be effective until the estimated costs under section 252
 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 have been
 offset by the enactment of subsequent legislation effectuating this Act.
 (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of the Congress that subsequent
 legislation effectuating this Act shall not provide for general revenue
 increases, reduce expenditures for any existing Federal program, or increase
 the Federal budget deficit.
SEC. 903. SEVERABILITY.
 Except as provided in sections 101(c) and 121(b), if any provision of this
 Act (including any amendment made by this Act), or the application of any
 such provision to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the validity
 of any other provision of this Act, or the application of such provision
 to other persons and circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
SEC. 904. EXPEDITED REVIEW OF CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES.
 (a) DIRECT APPEAL TO SUPREME COURT- An appeal may be taken directly to the
 Supreme Court of the United States from any interlocutory order or final
 judgment, decree, or order issued by any court ruling on the constitutionality
 of any provision of this Act or amendment made by this Act.
 (b) ACCEPTANCE AND EXPEDITION- The Supreme Court shall, if it has not
 previously ruled on the question addressed in the ruling below, accept
 jurisdiction over, advance on the docket, and expedite the appeal to the
 greatest extent possible.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.

Share This Section